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7 In his time shall the right- 12 For he shall deliver the eous flourish : yea, and abundance poor (8) when he crieth : the of peace, so long as the moon needy also, and him that hath no endureth.

helper. 8 His dominion (b) shall be 13 He shall be favourable to also from the one sea to the other : the simple and needy : and shall and from the flood (c) unto the

preserve the souls of the

poor. world's end.

14 He shall deliver their souls 9 They that dwell in the wil- from falsehood and wrong : and derness shall kneel before him : dear (b) shall their blood be in his enemies shall lick the dust(d).

his sight. 10 The kings of Tharsis and of 15 He shall live, and unto him the isles shall give presents (e) : shall be given of the gold of the kings of Arabia and Saba Arabia : prayer shall be made shall bring gifts.

ever unto him, and daily shall he 11 All kings shall fall down (f)

be praised. before him : all nations shall do 16 There shall be an heap of him service.

corn in the earth, high (i) upon

us as the rain ; as the latter and former “ rain unto the earth ;" and see note on Ps. cxxxiii. 3.—Deuter. xxxii. 1, 2.

Prov, xix. 12:—Hos. xiv. 5. 8.

(6) " His dominion,” &c. So when Zechariah, about 518 years before the birth of Christ, had been foretelling the meek and humble character of the Mes. siah, his disposition to make wars to cease throughout the earth, and to speak peace unto the heathen, he adds, “ His o dominion shall be from sea even to sea, “ and from the river even to the ends of “ the earth.” Zech.ix. 10. and Ps.lxxxix. 26. where the success of the Messiah's kingdom is probably contemplated, “ I " will set his dominion also in the sea, " and his right hand in the floods.” There are numberless other

passages which intimate how widely the kingdom of Christ, i. e. Christianity, should ex

tend. 1.8. (c) For “ flood," the Bible translation

is, as in the passage in Zechariah,“ river,''

referring to the Euphrates. 1.9. (d) « Lick the dust, i.e. probably,

bow down before him in token of subjection, as in Isaiah xlix. 23. “ Kings “ shall be thy nursing fathers, and their

queens thy nursing mothers : they " shall bow down to thee with their face " toward the earth, and lick up the dust

of thy feet." 1.10. (e) « Presents." So in looking for

ward prophetically to the Messiah's king

dom, Isaiah says,

« The forces of the • Gentiles shall come unto thee, the “ multitude of camels shall cover thee, " the dromedaries of Midian and Ephah; • all they from Sheba shall come : they shall bring gold and incense; and they « shall shew forth the praises of the “ Lord.” Isaiah lx. 5,6. Upon our Saviour's birth, wise men from the east sought him out, and presented unto “ him gifts ; gold, frankincense, and

myrrh.” Matt. ii. 1. 11.

(f) “ All kings shall fall down." So v.11. it is said of our Saviour, Philipp. ii. 9, 10, 11. that "God hath highly exalted “ him, and given him a name that is “ above every name ; that at the name “ of Jesus every knee should bow, of “ things in heaven, and things in earth, " and things under the earth; and that

every tongue should confess, that Jesus “ Christ is Lord, to the glory of God 16 the Father."

(9) “ The poor” and “the needy." v. 12,
According to the prophecy, Isaiah lxi. 1. 13
it was to be part of the Messiah's office,
“ to preach good tidings unto the meek,
“ and to bind up the broken-hearted."

(b) “ Dear,” i. e. precious.
Ps. cxyi. 13. “ right dear in the sight
• of the Lord is the death of his saints."
See also i Sam. xxvi. 21. and 2 Kings

(i) High upon the hills.” It 16. strongly marks a time of great abun

So v. 14

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i. 13.

the hills : his fruit shall shake like ! 18 Blessed (1) be the Lord Libanus, and shall be green in the God, even the God of Israel : city, like grass upon the earth. which only doeth wondrous

17 His Name shall endure for things; ever; his Name shall remain under 19 And blessed be the Name the sun among the posterities : of his Majesty for ever : and all which shall be blessed through the earth shall be filled with his him (k); and all the heathen Majesty. Amen, Amen. shall praise him.

Lessons for the Fourteenth Day of the Month throughout the rear.

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were almost gone : my treadings EVENING PRAYER. had well nigh slipped. Psalm lxxiii.(m)

3 And why? I was grieved at Truly God is loving unto the wicked : I do also see the Israel : even unto such as are of ungodly in such prosperity. a clean heart.

4 For they are in no perilo 2 Nevertheless, my feet (n) death : but are lusty and strong

dance, when even upon


of the
hills, which are in general barren, there

are heaps of corn. See Ps. Ixv. 13.
v.17. (k) « Blessed through him." It was

part of the promise to Abraham, Gen.
xxii. 18. that in his seed (i.e. the Mes-
siah) should “ all the nations of the earth
« be blessed."

(1) Dr Kennicott considers these verses 19. as a doxology, added by the compiler

of the 2d book, which ends with this Psalm.

