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where no ground (k) is ; I am 9 For the zeal (n) of thine come into deep waters, so that the house hath even eaten me : and floods run over me.
the rebukes () of them that re3 I am weary of crying ; my buked thee are fallen upon me(p). throat is dry : my sight faileth 10 I wept (9) and chastened me for waiting so long upon my myself with fasting : and that God,
was turned to my reproof. 4 They that hate me without
II I put on sackcloth also : a cauşe are more than the hairs and they jested upon me. of my head : they that are mine 12 They that sit (r) in the enemies, and would destroy me gate speak against me : and the guiltless, are mighty.
drunkards make songs upon me. 5 I paid them the things that 13 But, Lord, I make my I never took : God, thou know
prayer unto thee : in an acceptest my simpleness, and my faults able time. are not hid from thee.
14 Hear me, o God, in the 6 Let not them that trust in multitude of thy mercy : even in thee, O Lord God of hosts, be the truth of thy salvation. ashamed for my cause (l) : let 15 Take me out of the mire, not those, that seek thee, be con- that I sink not : O let me be defounded through me, O Lord God livered from them that hate me, of Israel.
and out of the deep waters (s). 7. And why? for thy (m) sake 16 Let not the water-flood have I suffered reproof : shame drown me, neither let the deep hath covered my face.
swallow me up : and let not the 8 I am become a stranger unto pit shut her mouth upon me. my brethren : even an alien unto 17 Hear me, O Lord, for thy my mother's children.
loving-kindness is comfortable :
which were only to happen to the Mes-
(4) “ No ground,” nothing to pre-
witnessing the sufferings I endure.
it is for my adherence to thee, that' i
(n) “ The zeal,” &c. When our Sa-
(6) "Rebukes, perhaps by insinuating that he could not be the true God, who could suffer his servant to be so afAicted.
6) “ Fallen upon me,” When Saint Paul exhorted the Roman converts to give up their own gratification to ad. vance the salvation of others, he toll them," that even Christ pleased “ himself, but, as it is written," (allouing to this Psalm)“ the reproaches of “ them that reproached theç fell on me."
3. (9) “Wept,” &c, 80 that even my acts of devotion were turned against me.
(r) “ That sit in the gate," i. e. the judges ; so that I am equally the objeâ of scorn, &c. to the grave and serious, and to the thoughtless and dissipated.
(s) “ Deep waters,” an expression to signify great dangers. See Ps. xviii
. 3. 16. -cxxiv. 3,4.-cxliv. 7.
turn thee unto me, according to 24 Let their eyes be blinded, the multitude of thy mercies. that they see not : and ever bow
18 And hide not thy face thou down their backs. from thy servant, for I am in 25 Pour out thine indignatrouble : O haste thee, and hear tion upon them : and let thy me.
wrathful displeasure take hold of 19 Draw nigh unto my soul, them. and save it : 0 deliver me, be- 26 Let (z) their habitation be cause of mine enemies.
void : and no man to dwell in 20 Thou hast known my re
their tents. proof, my shame, and my disho- 27 For they persecute him, nour : mine adversaries are all whom thou hast smitten and in thy sight.
they talk how they may vex 21 Thy rebuke hath broken them whom thou hast wounded, my heart; I am full of heaviness : 28 Let them fall (a) from one I looked for some to have pity on
wickedness to another : and not me; but there was no man; come into thy righteousness. neither found I any to comfort me. 29 Let them be wiped out of
22 They gave me gall (t) to the book of the living : and not eat : and when I was thirsty, they
be written among the righteous. gave me vinegar to drink.
30 As for me, when I am poor 23 Let (u) their table («) be and in heaviness ; thy help, O made a snare (y) to take them- God, shall lift me up. selves withal : and let the things 31 I will praise the Name of that should have been for their God with a song : and magnify wealth, be unto them an occasion it with thanksgiving. of falling
32 This (b) also shall please
(1) “Gall," “ vinegar;" what would increase my sufferings, not what would diminish them. When our Saviour was taken to the place of crucifixion, “ they gave him" (according to Matt. xxvii
. vinegar to drink, mingled with gall ; and when he had tasted thereof, " he would not drink." It was usual to give the convicts what would deaden their sense of pain ; this was calculated to heighten it. According to John xix. 28. it was that some scripture might be fulfilled that Jesus, whilst upon the cross, said, “ I thirst;" and when they had lifted up a spunge, filled with vinegar, and he had received it, he said, it is finished, and bowed his head, and gave up the ghost, and it is to this passage he
sup: posed to have alluded,
(u) “ Let," &c. Dr. Hammond ob. serves from St. Augustine and the Jewish Arab, that this and the following verses are to be understood in the future tense, as predictions, not as imprecations.
