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night is thine : thou hast prepared

24 Forget not the voice of the light and the sun.

thine enemies : the presumption · 18 Thou hast set all the bor- of them that hate thee increaseth ders of the earth : thou hast made ever more and more. summer and winter.

19. Remember this, O Lord, how the enemy hath rebuked :

MORNING PRAYER. and how the foolish people hath blasphemed thy Name.

Psalm lxxv. (s) 20 o deliver not the soul of Unto thee, O God, do we give thy turtle dove unto the multi- thanks : yea, unto thee do w tude of the enemies : and forget give thanks. not the congregation of the

poor 2 Thy Name (t) also is so

nigh : and that do thy wondrous 21 Look upon the covenantip): works declare. for all the earth is full of dark- 3 When I receive the congre ness and cruel habitations.

gation (u): I shall judge according 22 0 let not the simple go unto right. away ashamed : but let the poor 4 The earth is weak, and all and needy give praise (9) unto the inhabiters thereof : I bear up thy Name.

the pillars of it. 23 Arise, O God, maintain


I said unto the fools, “ Del thine own cause (r): remember “ not so madly" : and to the uhow the foolish man blasphemeth godly, “ Set not up your hom; thee daily.

66 Set not up your horn on

for ever.


Jer. xi. 3.

(0) “ The covenant.” Reference is repeatedly made to a covenant or promise from God to the Israelites, as a well known thing. See Ps. lxxvii. 8.cvi. 44. It alludes perhaps to the promise, Levit. xxvi. 3. 12. “ If ye walk in

my statutes, and keep my command.
“ ments and do them, I will give peace
“ in the land, &c. and ye shall chase

your enemies, &c. and I will walk
among you, and will be your God,
and ye shall be my people."

(9) Give praise," i.e. have occasion
to give praise; from thy interposition to
deliver them.

(r) “ Thine own cause.” The Israelites were the only worshippers of the true God, and when they were oppressed, their calamities were urged by the heathen as a proof that their God was not the true God : their welfare therefore, and the estimation of God among the heathen nations, were reciprocal and identified, and on that account their success is called God's “ own cause." See note on Ps. xxv. 10. See also Ps. lxxix. 9.

() A thanksgiving after some del verance or success, looking up to God as the great disposer of events, and as one who would be sure to take vengeance upon the ungodly. The time or occasion of writing it is not known, nor the author. It has the appearance of being written by some king who had met with considerable opposition, and who was scarcely seated in the throne, and at 1 time when the people had been consids. ably reduced. Perhaps in the early tim of David's reign, either before the to tribes of Israel submitted to his gore ment, or just upon their submission & 2 Sam. i. to v. and ante 314. Ps. I.

() “ Thy Name," i. e. thy aid, they assistance.

(w) “ Receive the congregation.". the Psalm was written when the tribes of Israel submitted to David, and the elders of Israel made a league with him, (Se 2 Sam. v. 1. 3.) this may mean, when the people, all the congregation of them, come in under my dominion, I will govern them with justice, &c.

V. 22.


« high

high : and speak not with a 12 All the horns of the unci stiff neck.”

godly also will I break : and the 7 For promotion cometh nei- horns of the righteous shall be ther from the east (x), nor from exalted. the west : nor yet from the south. 8 And why? God is the Judge:

Psalm lxxvi. (a) he putteth down one, and setteth In Jewry (6) is God known : his up another.

Name is great in Israel. 9 For in the hand of the Lord 2 At Salem (c) is his taberthere is a cup (y), and the wine nacle : and his dwelling in Sion. is red : it is full mixed (2), and


There brake he the arrows of he poureth out of the same. the bow : the shield, the sword,

10 As for the dregs thereof : and the battle. all the ungodly of the earth shall 4 Thou art of more honour (d) drink them, and suck them out. and might : than the hills of the

11 But I will talk of the God robbers. of Jacob : and praise him for 5 5. The proud are robbed (e),

they have slept their sleep : and


as the

xvi, 1. 13.

(x) “ From the east,” &c. i. e. (pro bably) from any quarter of the earth, is not obtained by human means, nor con.* ferred by human hands. It is the gift of God alone. David had been anointed by Samuel under God's express command person

God chose to 'reign over Israel long before he was invested with the actual government. See 1 Sam.

“ A cup.” The calamities God inflicts are often mentioned under this similitude. Thus, 16. li. 17. “ Awake, “ awake, stand up O Jerusalem, which “ hast drunk at the hand of the Lord. “ the cup of his fury, thou hast drunken " the dregs of the cup of trembling, and

wrung them out ;' and verse 22. Be" hold, (saith the Lord) I have taken out “ of thine hand the cup of trembling, even " the dregs of the cup of my fury; thou “ shalt no more drink it again : but I " will put it into the hand of them that « affli& thee." So Jer. xxv. 15.

