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the hills (9) from whence 2 " Our feet shall stand in cometh my help. Iwboz bralistes “ thy gates : Jerusalem.” 202 My help cometh even from 3 Jerusalem is built as a city : the Lord : who hath made heaven

that is at unity in itself. and earth. I do, wlis vit

4 For (s) thither the tribes

go aziz He will not suffer thy foot

up, even the tribes of the Lord : to be moved : and he that

to testify unto Israel, to give thanks keepeth thee will not sleep. 0 unto the Name of the Lord. : 14 Behold, he that keepeth Is


For there is the seat of judgerael . shall neither slumber nor

ment : even the seat of the house sleep.

of David. 5

The Lord himself is thy 6 O pray for the keeper : the Lord is thy defence rusalem : they shall prosper that upon thy right hand;

love thee. 6 So that the sun shall not

7 Peace be within thy walls : burn thee by day : neither the and plenteousness within thy moon by night,

palaces. 7 The Lord shall preserve thee 8 For my brethren and comfrom all evil : yea, it is even he panions' sakes : I will wish thee that shall keep thy soul.

prosperity. 8 The Lord shall preserve thy 9 Yea, because of the house of going out and thy coming in : the Lord our God : I will seek from this time forth for ever- to do thee good.

peace of Je



Psalm cxxi. (r) I was glad when they said unto me : “ We will go into the 6 house of the Lord;

Psalm cxxiii. (1) Unto thee lift I up mine eyes : O thou that dwellest in the heavens,

truly in the Lord our God is the “ salvation of Israel.” And see Psalm

1xxvi. 4.

to war, and that the other six consti.
tuted the answer of encouragement from
the high priest. There is evidently a
change of person at the 3d verse, which
continues to the end of the Psalm, so
that the last six verses are an answer to
the person who uttered the first two.
(9) “ The hills.”

This may mean the heights of heaven, as the supposed dwelling place of God, and then the second verse will be an explanation of it ; or the first verse may be interrogative, “ Shall I lift up mine eyes unto the hills, as if my help should come from thence?" i.e, shall I trust alone or chiefly to natural means, to the strength of mountains, &c.; “no, I have help from him by whom so those means were created.” And then it accords with Jer. iii. 23. “ Truly in vain • is salvation hoped for from the hills, " and from the multitude of mountains :

(n) A hymn, supposed to have been written by David, and to have been used by the people upon their going up to the public worship at Jerusalem. By the Mosaic law (Exod. xxiii. 17.-Deut. xvi. 16.) three times in a year were all the males to appear before the Lord, in the place which he should choose (which was afterwards Jerusalem,) viz. at the Feast of the Passover or unleavened bread, at the Feast of Weeks or Pentecost, and at the Feast of Tabernacles. The Psalm might also be used again upon the return from the Babylonish capo tivity.

For” should (perhaps) be " omitted.

(t) An anxious appeal to God in time

2 Behold, even as the eyes of 6 Our soul is escaped even as servants look unto the hand of a bird out of the snare of the their masters, and as the eyes of fowler : the snare is broken, and a maiden unto the hand of her we are delivered. mistress : even so our eyes wait 7. Our help standeth in the upon the Lord our God, until he Name of the Lord : who hath have mercy upon us.

made heaven and earth. 3 Have mercy upon us,

0 Lord, have mercy upon us : for

Psalm cxxv. (2) we are utterly despised.

4 Our soul is filled (u) with They that put their trust in the scornful reproof of the

the Lord shall be even as the wealthy : and with the despite. mount Sion : which may not fulness of the proud.

be removed, but standeth fast

for ever.


Psalm cxxiv. (x)

2 The hills stand about Jeru. salem : even

so standeth the If the Lord himself had not been Lord round about his people, on our side, now may Israel say :

from this time forth for everIf the Lord himself had not been on our side, when men rose up 3

For the rod of the unagainst us;

godly cometh not into(a) the 2 They had swallowed us up lot of the righteous : lest the quick : when they were so wrath- righteoiis put their hand unto fully displeased at us.

wickedness. 3 Yea, the waters had drowned 4 Do well, O Lord : unto us : and the stream had gone those that are good and true of over (y) our soul.

heart. 4 The deep waters of the 5 As for such as turn back proud : had gone even over our unto their own wickedness: the soul.

Lord shall lead them forth with 5 But praised be the Lord : the evil doers; but peace shall be who hath not given us over for a prey unto their teeth.

upon Israel.


great distress. It might be written when Sennacherib, king of Assyria, threatened Jerusalem (see 2 Kings xviii. 17. and Isaiah xxxvi. 2.) or during the Babylonish captivity.

(u) “Filled," i.e. ready to overflow, not in a condition to bear more.

(*) A thanksgiving for some signal deliverance, ascribing it to God.

(9) “ Gone over our soul,” i.e. had put an end to our lives.

.(z) Upon God's protection to those who trust in him, and walk in his ways.

(a) For “ cometh not into,” the Bible translation is, “shall not rest upon," i.e. shall not continue long upon; the meaning probably is, the punishments with which the wicked are vexed do not stay long upon the righteous, lest (if there were no difference in this respect) the righteous should fall off and put their hand unto wickedness. In Ps. Ixxiii. 2. 14. the prosperity of the wicked is described as having a tendency, until their end is considered, to shake the faith and integrity of the good.


was perhaps a proverbial expression to denote great joy, as in Isaiah is. 3.

they joy before thee according to the joy in harvest."

(8) Upon the vanity and inefficacy of human attempts without God's assistance. One of the Psalms appointed to be read at the Churching of Women.

(b) “Build the house. This express sion is frequently used for “ continuing " a family,” and might be so intended in this place. See Exod. i. 21.-Deut.xxv. 9.-Ruth iv. 11.--See also Ps. cxiii. 8.

upon Israel.