(m) Upon the instability of the suc cesses of the wicked, the certainty of their discomfiture in the end, and the ul timate advantages of righteousness. The same subject as Psalm xxvi. This is the first Psalm of the 3d book.

(n) “My feet," &c. The meaning os. probably is, either I had almost inchioco


for me ;

5 They come in no misfortune 6 washed mine hands in innolike other folk : neither are they cency; plagued like other men.

13 “ All the day long have I 6 And this is the cause that “ been punished : and chastened they are so holden with pride :

every morning.” and overwhelmed with cruelty. 14 Yea, and I had almost said 7 Their eyes swell with 'fat

even as they : but lo, then I ness (0) : and they do even what should have condemned the genethey lust.

ration of thy children (t). 8. They corrupt other (p) and 15 Then thought I to underspeak of wicked blasphemy (g): stand this : but it was too hard their talking is against the Most High.

16 Until I went into the sanc9 For they stretch forth their tuary of God : then understood mouth unto the heaven : and their I the end of these men ; tongue goeth through the world.

17 Namely, how thou dost set 10 Therefore fall the people them in slippery places : and unto them : and thereout suck castest them down, and destroyest they no small advantage.

them. “ Tush,” (r) say they, 18 O, how suddenly do they " how should God perceive it : consume : perish, and come to “ is there knowledge in the Most a fearful end ! “ High ?”

19 Yea, even like as a dream(u) 12 Lo, these are the ungodly, when one awaketh : soshalt these prosper in the world, and thou make their image to vanish these have riches in possession : out of the city and I said, " Then have I cleansed 20 Thus my heart was grieved:

my heart (s) in vain, and and it went even through my reins.

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to sin, or I was almost led to doubt, from the successes of the ungodly; whether

sin did not lead to happiness. 7. (0) “ With fatness.” A common ex

pression to denote pride. Thus, Ps. xvii. 10. “ They are inclosed in their own fat.And Ps. cxix. 70. “ Their heart is as

fat as brawn.” 8.

6) For « corrupt other,” Dr. Hammond reads “ deride, scoff at others.” 8. (9) “ Blasphemy,” in speaking to

God's disparagement, an instance of which is put in verse 11. imputing to him that he cannot know what is done on earth, “ How should God perceive “ it?" &c. See Ps. lxxiv. I'l. 19.

religion is here properly referred to the
thoughts and actions : the restraint must
be put upon the thoughts, or how can
it be expected that the actions will be
controlled ?

(t) “ Thy children," i.e. the righte- v. 14.
ous: those who look up to thee as their
(u) “ As a dream," &c. The same idea

occurs in that fine passage, Job xx. 4 to.
8. “ Knowest thou not this of old, since

man was placed upon earth, that the.
“ triumphing of the wicked is short, and
“ the joy of the hypocrite but for a mo-
“ ment? Though his excellency mount

up to the heavens, and his head reach
unto the clouds, yet he shall perish for
ever : they which have seen him shall

where is he? He shall fly away
as a dream, and shall not be found;

he shall be chased away as a vision of the night.

lxxix. 13:


(r) “Tush," &c. Eliphaz imputes Job's distresses, though unjustly, to simi

“ Thou sayest, how doth “ God know? Can he judge through “ the dark cloud?"

() “ Heart” and “hands." True

lar arrogance,


21 So foolish was I, and igno- wrath so hot against the sheep of rant : even as it were a beast thy pasture? before thee.

2 O think upon thy congre. 22 Nevertheless, I am alway gation : whom thou hast pur

. . by thee : for thou hast holden chased, and redeemed of old. me by my right hand.

3 Think upon the tribe of 23 Thou shalt guide me with

thine inheritance : and moun thy counsel : and after that re- Sion, wherein thou hast dwelt. ceive (x) me with glory.

4 Lift up thy feet, that thot 24 Whom have I in heaven mayest utterly destroy every but thee : and there is none upon

enemy; which hath done evil i earth that I desire in comparison thy sanctuary: of thee.

5 Thine adversaries roar in thi 25 My flesh and my heart midst of thy congregations (b) faileth : but God is the strength and set up their banners for of my heart, and my portion (y) tokens (c).

6 He (d) that hewed timbel 26 For lo, they that forsake afore out of the thick trees; wa thee shall perish : thou hast de- known to bring it to an excellen stroyed all them that commit work. fornication (2) against thee.

7 But now they break dowi 27 But it is good for me to all the carved work thereof; with hold me fast by God, to put my axes and hammers. trust in the Lord God : and to 8 They have set fire upon thy speak of all thy works in the holy places : and have defiled the gates of the daughter of Sion. dwelling-place of thy Name (e),

even unto the ground. Psalm lxxiv. (a)

9 Yea, they said in their hearts, O God, wherefore art thou ab- " Let us make havock of them sent from us so long : why is thy " altogether” : thus have they

for ever.

(x) “ Receive me,

" &c. i. e. (per-
haps) into heaven after death. As in
Ps. xlix. 15.

