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shall praise thy wondrous works : 14 Thou hast a mighty arm : and thy truth in the congregation strong is thy hand, and high is of the saints.

thy right hand. 6 For who is he among the 15 Righteousness and equity clouds : that shall be compared are the habitation of thy seat : unto the Lord ?

mercy and truth (n) shall


be 7 And what is he among the fore thy face. gods : that shall be like unto the 16 Blessed is the people, O Lord ?

Lord, that can rejoice in the: 8 God is very greatly to be they shall walk in the light of the feared in the council of the saints: countenance. and to be had in reverence of

17 Their delight shall be daily all them that are round about in thy Name : and in thy righthim.

eousness shall they make their 9 O Lord God of hosts, who boast. is like unto thee : thy truth, 18 For thou art the glory of most mighty Lord, is on every their strength : and in thy loving. side.

kindness thou shalt lift up our 10 Thou rulest the raging of horns. the sea : thou stillest the waves 19 For the Lord is our defence: thereof, when they arise.

the Holy One of Israel is our u Thou hast subdued Egypt, King. and destroyed it : thou hast scat- 20 Thou spakest sometime in tered thine enemies abroad with visions unto thy saints, and saidst : thy mighty arm.

" I have laid help upon one that 12 The heavens are thine, the " is mighty; I have exalted one earth also is thine : thou hast laid “ chosen out of the people; the foundation of the round world, 21 “ I have found David (0) and all that therein is.

my servant : with my holy oil 13 Thou hast made the north « have I anointed him ; and the south : Tabor (m) and

“My hand shall hold Hermon shall rejoice in thy “ him fast : and my arm shall Name.

“ strengthen him ;


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(m) “ Tabor and Hermon," put figuratively for the east and west. Tabor was a mountain in the eastern part of Judea, and Hermon in the west.

(n) “ Truth.” i. e. probably justice. See note on Ps. lxxxv. 10.

() “ David.” David was a type of the Messiah, and there are many passages long after David's death in which his name is used to signify some future person; and it is to the Messiah that many Jews have considered this part of the Psalm to apply. Hosea, who wrote about 200 years after David's death, says, (chap. iii. verse 4, 5.) “ The chil“'dren of Israel shall abide many days

“ without a king, and without a price

, “ and without a sacrifice, and withoeren “ image, and without teraphim ; afler “ wards shall the children of Israel I turn, and seek the Lord their God

, “ and David their king, and shall fear “ the Lord and his goodness in the latter “ days." Jeremiah, who wrote about

afterwards, says of Israel and Judah, (Jer. xxx 9.) “ they shall serve “ the Lord their God, and David their

king, whom I will raise up unto “ them.” In Ezekiel, who lived at the same time as Jeremiah, are these passages: “ Thus saith the Lord God, I will save “ my flock, and they shall be no more a

200 years

23 “ The enemy shall not be || 28 “ And I will make him my « able to do him violence : the “ first-born (s) : higher than the

son of wickedness shall not Kings of the earth. 1 hurt him.

29 “ My mercy will I keep 24 " I will smite down his foes 66 for him for evermore : and my “ before his face : and plague covenant shall stand fast with 66 them that hate him.

66 him. 25

“ My truth also and my 30 “ His seed (t) also will i “ mercy shall be with him : and - make to endure for ever : and “ in my Name shall his horn be “ his throne (u) as the days of u exalted.

6 heaven. 26 “ I will set his dominion (p) 31 “But if his children for“ also in the sea : and his right “ sake my law : and walk not in “ hand (9) in the floods.

my judgements; 27

" He shall call me, Thou 32 “ If they break my statutes, art my Father (r).: my God, " and keep not my command“ and my strong salvation. “ments : I will visit their of.

prey, a

and I will set up one shepherd over " them, and he shall feed them, even my

servant David; he shall feed them, “ and he shall be their shepherd, and I " the Lord will be their God, and my “ servant David a prince among them : “ I the Lord have spoken it.".

Ez. xxxiv. 20, 22, 23, 24.; and again Ez. xxxvii. 21, 24, 25. Thus“ saith the “ Lord God, behold, I will take the 6 children of Israel from among the “ heathen whither they be


and “ will gather them on every side, and “ bring them into their own land; and David my servant shall be king over “ them, and they all shall have one shep“ herd: they shall also walk in my judg. “ments, &c. &c. and my servant David " shall be their prince for ever.” The antient Jewish writers understood all these passages as looking forward to the Messiah.

(0) “ His dominion,” &c. So in Ps. lxxi. 8. where the future success of the Messiah's kingdom is probably contemplated. “ His dominion shall be also “ from the one sea to the other, and from " the flood unto the world's end :” and Zech. ix. 10. “ His dominion shall be “ from sea even to sea, and from the

“ river even to the ends of the earth." 1. 26. (9) “ Right hand," i. e. his

power, his controul. m.27. (r) “ My father," &c. So i Chron.

xvii. 13, 14. where God promises to raise up David's seed after him, (perhaps alluding ultimately to the Messiahs, he


“ I will be his father, and he shall “ be my son, and I will settle him in

my “ house and in my kingdom for ever : “ and his throne shall be established for

ever more ;" and see 2 Sam. vii. 14. 1 Chron. xxii. 10. and Hebr. i. s.

