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the hills (9) : from whence 2
Our feet shall stand in cometh my help
“thy gates : 0 Jerusalem.” 2 My help cometh even from
Jerusalem is built as a city : the Lord : who hath made heaven that is at unity in itself. and earth.
4 For (s) thither the tribes 3 He will not suffer thy foot
up, even the tribes of the Lord: to be moved : and he that
to testify unto Israel, to give thanks keepeth thee will not sleep. unto the Name of the Lord.
4. Behold, he that keepeth Is- 5 For there is the seat of juiz rael : shall neither slumber nor ment : even the seat of the box sleep.
for the peace of keeper : the Lord is thy defence rusalem : they shall prosper the upon thy right hand ;
love thee. 6 So that the sun shall not
7 Peace be within thy walls : burn thee by day : neither the and plenteousness within thy moon by night.
palaces. 7 The Lord shall
8 For my brethren and comfrom all evil : yea, it is even he panions' sakes : I will wish the that shall keep thy soul.
prosperity. 8 The Lord shall preserve thy 9 Yea, because of the house of going out and thy coming in : the Lord our God : I will seek from this time forth for ever- to do thee good. more. Psalm cxxii. (r)
Psalm cxxi. (0) I was glad when they said unto Unto thee lift I up mine eyes : me : “We will go into the O thou that dwellest in the 66 house of the Lord;
truly in the Lord our God is the ~ salvation of Israel,” And see Psalm
to war, and that the other six consti.
This may mean the heights of heaven, as the supposed dwelling place of God, and then the second verse will be an explanation of it; or the first verse may be interrogative, “ Shall I lift up mine eyes unto the hills, “ as if my help should come from thence?" i.e. shall I trust alone or chiefly to natural means, to the strength of mountains, &c.; “no, I have help from him by whom Si those means were created." And then it accords with Jer. iii. 23. “ Truly in vain “ is salvation hoped for from the hills, " and from the multitude of mountains :
(r) A hymn, supposed to have been written by David, and to have been used by the people upon their going up to the public worship at Jerusalem. By the Mosaic law (Exod. xxiii. 17.-Deut xvi. 16.) three times in a year were al the males to appear before the Lord, in the place which he should choose (which was afterwards Jerusalem,) viz. at the Feast of the Passover or unleavered bread, at the Feast of Weeks or Pentecost, and at the Feast of Tabernacles. The Psalm might also be used again upon the return from the Babylonish cap tivity.
(s) « For" should (perhaps) be 141 omitted.
(1) An anxious appeal to God in time
2 Behold, even as the eyes of 6 Our soul is escaped even as servants look unto the hand of a bird out of the snare of the their masters, and as the eyes of fowler : the snare is broken, and a maiden unto the hand of her we are delivered. mistress : even so our eyes wait 7. Our help standeth in the upon the Lord our God, until he Name of the Lord : who hath have mercy upon us.
made heaven and earth. 3 Have mercy upon us,
0 Lord, have mercy upon us : for
Psalm cxxv. (2) we are utterly despised.
4 Our soul is filled (u) with They that put their trust in the scornful reproof of the
the Lord shall be even as the wealthy : and with the despite. mount Sion : which may not fulness of the proud.
be removed, but standeth fast
Psalm cxxiv. (x)
2 The hills stand about Jeru. salem : even
so standeth the If the Lord himself had not been Lord round about his people, on our side, now may Israel say :
from this time forth for everIf the Lord himself had not been on our side, when men rose up 3
For the rod of the unagainst us;
godly cometh not into(a) the 2 They had swallowed us up lot of the righteous : lest the quick : when they were so wrath- righteoiis put their hand unto fully displeased at us.
wickedness. 3 Yea, the waters had drowned 4 Do well, O Lord : unto us : and the stream had gone those that are good and true of over (y) our soul.
heart. 4 The deep waters of the 5 As for such as turn back proud : had gone even over our unto their own wickedness: the soul.