“ God hath delivered” (or shall deliver) “my soul from the place u of hell" (or the power of the grave,)

for he shall receive me." 0.25

(y).“ My portion.” See note on

Ps. xvi. 6. v.26, (z) “Commit fornication against thee,"

i.e. worship idols and false gods.

(a) An anxious prayer for deliverance, probably written during the capti. vity of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, after the sacking of Jerusalem bv Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, in the time of Zedekiah about 588 years before the birth of Christ, when the house of the Lord, and the king's house, and all the houses in Jerusalem were burnt, and the people carried to Babylon. See 2 Kings

xxv. and Jer. xxxix. and lii. It noticei the relation they bore to God, the disho nour they and their places of worship had suffered, calls to mind their deliverance from Egypt and the destruction of Pharoah and his host, observes upon God's general superintendance and power, and insinuates that it is God's own cause to protect them. The 79th Psalm is upon the same subje&t.

(b) “Of thy congregations,” i.e. probably, where the people used to meet for religious purposes; in the temple.

(C) “ Tokens," i.e. of triumph.

(d) The meaning is, exquisite was the workmanship in building and fitting up the temple, but that is now destroyed.

(e) "The dwelling-place of thy name," i.e. the temple at Jerusalem. He was to be worshipped in the place which be

burnt up all the houses of God old : the help that is done upon in the land.

earth, he doeth it himself. 10 We see not our tokens (f): 14 Thou didst (i) divide the there is not one prophet more : sea through thy power : thou no, not one is there among us that breakest the heads of the dra. understandeth (8) any more. gons (k) in the waters.

II O God, how long shall the 15 Thou smotest the heads of adversary do this dishonour : how Leviathan (1) in pieces : and gavest long shall the enemy blaspheme(h) him to be meat for the people in thy Name ? for ever?

the wilderness (m). 12 Why withdrawest thou thy 16 Thou broughtest out founhand : why pluckest thou not thy tains (n), and waters out of the right hand out of thy bosom, to hard rocks : thou driedst up (0) consume the enemy?

mighty waters. 13 For God is my King of 17 The day is thine, and the

v. 16.

should choose to put his Name there, Deut. xii. 5. and the place afterwards fixed upon was Jerusalem.

Tokens.” God was in the habit of communicating with the Jews in ways long since discontinued. They used to inquire of him, and he used to answer them by a voice or by tokens, or by other means. In 1 Sam. xxiii. 2, 4. David inquired of the Lord whether " he should go and smite the Philistines, " and the Lord said unto him, Go," &c. In 1 Sam. xxviii. 6. “ Saul inquired of “ the Lord, and the Lord answered him

not, neither by dreams, nor by urim” (i.e. certain tokens to the high priest,) “ nor by prophets." Before Jehoshaphat would go up with the king of Israel against the king of Syria, he said unto the king of Israel, Inguire I pray thee " at the word of the Lord to-day.And when God's indignation was raised against the people for their iniquities, one of his denunciations against them was,

“ Shall " I be inquired of by you, O house of “ Israel ? As I live, saith the Lord God, " I will not be inquired of by you.” Ezek. xx. 3. 31. See also Ezek, xiv. 3. See also 2 Sam. ii. 1. The suffering himself to be thus inquired of, would keep up in the minds of the people a high opinion of God's superintendance over them, would inspire in them devotion and respect, and would have a tendency to deter them from the idolatry of the neighbouring nations.

(8) “ Understandeth," i.e. “ is in. "spired,” hath knowledge communi. cated to him from above.

(6) “Blaspheme,” by insinuating that v. 11. he cannot be the true God who suffers his people to be so reduced. See Ps. lxxiii. 8.-lxxix. 13 (i) “Didst.” The Psalm begins here

v.14. to notice what God had before done for them, and sets out with the signal instance of his making them a passage through the Red Sea, and destroying Pharoah and all his host, 1550 years before the birth of Christ.

(k) “ The dragons," i. e. the Egyp• v. 14. tians. () “ Leviathan," i.e. Pharoah.

v. 15.
(m).“ People in the wilderness," i.e.
the animals of

(n)“ Fountains,” &c. This refers to
what happened in the wilderness shortly
after the Israelites had left Egypt: they
murmured for want of water, and Moses
by God's command smote a rock with
his rod, and water came out of it, and
supplied their wants. See Exod. xvii.
i to 6.-Numb. xx. I to 11. This is
often noticed as a signal instance of God's
power. In Ps. cv. 40. “He opened the
c rock of stone, and the waters Aowed

out, so that rivers ran in the dry
“ places." See also Ps. lxxviii. 16, 17.
lo) “ Driedst up,” &c. This pro-

V.16. bably refers to the miracle which occurred at the river Jordan, about 1451 years before the birth of Christ, when the run. ning of the stream was suspended, and the priests with the ark stood firm on dry ground in the midst of the river, and all the Israelites passed through on dry ground. Josh. iii. 7 to 17. See Ps.cxiv.


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