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7 God shall bless us : and all let them also be merry and joy. the ends of the world shall fear ful. him.

4 O sing unto God, and sing praises unto his Name : magnify

him that rideth (a) upon the heaMORNING PRAYER. vens, as it were upon an horse ;

praise him in his Name JAH, and Psalm lxviii. (y)

rejoice before him. Let God arise (z), and let his 5 He is a Father of the fatherenemies be scattered : let them less, and defendeth the cause of also that hate him, flee before

the widows : even God in his him.

holy habitation. 2 Like as the smoke vanisheth, 6 He is the God, that maketh so shalt thou drive them away :

men to be of one mind (b) in an and like as wax melteth at the house, and bringeth the prisoners fire, so let the ungodly perish at out of captivity : but letteth the the presence of God.

runagates (c) continue in scarce3 But let the righteous be ness. glad, and rejoice before God : 7 O God (d), when thou

(y) An animated triumphal hymn, probably upon bringing back the ark after some vi&tory. It calls upon the people, in a spirited way, to join in praising God, refers to some of the signal instances of God's interposition, perhaps whilst they had the ark with them, notices an assurance God had given them of further protection, describes the state in which the ark was carried, and looks forward to the times when the heathen nations should be converted, and brought to the worship of God. It was probably sung in parts, some by particular divisions of the choir answering each other, some by single voices, and some by the whole choir. The different parts are supposed to have begun at the ist, 4th, 7th, 11th, 15th, 19th, 24th, 28th, and 32d verses. It is one of the proper Psalms for WhitSunday,(perhaps) because more especially of verse 18. which may be considered as contemplating God's accepting an atonement to induce him to take his enemies into favour, and of verse 31. which may look forward to the conversion of the heathen nations. Bp. Lowth remarks of it, that “were it not for some obscurities," (which probably have arisen from errors in transcribing), “it would be a singular " example of incredible sublimity."

(z) « Let God arise," &c. When the children of Israel began the journeying out of the wilderness of Sinai, about

1490 years before the birth of Christ,
and the ark of God set forward before
them, Moses addressed God in nearly
the words with which this Psalm begins:
“ Rise up, Lord, and let thine enemies
“ be scattered ; and let them that hate
“ thee flee before thee ;") and this be-
ginning might be intended to bring to
recollection the instances of the protec:
tion God there displayed.

(a) “ Rideth,” &c. A highly poetical v. 4.
idea. So Ps. civ. 3. it is said of him,
that he « maketh the clouds his chariot,
" and walketh upon the wings of the
* wind."

() “ Of one mind," i. e. unanimous, v.6. without dissensions or disagreements.

(c) For" runagates,” B. T. reads v.6.

rebellious," “ scarceness," i. e. want. The object probably is, to point out the difference between those whom God thinks fit to favour, and those he disregards.

(d) “ O God," &c. This refers to v.7. what occurred when God led the Israelites through the wilderness in the time of Moses. Deborah and Barak allude to the same thing, in nearly the words here used, in their animated hymn after their triumph over Sisera, about 1296 years before the birth of Christ. Judges v. 4, 5. “ Lord, when thou wentest out of Seir, « when thou marchedst out of the field " of Edom, the earth trembled, and the

wentest forth before the people : great was the company of the
when thou wentest through the preachers (i).

12 Kings with their armies did 8 The earth shook, and flee, and were discomfited : and the heavens dropped at the pre- they of the household (k) divided sence of God : even as Sinai (e)

the spoil. also was moved at the pre- 13 Though ye have lien (1) sence of God, who is the God of

among the pots, yet shall ye be Israel.

as the wings of a dove : that is 9 Thou, O God, sentest a covered with silver wings, and gracious rain ( upon thine in- her feathers like gold. heritance : and refreshedstit, 14. When the Almighty scatwhen it was weary.

tered kings for their sake : then 10 (8) Thy congregation shall were they as white (m) as snow dwell therein : for thou, O God, in Salmon. hast of thy goodness prepared for 15 As the hill of Basan (n),

so is God's hill (c) : even an high 11 The Lord gave the word (h): hill, as the hill of Basan.

the poor.

7. 8.

scended upon


" heavens dropped ; the clouds also
“dropped water : the mountains melted
" from before the Lord; even that Sinai
“ from before the Lord God of Israel."
The author of the Psalm might inten-
tionally adopt the same expressions as
Deborah and Barak, to call into remem-
brance also their deliverance,
(e) “ As Sinai,” &c. When God de.

Mount Sinai, to deliver the
ten commandments, (about 1491 years
before the birth of Christ), the mount

was altogether on a smoke, because the " Lord descended upon it in fire: and « the smoke thereof ascended as the « smoke of a furnace; and the whole mount quaked greatly.. Exod. xix. 18.

