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2 How he sware unto the with righteousness : and let thy Lord : and vowed a vow unto the saints sing with joyfulness. Almighty God of Jacob;

10 For thy servant David's 3 " I will not come within the sake : turn not away

the tabernacle of mine house : nor of thine Anointed. “ climb up into my bed ;

11 The Lord hath made a 4 “ I will not suffer mine eyes faithful oath unto David : and he

to sleep, nor mine eye-lids to shall not shrink from it; « slumber : neither the temples 12 “ (e) Of the fruit of thy “ of my head to take any rest; 6 body : shall I set upon thy seat. 5 "Until I find out a place 13

“ If thy children will keep “ for the temple (6) of the Lord :

my covenant, and my testimoan habitation for the mighty “ nies that I shall learn them : * God of Jacob.”

" their children also shall sit upon 6 Lo, we heard of the same at thy seat for evermore." Ephrata (c): and found it in the 14 For the Lord hath chosen wood.

Sion to be an habitation for him7 We will go into his taber- self : he hath longed for her. 11 nacle : and fall low on our knees 15 “ This shall be my rest for before his footstool.

“ ever : here will I dwell, for I > 8 (d) Arise, () Lord, into thy “ have a delight therein. resting-place : thou, and the ark 16 “ I will bless her victuals of thy strength.

“ with increase : and will satisfy 9 Let thy priests be clothed “ her poor with bread. hye


He at

everywhere in all the land of Israel, and
to the priests and Levites in their cities
and suburbs, to gather themselves toge-
ther, to bring again the ark of God unto
them. See 1 Chron. xiii. 1, 2, 3. This
was near 100 years after the Philistines
had taken the ark, and David might
therefore at first have some trouble in
finding out where the ark was.
first removed it to the house of Obed
Edom only, where it remained three
months, 1 Chron. xiii. 13, 14. and 2 Sam.
vi.; but he afterwards brought it up in
great state, and placed it in a tent he had
pitched for it, i Chron. xv. This there-
fore is probably what is here meant by

his trouble,"
(6) For "a place for the temple” and

an habitation for," the reading should
perhaps be “the place of the tabernacle"
and « the habitation of."
heard of at Ephratah, and found in the
"wood, as in verse 6. was probably the
place where the ark then was, not the
place where it was to be.

(o) “ Ephratah,” a district in Judea, within which probably Kirjathjearim and Jerusalem both lay,

(d) The conclusion of Solomon's v.8.9. prayer at the consecration of the temple, is nearly in the words of these verses, 2 Chron. vi. 40, 41.

“ Now therefore " arise, O Lord God, into thy resting

place, thou and the ark of thy “ strength : Let thy priests, O Lord “ God, be clothed with salvation, and “ let thy saints rejoice in goodness. O Lord God, turn not away the face of " thine anointed : remember the mercies of David thy servant.”

(e) When David proposed building v. 12. God a house, and God forbad it, he gave

David this promise, “ I will set up thy
“ seed after thee, which shall be of thy

sons; he shall build me a house, and I
“ will stablish the throne of his kingdom
“ for ever: I will settle him in my house
" and in my kingdom for ever ; and his
• throne shall be established for ever-
“ more." See 2 Sam. vï. 12 to 16.
1 Chron. xvii. 11 to 14. See also : Kings
viii. 25. and 2 Chron. vi. 16. The pro-
mise in this Psalm, as well as that above
cited from 2 Sam. and 1 Chron. is gene-
rally supposed to have meant that the
Messiah should be of the seed of David,

What they



V. 2.

and it is for that reason probably

that this Psalm is selected for Christmas Day. See also Ps. Ixxxix. 20 to 36.

(f) A panegyric upon brotherly union.

(3) ** Like,” i.e. as gratifying, as delightful.

(b) “ Precious ointment.” The oil to anoint Aaron and his sons, to consecrate them that they might minister in the priests' office, was made of pure myrrh, sweet cinnamon, sweet calamus, cassia, and olive oil, and it was poured upon the head to anoint them, Exod. xxx. 23, 24. 30. and Levit. viii. 12. It must therefore have been a very rich perfume.

(i) The Bible translation is, “ as the “ dew of Hermon, and as the dew that “ descended upon the mountains of “ Sion;" and then the meaning is, as refreshing as the dew is to the hills of Hermon and Sion, or any other high hills, which do not long retain the moisture of rain, and therefore in those hot countries must have been highly refreshed when heavy dews fell upon them. If

the Prayer Book translation is right, it means, as refreshing as the dew is to the hill of Sion, which rises upon Hermon, and falls upon Sion.

