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them up : upon the trees that are O Lord, with my whole heart : therein.
even before the gods (n) will I 3 For they that led us away sing praise unto thee. captive required of us then a 2 I will worship toward thy song, and melody in our heavi- holy temple, and praise thy Name, Sing us one of the
because of thy loving-kindness « of Sion.'
and truth : for thou hast magni4 How shall we sing the Lord's fied thy Name and thy word song : in a strange land?
above all things. 5 If I forget thee, O Jerusa- 3 When I called upon thee, lem : let my right hand forget thou heardest me : and enduedst her cunning (k).
my soul with much strength. 6 If I do not remember thee, 4 All the kings of the earth let my tongue cleave to the roof shall praise thee, O Lord : for of my mouth : yea, if I prefer they have heard the words of thy not Jerusalem in my mirth.
mouth. 7 Remember the children of 5 Yea, they shall sing in the Edom, O Lord, in the day of Je- ways of the Lord : that great is rusalem : how they said, “ Down the glory of the Lord. 56 with it, down with it, even to 6 For though the Lord be " the ground.”
high(e), yet hath he respect unto 8 Ò daughter of Babylon, the lowly : as for the proud, he wasted with misery : yea, happy
beholdeth them afar off. shall he be that rewardeth(1) thee, 7 Though I walk (p) in the as thou hast served us.
midst of trouble, yet shalt thou 9 Blessed shall he be that refresh me : thou shalt stretch taketh thy children : and throw- forth thy hand upon the furiouseth them against the stones. ness of mine enemies, and thy
right hand shall save me. Psalm cxxxvü. (m).
8 The Lord shall make good I will give thanks unto thee, his loving-kindness toward me
“ Her cunning," i. e. her skill in
“ throweth them,” &c. In
I will render unto Babylon “ and to all the inhabitants of Chal“ dea, all their evil that they have “ done in Zion in your sight, saith the “ Lord,” and it had been foretold by Isaiah long before the captivity commenced, Is. xiii. 16. “ their children also “ shall be dashed to pieces before their “ eyes." See also Ezek. xxv. 12 to 14. The 9th verse of this Psalm therefore, may be considered, not as an imprecation that this cruelty of throwing the children against the stones should be prac.
tised against them, but as a blessing upon
(m) A grateful thanksgiving
of the earth. See Ps. Ixxxii. I.
() “ High.” The same idea is er pressed with great spirit, Ps. cxiii. is Who is like unto the Lord our God, “ that hath his dwelling so high, and yet " humbleth himself to behold the things " that are in heaven and earth."
()". Though I walk,” &c. So Ps. xxiii. 4.
Yea, though I walke “ through the valley of the shadow of
yea, thy mercy, O Lord, endureth 4. Thou hast fashioned (s) me for ever; despise not then the behind and before : and laid thine works of thine own hands.
derful and excellent for me : 1
cannot attain unto (t) it. Psalm cxxxix. (9)
6 (u) Whither shall I go then O Lord, thou hast searched me from thy Spirit : or whither shall out, and known me : thou know- I go then from thy presence? est my down-sitting(r), and mine 7 If I climb up into heaven, up-rising ; thou understandest my
thou art there : if I go down to thoughts long before.
hell, thou art there also. 2 Thou art about my path,
8 If I take the wings of the and about my bed : and spiest morning : and remain in the utterout all my ways.
most parts of the sea ; 3 For lo, there is not a word in 9 Even there also shall thy my tongue : but thou, O Lord, hand lead me : and thy right knowest it altogether.
hand shall hold me.
“ death, I will fear no evil; for thou art “ with me, thy rod and thy staff com" fort me.”