Lord shall lead them forth with 5 But praised be the Lord : the evil doers; but peace shall be who hath not given us over for a prey unto their teeth.
great distress. It might be written when Sennacherib, king of Assyria, threatened Jerusalem (see 2 Kings xviii. 17. and Isaiah xxxvi. 2.) or during the Babylonish captivity.
(u) “Filled," i.e. ready to overflow, not in a condition to bear more.
(*) A thanksgiving for some signal deliverance, ascribing it to God.
(9) “ Gone over our soul,” i.e. had put an end to our lives.
.(z) Upon God's protection to those who trust in him, and walk in his ways.
(a) For “ cometh not into,” the Bible translation is, “shall not rest upon," i.e. shall not continue long upon; the meaning probably is, the punishments with which the wicked are vexed do not stay long upon the righteous, lest (if there were no difference in this respect) the righteous should fall off and put their hand unto wickedness. In Ps. Ixxiii. 2. 14. the prosperity of the wicked is described as having a tendency, until their end is considered, to shake the faith and integrity of the good.
Lessons for the Twenty-seventh Day of the Month throughout the Tear.
April 27. Morn Gen. I. Morn. Deut.ix. Morn. Judges xx.
Morn, 2 Sam. xxiv.
Luke x, (2)
1 John is. (3 May 27
Acts XD Even, Neh, vi. Even. Proy. vi. Even. Jer, xx. Even. Hos. iv. i Çor. X. (6) Eph. iv. (8) Tit. ii. iii.
1 Johniv.(10) September 27.
Luke xiii. John xix. (13)
i Cor,xii,(11) Phil. i. (12) Heb. iii.
(8) ante 201. 137. 20% (9) ante 139. 168. 217. (10) ante 163. (11) ante 188. (12) ante 214.
(13) ante 111.
5 Turn (d) our captivity, O
Lord : as the rivers in the south.
6 They that sow in tears : the captivity of Sion : then were 7 He that now goeth on his we like unto them that dream (c).
way weeping, and beareth (0) 2 Then was our mouth filled
forth good seed : shall doubtless with laughter ; and our tongue
come again with joy, and bring with joy,
his sheaves (f) with him.
Psalm cxxvii. (8)
Except the Lord build the great things for us already : house (b) : their labour is but whereof we rejoice,
lost that build it.
(6) A spirited song, upon the return
(c) For “ dream” another reading is,
(d) “ Turn,”' &c. The meaning pro-
(e)“ Beareth,' &e. i.e. (probably) makes a proper use of his adversity, by turning unto God.
" Bring his sheavęs,'' &c. This
was perhaps a proverbial expression to denote great joy, as in Isaiah ix. 3: “they joy before thee according to the “ joy in harvest.”
(8) Upon the vanity and inefficacy of human attempts without God's assist
One of the Psalms appointed to be read at the Churching of Women.
(b) “ Build the house." This expres el sion is frequently used for continuing " a family," and might be so intended in this place. See Exod. i. 21.
. xxv. 9.-Ruth iv. 11.-See also Ps. cxii. &.
2 Except the Lord keep the shalt see Jerusalem in prosperity city : the watchman waketh but
all thy life long; in vain.
7 Yea, that thou shalt see thy 3 It is but lost labour that ye
children's children: and peace haste to rise up early, and so late take rest, and eat the bread of i carefulness : for so he giveth (i) Many a time have they fought
Psalm cxxix. (n) his beloved sleep.
4 Lo, children and the fruit against me from my youth up : of the womb : are an heritage may Israel now say; and gift that cometh of the Lord. 2 Yea, many a time have they
Like as the arrows in the 5
vexed me from my youth up : hand of the giant : even so (k)are
but they have not prevailed - the young children.
against me. 6 Happy is the man that hath 3 The plowers (e) plowed upon his quiver full of them : they
my back : and made long furshall not be ashamed when they speak with their enemies in the 4 But the righteous Lord :
hath hewn the snares of the ungate.
godly in pieces.