2 Except the Lord keep the shalt see Jerusalem in prosperity city : the watchman waketh but

all thy life long; in vain.

7 Yea, that thou shalt see thy 3 It is but lost labour that ye

children's children: and peace haste to rise up early, and so late take rest, and eat the bread of i carefulness : for so he giveth (i) Many a time have they fought

Psalm cxxix. (n) his beloved sleep.

4 Lo, children and the fruit against me from my youth up : of the womb : are an heritage may Israel now say; and gift that cometh of the Lord. 2 Yea, many a time have they

Like as the arrows in the 5

vexed me from my youth up : hand of the giant : even so (k)are

but they have not prevailed - the young children.

against me. 6 Happy is the man that hath 3 The plowers (e) plowed upon his quiver full of them : they

my back : and made long furshall not be ashamed when they speak with their enemies in the 4 But the righteous Lord :

hath hewn the snares of the ungate.

godly in pieces.

5 Let them be confounded and Psalm cxxviii. (1)

turned backward : as many as Blessed are all they that fear have evil will at Sion. the Lord : and walk in his ways. 6 Let them be even as the

2 For thou (m) shalt eat the grass growing upon the houselabours of thine hands : () well

tops : which withereth afore it be is thee, and happy shalt thou be. plucked up;

3 Thy wife shall be as the fruit- 7 Whereof (p) the mower fillful vine : upon the walls of thine eth not his hand : neither he, house;

that bindeth up the sheaves, his 4 Thy children like the olive. bosom. branches : round about thy table. 8 So that they, who go by,

5 Lo, thus shall the man be say not so much as, “ The Lord blessed : that feareth the Lord.

prosper you : we wish you 6 The Lord from out of Sion good luck in the Name of the shall so bless thee : that thou " Lord."

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(1) · For so he giveth,” &c. The meaning probably is, that with all their success, which is to the full as great as human exertion without God's assistance can obtain, he giveth his beloved ample time for rest and relaxation, so that it is better to trust in God, than to rising early, &c. without that trust.

(6) “ Even so," &c. i.e. (perhaps ) adding in the same way to the Father's powers, or taking what direction he thinks fit to give them ; instruments in his hand to execute his purposes or re

ceive his impulse, as arrows are in a
giant's hand.

(1) Upon the blessings of those who
fear God.

(m) “ Thou,' i.e. whoever thou art v.2. that fearest God, &c.

(n) A thankful acknowledgment to
God for past deliverance, and an impre-
cation against future adversaries.
(0) « Plowers," &c.

A figurative v.3.
expression to mark the sufferings they
had undergone.

() « Whereof," &c. which is so v.7.

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8 And he shall redeem Israel : Psalm cxxx. (9) .

from all his sins (t). Out of the deep (r) have I called unto thee, O Lord : Lord, hear Psalm cxxxi. (u) my voice.

Lord, I am not high-minded : 20 let thine ears consider

I have no proud looks. well : the voice of my complaint.

2 I do not exercise myself in 3 If thou, Lord, wilt be ex

great matters : which are too high treme to mark what is done

for me; amiss : O Lord, who may abide · 3 But I refrain my soul, and

keep it low, like as a child that is 4. For there is mercy with

weaned (x) from his mother : thee : therefore shalt thou be

yea, my soul is even as () a feared (s).

weaned child. s I look for the Lord; my

4 O Israel, trust in the Lord: soul doth wait for him : in his

from this time forth for ever word is my trust.

6 My soul 'fleeth unto the
Lord : before the morning watch,
I say, before the morning watch.

O Israel, trust in the Lord;
for with the Lord there is mercy :

Psalm cxxxi. (2) and with him is plenteous re LORD, remember David : and all demption.

his trouble.(a);

worthless, that no one gives himself the || 2 Chron. v. It notices David's anxiety trouble to gather it.

either to discover the ark, or to fix upon (9) An earnest prayer for deliverance, a place for receiving it, prays for God's concluding confidently that it would be favour for David's sake, mentions God's granted. This is one of the seven Peni oath unto David, and his blessing upon tential Psalms, and one of those ap Sion. It is one of the proper Psalms pointed for Ash-Wednesday.

for Christmas Day. v. I. (r) “ The deep," i.e. in the extreme (a) “ His trouble,” i.e. (probably) * of distress.

the pains he took to find where the ark v.4. (s) “ Feared,” i.e. reverenced, wor: was, to bring it up to Jerusalem, and to shipped.

prepare a place for it there. It was ii) “ Sins," i.e. (probably) afflictions, taken by the Philistines in Eli's time, sent as punishments for sin.

about 1140 years before the birth of (u) A profession of humility. This Christ. See i Sam. iv. 11. 22. The PloPsalm was probably used after the re listines sent it about from place to place, turn from the captivity, to remind the till the men of Kirjathjearim (which beJews of their own weakness without longed to Judah, 1 Chron, xiii. 5, God's assistance.

fetched it up from Bethshemesh, 1 Sam. V.3. (x) “ Weaned," and therefore low or vii. 1. It remained at Kirjathjearım

depressed, because deprived of food it 20 years, and all the house of Israel la. likes and is accustomed to, and driven to mented after the Lord, i Sam. vi. what it does not like, and to which it is No inquiry was made at it during the not accustomed.

days of Saul, i Chron. xii. 3. When V.3. () “ Even as," &c. i. e, as low, as David was king over all Israel, he con: much cast down.

sulted with the captains of thousands ang (z) A hymn and prayer, upon some of hundreds, and with every leader, and removal of the ark, perhaps upon its proposed to all the congregation of le removal into Solomon's Temple. See rael, to send abroad to their brethre

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