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37 Egypt was glad at their de- 41 For why ? he remembered parting : for they were afraid of his holy promise : and Abraham them.

his servant. 38 He spread out a cloud to 42 And he brought forth his be a covering : and fire to give people with joy : and his chosen light in the night-season. with gladness ;

39 At their desire he brought 43 And gave them the lands quails : and he filled them with of the heathen : and they took the bread of heaven.

the labours of the people in pak 40 He opened the rock of session ; stone, and the waters flowed 44 That they might keep his out : so that rivers ran in the dry statutes : and observe his laws. places.

Lessons for the Twenty-first Day of the Month throughout the rear.

April 21.

January 21. February 21.

March 21.
Morn. Gen. xl. Morn. Numb. xxxv. Morn. Judges x.
Matt. xix. (1) Luke iv.

John viii. (3)
Even. Gen. xli. Even. Numb.xxxvi. Even. Judges xi.
i Cor, üi.
Gal. iv. (2)

1 Tim. v.

Morn. 2 Sam. xiv.

Acts xviii. Even. 2 Sam. xv.

1 Pet. v. (4)

August 21.

May 21.
June 21.

July 21.
Morn. 2 Kings xxiv. Morn. Job xxxvii. Morn. Jer. ix.
Matt. xix.
Luke v. (0)

John ix.
Even. 2 Kings xxv. Even. Job xxxviii

. Even. Jer. X.
1 Cor. iv. (5)
Gal. v. (7)

Tim. vi.

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November 21.

December 21.

September 21.

October 21.
Morn. Ecclus. xxxv. Morn. Wisd. xv.
Matt. xxii. (8)

Luke vii. (9)
Ev. Ecclus. xxxvüi. Even. Wisd. xvi.
I Cor. vi.

Eph. i.

Morn. Baruch iv.

John xiii.
Even. Baruch v.

2 Tim. iv. (10)

Morn. Prov. xxii.

Acts xxi. Even. Prov. xxiv.

1 John i. (11)

(1) ante 6o.
(7) ante 196.

(2) ante 46.
(3) ante 90.
(4) ante 168.

(3) ante 31.

(6) ante 173 (8) ante 211. 218. 205. (9) ante 201. (10) ante 213.

(11) ante 41.

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cording to the favour that thou them : there was not one of them
bearest unto thy people : 0 visit left.
me with thy salvation !

12 Then believed they his
5 That I may see the felicity words : and sang praise (u) unto
of thy chosen : and rejoice in the him.
gladness of thy people, and give 13 But within a while they for-
thanks with thine inheritance. gat his works : and would not

6 We have sinned with our abide his counsel ;
fathers : we have done amiss, and 14. But lust (x) came upon
dealt wickedly

them in the wilderness : and they
7 Our fathers regarded not thy tempted God in the desert.
wonders in Egypt, neither kept 15 And he gave them (y) their
they thy great goodness in re- desire : and sent leanness (2)
membrance: but were disobedient withal into their soul.
at the sea, even at the Red Sea. 16 (a) They angered Moses

8 Nevertheless, he helped them also in the tents : and Aaron, the
for his Name's sake(t): that he saint of the Lord.
might make his power to be

17 So the earth opened, and

swallowed up Dathan : and co9 He rebuked the Red Sea vered the congregation of Abiram. also, and it was dried up : so he 18 And the fire was kindled led them through the deep, as in their company : the flame through a wilderness ;

burnt up the ungodly.
10 And he saved them from

19 They made a calf (6) in
the adversaries' hand : and deli. Horeb : and worshipped the mol-
vered them from the hand of the ten image.

20 Thus they turned their
1 As for those that troubled glory (c) : into the similitude of
them, the waters overwhelmed a calf that eateth hay.

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V. 12.

v. 14

(z) “ Leanness," &c. According to v.15. Numb. xi. 33

or while the flesh was yet “ between their teeth, ere it was chewed, " the wrath of the Lord was kindled “ against the people, and the Lord

smote the people with a very great “ plague : and he called the name of that

place Kibroth Haltaavah, because
“ there they buried the people that
“ lusted.” See also Ps. lxxviii. 31.

(a) See Numb. xvi. I to 35.
(6)“ A calf.” See Exod. xxxii. 4.

