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my God.

103 O how sweet are thy words 112 I have applied my heart to unto my throat : yea, sweeter (v) fulfil thy statutes alway : even than honey unto my mouth! unto the end.

104 Through thy commandments I get understanding : there

15th Part..(s) fore I hate all evil ways.

113 I hate them, that ima. gine evil things : but thy law do

I love.

114 Thou art my defence and

shield : and my trust is in thy 14th Part. (9)

word. 105 Thy word is a lantern

115 Away from me, ye wicked : unto my feet : and a light unto I will keep the commandments of my paths.

106 I have sworn, and am 116 O stablish me according stedfastly purposed : to keep thy to thy word, that I may live : and righteous judgements.

let me not be disappointed of my 107

I am troubled above mea- hope. sure : quicken me, O Lord, ac

117 Hold thou me up, and I cording to thy word.

shall be safe : yea, my delight 108 Let the free-will-offerings shall be ever in thy statutes. of my mouth please thee, O Lord : 118 Thou hast trodden down all and teach me thy judgements. · them that depart from thy statutes:

109 My soul (r) is alway in my for they imagine but deceit. hand : yet do I not forget thy 119 Thou puttest away all the law.

ungodly of the earth liké dross : 110 The ungodly have laid a therefore I love thy testimonies. snare for me : but yet I swerved

120 My flesh trembleth for not from thy commandments. fear of thee : and I am afraid of 111 Thy testimonies have I

thy judgements. claimed as mine heritage for ever : and why? they are the very joy

16th Part. (t) of my heart.

121 I deal with the thing that

- tine.”'

not to shrink, &c. or thou makest thy

judgments instruments of teaching me. 03.

(o) “ Sweeter," &c. So Ps. xix. 9, 10. “ The judgments of the Lord are

true and righteous altogether : more is to be desired are they than gold; yea, " than much fine gold; sweeter also than honey, and the honeycomb.".

(9) Reflections in great distress, pro. fessing a constant adherence to God's

law, and a firm resolution to continue it. 109. (r) “ My soul," &c. i. e. my life is

always in hazard; probably a proverbial expression. So Judg. xii. 3. " I put my « life in my hands, and passed over against is the children of Ammon;" and 1 Sam. xix. 5. “ He" (David) “ did put his

life in his hand, and slew the Philis

So i Sam. xxviii. 21. When the witch of Endor did that for Saul for which she was punishable with death, she uses this expression, “ I have put my

life in my hand, and have hearkened “ unto thy word.”

(s) A profession of attachment to God's law and confidence in him, a prayer for protection, and an assurance that God does and will put down the wicked.

(1) A protestation of innocence and trust in God, and prayer for protection ; written apparently after long continuance in distress.



in thy

is lawful and right: 0 give me delight was in thy commandnot over unto mine oppressors.

122 Make(u) thou thy servant 132 O look thou upon me, to delight in that which is good : and be merciful unto me : as thou that the proud do me no wrong, usest to do unto those that love 123 Mine eyes are wasted

thy Name. away (x) with looking for thy 133 Order my steps health (y): and for the word of word : and so‘shall no wickedness thy righteousness. the word

have dominion over me. 124 O deal with thy servant 134 O deliver me from the according unto thy loving-mercy: wrongful dealings of men : and and teach me thy statutes. so shall I keep thy command.

125 I am thy servant; O grant ments. me, understanding : that I may 135 Shew the light of thy know thy testimonies.

countenance upon thy servant : 126 It is time for thee, Lord, and teach me thy statutes. to lay to thine hand : for they 136 Mine eyes gush out with have destroyed thy law.

water (b): because men keep not 127 For I love thy commandments : above gold and precious 128 Therefore hold I straight

18th Part. (c) all thy commandments : and all

137 Righteous art thou, O false, ways I utterly abhor.

Lord : and true is thy judge

ment! 17th Part. (z)

138 The testimonies that thou 129 Tuy testimonies are won- hast commanded : are exceeding derful : therefore doth my soul righteous and true. keep them.

139. My zeal (d) hath even 130 When thy word goeth consumed me : because mine ene forth : it giveth light and under- mies have forgotten thy words

. standing unto the simple.