5 Let them be confounded and Psalm cxxviii. (1)
turned backward : as many as Blessed are all they that fear have evil will at Sion. the Lord : and walk in his ways. 6 Let them be even as the
2 For thou (m) shalt eat the grass growing upon the houselabours of thine hands : () well
tops : which withereth afore it be is thee, and happy shalt thou be. plucked up;
3 Thy wife shall be as the fruit- 7 Whereof (p) the mower fillful vine : upon the walls of thine eth not his hand : neither he, house;
that bindeth up the sheaves, his 4 Thy children like the olive. bosom. branches : round about thy table. 8 So that they, who go by,
5 Lo, thus shall the man be say not so much as, “ The Lord blessed : that feareth the Lord.
prosper you : we wish you 6 The Lord from out of Sion good luck in the Name of the shall so bless thee : that thou " Lord."
(1) · For so he giveth,” &c. The meaning probably is, that with all their success, which is to the full as great as human exertion without God's assistance can obtain, he giveth his beloved ample time for rest and relaxation, so that it is better to trust in God, than to rising early, &c. without that trust.
(6) “ Even so," &c. i.e. (perhaps ) adding in the same way to the Father's powers, or taking what direction he thinks fit to give them ; instruments in his hand to execute his purposes or re
ceive his impulse, as arrows are in a
(1) Upon the blessings of those who
(m) “ Thou,' i.e. whoever thou art v.2. that fearest God, &c.
(n) A thankful acknowledgment to
A figurative v.3.
() « Whereof," &c. which is so v.7. my voice.
8 And he shall redeem Israel : Psalm cxxx. (9)
from all his sins (t).
Psalm cxxxi. (u)
Lord, I am not high-minded : 2 O let thine ears consider
I have no proud looks. well : the voice of my complaint. 2 I do not exercise myself in 3 If thou, Lord, wilt be ex
great matters: which are too high treme to mark what is done amiss : O Lord, who may abide
3 But I refrain my soul, mi it?
keep it low, like as a child that is 4. For there is mercy with
weaned (x) from his mother : thee : therefore shalt thou be
yea, my soul is even as () a feared (s).
weaned child. 5 I look for the Lord ; my
4 O Israel, trust in the Lord : soul doth wait for him : in his
from this time forth for everword is my trust.
6 My soul fleeth unto the Lord : before the morning watch, I say, before the morning watch.
MORNING PRAYER. 7 0 Israel, trust in the Lord; for with the Lord there is mercy :
Psalm cxxxi. (2) and with him is plenteous re- LORD, remember David : and all demption.
his trouble (a);
worthless, that no one gives himself the
(r) " The deep," i.e. in the extreme
of distress. 0.4•
(s) “ Feared," i.e. reverenced, wor
shipped. v.8. (i) “ Sins," i.e. (probably) afflictions,
sent as punishments for sin.
(u) À profession of humility. This Psalm was probably used after the return from the captivity, to remind the Jews of their own weakness without God's assistance.
() “ Weaned,” and therefore low or depressed, because deprived of food it likes and is accustomed to, and driven to what it does not like, and to which it is
not accustomed. V.3. (v) “ Even as,” &c. i.e. as low, as
much cast down.
(2) A hymn and prayer, upon some removal of the ark, perhaps upon its removal into Solomon's Temple. See
2 Chron. v.
It notices David's anxiety either to discover the ark, or to fix upor a place for receiving it, prays for God's favour for David's sake, 'mentions God's oath unto David, and his blessing upon Sion. It is one of the proper Psalms for Christmas Day.
(a) “ His trouble,” i.e. (probably) the pains he took to find where the ark was, to bring it up to Jerusalem, and to prepare a place for it there. It was taken by the Philistines in Eli's time, about 1140 years before the birth of Christ. See i Sam. iv. 11. 22. The Philistines sent it about from place to place, till the men of Kirjathjearim (which belonged to Judah, 1 Chron. xi. 5,
6) fetched it up from Bethshemesh, 1 Sam. vii. I. It remained at Kirjathjearim 20 years, and all the house of Israel la• mented after the Lord, i Sam. vii. :: No inquiry was made at it during the days of Saul, 1 Chron. xiii
. 3. When David was king over all lsrael
, he consulted with the captains of thousands and of hundreds, and with every leader, and proposed to all the congregation of lo rael, to send abroad to their brethre