(c). “Turned their glory.". St. Paul v. 20.
uses the same expression for idol wore
ship, Rom. i. 23" they changed the glory
u of the incorruptible God into an image
“ made like to corruptible man.” So
Jer. ii. 11. “My people have changed
their glory for that which doth not

(u). “ Sang praise." It was upon this occasion the triumphal hymn in Exod. xv. was written, which the most antient piece of poetry now extant. It was written 1551 years before the birth of Christ.

(*) “ Lust,” to have flesh to eat, because they were tired of manna. See Numb. xi. 4. “ The mixed multi“ tude that was among them fell a lust“ing, and the children of Israel also “ wept again, and said, Who shall give

us flesh to eat."

(y) “ Gave them," &c. According to Numb. xi. 31. " there went forth a wind « from the Lord, and brought quails « from the sea," which they gathered up in large quantities,

v. 16.




21 And they forgat God their 27 To cast out their seed Saviour : who had done so great among the nations : and to scatthings in Egypt';

ter them in the lands. 22 Wondrous works in the

28 They joined themselves unto land of Ham : and fearful things Baal-peor (8): and ate the offer. by the Red Sea.

ings of the dead. 23 So he said, he would have 29 Thus they provoked him destroyed them, had not Moses, to anger with their own invenhis chosen, stood (d) before him tions and the plague was great in the gap : to turn away his wrathful indignation, lest he 30 Then stood up. Phineas

, · should destroy them.

and prayed (b): and so the plague 24 Yea, they thought scorn(e) ceased. of that pleasant land : and gave 31 And that was counted unto no credence unto his word; him for righteousness : among all

25 But murmured in their posterities for evermore. tents : and hearkened not unto 32 They angered him also at the voice of the Lord.

the waters of strife (i): so that 26 Then lift he up his hand(s) he punished Moses for their against them : to overthrow them sakes. in the wilderness;

33 Because they provoked his

among them.




V. 26.

(d) “Stood,” &c. See Exod. xxxii. 11,12. “ Moses besought the Lord his • God, and said, “ Lord, why doth thy “ wrath wax hot against thy people, “ whom thou hast brought forth out of “ the land of Egypt, with great power, “ and with a mighty hand? Wherefore “ should the Egyptians say, “ For mis“ chief did he bring them out, to slay “ them in the mountains, and to consume " them from the face of the earth,' &c. (e)

Thought scorn," &c. See ante 3. note on Ps. xcv. 8 to il.

“ Lift he up his hand,” i. e. sware." In the Israelitish mode of swearing, the band was lifted up, and there are several passages in which the expression of “ lifting up the hand” signifies “swearing." See Gen. xiv. 22, 23. “ I have lift


mine hand unto the Lord, “ that I will not take any thing that is " thine." So Ez. xx. 15. 23. “I” (i. e. God)

hand unto 56 them in the wilderness, that I would " not bring them into the land which I " had given them, and that I would “ scatter them among the heathen, and “ disperse them through the countries," &c. &c. And Rev. x. 5.

“ The ange! “ lifted up his hand to heaven, and

sware," &c.' See also Ezek. xx. s.

28. 42.-Dan. xii. 7.-Ps. xliv. 21.– cxliv. 8.

(8) "Unto Baalpeor." See Numb. XXV. 3. “And Israel joined himself unto “Baalpeor ; and the anger of the Lord

kindled against Israel." () For “ prayed,” the Bible translation is “ executed judgment ;" and Dr. Hammond reads “ made an atonement," either of which seems right. The Bible gives no account of any prayer by Phineas

, but when Zimri brought unto his bre thren a Midianitish woman, and God destroyed 24,000 of the people for joining themselves unto the daughters of Moab; and unto Baalpeor, Phineas slew Zimri and the woman; “and the Lord spake “ unto Moses, saying, Phineas hath « turned my wrath away

from the chil. “ dren of Israel, while he was zealous for my sake among them, that I con“ sumed not the children of Israel in my

jealousy : Behold, I give unto him my

covenant of peace, and he shall have • it, and his seed after him, even the

covenant of an everlasting priesthood, " because he was zealous for his God, " and made an atonement for the children “ of Israel.” See Numb. xxv. 10 to 13.

