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5. any time, “ Thou art (k) my Son, « Lord, in the beginning hast “ this day have I begotten thee?”
“ laid the foundation of the And again, “ I will (1) be to
“ earth; and the heavens are the “ him a Father, and he shall 56 works of thine hands: They r 6. “ be to me a Son ?” And again, “ shall perish, but thou remain
when he bringeth in the first- “ est; and they all shall wax old, begotten into the world, he saith, .“ as doth a garment ; and as a 1
“ And (m) let alltheangels of God vesture shalt thou fold them 7. “ worship him.” And of the up, and they shall be changed: angels he saith, “Who (n)maketh
" but thou art the same, and “ his angels spirits, and his mi- thy years shall not fail.” 8. " nisters a flame of fire.” But
unto the Son he saith, “ () Thy
The Gospel. John i. 1.
sceptre of thy | and the Word was with God, and 9.
“ kingdom: Thou hast loved the Word was (r) God.
quity; therefore God, even God, All things were made by 3.
thy God, hath anointed thee him; and without him was not “ with the oil of gladness above any thing made that was made.
thy fellows." And,“ (0) Thou, || In him was life; and the life was 4.
(k) “Thou art my Son.” This is from Ps. ii 7, and is therefore a confirmation that the prophecy there related to our Saviour. The same may be collected from Acts xiii. 33. and Heb. v.5.
(?) “ I will be,” &c. This is probably from 1 Chron. xvii, 13. which, though it might be thought to apply to Solomon, was perhaps intended to apply to our Saviour only. God ordered Nathan to forbid David from building him an house, but to tell him that he would raise
me a house, and I will establish his
I will be his Father, " and he shall be my Son. And I will “ not take my mercy away from him, as “ I took it from him that was before " thee,” (viz. Saul); “ but I will settle á him in mine house and in my kingdom “ for ever; and his throne shall be esta“ blished for evermore."
This seems much more applicable to the spiritual kingdom of our Saviour, (who was, according to the Aesh, of the sons of David), than of Solomon. Ten of the tribes revolted from Solomon's son, and were
never again under his descendants; and the line of Solomon has ceased for centuries to have any dominion : but the throne of Christ is established for evermore ; he has built God a spiritual house, the Church of Christ ; and he is settled in the house and kingdom of God
His dominion, according to Dan.vii. 14." is an everlasting dominion, “ which shall not pass away, and his king: “ dom that which shall not be destroyed."
(m) " Let all the angels,” &c. This 0. is supposed to be taken from Ps. xcvii. 7.
(n) “ Maketh," &c. This is from u.
(0) “ Thy throne, &c. This is from Ps. xlv.
7, 8. () “ Thou, Lord.” This is from v. Ps. cii. 25 to 27.
(9) "In the beginning with God.” In ". Gen.i. 1. "in the beginning God created," the word translated « God” is in the plural number, but joined with a verb in the singular; and it is so used 30 times in the short history of the creation there given : so that Moses might understand, that though there was only one God, yet in that one God were distinct existencies.
(r) Sée ante 12. note (d).
Ps. civ. 4.
5. the light of men. And the light || Saint Stephen's Day. shinech (s) in darkness; and the
The Collect. darkness comprehended it not.
GRANT, O Lord, that in all our 6. There was a man sent from God, sufferings here upon earth, for 7. whose name was (t) John. The
the testimony of thy truth, we same came for a witness, to bear
may stedfastly look up to heaven, witness of the Light, that all inen
and by faith behold the glory that 8. through him might believe. He
shall be revealed; and being was not that Light, but was sent
filled with the Holy Ghost, may to bear witness of that Light.