(g) Upon God's constant presence with us, and his perfect knowledge of all our actions and of every other thing concerning us, with an expostulation against the wicked, and an appeal to God as to the writer's uprightness and sincerity. The Psalm is supposed to have been written by David, after it had been imputed to him that he had evil designs against Saul, for which reason he illustrates the folly of attempting to dissemble with God, and shews the impossibility of succeeding in any such attempt. Mr. Addison says of it, (Spectator, No.399.), “ The two kinds of hypocrisy, of de“ ceiving ourselves and imposing upon “ the world, are touched with wonderful " beauty in this Psalm : the folly of the “ first is set forth by reflections on “ God's omniscience and omnipresence, " which are celebrated in as noble strains “ of poetry as I ever met with : the " other kind is intimated in the last two “ verses, where the Psalmist addresses “ himself to the great Searcher of hearts « in that emphatical petition, “ Try me, “ O God," &c. &c. So Bp. Newton, 2 Newt. Dissert. 374. “ Nothing was
ever celebrated in a finer strain of poetry than the divine omnipresence
in this Psalm. Take the antient “ Lyrics, read any of their hymns, and
see whether there is any ode in Ho
race or Pindar to be compared with it “ from the beginning to the end."
(r) “My down-sitting,” &c. i.e. all v.1. (5) For “fashioned," Dr. Hammond 0.4. reads “ encompassed,” and considers the meaning to be this : “ thou hast so closed « me in on every side, and I am só com
pletely under thy hand, that there is « none of my actions, words, or thoughts “ which is not thoroughly known to " thee.” If “ fashioned " be the right reading, this verse contains nothing but what is expressed afterwards in the 12th and following verses.
(t) For “attain unto," Dr. Hammond v.5. reads“ succeed against.”
(u) So God declares the impossibility v.6,70 of escaping from his vengeance in a similar manner, Amos ix. 2, 3. Though “ they dig inte hell, thence shall my “ hand take them : though they climb
up to heaven, thence will I bring “ them down : and though they hide
themselves in the top of Carmel, I “ will search and take them out thence : “ and though they be hid from my
sight in the bottom of the sea, thence or will I command the serpent, and he " shall bite thein,” &c. Amos prophesied about 787 years before our Saviour's birth, and therefore rather more than 200 years after David's time.
10 If I say,
Peradventure wicked, O God: depart from me, "66 the darkness shall cover me :" ye blood-thirsty men. then shall my night be turned to 20 For they speak unrightday.
eously against thee : and tħine 1 Yea, the darkness is no enemies take thy Name in vain. darkness with thee, but the night 21. Do not I hate them, O is as clear as the day : the dark- Lord, that hate thee : and am ness and light to thee are both not I grieved with those, that rise alike.
up against thee? 12 For my reins (x) are 22 Yea, I hate them right sore: thine (y) : thou hast covered me even as though they were mine in my mother's womb.
enemies. 13 I will give thanks unto 23 Try me, O God, and seek thee, for I am fearfully and won- the ground of my heart : prove derfully (2) made : marvellous me, and examine my thoughts
. are thy works, and that my soul 24 Look well if there be any knoweth right well.
way of wickedness in me : and
Psalm cxl. (c)
Deliver me, O Lord, from the substance, yet being imperfect : evil man : and preserve me from and in thy book were all my
the wicked man; members written;
2 Who imagine mischief in 16 Which day by day were their hearts : and stir up strife fashioned(6) : when as yet there all the day long. was none of them.
3 They have sharpened their 17 How dear are thy counsels
tongues like a serpent : addersy unto me, O God : 0 how great poison is under their lips. is the sum of them!
4 Keep me, O Lord, from the 18 If I tell them, they are hands of the ungodly : preserve more in number than the sand : me from the wicked men, who when I wake up, I am present
are purposed to overthrow my with thee.
goings. 19 Wilt thou not slay the 5 The proud have laid a snare
(a) “ My reins," &c. From the observation that darkness and light are both alike to God, he passes naturally to the reflection, that even our inmost parts where no light can penetrate or touch approach are open to the eye and hand of God.
6) “ Thine,” i.e. thy creation. For “ covered," the reading should perhaps be “ formed."
(z) “ Wonderfully." From the perfect mechanism of the human frame, Dr. Paley has admirably illustrated the
existence of God. See Paley's Natural Theology:
(a) « Thine eyes," &c. i.e. those sawest the
progress of formation. (6) Forfashioned, the reading should perhaps be “ fashioning," in the act of being formed.
(c) An anxious prayer for deliverance supposed to be written by David whils he was persecuted by Saul, complaining of the machinations of his enemies, pray: ing for their discomfiture, calling to mind some former instance of protection
for me, and spread a net abroad
let the lifting up
hands be with cords : yea, and set traps in an evening sacrifice. my way.
