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.8 Sion heard of it, and re- || souls () of his saints; he shall joiced : and the daughters of deliver them from the hand of the Judah were glad, because of thy ungodly. judgements, O Lord.
u There is sprung up a light 9 For thou, Lord, art higher || for the righteous : and joyful than all that are in the earth : gladness for such as are true thou art exalted far above all || hearted. gods.
12 Rejoice in the Lord, se 10 0 ye that love the Lord, || righteous : and give thanks fra see that ye hate the thing which remembrance (2) of his holis is evil : the Lord preserveth the
Lessons for the Nineteenth Day of the Month throughout the rear.
January 19. February 19. March 19. 1 April 19. Morn. Gen. xxxv. Morn. Numb.xxvii. Morn.Judges vi. | Morn. 2 Sam. X. Matt. xvii. Luke ii. (2) John vi. (3)
A&s xvi. Even. Gen. xxxvii. Even. Numb. xxx. | Even. Judges vii. | Even. 2 Sam. xi. 1 Cor.i.(1) Gal. ii. To i Tim. ii. ii.
(1) ante 204. (6) ante 152.
(2) ante 49 65. 54. (3) ante &8. (4) ante 174. 123. (5) ante y (7) ante 71. 187. (8) ante 31. (9) ante 175. (10) ante 196. (11) ante 140 158
Psalm xcviii. (a) O SING unto the Lord a new song : for he hath done marvellous things.
2 With his own right hand, and with his holy arm : hath he gotten himself the victory.
3 The Lord declared his salvation : his righteousness hath he openly shewed in the sight of the heathen.
4. He hath remembered 15 mercy and truth towards the house of Israel : and all the ends of the world have seen the salvation of our God.
“ let all the angels of God worship “ over the grave, and all the power “ him." And if it really is to this “ darkness." passage he refers, he must have con (9) “ Souls,'' i.e. lives. sidered the Psalm as looking forward to the Messiah, and accordingly Bp. Patrick commemorate, to call it to mind, t ** says of it, that “it belongs, in the di- || it in the memory. “ viner meaning, to Christ's triumph (a)ante,p.6.where this Psalmals
5 Shew yourselves joyful unto || thy Name : which is great, wonthe Lord, alb ge lands : sing, re- derful, and holy. joice, and give thanks.
4 The king's power loveth 6 Praise the Lord upon the judgement; thou hast prepared harp : sing to the harp with a equity : thou hast executed judgepsalm of thanksgiving. . . ment and righteousness in Jacob.
7 With trumpets also, and 5 O magnify the Lord our shawms : 0 shew yourselves joy God : and fall down before his ful before the Lord the King. footstool, for he is holy.
8 Let the sea make a noise, and 6 Moses and Aaron among all that thereinis: the round world, his priests, and Samuel among and they that dwell therein. such as call upon his Name :
9 Let the floods clap their these called upon the Lord, and hands, and let the hills be joy he heard them. ful together before the Lord : 7 He spake unto them out of for he is come to judge the earth. the cloudy pillar (d) : for they
10 With righteousness shall he kept his testimonies, and the law judge the world : and the people that he gave them. with equity.
8 Thou heardest them, O Lord
our God : thou forgavest (e) them, Psalm xcix. (6)
O God, and punishedst their own The Lord is King, be the people
inventions. never só inpatient : he sitteth 1 9 O magnify the Lord our God, between the cherubims (c), be the and worship him upon his holy hill: earth never so unquiet.
for the Lord our God is holy. 2 The Lord is great in Sion : and high above all people.
Psalm c. (f) 3 They shall give thanks unto O be joyful in the Lord, all ye
Between Lor so unquietor in Sion :
* ) Upon the propriety of making God the object of worship, on account of his power, his justice, and his attention to the prayers of his servants.
(c) “ Between the cherubims." In Solomon's temple, the ark (which was the type of God) was placed between the cherubims, 2 Chron. v. 7,8. Saying of him, therefore, that he “ sitteth be“ tween the cherubims," was a figurative mode of expressing that he was the true, all-powerful God.