learn to love and bless our per9. That was the true Light, which secutors, by the example of thy
lighteth every man that cometh first Martyr, Saint Stephen, who into the world. He was in the
prayed for his murderers to thee, world, and the world was made
O blessed Jesus, who standest at by him, and the world knew him
the right hand of God to succour 11. not. He came unto his (u) own, | all those that suffer for thee, our 12. and his own received him not. But
only Mediator and Advocate. as many as received him, to them
Amen. gave he power to become the [Then shall follow the Collect of the Nativity : sons of God, even to them that which shall be said continually until New
Year's Eve.] believe on his name: which were born (x), not of blood, nor of the For the Epistle. Acts vii. 55.
will of the flesh, nor of the will STEPHEN, being full of the Holy 14. of man, but of God. And the
Ghost, looked up stedfastly into Word was made (y) Aesh, and heaven, and saw the glory of dwelt among us, (and we be God, and Jesus standing on the held his glory, the glory as of right hand of God, and said, the only begotten of the Father,) | Behold, I see the heavens opened, 56. full of grace and truth.
and the Son of man standing on
(o “Shineth in darkness,” that is, “in as St. Paul expresses it, Rom. vii. 15. " a generation which would not see, which “ received the Spirit of adoption, where. " did not open its eyes, whose foolish “ by we cry, Abba, Father ;" that is, “ hearts” (according to Rom. i. 21.) whereby we are entitled to call God “ were darkened.” The reason is assigned, our Father, and become his sons. So John ii. 19, 20. “Light is come into the Gal.iv.6. St. Paul says, “ because ye are “ world, and men loved darkness rather “ sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of “ than light, because their deeds were evil.
“ his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, “ For every one that doeth evil hateth .“ Father.” And St. John says, “ Be. " the light, neither cometh to the light, “ hold what manner of love the Fa“ lest his deeds should be reproved."
“ ther hath bestowed on us, that we See post, 2 Cor. iv. 3, 4.
“ should be called the sons of God.” v.6. () “John," that is, not the Evangelist,
1 John ü. And in 1 John v. 1. he but the Baptist, the messenger who was
says, “ whosoever believeth that Jesus to prepare the way for the Messiah.
“'is the Christ, is born of God.” See See ante 32. Matt. xi. 2. & 34.-John i.
also i John ü. 29.—1 Peter i. 3. and 19. 0.11. (u) “ His own," i.e. the Jews. ll (y) « Flesh," i.e. in the person of
(x) “ Born,” &c, that is, receiving a || Jesus Christ. « spiritual, not a natural birth: having, I
57. the right hand of God. Then of Zacharias son of Barachias,
they cried out with a loud voice, whom ye slew between the
and stopped their ears, and ran temple and the altar. Verily I say 58. upon him with one accord, and unto you, All these things shall
cast him out of the city, and come upon this (a) generation. stoned him: and the witnesses O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that laid down their clothes at a young killest the prophets, and stonest man's feet, whose name was
them which are sent unto thee, 59. Saul(z). And they stoned Stephen, | how often would I have gathered
calling upon God, and saying, thy children together, even as a 60. “ Lord Jesus, receive my spirit. hen gathereth her chickens under
And he kneeled down, and cried her wings, and ye would not ! with a loud voice, “ Lord, lay not Behold, your house is left unto ~ this sin to their charge!” And you desolate. For I say unto you, when he had said this, hefell asleep. Ye shall not see me henceforth,
till (6) ye shall say, “ Blessed The Gospel. Matt. xxiii. 34. " is he that cometh in the name
c of the Lord.”
The Collect. 35. city to city : that upon you may Merciful Lord, we beseech
come all the righteous blood shed thee to cast thy bright beams of upon the earth, from the blood
light upon thy Church, that it of righteous Abel unto the blood being enlightened by the doctrine
(2)“ Saul.” The same person who was afterwards miraculously converted, and is known by the name of St. Paul. In Acts viii. 1. which immediately follows this account, it is said, “ and Saul was con“ senting unto his death.” In the account St. Paul gives of his conversion, (Acts xxii. 20. he states, that in his trance, in the Temple, he said unto the Lord, 1 when the blood of thy martyr Stephen
was shed, I also was standing by, and " consenting unto his death, and kept " the raiment of them that slew him.” The A&s are supposed to have been written by St. Luke ; and he was with St. Paul 12 years, from A. D. 46 to A. D. 58; so that he is likely to be correct as to what he writes about St. Paul. In 1 Cor. xv. 9. St. Paul says of himself, that he was not meet to be an apostle, because he persecuted the Church of God.