(x) “Let their table," &c. St. Paul 1.23. cites this and the following verse, but with some little variation, Rom. xi. 9, 10. and he introduces his citation with “ Da“ vid saith, Let their table,” &c. so that he ascribes the Psalm to David.
(y) “ Their table be made a snare,'' v.23. &c. This was perhaps a proverbial expression. The meaning, which corresponds with that in the latter part of the verse, is obvious, that their table, their very food, that which should support them, should be their ruin.
(z) St. Peter refers to this passage, v.26. Ads i, 20. in bis history of Judas's conduct, and his exhortation to the disciples to choose another in his stead. says he, “ it is written in the Book of « Psalms, let his habitation be desolate, " and let no man dwell therein." (a) “ Fall," &c.i.e.advance in sinfulness.
28. b) “ This," i.e. praise and thank
v. 32. fulness will be more acceptable to God than sacrifice. See Ps. 1. 13, 14.
the Lord : better than a bullock
soon brought to shame : that cry that hath horns and hoofs.
There, there.” 33 The humble (e) shall con- 4 But let all those that seek sider this, and be glad : seek ye thee, be joyful and glad in thee : after God, and your soul shall and let all such as delight in thy live.
salvation, say (8) alway, The 34 For the Lord heareth the “ Lord be praised.” poor : and despiseth not his 5 As for me, I am poor, and prisoners.
in misery : haste thee unto me, 35 Let heaven and earth praise O God. him : the sea, and all that moveth 6 Thou art my helper, and my therein.
redeemer : 0 Lord, make no long 36 For God will save Sion, tarrying. and build the cities of Judah : that men may dwell there, and
MORNING PRAYER. have it in possession.
The posterity also of his 37
Psalm lxxi. (b) servants shall inherit it : and they IN (i) thee, O Lord, have I put that love. his name shall dwell
my trust; let
never be put to therein,
confusion : but rid me, and de
liver me in thy righteousness; Psalm lxx. (d)
incline thine ear unto me, and Haste thee, O God, to deliver 2 Be thou my strong hold, me ; make haste to help me, whereụnto I may alway resort: O Lord.
thou hast promised to help me; 2 Let(e) them be ashamed and for thou art my house of defence, confounded, that seek after my and my castle. soul (f) : let them be turned 3 Deliver me, O my God, out backward, and put to confusion, of the hand of the ungodly : out that wish me evil.
of the hand of the unrighteous 3 Let them for their reward be and cruel man,
(c) “ The humble," &c. It is matter of consolation to the poor and lowly, that that offering which God most highly values, the offering of praise and thanksgiving, is as much within their power, as within the power of the rich.
(d) An anxious prayer for deliverance from his enemies, nearly the same as the last six verses of Ps, xl, David is con
sidered the author, V. 2.
(e) This verse occurs, Ps. XXXV. 4;
xl. 17,- lxxi. II. v. 2. (s “Soul," i. e. life.
(3) “ Say," i.e. haye occasion to say, from thy protection.
(b) An anxious prayer for deliverance, calling to mind the protection he had
received through life, and concluding a if fresh deliverance was youchsafed him in the progress of the Psalm. Supposed to have been written by David at the time of Absalom's rebellion, The water describes himself, verse 8. as " in the “ time of age," and verse 16. as “ in his old age, and grey headed ;" and yet
, in verse 19. as having been “ brought to “ great honour, and comforted on every “ side ;" so that if David was the au• thor, the time of writing it was probably in Absalom's rebellion. It is the Psalm appointed to be read at the Visitation of the Sick.
(1) Nearly the same as the beginning : 1. of Ps. xxxi,
4 For thou, O Lord God, art 12 As for me, I will patiently the thing that I long for : thou abide alway: and will praise thee art my hope, even from my more and more. youth.
13 My mouth shall daily speak 5 Through thee have I been of thy righteousness and salvaholden up, ever since I was born : tion : for I know no end thereof. thou (k) art he, that took me out 14. I will go forth in the of my mother's womb; my praise strength of the Lord God : and shall be always of thee.
will make mention (m) of thy 6 I am become as it were a righteousness only monster unto many : but my sure 15 Thou, O God, hast taught trust is in thee.
me from my youth up until now : 70 let my mouth be filled therefore will I tell of thy wonwith thy praise : that I may sing drous works. of thy glory and honour all the 16 Forsake me not, O God, day long.
in mine old age, when I am gray. 8 Cast me not away in the headed : until I have shewed thy time of age : forsake me not when strength unto this generation, and my strength faileth me.
thy power to all them that are 9 For mine enemies speak yet for to come.