(d) « Cloudy pillar." This may refer to the time when the Israelites left Egypt, and God went before them in the pillar of a cloud, and spake to them out of the cloud (see Exod. xiii. 21.-Exod. xiv. 1, &c.) or it may apply to the time when Moses went into the cloud, and God delivered him the ceremonial law. See
Exod. xxiv. v. 8. (e) « Thou forgayest," &c. This
part of the verse is not easily understood.
(f) See ante, p. 8. where thie Psalm also occurs.
with a song.
into his gates
lands : serve the Lord with glad- 5 A froward heart shall depart ness, and come before his presence from me: I will not know (h) a
wicked person. 2 Be ye sure that the Lord he 6 Whoso privily slandereth his is God; it is he that hath made neighbour, him will I destroy. us, and not we ourselves : we are 7 Whoso hath also a proud his people, and the sheep of his look and high stomach : I will pasture.
not suffer him. 3 O go your way into his
8 Mine eyes look upon such as with thanksgiving, and into his are faithful in the land : that they courts with praise : be thankful may dwell with me. unto him, and speak good of his 9 Whoso leadeth a godly life : Name.
he shall be my servant. 4 For the Lord is gracious; his 10 There shall no deceitful mercy is everlasting:
and his truth
person dwell in my house : he endureth from generation to ge
that telleth lies shall not tarry neration.
in my sight
ni I shall soon destroy all the Psalm ci. (8)
ungodly that are in the land : that
Psalm cïi. (k)
my prayer, O Lord : and a perfect heart.
let my crying come unto thee. 4.
I will take no wicked thing 2 Hide not thy face from me in hand; I hate the sins of un- in the time of my trouble : incline faithfulness : there shall no such thine ears unto me when I call; cleave unto me.
O hear me, and that right soon.
(8) Resolutions (supposed to be David's) for private and public conduct humbly submitted to God, to procure
his countenance and favour. 0.5. ()“ Know," i.e. countenance. See
note on Ps. i. 7.
(i) For “ that I may,” the reading should perhaps be “and.”
(k) An earnest prayer to God for the re-establishment, of Jerusalem and the Temple. It was probably written either about the end of the Babylonish captivity, or during the opposition the people of the land made to the rebuilding Jerusalem, of which Ezra and Nehemiah give an account. It describes the condition to which the writer was reduced, or in this instance refers to the melancholy state of all the Jews ; it alludes to God's
promise for bringing them back to Jeru: salem, and notices the impression it would make upon the minds of the heathen and of posterity, in turning them to the worship of God, when they should see this promise performed. The Jews were subjected to the king of Babylon about 607 years before the birth of Christ. Some of them were carried thither about 599, and the rest when the temple, the king's house, and every great man's house was burnt with fire (see 2 Kings xxv. and Jer. lii.) about 588, and they remained captive in Babylon 70 years. Their captivity and its dura. tion had both been foretold; and Isaiah had prophesied, Isaiah xliv. 28. that Cyrus should perform the pleasure of the Lord, “ even saying to Jerusalem, thou
3 For my days are consumed were bread : and mingled my away like smoke : and my bones
drink with weeping ; are burnt up, as it were a fire- 10 And that, because of thine inbrand.
dignation and wrath : for thou hast 4 My heart is smitten down, taken me up(m),and cast medown. and withered like grass : so that 11 My days (n) are gone like I forget to eat my bread.
a shadow : and I am withered like 5 For the voice of my groan.
grass. ing : my bones will scarce cleave 12 But thou, O Lord, shalt flesh.
endure for ever : and thy remem6 I am become like a pelican brance throughout all generations. in the wilderness : and like an owl 13 Thou shalt arise, and have that is in the desert.
mercy upon Sion : for it is time 7 I have watched, and am even
that thou have mercy upon her ; as it were a sparrow : that sitteth yea, the time (6) is come. alone upon the house-top.
