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the deep

sea in ships : and occupy their also in the congregation of the business in great waters;

people : and praise him in the 24 These men see the works seat of the elders! of the Lord : and his wonders in 33 Who turneth (t) the floods

into a wilderness : and drieth up 25 For at his word the stormy the water-springs. wind ariseth : which lifteth up 34 A fruitful land maketh he the waves thereof.

barren : for the wickedness of 26 (r) They are carried up to

them that dwell therein. the heaven, and down again to 35 Again, he maketh (u) the the deep : their soul melteth away wilderness a standing water : and because of the trouble.

water-springs of a dry ground. 27 They reel to and fro, and 36 And there he setteth the stagger like a drunken man : and hungry : that they may build are at their wits' end.

them a city to dwell in ; 28 So (s) when they cry unto 37 That they may sow their the Lord in their trouble : he land, and plant vineyards : to delivereth them out of their yield them fruits of increase. distress.

38 He blesseth them so, that 29 For he maketh the storm to they multiply exceedingly : and cease : so that the waves thereof suffereth not their cattle to de.

crease. 30 Then are they glad, be- 39 And again, when they are cause they are at rest : and so he minished and brought low : bringeth them unto the haven through oppression, through any where they would be.

plague or trouble ; 31 O that men would therefore 40 Though he suffer them to praise the Lord for his goodness :

be evil-intreated through tyrants : and declare the wonders that he and let them wander out of the doeth for the children of men ! way in the wilderness;

32 That they would exalt him 41 Yet helpeth he the poor

are still.

this passage,


(r) This description is at least equal
to Virgil's i Æn. 106.
“ Hi summo in fluctu pendent: his unda dehiscens
“ Terram inter Auctus aperit: furit æstus arenis."
And superior to Ovid, 1 Trist.
“ Me miserum ; quanti montes volvuntur aquarum

“ Jam jam tacturos sidera summa putes.
« Quantæ diducto subsidunt æquore valles

Jam jam tacturos tartara nigra putes." v. 28,

(s) For “ so" read “but." 0.33

(?) Turneth,” &c This may allude to the miraculous passages through the Red Sea, and through the river

Jordan. 0.35

(u) “ Maketh,” &c. This may refer to the miraculous production of water from the rock. See Exod. xvii. i to 6.

Numb. xx. I to ni. and Ps. cv. 40. In Ps. cxiv. 8. that miracle is referred to in nearly similar language, “ who turned “ the hard rock into a standing water, “ and the Aint stone into a springing “ well.” In the encouragement God is giving the people, Isaiah xli. 17, 18. he uses expressions exactly conformable to " When the poor

and needy seek water, and there is none, “ and their tongue faileth for thirst, I “ the Lord will hear them, I the God “ of Jacob will not forsake them: I will

open rivers in high places, and foun“ tains in the midst of the valleys : I will make the wilderness a pool of water, and the dry land springs of water.See also lsaiah xxxv. 6.-xliii. 19.—xliv. 3.

out of misery : and maketh him 43 Whoso is wise, will ponder households like a flock of sheep. these things: and they shall under

42 The righteous will consider stand the loving-kindness of the this, and rejoice : and the mouth Lord. of all wickedness shall be stopped.

Lessons for the Twenty-second Day of the Month throughout the year.

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“ mete out the valley of Suc- against me with false tongues : « coth."

they compassed me about also 8 Gilead is mine, and Manas- with words of hatred, and fought ses is mine : Ephraim also is the against me without a cause. strength of my head.

3 For the love that I had unto 9 Judah is my lawgiver; Moab them, lo, they now take my conis my wash-pot : over Edom will trary part : but I give myself I cast out my shoe; upon Philistia

unto prayer. will I triumph.

4 Thus have they rewarded 10 Who will lead me into the me evil for good : and hatred for strong city : and who will bring

my good will ; me into Edom ?


“ Set (d) thou an ungodly U Hast not thou (a) forsaken man to be ruler over him : and us, O God : and wilt not thou, “ let Satan stand at his right O God, go forth with our hosts?

66 hand. 12 O help us against the ene- 6“ When sentence is given my : for vain is the help of man. upon him, let him be con13 Through God we shall do

“ demned : and let his prayer great acts : and it is he that shall “ be turned into sin. tread down our enemies.