(s) “ First-born," i. e. above all v. 28. others, as the first--born is above his brethren. In Col. i. 15. our Saviour is called “ the first-born of every crea“ ture."

(0) “ His seed,” and “ his children," 0.30. i.e. perhaps the professors of Christianity. 31. See Is, liii. 10.

(u) “ His throne,” &c. So in the 0.30. prophecy, Dan. vii. 13. (which refers to the Messiah) “ Behold one like the Son " of Man came with the clouds of hea.

ven, and came to the antient of days," (i.e. God) “and they brought him near is before him : and there was given him “ dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, “ that all people, nations, and languages “ should serve him : his dominion is an “ everlasting dominion, which shall not “ pass away; and his kingdom that “ which shall not be destroyed.” And when the angel saluted the Virgin Mary, and foretold our Saviour's birth, he said of him, Lukei. 32, 33. “ He shall be

great, and shall be called the Son of “ the Highest, and the Lord God shall “ give unto him the throne of his father “ David ; and he shall reign over the o house of Jacob for ever, and of his kingdom there shall be no end."

- 26.

my truth

to fail.

“ fences with the rod, and their 43 Thou hast put out his glory: " sin with scourges.

and cast his throne down to the 33 “ Nevertheless, my loving- ground. • kindness will I not utterly take 44 The days of his youth hast « from him ; nor suffer

thou shortened : and covered him

with dishonour. 34 My covenant will I not

45 Lord, how long wilt thou “ break (x), nor alter the thing hide thyself, for ever : and shall " that is gone out of my lips : I thy wrath burn like fire ? 66 have sworn once by my holi- 46 O remember how short mi

ness, that I will not fail David. time is : wherefore hast thou made 35

“ His seed shall endure for all men for nought? ever : and his seat is like as

47 What man is he that liveth, o the sun before me.

and shall not see death : and shall 36

" He shall stand fast for he deliver (z) his soul from the evermore as the moon : and as hand of hell ? - the faithful witness in heaven."

48 Lord, where are thy old 37 But thou hast abhorred loving-kindnesses : which thou and forsaken thine anointed and

swarest unto David in thy truth? art displeased at him,

49 Remember, Lord, the re38 Thou hast broken the cove- buke (a) that thy servants have ; nant (y) of thy servant : and cast and how I do bear in my

bosom his crown to the ground. the rebukes of many people; 39 Thou hast overthrown all

50 Wherewith thine enemies his hedges : and broken down have blasphemed thee, and slanhis strong holds.

dered the footsteps of thine 40 All they that go by spoil Anointed; praised

praised (6) be the him : and he is become a re- Lord for evermore. Amen, and proach to his neighbours.

41 Thou hast set up the right
hand of his enemies : and made
all his adversaries to rejoice.

42 Thou hast taken


the edge of his sword : and givest

Psalm xc. (c) him not victory in the battle. LORD, thou hast been our re

V. 34,

(x) “ Break,” &c. So about 400 years after David's death, “ The word or of the Lord came unto Jeremiah, say“ ing, Thus saith the Lord, if you can “ break my covenant of the day, and “ my covenant of the night, that there “ should not be day and night in their

season, then may also my covenant be “ broken with David my servant, that he " should not have a son to reign upon “ his throne, and with the Levites, the priests, my ministers : as the host of “ heaven cannot be numbered, neither " the sand of the sea be measured; so

“ will I multiply the seed of David I “servant, and the Levites that minister

unto me.” Jer. xxxij. 21, 22.

(y) “ The covenant,” &c, ie, thyejl assurance unto him.

(z) Read “ that shall deliver."

(a) “ The rebuke," &c. by speaking 6.4 disrespe&fully of God, and calling in jou question his power, from the sufferings of his people. See Ps. lxxix. 13.

(6) « Praised," &c. is probably an ad- . 50 dition. This is the conclusion of the Third Book.

(c) A humble acknowledgment that

fuge : from one generation to

. For when thou art angry, all another.

our days are gone : we bring our 2 Before (d) the mountains years to an end, as it were a tale were brought forth, or ever the that is told. earth and the world were made : 10 The days of our age are thou art God from everlasting, threescore years and ten; and and world without end.

though men be so strong, that 3 Thou turnest man to de- they come to fourscore years : yet struction : again thou sayest, is their strength then but labour Come again, ye children of men. and sorrow; so soon passeth it 4 For a thousand years in thy away,

and we are gone. sight are but as yesterday : see- 11 But whò regardeth the ing (e) that is past as a watch (f) power of thy wrath : for even in the night.

thereafter as (b) a man feareth, so 5

As soon as thou scatterest is thy displeasure. them(8) they are even as a sleep : 12 So teach us to number our and fade away suddenly like the days : that we may apply our grass.

hearts unto wisdom. 6 In the morning it is green, 13 Turn thee again, O Lord, and groweth up : but in the even- at the last : and be gracious unto ing it is cut down, dried up, and thy servants. withered.