« Thus “ saith the Lord God of Israel unto

me, take the wine cup of this fury at “ my hand, and cause all the nations, to « whom I send thee, to drink it.” See also Ez.xxiii.32.33. So our Saviour puts it to Zebedee's children, “ Are ye able “ to drink of the cup that I shall drink “ of.” (that is, to bear the sufferings I must undergo), Matt. xx. 22. and in his agony in the garden just before he was

etrayed, his prayer was “ Father, if it " be possible, let this cup pass from

me.” Matt. xxvi. 39.—Luke xxii. 42. Homer has the same idea,

Δοιαι μεν κρήθηρες, &c. (2) “ Full mixt.” It was the pracs-v.9. tice in antient times to mix other power.' ful ingredients with wine to add to its strength. Thus Prov. xxiii. 30. The idea is raised from “ tarrying long at the wine”. to." going to seek mixed wine.?! So Is. v. 22. Woe is denounced "

upon “ them that are mighty to drink wine, " and men of strength to mingle strong « drink.” So Homer says, Odyss.iv. 220.

Είς διοβάλε φάρμακον ένθεν επωον. (a) A spirited triumphal hymn, sup-. posed to have been written upon

the mic raculous destruction of the army of the Assyrians which went up against Jerusalem in the time of Hezekiah, about 710 years before the birth of Christ, when the angel of the Lord went forth, and smote in their camp 185,000 persons.

2 Kings xix. 35. and Is. xxxvii

. 36.
(6) "Jewry," i.e. Judea.
(c) “' Salem," i. e. Jerusalem.

(d) “Of more honour," &c. i. e. (pro. v. 4.
bably) of more service than all the ad-
vantages of natural situation, inaccessi.
ble mountains, &c. According to Psalm

4. “ The strength of the hills is his “ also';" and according to Jer. iii. 23; “ in vain is salvation hoped for from the

hills, and from the multitude of mountains : truly in the Lord our God is " the salvation of Israel."

(e) “ Robbed," i.e. (perhaps) spoiled, v.5.


V. 2.

upon earth.

all the men, whose hands were with my voice, and he shall mighty, have found (f) nothing, hearken unto me.

6 At thy rebuke, O God of 2 In the time of my trouble I Jacob : both the chariot and sought the Lord : my sore ran, horse are fallen.

and ceased not in the night-sea. 7 Thou, even thou, art to be son; my soul refused comfort. feared : and who may stand in 3. When I am in heaviness, I thy sight, when thou art angry? will think upon God : when my

's Thou didst cause thy judge-heart is vexed, I will complain. ment(s) to be heard from heaven : 4 Thou holdest mine eyes the earth trembled, and was still, waking (m): I am so feeble, that

9 When God arose to judge- I cannot speak. ment : and to help all the meek


I have considered the days of

old : and the years that are past. 10 The fierceness of man shall 6 I call to remembrance my turn to thy praise (b) : and the song : and in the night I com. fierceness of them shalt thou mune with mine own heart, and refrain (i).

search out my spirits. si Promise unto the Lord your 7

" Will the Lord absent him. God, and keep it, all ye that are 66 self for ever : and will he be round about him : bring pre

“ no more intreated ? sents (k) unto him that ought to 8 “ Is his mercy clean gone be feared.

« for ever : and is his promise(n) 12 He shall refrain the spirit come utterly to an end for of princes : and is wonderful " evermore? among the kings of the earth.

9 “ Hath God forgotten to be

“ gracious : and will he shut Psalm Ixxvii. (0)

up () his loving-kindness in

“ displeasure ?" I WILL cry unto God with my 10 And I said, “ It is mine voice : even unto God will I cry own infirmity (p): but I wil

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brought to nought, slept, &c.i. e. per-
haps brought unto death.

"Found," i. e. (perhaps) done
nothing, or have got no spoil.

(8)." Thy judgment," i. e. upon the Assyrians.

() Turn to thy praise;" i.e. give occasion for praising thee, because it can do nothing when thou checkest it.

(6) “ Refrain," i. e. check, humble.

(6) “ Bring presents.” According to 2 Chron. xxxii. 23. In consequenee

of this deliverance from the Assyrians, many did bring “ gifts unto the Lord to Jeru“ salem, and presents to Hezekiah king “ of Judah,"

(1) An appeal to God in time of great distress, perhaps during the Babylonish captivity, which commenced about 588

years before the birth of Christ. After looking up with confidence to God, it notices their lamentable condition, puts the question whether farther assistance from God may be expected, answers it by imputing God's desertion to their own miscondu&, and concludes by call

. ing to mind in a spirited way what God had before done for them, particularly when he led them through the Red Sea. See Kennett's Sermons, 214.

(m) “ Holdest mine eyes waking," i. e. preventest my sleeping. “ Promise."

See note on Ps. lxxiv. 21.