140 Thy word is tried to the 131 I opened my mouth, and uttermost: and thy servant loveth drew in my breath (a) : for my it.

thy law,


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lxüi. 2.

7.122. (u) The Bible translation is, “ Be

surety to thy servant for good,” &c. which seems to agree better with the

context. V.123 (x). “ Wasted away," &c. i. e. from

the earnestness and anxiety with which

I have looked.
V.123. (v) “ Health," i. e. protection, de.

liverance by thee.

(z) A profession of delight,, &c. in God's law, and a prayer for his guidance

and protection. v.131. (a) “ Drew in my breath,” i. e. as a

person panting or gasping, to denote his

anxiety. So Ps. xlii. 1. “ Like as the “ hart desireth the water brooks, 50 “ longeth my soul after thee, O God;' and Ps. cxliii. 6. “ My soul gaspeth unto thee, as a thirsty land ;' and see Ps. (6)

“ Water," i. e, tears. (c) An eulogium upon God's commandments, fidelity, and righteousness.

(d) “ My zeal,” &c. The meaning perhaps is, I feel so much for thy law, so convinced of its excellencies, that it preys upon my health to see my enemies disregard it. See post, verse 158.

141 I am small (e) and of no

have taken hold upon me : yet reputation : yet do I not forget is my delight in thy commandthy commandments.

ments. 142 Thy righteousness is an 144 The righteousness of thy everlasting righteousness : and testimonies is everlasting : O grant thy law is the truth.

me understanding, and I shall 143 Trouble and heaviness live.

Lessons for the Twenty-sixth Day of the Month throughout the rear.

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(1) ante 40. (2) ante 50: 200. (3) ante 213

(4) ante 69. (5) ante 71. (7) ante 144. 155. (8) ante 93. 125. (9) ante 113. (10) ante 2120

(6) ante 50.200. (11) ante 91.


149 Hear my voice, O Lord, 19th Part (0)

according unto thy loving-kind145


CALL with my whole ness : quicken me according as heart : hear me, O Lord, I will

thou art wont. keep thy statutes.

150 They draw nigh that of 146 Yea, even unto thee do I malice persecute me : and are far call : help me, and I shall keep from thy law. thy testimonies.

151 Be thou nigh at hand, 147 Early in the morning do O Lord : for all thy commandI

cry unto thee : for in thy word is my trust.

152 As concerning thy testi148 Mine eyes prevent (g) the monies, I have known long since : night-watches : that I might be

that thou hast grounded them for occupied in thy words.

ments are true.



(e) “ Small,” &c. This implies-stancy, &c. in prayer, and a supplication that if David was the author, this for being heard. part was written before he was upon the

« Prevent," &c. i. e. I am awake W.149 throne.

before the night watches come round., () A protestation of earnestness, con- See Ps. lvii. xcii. 2.--and cxxx. 6.


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zoth Part (b)

165 Great is the peace that 153 O CONSIDER mine adver

they have who love thy law: sity, and deliver me : for I do not

and they are not offended at it.

166 Lord, I have looked for forget thy law. 154 Avenge thou my cause,

thy saving health (k) : and done and deliver me : quicken me ac

after thy commandments. cording to thy word.

167 My soul hath kept thy

testimonies : and loved them er. 155 Health is far from the ungodly : for they regard not thy

168 I have kept thy comma'

. statutes.

ments and testimonies : for all on 156 Great is thy mercy, O Lord : quicken me, as thou art

ways are before thee. wont. 157 Many there are that trou

22d Part (1) ble me and persecute me : yet do I not swerve from thy testi

169 Let my complaint come manies.

before thee, O Lord : give me 158 It grieveth me when I see

understanding according to thy the transgressors : because they

word. keep not thy law.

170 Let my supplication come 159 Consider, O Lord, how

before thee : deliver me accordI love thy commandments : 0

ing to thy word. quicken me according to thy loving kindness.