. against me; and they that lay 17 Thy righteousness, O God, wait for my soul take their coun- is very high : and great things are sel together, saying : “God hath they that thou hast done; O God, “ forsaken him ; persecute him,
who is like unto thee! “ and take him for there is 18 O what great troubles (n) none to deliver him.”
and adversities hast thou shewed 10 Go not far from me, O me! and yet didst thou turn and God : my God, haste thee to refresh me : yea, and broughtest help me.
me from the deep of the earth (0) 11 Let (1) them be confounded again. and perish that are against my 19 Thou hast brought me to soul : let them be covered with
great honour () : and comforted shame and dishonour that seek to me (9) on every
side. do me evil.
20 Therefore will I praise thee
(k) " Thou,” &c. So Ps. xxii. 9. “ Thou art he that took me out of
my mother's womb; thou wast my “ hope, when I hanged yet on my mo« ther's breasts."
(1) This verse occurs Ps. xxxv. 4. xl. 17.-Ixx, ii, (m) - Make mention,” i. e. perhaps,
They were forbidden to “ make mention of the name of any other “ God, or to let it be heard out of their
mouth,” Exod. xxiii. 13. and in Ps. xvi. 5. the writer professes that he will not “make mention of their names" (viz.the Names of other gods) “ within his lips."
(n) “ Troubles,” &c. He probably v.18. alludes to his troubles and deliverances whilst he was persecuted by Saul.
(0) “ Deep of the earth," i.e. the v.18, grave.
So Ps. Ixiii. 10. " These also « that seek the hurt of my soul, they < shall
under the earth," i.e. shall die, perish.
(p) “ Great honour." This corre. v. 19. sponds with David's circumstances; God had raised him to great honour, by giving him the kingdom. (9)
« Comforted me," i. e. given me v.19. comfort which ever way I turned.
and thy faithfulness, O God, play- 2 Then shall he judge (u) thy ing upon an instrument of music': people according unto right : and unto thee will I sing upon the
defend the poor. harp, O thou Holy One of Israel. 3 The mountains (x) also shall
21 My lips will be fain (r), bring peace (y) : and the little when I sing unto thee : and so hills righteousness
unto the will my soul, whom thou hast people. delivered
4 He shall keep the simple 22 My tongue also shall talk folk by their right : defend the of thy righteousness all the day children of the poor, and punish long : for they are confounded, the wrong doer. and brought unto shame, that 5 They shall fear(2) thee, as long seek to do me evil.
as the sun and moon endureth:
from one generation to another. Psalm lxxii. (s)
6 He shall come down like the Give the King (t) thy judge- rain into a fleece of wool (a): ments, O God : and thy right- even as the drops that water the eousness unto the King's son. earth.
(r) “Fain," i.e. eager, so much would it delight him.
(6) This Psalm was probably written upon David's making Solomon his son king over Israel, about 1015 years before the birth of Christ. See i Chron. xxiii. 1. and xxix. 22, 23. It foretells the justice of his government, the extent of his dominion, the homage he should receive, the prosperity he should experience, &c.; and through him, who was a type of the Messiah, is supposed to look forward prophetically to the Messiah himself. "The 5th, 7th, 8th, Iith, 15th, and 17th verses, are expressed in language which seems to have a higher object than Solomon; and the intent probably was, to lead from Solomon to the contemplation of the Messiah and his kingdom. Many of the ancient Jewish writers considered it as looking forward to the Messiah. Dr. Benson, however, thinks it relates either wholly to Solomon, or wholly to the Messiah ; and he sees " nothing in it, but what “ suits the great and glorious character .of the Messiah.” Benson's Introduction, xxii. xxiii.
(1) “ The king,” and “ the king's
son," probably mean the same person. “ When David was old, and full of days, 6 he made Solomon his son king over “ Israel.” i Chron. xxiii. 1. So that he was at the same time both “ the king' and “the king's son.” So our Saviour
Christ was both “ God” and “the Son
(u) “ Judge," &c. Striet impartiality in judging, and attention to the poor, were among the characteristics elsewhere foretold of the Messiah. Thus it is said of him, Isaiah xi. 3, 4.
" He shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither
reprove after the hearing of his ears ; “ but with righteousness shall he judge poor, and
reprove with equity for " the meek of the earth.” And Jer xxxiii. 15. “He shall execute judgment “ and righteousness in the land.” (*) “ The mountains," i.e. probably
, the places of strength, the situations usual. ly seized upon by armed forces; the points from which war has generally come down.
(y) “ Peace.” The disposition to produce peace upon earth, was another of the characteristics of the Messiah. In the spirited prophecy, Isaiah ix. 6. one of the appellations given him is, “the Prince of “ Peace ;" in Haggai ii. 9, he is called “ l'eace;" and part of the triumphant song, sung by the angels at his birth, was,
on earth peace.” Luke ii. 14.
(a) For “ into a fleece of wool," the Bible translation is, upon
the mown “ grass," i.e. he shall bring as great blessings upon the earth, as rain does upon a new mown field. The same idea cccurs, Hos. vi. 3.
~ If we follow on to o know the Lord, he shall come unte