(k) “ Dew.” Dew and rain are frequently referred to as symbols of blessing. Thus, Deut. xxxi. 1, 2. “Give “ ear, Oye heavens, and I will speak; “ and hear, earth, the words of my “ mouth : my doctrine shall drop as the rain, my speech shall distil as the dew:

as the small rain upon the tender herb, “ and as the showers upon the grass." So Prov. xix. 12. “ The king's favour

the xiv. 5.“ I will be as the dew unto Israel." See also Ps. i. 3. and Ps. lxxii

. 6. (1) Instead of “there,” the reading should probably be “ to that,” viz. to brethren's dwelling together in unity.

(m) An exhortation and benediction to the night watch in the temple at the shutting up of the gates, to excite them to thanksgiving and devotion.

(n) An invocation to the praise of God, on account of the unlimited extent


4 For () why? the Lord hath 13 Thy (2) Name, O Lord, chosen Jacob unto himself : and endurech for ever : so doth thy Israel for his own possession. memorial, O Lord, from one

5 For I know, that the Lord generation to another. is great : and that our Lord is 14 For the Lord will avenge above all gods.

his people : and be gracious unto 6 Whatsoever the Lord pleased, his servants. that did he in heaven (P), and in 15 As for the images (a) of earth : in the sea, and in all deep the heathen, they are but silver places.

and gold : the work of men's 7 He bringeth forth the clouds

hands. from the ends of the world : and 16 They have mouths, and sendeth forth lightnings (9) with speak not : eyes have they, but the rain, bringing the winds out they see not. of his treasures.

17 They have ears, and yet 8 He smote (r) the firstborn (s) they hear not : neither is there of Egypt : both of man and any breath in their mouths. beast.

18 They that make them are 9 He hath sent tokens (t) and like unto them : and so are all wonders into the midst of thee, they that put their trust in O thou land of Egypt : upon

them. Pharaoh, and all his servants. 19 Praise the Lord, ye

house 10 He smote divers nations : of Israel : praise the Lord, ye and slew mighty kings;

house of Aaron.
11 Sehon (u) king of the Amo. 20 Praise the Lord, ye house
rites, and Og the king of Basan : of Levi : ye that fear the Lord,
andallthe kingdomsof Canaan (*); praise the Lord.

12 And gave their land to be 21 Praised be the Lord out an heritage (y) : even an heritage of Sion : who dwelleth at Jeruunto Israel his people.


<< winds." So that he has controul over
the elements to which they belong, fire,
water, and air, as well as over the earth.

(r) “ He smote,” &c. So that his v.8. power is also over the nations of the earth.

“ The first-born," &c. See Exod. 0.8.


xü. 29.

28 to 35

of his power, his peculiar favour to the
Israelites, and the instances in which he
had exerted it over the heathen, with a
ridicule of idols, the gods of the heathen.

(c) So Ps. cxiv, 2. “ Judah was his
sanctuary, and Israel his dominion.”

() “ In heaven," &c. The object in this and the next verse may be to shew the universality of God's power, in opposition to a notion of the heathen, that there different gods over different places, elements, &c. When Ahab had smitten the Syrians, the servants of the king of Syria encouraged him to go up again against the Israelites, by saying, their “God is God of the hills, but he “ is not God of the valleys, therefore “ let us fight against them in the plain." See i Kings xx. 21. 23. 28.

(9) Lightnings, “ rain," and


(1) “ Tokens," &c. They are enu. v.9. merated, Ps. lxxviii. 44 to 52. and

(v) “ Sehon" and " Og." This was v. 11.
in the journey from Egypt towards Ca-
naan, in the time of Moses. See Numb.
xxi. 23 to 35

(a) Of Canaan," In Joshua's time.
See Joshua throughout.
(v) “ An heritage." See Joshua xii.

V.12. 1 to 24.

(z) A similar verse occurs, Ps. cii. 12. v. 13. (a) “ The images," &c.

A similar v.15.



Lessons for the Twenty-eighth Day of the Month throughout the rear.

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September 28.

O&tober 28. November 28. December 28. Morn. Tob. ii. Morn. Job xxiv.xxv. Morn. Isa. x. Morn. Jer, xxxi, t0 s. 18 Mark 1. Luke xiv. (12) John xx. (14)

Afts xx. Even. Tob. iii. Even. Job xlii. Even. Isa. xi. Even. Wisd. i. 1 Cor. xiii.(11) Phil. ï. (13)

Heb. iv.

i John v. (15)

(1) ante 71 (6) ante 113. (11) ante 75.

(2) ante 86.

(3) ante 85.210.
(7) ante 86.

(8) ante 85.210.
(12) ante 202. 167. (13) ante 93.