(a) “This generation.” This is there. fore another assertion, that some signalven
geance should come upon the generation
Wats. Theol. Tr. 121. 3. See ante 30. note on Luke xxi. 32.)
(6) “ Till ye shall say,” i.e. (per- v. haps) till this shall be the general cry, “ Blessed,” &c.
of thy blessed Apostle and Evan- || which we have seen and heard, gelist Saint John, may so walk in declare we unto you, that ye the light of thy truth, that it may || also may have fellowship with at length attain to the light of us : and truly our fellowship is everlasting life, through Jesus with the Father, and with his Christ our Lord. Amen.
Son Jesus Christ. And these 4.
things write we unto you, that The Epistle. John i. 1.
your joy may be full. This then 5.
is the message which we have That which was (c) from the || heard of him, and declare unto beginning, which we have heard, you, that God is light, and in which we (d) have seen with our him is no darkness at all. If we 6. eyes, which we have looked | say that we have fellowship
upon, and our hands have hand with him, and walk in darkness, we 2. led of the (e) word of life; (for the lie, and do not the truth : But 7.
life was manifested, and we have if we walk in the (8) light, as he seen it, and bear witness, and || is in the light, we have fellowshew unto you that eternal life ship (b) one with another, and the
which was with the Father, and blood of Jesus Christ his Son 3. was manifested unto us ;) that (i) cleanseth us from all sin. If we 8.
(c) “ From the beginning," i.e. (per. “ the Son of God, God dwelleth in him, haps) determined upon from the earliest “ and he in God.” It is perhaps upon times, from the fall of Adam.
the same ground that St. Paul calls the (d)“ Have seen,” &c. It was natural
converts “ the Temple of God," 1 Cor. for St.John to press strongly upon the per
iii. 16, 17.-vi. 19.–2 Cor. vi. 16. sons to whom he writes what had pressed
(8) “ Light,” i. e. perfect purity. v.7. strongly upon his own mind; and what
“ Darkness,” i.e. impurity. could make a stronger impression on any one's mind than the conviction of his own
(b) For “one with another,” the King's v.7. senses ? His faith had for its foundation
MSS. reads “ with him,” which seems what he had himself seen, &c. that for
more agreeable to the context. which he had the assurance of his own 1 (0) “Cleanseth us." So Rev.i. 5. Jesus v. 7. eye-sight.
Christ is said to have washed us from our (e)“ The Word of Life," that is, “our sins in his “ own blood.” And accord.“ Saviour Jesus Christ.” He is also de ing to the language of our Liturgy, he noted by the expressions in the next made “ by his one oblation of himself verse " the Life,' and “ that Eternal “ once offered, a full, perfect, and suffi. “ Life which was with the Father.” So “ cient sacrifice, oblation and satisfacSt. John says in his Gospel, John i. 14. “ tion for the sins of the whole world.” “ The word was made flesh” (that is in By requiring so great a sacrifice, God the person of Jesus Christ), “ and dwelt has shewn his utter detestation of sin ; " among us.”