“ Let his days be few : and

66 let another take his office. Psalm cix. (b)

8 " Let his children be fatherHold not thy tongue, O God « less : and his wife a widow, of my praise : for the mouth of


" Let his children be vagathe ungodly, yea, the mouth of “ bonds, and beg their bread : the deceitful is opened upon me.

< let them seek it also out of 2 (c) And they have spoken “ desolate places.

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" ing, By the hand of my servant David I will save my people Israel out of the “ hand of the Philistines, and out of " the hand of all their enemies."

(a) For “hast not thou,” the reading should perhaps be “hast thou then." This agrees better with the concluding part of the verse, and with the prayer in verse 12. The Septuagint is, " ο θεος ο απωσαμενος ημας,” which may “ be rendered, “Wilt not thou, O God, “ though fora time thou hast forsaken us?"

(6) An anxious prayer to God for protection, supposed to be written by David, complaining bitterly of the malevolence, &c. of his enemies, praying for or pre. dicting their confusion, noticing his own distress, but concluding with a resolution to praise God, as being confident of de

liverance. 12,4 (c) Similar complaints occur, Ps. xxxv.

II, 12. * 5. (d) “ Set,” &c. Some translators ren

der this and the following verses as pre

dictions, not as imprecations : “ Thou “shalt set,” &c. " and Satan shall stand," &c. Dr. Kennicott treats them as imprecations, but as the imprecations of David's enemies : and he translates verse 19. "This is the prayer to God of those “ who are my enemies, and who speak “ evil against my soul." See 2 Kennic. Dissert. 581, 582.-Kennic. Rem. 271. See also Ps. xli. 5. 8. where he notices more distinctly the imprecation of his enemies. Dr. Kennicott's supposition is strongly countenanced by the context and general scope of the Psalm. It begins with stating that the mouth of the ungodly was opened upon him and compassed him about with words of hatred. It is then not improbable he should state what those words were: and then the prayer to God, in verse 20. &c. comes in naturally; and the petition, in verse 27. “ Though they curse, yet bless thou," agrees with the notion that he had been specifying the curses they used,

put out.

66 done away.

10 " Let the extortioner con- 20 But deal thou with me, O « sume all that he hath : and let

Lord God, according unto thy “ the stranger spoil his labour. Name : for sweet is thy mercy. II

66 Let there be no man to 21 O deliver me; for I am “ pity him : nor to have compas- helpless and poor : and my heart “ sion upon his fatherless chil. is wounded within me. 6 dren.

22 I go hence like the shadow I 2 “ Let his posterity be de- that departeth : and am driven “ stroyed : and in the next ge- away as the grasshopper. “ neration let his name be clean 23 My knees are weak through

fasting : my flesh is dried up for 13 “ Let the wickedness of his want of fatness. “ fathers be had in remembrance 24 I became also a reproach “ in the sight of the Lord : and unto them : they, that looked 6 let not the sin of his mother be

upon me, shaked their heads.

25 Help me, O Lord my God: 14 “ Let them (e) alway be Osave me according to thy mercy. " before the Lord : that he

may 26 And they shall know, how “ root out the memorial of them

that this is thy hand : and that « from off the earth;

thou, Lord, hast done it. 15 “And that, because his

27. Though they curse, yet « mind was not to do good : but bless thou : and let them be con“ persecuted the poor helpless founded that rise up against me;

man, that he might slay him but let thy servant rejoice. " that was vexed at the heart. 28 Let mine adversaries be

16 “ His delight was in curs- clothed with shame : and let “ ing, and it shall happen unto them cover themselves with their “ him : he loved not blessing, own confusion, as with a cloke. " therefore shall it be far from 29 As for me, I will give great « him.

thanks unto the Lord with my 17 “ He clothed himself with mouth : and praise him among “ cursing, like as with a raiment: the multitude. 66 and it shall come into his 30 For he shall stand at the “ bowels like water, and like oil right hand of the poor : to save « into his bones.

his soul from unrighteous judges 18 “ Let it be unto him as the “ cloke that he hath upon him : " and as the girdle that he is “ alway girded withal.”