(4) ante 139. 168. 217. (9) ante 147. 141. 149. (14) ante 127. 136. 35.

(5) ante 163 (10) ante 134 (15) ante 134

2 O give thanks unto the God EVENING PRAYER.

of all gods : for his mercy en

dureth for ever. Psalm cxxxvi. (6)

30 thank the Lord of all O GIVE thanks unto the Lord, lords : for his mercy endureth for he is gracious : and his mercy endureth for ever (c).

4 Who only doeth great won

for ever.


derision of the heathen idols, in nearly the same words, occurs Ps. cxv. 4.; and see the note there.

(6) Ao invocation to the praise of God, on account of the works of the creation, and his peculiar interpositions in favour of the Israelites in opposition to the heathen. It was called " The great Thanks“ giving". When the children of Am. mon, of Moab, and of Mount Seir, went up against Jehoshaphat, and God gave Jehoshaphat an assurance of deliverance, Jehoshaphat “appointed singers unto the “ Lord, that should praise the beauty “ of holiness, as they went out before " the army, and to say, Praise the Lord, for his mercy endureth for ever." God afterwards stirred up the children of Ammon and of Moab against the inhabitants of Mount Seir, utterly to de. stroy them, which they did ; and when they had done so, they destroyed each

other, so that when Jehoshaphat came up against them, behold they were dead bodies fallen to the earth, and none escaped. See 2 Chron. xx.

This Psalm (though probably written before) was perhaps what the singers sang before the army, and if so, the repeating it would constantly bring to the minds of the Jews the recollection of that great deli

(c) “ His mercy endureth for ever." ¢.h When David appointed the Levites to minister before the ark of the Lord, some of them were fixed upon “ to give “ thanks unto the Lord, because bis mercy endureth for ever.” i Chron. xvi. 4 41. And when Solomon dedicated the temple, and the glory of the Lord filled the house, the people “ worshipped and “ praised the Lord, saying, " for he is

good, for his mercy enduretb for ever." 2 Chron. vii. 3.


ders : for his mercy endureth for 17 Who smote great kings :

for his mercy endureth for ever ; 5 Who by his excellent wis. 18 Yea, and slew mighty kings: dom made the heavens : for his for his mercy endureth for ever; mercy endureth for ever.

19 Sehon (8) king of the Amo6 Who laid out the earth above rites : for his mercy endureth for the waters : for his mercy en- ever ; dureth for ever.

20 And Og the king of Basan : 7 Who hath made great lights : for his

for his mercy endureth for ever; for his mercy endureth for ever ; 21 And gave away their land

8 The sun to rule the day : for for an heritage(b): for his mercy his mercy endureth for ever;

endureth for ever ; 9 The moon and the stars to 22 Even for an heritage unto govern the night : for his mercy

Israel his servant : for his mercy endureth for ever.

endureth for ever. 10 Who smote Egypt (d) with 23 Who remembered us when their first-born : for his mercy en

we were in trouble : for his mercy dureth for ever ;

endureth for ever; 11 And brought out Israel 24 And hath delivered us from from among them: for his mercy our enemies : for his mercy enendureth for ever;

dureth for ever. 12 With a mighty hand and 25 Who giveth food to all stretched-out arm : for his mercy flesh : for his mercy endureth for endureth for ever;

ever. 13 Who divided the Red 26 Ogive thanks unto the Sea (e) in two parts : for his God of heaven : for his mercy mercy endureth for ever ;

endureth for ever. 14 And made Israel to go 27 O give thanks unto the through the midst of it : for his Lord of lords : for his mercy mercy endureth for ever.

endureth for ever. 15 But as for Pharaoh (f) and his host, he overthrew them in

Psalm cxxxvii. (i) the Red Sea : for his mercy endureth for ever.

By the waters of Babylon we sat 16 Who led his people through down and wept : when we rememthe wilderness : for his mercy en- bered thee, O Sion. dureth for ever.

2 As for our harps, we hanged

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(d) “ Egypt."

See Ps. cxxxv. 8, 9.
and the references there.
13: (e) “ Red Sea,” &c. See Ps. cxiv. 3.
15. (f) “ Pharoah." See Ps. lxxiv. 14.

Sehon," “ Og." See Ps. cxxxv. 20. II.

(6) “ An heritage." See Joshua xii.

tachment to Jerusalem, and calling for vengeance upon their enemies. The Jews, that is, the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, were carried captive to Babylon about 606 years before our Saviour's birth, and remained there 70 years.

The other tribes, the subjects of the kings of Israel, had been carried into captivity about 138 years before, and from that captivity they never returned.


i to 24

(i) A mournful hymn, calling to mind some of the occurrences during the Babylonish captivity, expressing their at

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