and if we refuse to perform the terms iš Fellowship,” i.e. Participation. upon which forgiveness of sins is offered St.John expresses this fellowship elsewhere unto us, (by endeavouring to lead godly in very strong terms. Thus, 1 John iïi. lives, by repenting of the sins we have 24.“ He that keepeth his” (viz. God's) committed, and by feeling and expressing “'commandments, dwelleth in him” (viz. thankfulness to God for his mercies), God), “and he” (viz. God) in “ him.” what are we to expect? We are assured So i John iv. 12, 13. " If we love by the author of the Epistle to the “ one another, God dwelleth in us, and Hebrews, X. 26. that “ there remaineth " his love is perfected in us;” and v.15. “ no more sacrifice for sin, but a certain “ Whosoever shall confess that Jesus is il “ fearful looking for of judgment, and
say (k) that we have no sin, we de- Then Peter turning about
ceive ourselves, and the truth is seeth the disciple whom Jesu 9. not in us. If we (1) confess our loved, following, which also
sins, he is faithful and just to for- leared on his breast (P) at supper
give us our s'ns, and to cleanse us and said, “ Lord, which is he tha 10. from all unrighteousness. If we “ betrayeth thee?” Peter seeing say,
that we have not sinned, we him, saith to Jesus, “ Lord, and make (m) him a liar, and his word “ what shall (9) this man do?' is not in us.
Jesus saith to him, “If I will tha
“ he tarry (r) till I come, wha The Gospel. John xxi. 19. " is that to thee? follow thou 20. Jesus (n) said unto Peter, Follow
Then went this saying
“ fiery indignation. And if he that sin, and that there was no occasion for a " despised Moses' law died without sacrifice for him, that person is deceived. “ mercy, of how much sorer punish- According to Rom.i. 23. “ all have sin. “ ment shall he be thought worthy, who “ ned, and fallen short of the glory of “ treadeth under foot the Son of God, “ God.” And we need not go beyond 66 and counteth the blood of the covenant common experience to be convinced that “ wherewith he was sanctified an unholy there is no one, who has had the faculty “ thing.” And according to Acts iv. 12. of knowing right from wrong, who has " there is no other name under heaven not sinned, and stood in need of mercy
given among men, whereby we must and forgiveness. “ be saved.” So that if a sinner will (1)“ If we confess." This is agreeable not look up to the sacrifice and interces. to Prov. iii. 34. as quoted James iv. 6. sion of Jesus Christ, to what can he look
and 1 Pet. v. 5.
“ God resisteth the up? The doctrine of Redemption by proud, and giveth grace to the Jesus Christ seems capable of an easy « humble.” explanation. No man since the world (m) “ Make him a liar,"i.e. If we prebegan, with the exception of Jesus Christ, tend that the world was not in such a has lived without committing sin: each state of sin as to require such a sacrifice man, therefore, if judged upon mere prin- as that of Jesus Christ, (when God has ciples of justice, would have some sin to 'by his conduct in sending Christ, asserted answer for, and instead of having a claim that it was), we contradict this his asserupon God for eternal life, would be tion, and treat it as false. amenable to him for some punishment. (n) What is here stated occurred after To exempt him from this punishment, the Resurrection of our Saviour. and to give him as a boon that eternal (“ The disciple whom Jesus loved," life which of himself he could never earn, i.e. John himself. He is therefore relating our Saviour, who did no sin, underwent a conversation at which he was present,
and which nearly concerned himself.
(p)“ At supper." That is, at that ment to which each man would otherwise
supper when our Saviour intimated to have been subject, and the sins of those the apostles, that one of them should who truly look up to Jesus Christ, and betray him. See Matt. xxvi. 21.-Mark obtain his intercession and mediation, will xiv. 18.-Luke xxii. 21. be blotted out, will not be brought into (9) “This man,” &c. It should rather account against the parties at the judg. be, “ become of this man." Our Sament seat of Christ. * In this way God viour had just been intimating to Peter, has laid upon him the iniquity of us all ; that he, (Peter), when he should be old, and it is upon him the chastisement has should be crucified: and after that intimabeen laid, by which our peace has been tion the question is natural, what should obtained.
become of John ; and the answer here (k) “ If we say,” &c, that is, if pride stated corresponds with that question, induce any one to think so highly of him- (r) “Till I come,” that is, to “the day self, as to suppose that he was free from of the Lord,' the time when he should
that punishment instead of the punish-alpy