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the night through with a light of also upon them for to eat : and fire.

gave them food from heaven. 16 He clave(f) the hard rocks 26 So man did eat angels' in the wilderness : and gave them

food : for he sent them meat drink thereof, as it had been out enough. of the great depth.

27 He caused the east-wind to 17 He brought waters out of blow under heaven : and through the stony rock : so that it gushed his power he brought in the southout like the rivers.

west wind. 18 Yet for all this they sinned 28 He rained flesh upon them more against him : and provoked as thick as dust : and feathered the Most Highest in the wilder- fowls (b) like as the sand of the

19 They tempted God in their 29 He let it fall among their hearts : and required meat for tents : even round about their their lust.

habitation. 20 They spake against God 30 So they did eat, and were also, saying : - Shall God pre

weil filled ; for he gave them pare a table in the wilderness?

their own desire : they were not 21 “ He smote the stony rock disappointed of their lust. indeed, that the waters gushed 31 But while the meat was yet

out, and the streams flowed in their mouths, the heavy wrath “ withal : but can he give bread of God came upon them, and

also, or provide flesh for his slew (i) the wealthiest of them : “ people ?”

yea, and smote down the chosen 22 When the Lord heard this, men that were in Israel. he was wroth : so the fire was 32 But for all this they sinned kindled in Jacob, and there came yet more : and believed not his up heavy displeasure against Is- wondrous works.

33 Therefore their days did 23 Because they believed not he consume in vanity : and their be in God : and put not their trust

years in trouble.

34 When he slew them, they 24 So he commanded the sought him : and turned them clouds above : and opened the early, and inquired after God. doors of heaven.

35 And they remembered that 25 He rained down manna(8) God was their strength : and that



in his help

" night in a pillar of fire, to give them "light, to go by day and night." Exod.

II. 21.-xiv. 19. 20. 6 () “ Clave,” &c. See Exod. xvii.

I to 6. and Numb. XX. I to it. 5. (8) “ Manna." See Exod. xvi. and Numb. xi.

« Feathered fowls." See Exod. xvi. 13

and Numb. xi. 31. 31. (i) “ Slew," &c. Numb. xi. 33.

" While the filesh was yet between their

“ teeth, ere it was chewed, the wrath of “ the Lord was kindled against the “ people, and the Lord smote the people “ with a very great plague." He proved therefore that their complaints were groundless, for that he could prepare a table in the wilderness, could give bread also, and provide flesh for his people, and then he punished them for their distrust.

18. (b)

the high God was their Re- 48 He destroyed their vines deemer.

with hailstones : and their mul. 36 Nevertheless, they did but berry-trees with the frost. flatter him with their mouth : 49 He smote their cattle also and dissembled with him in their with hailstones : and their flocks tongue.

with hot thunder-bolts. 37 For their heart was not 50. He cast upon them the whole with him : neither conti- furiousness of his wrath, anger, nued they stedfast in his cove- displeasure, and trouble : and sent nant.

evil angels among them. 38 But he was so merciful, 51 He made a way to his inthat he forgave their misdeeds : dignation, and spared not their and destroyed them not.

soul from death : but gave their 39 Yea, many a time turned he life over to the pestilence; his wrath away : and would not 52 And smote all the first-born suffer his wholedispleasuretoarise. in Egypt : the most principal and

40 For he considered, that mightiest in the dwellings of they were but flesh : and that Ham. they were even a wind that passeth 53 But as for his own people

, away, and cometh not again. he led them forth like sheep:

41 Many a time did they pro- and carried them in the wilder. voke him in the wilderness : and ness like a flock. grieved him in the desert.

54 He brought them out safely

, 42 They turned back, and that they should not fear : and tempted God : and moved the overwhelmed their enemies with Holy One in Israel. 43 They thought not of his

55 And brought them within hand : and of the day when he the borders of his sanctuary : delivered them from the hand of even to his mountain, which he the enemy;

purchased with his right hand. 44 How he had wrought his 56 He cast out the heathen miracles in Egypt : and his won- also before them : caused their ders in the field of Zoan.

land to be divided among 45 (k) He turned their (1) wa- for an heritage, and made the ters into blood : so that they

tribes of Israel to dwell in their might not drink of the rivers. tents.

46 He sent lice among them, 57 So they tempted, and and devoured them up: and frogs displeased the most high God: to destroy them.

and kept not his testimonies ; 47 He gave their fruit unto 58 But turned their backs, and the caterpillar : and their labour fell away like their forefathers : unto the grasshopper.

starting aside like a broken bow.

the sea ;



() At the beginning of each of these to 31. verses, the word "how" is to be under

stood. To the end of the 52d verse is an
enumeration of the plagues upon the
Egyptians; and verse 53 to verse 56.

states by way of contrast, the singular protection afforded to the Israelites.