3 Set a watch, O Lord, before 6 I said unto the Lord, « Thou my mouth : and keep the door “ art my God : hear the voice of my lips. “ of my prayers, O Lord.”
4 O let not mine heart be in. 7 O Lord God, thou strength clined to any evil thing : let me of my health : thou hast covered not be occupied in ungodly works my head in the day of battle. with the men that work wicked.
8 Let not the ungodly have ness, lest I eat of (e) such things his desire, O Lord : 'let not his às please them. mischieyous imagination prosper,
5 Let the righteous rather lest they be too proud.
smite me friendly : and reprove 9 Let the mischief of their own lips fall upon the head of them ; 6 But let not their precious that compass me about.
balms (f) break my head : yea, 10 Let hot burning coals fall I will pray yet against their wick. upon them : let them be cast into edness. the fire, and into the pit, that they 7 Let their judges be overnever rise up again.
thrown in stony places : that they II A man full of words shall may hear my words, for they are not prosper upon the earth : evil sweet. shall hunt the wicked person to 8 Our bones (8) lie scattered overthrow him.
before the pit : like as when one 12 Sure I am, that the Lord breaketh and heweth wood upon will poor : and main
the earth. tain the cause of the helpless.
9 But mine eyes look unto 13 The righteous also shall thee, O Lord God : in thee is give thanks unto thy Name : and my trust, О cast not out my the just shall continue in thy sight.
10 Keep me from the snare Psalm cxli. (d)
that they have laid for me : and
from the traps of the wicked LORD, I call upon thee, haste doers. thee unto me : and consider my 11 Let the ungodly fall into voice when I cry unto thee. their own nets together : and let 2 Let my prayer be set forth
me ever escape
them. in thy sight as the incense : and
assuring himself that God would maintain his cause.
(d) A prayer for God's assistance to restrain the tongue, and to avoid the sedu&ions of the wicked, and for deliver
ance from the attempts of enemies. 7.4. (e) “ Eat of,” &. i.e. fall into their
s) “ Their precious balms," &c.
The meaning perhaps is, let not the ins
(3) "Our bones," &c. The meaning ». 8.
Lessons for the Twenty-ninth Day of the Month throughout the year. 1. January 29. February 29.
April 29. Morn. Exod. iv. Morn. Deut. xii. Morn. Ruth i. Morn. 1 Kings ir. Matt. xxvi. Matt. vii.(2) John xvi.(4)
AAS Xxvi. Even. Exod. v. Even. Deut. xiv. Even. Ruth iv. Even. 1 Kings, i Cor. x.(1) Rom. xii.(3)
1 John v.(5) July 29.
August 29. Morn. Neh. x. Morn. Ecclus. xv. Morn. Jer. xxiii (8) Morn. Hos. vi Matt. xxvii. (6) Acts iii.
Acts i Even. Neh. xiii. Even. Ecclus. xix. Even. Jer, xxiv, Even. Hos. ix. 1 Cor. xii. (7) Acts iv.
Heb. i. (9)
John ü, in
7 Consider my complaint : for
I am brought very low.
8 O deliver me from my per. I cried unto the Lord with my secutors : for they are too strong voice : yea, even unto the Lord did I make my supplication. 9 Bring my soul out of prison,
2 I poured out my complaints that I may give thanks unto thy before him : and shewed him of Name : which thing if thou wilt
grant me, then shall the righteous 3 When my spirit was in hea- resort unto my company. viness, thou knewest my path : in the way wherein I walked have
Psalm cxliii. (i) they privily laid a snare for me. Hear my prayer, O Lord, and
4 I looked also upon my right consider my desire : hearken unhand : and saw there was no man to me for thy truth and righteous that would know me.
ness' sake. I had no place to flee unto : 2 And enter not into judgeand no man cared for my soul. ment with thy servant : for in
6 I cried unto thee, O Lord, thy sight shall no man living be and said : “ Thou art my hope, justified. “ and my portion in the land of
3 For the enemy hath perse “ the living."
my soul; he hath smitten
(6) The account of an appeal to God in some
danger. (0) An earnest supplication for deliver.
ance. It is one of the
proper Ash Wednesday.