(i) “ Of strife," so called, because the

“ lifted up my,

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spirit : so that he spake unad. 41 Their enemies oppressed visedly (k) with his lips.

them : and had them in sub34 Neither destroyed they thejection. heathen (1) : as the Lord com- 42 Many a time did he deliver manded them;

them : but they rebelled against 35 But were mingled among him with their own inventions, the heathen : and learned their

and were brought down in their works.

wickedness. 36 Insomuch that they wor- 43 Nevertheless, when he saw shipped their idols, which turned

their adversity : he heard their to their own decay : yea, they complaint. offered their sons and their daugh- 44 He thought upon his coveters unto devils;

nant, and pitied them according 37 And shed innocent blood, unto the multitude of his mercies: even the blood of their sons and

yea, he made all those that led of their daughters : whom they them away captive, to pity them. offered unto the idols of Canaan, 45 Deliver us, O Lord our and the land was defiled with God, and gather us from among blood.

the heathen : that we may give 38 Thus were they stained thanks unto thy holy Name, and with their own works : and went make our boast of thy praise. a whoring with their own inven- 46 Blessed be the Lord God tions.

of Israel from everlasting, and
39 Therefore was the wrath world without end : and let all
of the Lord kindled against his the people say, Amen.
people : insomuch that he ab-
horred his own inheritance.
40 And he gave them over

into the hand of the heathen:
and they that hated them were

Psalm cvii. (m)
lords over them.

OG GIVE thanks unto the Lord;

. 33

children of Israel strove with the Lord
for want of water. See Numb. xx. 13.

(k) “ Unadvisedly,' &c. God had ordered Moses and Aaron to speak unto the rock before the eyes of the assembly, and it should give forth water ; they did so, and Moses struck the rock with his rod twice, and the water came out abundąntly ; but Moses used some expressions upon gathering the people together, which implied a distrust in the water's being produced, and such as were not calculated to put the minds of the people into a proper temper, so as to give the miracle its proper effect upon them : “ Hear now, ye rebels, must we fetch

you water out of this rock ?” and “ God spake unto Moses and unto

“ Aaron, because ye believed me not, to

sanctify me in the eyes of the children “ of Israel, therefore ye shall not bring " this congregation into the land which I have given them.” Numb. xx. 8. 10, 11, 12

(?) “ Destroyed they the heathen," &c. v.34. See Judges i. ii.

(m) A beautiful alternate hymn, by two sets of singers, animating the people to the praise of God, by pointing out instances of his mercy, each set endeavouring to surpass the other by those he adduced. It is not improbable, from the instances it brings forward, that it was written shortly after the passage through Jordan, into the land of Canaan ; and if so, it is far more antient


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for he is gracious : and his mercy 13 So when they cried unto endureth for ever.

the Lord in their trouble : he 2 Let them give thanks, whom

delivered them out of their the Lord hath redeemed : and distress. delivered from the hand of the 14 For, he brought them out enemy;

of darkness, and out of the sha3. And gathered them out of dow of death : and brake their the lands, from the east, and from bonds in sunder. the west : from the north, and 15 O that men would there. from the south,

fore praise the Lord for his good4 They went astray in the wil. ness: and declare the wonders derness out of the way: and found that he doeth for the children of no city to dwell in;

5 Hungry and thirsty : their 16 For he hath broken the soul fainted in them.

gates of brass : and smitten the 6 So they cried unto the Lord bars of iron in sunder. in their trouble : and he delivered 17 Foolish men are plagued them from their distress.

for their offence : and because of 7 He led them forth by the their wickedness. right way : that they might go to 18 Their soul abhorred (P) all the city where they dwelt(n). manner of meat : and they were

8 ó that men would therefore even hard at death's door. praise the Lord for his goodness : 19 So (9) when they cried and declare the wonders that he unto the Lord in their trouble : doeth for the children of men! he delivered them out of their 9 For he satisfieth the empty

distress. soul : and filleth the hungry soul 20 He sent his word, and with goodness;

healed them and they were 10 Such as sit in darkness, and saved from their destruction. in the shadow of death : being 21 O that men would there. fast bound in misery and iron. fore praise the Lord for his good.

11 Because they rebelled against ness : and declare the wonders the words of the Lord : and lightly

that he doeth for the children of regarded the counsel of the Most men! Highest ;

22 That they would offer unto 12 He also brought down their him the sacrifice of thanksgiving: heart through heaviness : they fell and tell out his works with glad. down, and there was none to help ness! them.

23 They that go down to the

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