(?) “ Their," i. e. the Egyptians.

59 For they grieved him with 65 Their priests were slain with their hill-altars (n) : and pro

the sword : and there were no voked him to displeasure with widows to make lamentation. their images.

66 So (p) the Lord awaked as 60 When God heard this, he one out of sleep: and like a giant was wroth : and took sore dis- refreshed with wine. pleasure at Israel ;

67 He smote his enemies in 61 So that he forsook the ta- the hinder parts : and put them bernacle in Silo (0) : even the to a perpetual shame. tent that he had pitched among

68 He refused the tabernacle

of Joseph : and chose not the 62 He delivered their power

tribe of Ephraim ; into captivity : and their beauty 69 But chose the tribe of Juinto the enemy's hand.

dah : even the hill of Sion, which 63 He gave his people over he loved. also unto the sword : and was 70 And there he built his temwroth with his inheritance.

ple on high : and laid the founda64. The fire consumed their tion of it like the ground (q), young men : and their maidens

which he hath made continually. were not given to marriage.

71 He chose David (r) also his




Hill altars," in imitation of the heathen worship. Part of God's orders to Mose s as to what the children of Israel should do when they should have passed over Jordan into the land of Canaan was this, that they should “ drive out all the « inhab icants of the land before them, " and destroy all their pictures, and de“stroy all their molten images, and quite “ pluck down all their high places." Numb. xxxiii. 52. Very soon after the death of Joshua, about 1406 years before the birth of Christ, the Israelites “ for. " sook the Lord God of their fathers, “ which brought them out of the land " of Egypt, and followed other gods, of “ the gods of the people that were round “ about them, and bowed themselves “ unto them: and the anger of the Lord

was hot against Israel, and he de“ livered them into the hands of spoilers so that spoiled them, and he sold them “ into the hands of their enemies round “ about, so that they could not any

longer stand before their enemies." Judges ii. 12. 14. They accordingly served the king of Mesopotamia eight years, Judges iii. 8. and the king of Moab eighteen, Judges ii. 14. The Lord afterwards sold them into the hands of Jabin king of Canaan, and he mightily oppressed them twenty years. Judges iv. 2. 3.

They were afterwards delivered into the
hands of the Midianites seven years,
Judges vi. 1. The Lord afterwards sold
them into the hands of the Philistines, and
into the hands of the children of Ammon,
and they oppressed the children of Israel
eighteen years, Judges x. 7. 8. The Lord
afterwards delivered them into the hands of
the Philistines forty years, Judges xiii. l.
And lastly, in the time of Eli, about
1141 years before the birth of Christ,
the Philistines in one engagement slew
4000 of them, and in another 30,000,
and took the ark of God. It is to these
different occurrences that the 62d and fol-
lowing verses refer. God afterwards
smote the Philistines with

great destruc-
tion wherever they kept the ark, and
vexed them with emerods, and it is pro-
bably to this plague that the 67th verse
refers. See i Sam: iv, v.

(0)" • Shilo.” It was in Joshua's time, v. 61. 1444 years before the birth of Christ, that the whole congregation of the children of Israel assembled together at Shilo, and set up the tabernacle of the congre. gation there. Josh. xviii. 1. (P) For “ 80" read “ then."

v. 66. “ Like the ground," i. e. as firm, 0.70. as immoveable, "continually,” i. e. to endure for ever, to have continuançe.

(r) “ Chose David," &c. See i Sam. xvi. »72.

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his power.

servant : and took him away shame to our enemies : a very from the sheepfolds.

scorn and derision unto them that 72 As he was following the are round about us. ewes great with young ones, he 5 Lord, how long wilt thou took him : that he might feed be angry : shall thy jealousy Jacob his people, and Israel his burn like fire for ever? inheritance.

6 Pour (y) out thine indigna. 73 So he fed them with a

tion upon the heathen that have faithful and true heart : and not known thee : and upon the ruled them prudently with all kingdoms that have not called

upon thy Name.

7 For they have devoured

Jacob : and laid waste his dwellMORNING PRAYER.


8 O remember not our old Psalm lxxix. (s)

sins; but have mercy upon us, O God, the heathen are come and that soon : for we are come into thine inheritance : thy holy to great misery temple have they defiled, and 9 Help us, O God of our made Jerusalem' an

an heap of salvation, for the glory (z) of thy stones.

Name : O deliver us, and be 2 The dead bodies of thy ser- merciful unto our sins, for thy vants have they given to be meat Name's sake. unto the fowls of the air : and the

10 Wherefore do the heathen flesh (t) of thy saints unto the say : “Where is now their God?" beasts of the land.

u O let the vengeance of thy 3 Their blood have they shed servants' blood that is shed : be like water (u) on every side of openly shewed upon the heathen Jerusalem and there was no in our sight. man (x) to bury them.