14 And why? thy servants 8 Mine enemies revile me (1) think upon her stones : and it all the day long : and they that pitieth them to see her in the dust. are mad upon nie, are sworn 15 The heathen (p) shall fear together against me.
thy Name, O Lord : and all the 9 For I have eaten ashes, as it
kings of the earth thy Majesty ;
“ shalt be built, and to the temple, thy “ foundation shall be laid.” This was above 100 years before the event, and long before Cyrus was born. Cyrus (who was king of Persia) afterwards conquered Babylon, and on being apprized of this prophecy, dismissed the Jews, and ordered them to return to Jerusalem and rebuild the temple. The account of their return, and of the rebuilding the temple, is set forth in Ezra and Nehemiah. This Psalm was anciently used among the Jews in times of humiliation; it is one of the seven penitential
Palms, and is used on Ash Wednesday. 28 (1) « Revile me,'' &c. This may re
fer to the opposition made to the rebuilding of the temple : Artaxerxes, at the instance of the people of the land, ordered the work to be stopped: but Darius, on finding Cyrus's decree for building it, directed it to proceed, and made another decree for advancing its progress. See Ezra iv. v. vi. It was 9ı years after their return from Babylon, before the Jews could rebuild the wall of Jerusalem, Nehem. vi. 15. It appears by Nehem. i. 3. that in the 20th year of Artaxerxes (about 446 years before the birth of Christ) the people were “ in great affliction and
reproach." 10. (m) " Taken me up,” &c. This may
mean, thou hast given me hopes, by
bringing me back to Jerusalem, and
(n) "My days are gone,” &c. So v. 11. Isaiah xl. 6. 8. “ An flesh is
and “ all the goodliness thereof is as the “ flower of the field: the grass wither
eth, the flower fadeth : but the word " of our God shall stand for ever." It is not improbable that the passage in Isaiah suggested that in the Psalm, particularly as the attention of the Jews was at this time strongly drawn to Isaiah's prophecies.
(0) “ The time," &c. God had stated v.13. distinctly by Jeremiah, that the Babylonish captivity should continue 70 years, and that at the end of that time the people should return. In Jer. xxv. 8. 11. 6. Thus saith the Lord of hosts, this “ whole land shall be a desolation, and
an astonishment : and these nations « shall serve the king of Babylon severdy
years." And Jer. xxix. 10. “ Thus
years be accomplished at Babylon, Í
This is c. 15. the prayer
16 When the Lord shall build 26 They shall perish, but thou up Sion : and when his glory shall shalt endure : they all shall wax appear;
old, as doth a garment;
change them, and they shall be and despiseth not their desire. changed : but thou art the same,
18 This shall be written for and thy years shall not fail. those that come after : and the 28 The children of thy serpeople, which shall be born, shall vants shall continue : and their praise the Lord.
seed shall stand fast in thy sight. 19 For he hath looked down from his sanctuary : out of the heaven
Psalm ciii. (o) did the Lord behold the earth;
Praise the Lord, O my soul (s): 20 That he might hear the and all that is within me, praise mournings of such as are in cap- his holy Name. tivity : and deliver the children 2 Praise the Lord, O my soul: appointed unto death
and forget not all his benefits ; 21 That they may declare (9) 3 Who forgiveth all thy sin : the Name of the Lord in Sion : and healeth all thine infirmities; and his worship at Jerusalem ; 4 Who saveth thy life from
22 When the people are ga- destruction : and crowneth thee thered together : and the king- with mercy and loving-kindness ; doms also to serve the Lord.
5 Who satisfieth thy mouth 23 He brought down my with good things : making the strength in my journey : and young and lusty as an eagle (t). shortened my days.
6 The Lord executeth right24 But I said, “ O my God, eousness and judgment : for all " take me not away in the midst them that are oppressed with “ of mine age : as for thy years, wrong. “ they endure throughout all 7 He shewed his ways unto “ generations.”
Moses : his works unto the chil25 Thou, Lord, in the begin. dren of Israel. ning hast laid the foundation of 8 The Lord is full of compasthe earth : and the heavens are sion and mercy : long-suffering, the work of thy hands.
and of great goodness.
another instance of urging as a reason for
(9) “ Declare,” i.e. praise, look-
(r) A hymn, written with much energy, taste, and spirit, after recovery from sickness. David is supposed to have been the author.
(s)“ O my soul.” There is great warmth and vigour in calling upon soul, and all that is within him (that is
, all his faculties,) to join in praising
(1) “An eagle." The eagle is considered by some as renewing it's strength, and as it were becoming young again when it changes it's feathers. Isaiah probably refers to the same supposition, when he
Isaiah xl. upon
the Lord shall renew strength, they shall mount up “ wings as eagles, they shall run and not “ be weary,' &c.