(0) “ Shut up," i. e. without ever ® relaxing,

(D) ** Mine own infirmity," i. e. (pro bably) imputable to my own misconuuct.

c remember the years of the right 16" The waters(s) saw thee, O

" hand (9) of the Most Highest. 66 God, the waters saw thee, and

II “I will remember the “ were afraid : the depths also
W works of the Lord : and call 56 were troubled.
“ to mind thy wonders of old 17

“ The clouds poured out 66 time.

water; the air thundered : and 12 6 I will think also of all " thine arrows went abroad. • thy works : and my talking 18 “ The voice of thy thunder « shall be of thy doings.

«' was heard round about : the 13

“ Thy way, O God, is “ lightnings shone upon the “ holy : who is so great a God “ ground; the earth was moved, “ as our God?

66 and shook withal. 14

66 Thou art the God that 19" Thy way is in the sea, 66 doest wonders : and hast de. " and thy paths in the great wa" clared (r) thy power among

“ ters : and thy footsteps are not “ the people.

“ known (t).
Thou hast mightily deli-

- Thou leddest thy people « vered thy people : even the “ like sheep : by the hand of

sons of Jacob and Joseph. “ Moses and Aaron.”



Lessons for the Fifteenth Day of the Month throughout the Year. doid's

(1) ante 67. (2) ante 60. 24. (3) ante 105. (1) ante 67. (8) ante 105. (9) ante 161.157. (13)'anite 174. 123.

(4) ante 72. (10) ante 131.

(5) ante 56. . (6) ante 176. (11) ante 177 (12) ante 92.


. 10. (9) “ The right hand." A poetical

expression for signal proofs of his power.

(r) “ Declared,” i. e. shewn, proved. 1.16. () “The waters," &c. This probably

refers to the deliverance of the Israelites. and the destruction of Pharoah and his host, when God divided the Red Sea for

the former and made them pass through
as on dry land, and caused it to return
upon and overwhelmed the latter so that
not one of them was left. See Exod.
xiv. 21. to the end.

“ Not known," i. e. (perhaps) v.19. invisible, not to be traced.

my mouth.



trust in God : and not to forget

the works of God, but to keep Psalm lxxviii. (u)

his commandments; Hear Ar my law (x); O my peo

9 And not to be as their foreple : incline your ears unto the fathers, a faithless and stubborn words of

generation : a generation that set 2 I will open my mouth in a not their heart aright, and whose parable (y) : I will declare hard spirit cleaveth not stedfastly unto sentences of old;

3 Which we have heard and 10 Like as (a) the children of known : and such as our fathers Ephraim : who being harnessed, have told us ;

and carrying bows, turned (6) 4 That we should not hide themselves back in the day of them from the children of the ge

battle. nerations to come : but to shew 11 They kept not the covenant the honour of the Lord, his of God : and would not walk in mighty and wonderful works that

his law; he hath done.

12 But forgat what he had 5 He made a covenant with done : and the wonderful works Jacob, and gave Israel a law : that he had shewed for them. which he commanded our fore- 13 Marvellous things did he in fathers to teach their children (z); the sight of our forefathers, in the

6 That their posterity might land of Egypt : even in the field know it : and the children which of Zoan (c) were yet unborn;

14 He divided (d) the sea, and 7 To the intent, that when let them go through : he made they came up : they might shew the waters

to stand on an heap. their children the same;

15 In the day-time also he led 8 That they might put their them (e) with a cloud : and all

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(2) A short account of some of the signal instances of God's interference on behalf of the Israelites from the time of Moses to that of David, of some of the instances of their disobedience and of the punishments God inflicted in consequence upon them, and of the readiness with which God again took them into favour. The pointing out what God had before done for them, and how great had been his forbearance, was calculated to raise in their minds the warmest impressions of gratitude and adherence; to attach them to him, as he had shewn such strong attachment towards them. It was probably written in David's time. By referring, as it does, to facts recorded by Moses, it -shews that the Jewish church which used it esteemed the books of Moses the . foundation of true history as well as of true religion. Newt. Diss. 9.

(2) “ Law," i. e. story.

(v) “ Parable," i. e. 'a wonderful de tail,“ hard sentences," rather great occurrences.

(2) « Teach their children" See Deuter, iv. 9.-vi. 7.

(a) Like as," &c. i.e. (probably) turn- ! ing their backs upon God and his commandments as much as the Ephraimites turned their back upon their enemies, when they fed from them.

(6) “ Turned,” &c. This probably refers to some instance then well known, in which the Ephraimites disgraced themselves by fleeing from before their enemies.

(c) “Zoan," a city in Egypt. Numb. xiii. 22.

(d) “ Divided," &c. See Exod. xiv.

(e) “ Led them," « The Lord went • “ before them by day in a pillar of a

cloud, to lead them the way; and by

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