171 My lips shall speak of thy

praise : when thou hast taught 160 Thy word is true from

me thy statutes. everlasting : all the judgements of thy righteousness endure for

172 Yea, my tongue shall

sing of thy word : for all thy evermore.

commandments are righteous. 2 ist Part (i)

173 Let thine hand help me :

for I have chosen thy command161 Princes have persecuted me without a cause : but my heart 174 I have longed for thy sarstandeth in awe of thy word. ing health, O Lord : and in thy

162 I am as glad of thy word : law is my delight. as one that findeth great spoils.

175 O let my soul live, and it 163 As for lies, I hate and shall praise thee : and thy judgeabhor them : but thy law do I ments shall help me. love. 164 Seven times a day do I sheep that is lost : 0 seek thy

176 I have gone astray like a praise thee : because of thy right- servant; for I do not forget eous judgements.




(b) A prayer for protection and deliverance, professing a constant observance, &c. of God's commandments.

(i) A profession of obedience and love for God's law,

, i" aille from thee,

(1) A prayer for instruction, deliverance, &c.

habitation among



4 Woe is me, that I am conPsalm cxx. (m)

strained to dwell with Mesech(n):

and to have When I was in trouble, I called


the tents of Kedar (c)! upon the Lord : and he heard

5 My soul hath long dwelt

among them : that are enemies 2 Deliver my soul, O Lord,

unto peace. from lying lips : and from a

6 i labour for peace; deceitful tongue. 3 What reward shall be given they make them ready to battle.

when I speak unto them thereof : or done unto thee, thou false tongue : even mighty and sharp

Psalm cxxi. (P) arrows, with hot burning coals. I will lift up mine eyes unto

peace; but

(m) This Psalm is supposed to have been written by David, when by the calumnies of Doeg and others he was constrained to quit his own country. See

to mind that God had before heard him when he was in trouble, it prays for further deliverance, and laments his banishment from his own land and the inveteracy of his enemies. This and the next fourteen Psalms are called in the Hebrew “ songs of the ascent or going up;" and though the reason for so calling them is not known with certainty, it might be one of these following: first, because they were sung by the Levites whilst the king was going up to the temple, which we may suppose was an act of great state and solemnity, for amongst the things which astonished the queen of Sheba when she went to see Solomon, was “ his “ ascent by which he went up to the « house of the Lord," 1 Kings x. 5. Or secondly, because they were sung by the people when they were going up to Jerusalem at the three solemn feasts ; see note on Ps. cxxii. or thirdly, because they were sung when the people went up from the Babylonish captivity, and were continued in after times to celebrate that

event. 14

(n) . Mesech,” « Kedar.” Mesech was a son of Japheth, (Gen. x. 2. and iChron. i. 3.) and Kedar a son of Ishmael, (Gen. xxv. 13. andı Chron. i. 29.) ; and these names therefore are probably used generally for the heathen : not importing that he was literally dwelling with any people of the name of Mesech or Kedar, or with any of their descendants, but merely that he was constrained to dwell with some of the heathen.

. Tents of Kedar.” In the pro• V.

1.4. phecy as to Ishmael (Gen. xvi. 12.) which meant to apply to his posterity also, what we translate “ he shall dwell

in the presence of all his brethren," signifies more striểly “ he shall dwell in tents," &c. ; and it is remarkable that down to the present day many of his descendants adhere to the practice of dwelling in tent.. This Psalm, which at the earliest (that is if written by David) must have been written goo years after the prophecy, and 450 years after the book of Genesis was written, speaks of the tents of Kedar, as if it was well known that the descendants of Kedar, Ishmael's son, then dwelt in tents; and Isaiah,who wrote 300 years after David's time, when he says Is. xiii. 20. “ neither shall the Ara“ bian pitch tent there,” implies that the Arabians, who were descendants of Ishmael, were then in the habit of dwelling in tents. And in Solomon's Song i. 5. and Is. xlix. 29. are “ the tents of Kedar" mentioned. From this and other stronger instances in which the facts foretold in scripture, are fulfilling down to the present time, Bishop Newton illustrates the position, that the prophecies really came from God. For how could it happen but through him, that their completion should still be proceeding ?

(P) Upon the transcendency of God's protection. It is supposed to have been written by David, and expresses the high confidence he had in God; and it was thankfully called to remembrance upon the return from the captivity, to remind the people that in the greatest troubles, the surest wisdom was to trust in God. Bp. Lowth thinks the first two verses were spoken by David, when going out

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