14 O satisfy us with thy mercy, 7 For we consume away in thy and that soon : so shall we rejoice displeasure : and are afraid at thy and be glad all the days of our wrathful indignation.

life. 8 Thou hast set our misdeeds 15 Comfort us again, now before thee : and our secret sins after (i) the time that thou in the light of thy countenance. hast plagued us : and for the

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our lives depend on God, a thankful remembrance of his former protection, an exhortation to consider his power and conform to his will, and an earnest prayer for a return of his favour. It is supposed to have been written by Moses about 1450 years before the birth of Christ, when the Israelites were detained by God in the wilderness 40 years, till the persons who had seen his glory and miracles in Egypt and in the wilderness were dead. See note on Ps. xcv. 8. It

is the first Psalm of the Fourth Book. 3.2. (d) “ Before," &c. See Prov. viii.

23. 25:

(e) For “seeing," the reading should probably be, “ It is even as a watch in * the night.” It is not because they are past that they are but as yesterday, for God knows what is to come as distinctly

and completely as what is past. 0.4.

(S) “A watch,” i.e. four hours. The night was divided into three watches.

(8) “ Them," i.e. the children of 0.5. men, mentioned in verse 3.

(b) “As," &c. The meaning perhaps is, if a man doth regard the

power of thy wrath, by humbling himself under thy judgments, and turning unto thee when thy vengeance is upon the earth, he will procure for himself an abatement of thy displeasure. Agreeably to Ez. xviii.27. « When the wicked man turneth

away from the wickedness that he hath “ committed, and doeth that which is “ lawful and right, he shall save his soul “ alive.” So Ps. vii. 12, 1@.

« God is provoked every day: if a man will “ not turn, he will whet his sword,” &c.

v. 15. (i) After," i.e. perhaps, in pro. portion to. Let us have as long and signal a continuance of thy favour as we have had of thy displeasure ; not unlike the idea, Is. Ixi. 7. “ For your shame “ you shall have double,” &c. that is,



years (k) wherein we have suf- ness and truth shall be thy shield fered adversity. So 935 Zte and buckler.

16 Shew thy servants thy 5 Thou shalt not be afraid for work : and their children thy any terror by night: nor for the glory. ..annab

arrow that flieth by day; 17 And the glorious majesty 6 For the pestilence that walkof the Lord our God be upon us :

eth in darkness : nor for the prosper thou the work of our sickness that destroyeth in the hands upon us, o prosper thou noon-day. our handy-work.

7 A thousand shall fall beside

thee, and ten thousand at thy Psalm xci. (1)

right hand : but it shall not come Whoso dwelleth under the de- nigh thee. fence of the Most High : shall 8 Yea, with thine eyes (n) shalt abide under the shadow (m) of the thou behold : and see the reward Almighty.

of the ungodly. 2 I will say unto the Lord, 9 For thou, Lord, art my " Thou art my hope, and my hope : thou hast set thine house “ strong hold : my God, in him of defence very high (). C6 will I trust." DEE

10 There shall no evil happen 3 For he shall deliver thee unto thee: neither shall any from the snare of the hunter : plague come nigh thy dwelling. and from the noisome pestilence. 1 For (p) he shall give his 14. He shall defend thee under

angels charge over thee: to keep his wings, and thou shalt be safe

thee in all thy ways. under his feathers : his faithful- 12 They shall bear thee in their

in recompence for past sufferings you “ God himself being introduced to in

shall have a double portion of good. “ spire the fullest confidence." v.15. (k) “ Years," &c. i.e. probably dur- (m) For“ shadow,” the reading

ing the bondage in Egypt, and the wan- should perhaps be " covering," to denote
dering in the wilderness ; near 400 as effectual a safeguard as if he

together covered, or surrounded by the (1) Upon the extent, &c. of God's

Almighty Power

The expression protection. Bp. Patrick thinks this figurative, from the protection a hen af Psalm was written upon the dreadful pes- fords her chickens, by covering them tilence in David's time, 2 Sam. xxiv. with her wings. See post. verse 4. and about 1017 years before the birth of ante, note on Ps. xvii. 8. Christ, to impress upon the minds of the (n) “ With thine eyes," &c.i.e people, from that awful calamity, the ad. (perhaps) thou shalt see it only, in its vantages of a reliance upon God. Bp.

coming upon others ; it shall not reach Smalridge says of it, that “it elegantly thee. “ sets forth the reliance upon God for (6) “ Thine house of defence very “ security in all dangers and distresses ; “high," i. e. figuratively, thou puttest “ verse 1. stating the safety of those who them whom thou protectest in a place “ dwell under the defence of the Most above the reach of danger. “ High ; verse 2, the answer of a by- (p) This is the passage Satan men“ stander, who with great alacrity of tioned to our Saviour during his tempta

spirit declares a resolution to trust in tion in the wilderness, to induce him to “God; the following verses pointing throw himself from the pinnacle of the “ out instances of the protections God temple, that, by being miraculously pre** would vouchsafe ; and at verse

served, he might satisfy himself he was

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