12 O let the sorrowful sighing 4 We are become an open of the prisoners come before

(s) An anxious prayer to God for deliverance, probably written shortly after the time when Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (about 588 years before the birth of Christ) besieged and took Jerusalem, and burnt the house of the Lord, and every great man's house, and brake down the walls of Jerusalem, and carried the people away captive unto Babylon. See 2 Kings xxv. From the correspon. dence of the 6th and 7th verses with Jeremiah x. 25. it has been conjectured that Jeremiah, who lived in the time of the captivity, was the author. The same subject as the 74th Psalm.

“ The fesh,” &c. This passage is referred to i Maccab. vii. upon the treacherous murder of 60 of the Affideans,


“ Like water," i.e. in such abun- ^j. dance.

(2) “ No man," &c. the destructica 6.3. was so great. (y) “ Pour," &c. This is the passage

, Jer. X. 25. “ Pour out thy fury upay ihe “ heathen that know thee not, and upon “ the families that call not on thy naise ; “ for they have eaten

up Jacob, and de “ voured' him, and consumed him, and “ have made his habitation desolate." calamities fell upon the Jews, the heathen

(z) “ The glory," &c. when any 1.9 spoke disparagingly of God, as in verse 1o. as if he could not proted them, and therefore was not the true God. See note on Ps. Ixxiv, 28. where their protection is called God's “ own cause."

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thee : according to the greatness thy strength, and come, and help of thy power, preserve thou those that are appointed to die.

3 Turn us again, O God : 13 And for the blasphemy (a) shew the light of thy countenance, wherewith our neighbours have and we shall be whole. blasphemed thee : reward thou 4 O Lord God of hosts : how them, O Lord, sevenfold into long wilt thou be angry with thy their bosom.

people that prayeth? 14 So we that are thy people, 5

Thou feedest them with the and sheep of thy pasture, shall bread of tears : and givest them give thee thanks for ever : and plenteousness of tears to drink. will alway be shewing forth thy 6 Thou hast made us a very praise from generation to gene- strife (f) unto our neighbours : ration.

and our enemies laugh us to

scorn. Psalm 1xxx. (6)

7 Turn us again, thou God Hear, 0 thou Shepherd of of hosts : shew the light of thy Israel, thou that leadest Joseph countenance, and we shall be like a sheep : shew thyself also, whole. thou that sittest upon the cheru- 8 Thou hast brought a vine (8) bims (c).

out of Egypt : thou hast cast out 2 Before (d) Ephraim (e), Ben- the heathen, and planted it ; jamin, and Manasses : stir up 9 Thou madest room for it :

13 (a) “Blasphemy," i. e. insult, in say

ing as in verse 10. is where is now their
« God." Such insinuations against God
are repeatedly called “ blasphemy." See
Ps. x. 14.-Ixxii. 8.-lxxiv. 11. 19.-
lxxxix. 50.—2 Kings xix. 3.

(6) A prayer for deliverance, proba-
bly written in the time of Hezekiah,
about 713 years before the birth of Christ,
when Sennacherib, king of Assyria, who
had taken all the fenced cities of Judah,
(2 Kings xviii. 13.) came up against Je-
rusalem. See 2 Kings xviii. 19.-2 Chron.
xxxii. 30.- Is. xxxvi. and xxxvii.

(c) < Upon the cherubims." The ark, be the symbol of God's presence, was no

longer upon or between the cherubims at
the time of the Babylonish captivity. So
that this Psalm could not refer to that

period. v.2.

(d) “ Before," i. e. in the sight of.
le) “ Ephraim,” &c. In the 6th year
of Hezekiah, about 721 years before the
birth of Christ, the Israelites (that is, the
bulk of the ten tribes who were under the
kings of Israel, and not under the kings
of Judah), were carried away captive by
the king of Assyria, but many of the
tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh went up

to Jerusalem, where the Jews, that is, those of the tribes of Judah, and the Benjamites lived.

See 2 Chron. xxx. i.xxxi. 1.

The mention therefore of “ Ephraim, Benjamin, and Manasses," agrees with the circumstances of those times. It may be observed too, that in the march through the wilderness in Moses's time, the tribes of Ephraim, Ben, jamin, and Manasseh marched immediately behind the tabernacle, and had that part just before them from which God sent forth the tokens of his

power. (See Numb. ii. 17 to 22.) This fact, therefore, might have been in the writer's view, as thou didst then display the “ tokens of thy power and protection be“ fore Ephraim, Benjamin, and Manasseh,

even so now stir up thy strength, shew
“ the light of thy countenance, and come
“and help us."
(f) « Strife," rather jest.

A vine,” i.e. the house of Is- v. 8.
rael; described Isaiah v. 7. under the
type of a vineyard, “ For the vineyard
• of the Lord of Hosts is the house of
“ Israel, and the men of Judah his plea-
“ sant plant."




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