19 Let it thus happen from the
Lord unto mine enemies : and tu

Psalm cx. (f)
those that speak evil against my

The LORD said unto


v. 14

(c): “Let them," &c. i. e. the wickedness of his fathers, and the sin of his mother

(S) A prophetic hymn upon the Mes

siah, written by David. It is clearly so considered by our Saviour, in his coura versation with the Pharisees, Matt. xxn 41 to 45.–Mark xü. 35 to 37:-und Luke

Lord (8): “ Sit thou on my right not repent : “ Thou art a priest

hand, until (b) I make thine “ for ever after the order of Mel" enemies thy footstool.”

« chisedech." 2 The Lord shall send the rod 5 The Lord upon thy right of thy power out of Sion : be

hand : shall wound even kings in thou ruler, even in the midst (i) the day of his wrath. among thine enemies (k).

6 He shall judge among the hea3 In the day of thy power shall then, he shall fill the places with the people offer thee free-will- the dead bodies : and smite in sunofferings with an holy worship : der the headsover divers countries. the dew (1) of thy birth is of the 7 He shall drink of the womb of the morning.

brook (m) in the way : therefore The Lord sware, and will shall he lift up his head.

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IX. 41 to 44. “ Jesus asked them, What " think ye of Christ ? whose son is he?

They say unto him, The son of David. “ He saith unto them, How then doth " David in spirit" (i.e. probably, when inspired) “call him Lord, saying, “ The " Lord said unto my lord, Sit thou on

my right hand, till I make thine " enemies thy footstool?" If David " then call him Lord, how is he his "son?" So St. Peter, in his address on the day the apostles received the gift of the Holy Ghost, viz. on Whit-Sunday, evidently treats it as written by David, and as applying to the Messiah :'« David " is not ascended into the heavens, but " he saith himself, “ The Lord said unto “ my lord, Sit thou on my right hand, " until I make thy foes thy footstool.” Again, in the passage, Heb. i. 13. “To * which of the angels said he at any time, " thou art my Son, this day have I be

gotten thee?" It is evident the author must have considered it as written of the Messiah. And the expression in verse 4. " Thou art a priest for ever, after the "order of Melchizedek," is repeatedly in the Hebrews considered as applying to the Messiah. See Heb. v. 6. 10.--vi. 20. -vii. 21. Could it have been so treated

persons, to whom the Psalms were so familiar, had not this been the then received opinion? This is one of the Psalms for Christmas Day.

(8) “My Lord,” i.e. the promised Messiah. 1. (b) “ Until," &c. St. Paul refers to this passage, 1 Cor. xv. 25.

" Then "cometh the end; when he" (i.e. Christ) "shall have delivered up the kingdom to

God, even the Father ; when he shall “ have put down all rule, and all attho

“ rity and power ; for he must reign till he hath put all enemies under his feet." After which he adds, versé 29.

" And “ when all things shall be subdued unto “ him, then shall the Son also himself be “ subject unto him that put all things under him, that God may be all in all."

(i) “ The midst," &c.' It raises the idea of his power, that in the very center v.2. of his enemies, where they would be most strong, he should be ruler. See Psalm xlv. 6.

(k) How exactly does this correspond with the prophecy, Ps. i. 8, 9.“ Desire v. 2.5. “ of me, and I shall give thee the heathen

6. “ for thine inheritance, and the utmost “ parts of the earth for thy possession. Thou shalt bruise them with a rod of iron, and break them in pieces like a pot«ter's vessel.See note on Ps. ii. 9.

(1) “ The dew," &c. i.e. (perhaps) as the morning produces drops of dew without number, so shall thy birth produce numberless converts.

(m) “ Of the brook," &c. i.e. per. haps, experience great distress ; be as v.7. much straitened as those who had nothing to drink but the water by the way-side. 4 Hamm. 322, 323. Patrick. Accord. ing to the prophecy, Isaiah liji. 7. “He

was oppressed, and he was afflicted,” &c. Or, as the whole Psalm is speaking of his power, glory, &c. may it not mean, that even in the way he should find a brook to drink of, which in those hot countries might be uncommon, and would be a great refreshment ? and then this will also be a figurative expression of his suc. cess. Many passages speak of water as a signal blessing. See Ps. Ixxxiv. 6.Note on Ps. i. 3



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