(f)"Rain," i.e. (probably) of manna, as the Lord said to Moses, Exod. xvi. 4. « Behold I will rain bread from heaven “ for you.” And Ps. lxxviii. 25. " He rained down manna also upon them for “ to eat," &c.

(8) The translation should perhaps be, “ Thou caablcdst thy congregation to “ dwell therein," (i.e. in the wilderness); “ for thou, O God, of thy goodness, “ didst prepare for the poor."

(b) Gave the word,” i.e. probably, encouraged them, set them on.

(1) “ The preachers," i. e. those who published or repeated it. Much of the force of this part of the Psalm is lost, because it is not known to what event it refers. It is not improbable that it referred

to the triumph over the Midianites, about 1452 years before the birth of Christ. It was by God's command that the Israelites attacked them : five of their kings were slain ; an immense booty was taken; and God ordered it to be divided into two parts, one for those who went out to the battle, and the other for the rest of the congregation. See Numb. xxxi. 2. 8. 27.

(k) “Of the household," i.e. of those : who stayed at home : so abundant was the spoil.

(1) “ Lien," i, e. “ lain. The vilest slaves used to lie on the stones upon which the pots were placed : and the meaning is, though your state has been most abject, you shall be highly exalted.

(m) “ As white," &c. Dressed in their whitest garments, their


of joy: a figurative expression, to express their extacy

(n) “ Basan," where Og reigned, (Numb. xxi. 33.). not far from the place where the Midianites were overcome.

(0) " God's hill," i. e. Sion. God! calls it, Ps. ii. 6.“ My holy hill of “ Sion.” And it is called s his holy “ hill,” Ps. xlviii. 1. The object here is, to set off the praises of Sion. Sion is elsewhere described as “ a fair place, the “joy of the whole earth,” Ps. xlviii. 2. the “perfection of beauty,” Ps.l. 2. : but its highest merit is, that God has chosen it for himself, that he will abide in it for ever.

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among them.

16 Why hop ye so (P), ye and received gifts (1) for men : high hills ? this is God's hill, in yea, even for thine enemies, that the which it pleaseth him to the Lord God might dwell dwell (9) : yea, the Lord will abide in it for ever.

19 Praised be the Lord daily : 17 The chariots (r) of God even the God who helpeth us, are twenty thousand, even thou- and poureth his benefits upon us. sands of angels : and the Lord 20 He is our God, even the is among them, as in the holy God, of whom cometh salvation : place (s) of Sinai.

God is the Lord, by whom we 18 Thou art gone up on high, escape death. thou hast led captivity captive, 21 God shall wound the head

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1. 16. (p) For “ hop ye so," the reading

should probably be, "exalt ye so your“ selves :” why lift ye up yourselves, to vie with Sion : this at once decides your inferiority, that God hath chosen Sion, that he may dwell there. What can be more poetical, than to address the mountains, as if they could hear, and to impute to them pride and emulation, as

if they were sensible beings ? 16. (9) To dwell," &c. So Ps. cxxxii. 14, 15.

“ The Lord hath chosen Sion to “ be an habitation for himself; he hath longed for her: this shall be


rest “ for ever: here will I dwell, for I have

a delight therein." 17.

(r) “The chariots,' &c. This is to shew how much God's state surpasses that of earthly monarchs ; so that his dwelling on Mount Sion must confer upon it much greater distinction than could be conferred upon any other mountain by the residence of any earthly monarch.

(s) “ As in the holy place," &c. i.e. as 1.17.

he was theretofore in the tabernacle upon Mount Sinai. See note on verse 8.

(1) " Led captivity captive, and re“ ceived gifts,” &c. This is not very easily understood. But may not the meaning be, ist, literally, thou hast made captive, either, those who wished to impose captivity upon others, or, more buldly, the very power of imposing captivity, and hast taken gifts from those who were before your enemies, so as to allow them to be part of your people, and as it were to dwell among them ; and 2dly, figuratively and prophetically, looking forward to the Messiah, thou hast gained the victory over sin, death, &c. and all the powers of darkness, making captives as it were of those who wished

to put all mankind under captivity, and hast accepted a ransom in respect of thine enemies, so as to be induced even to dwell with them, alluding to the acceptance of our Saviour's sufferings, whereby he made a full, perfect, and sufficient sacrifice, satisfaction, and oblation, for the sins of the whole world. St. Paul refers to this passage, Ephes. iv. 8. but not in such a way as necessarily to imply that he considered it prophetical. And from his substituting the word “ gave” for “received," he probably meant only to accommodate it to his subject.“ Wherefore he saith, when he « ascended up on high, he led captivity “ captive, and received gifts for men. The Messiah is often spoken of, prophetically, as one who was “ to proclaim

liberty to the captives, and the open

ing of the prison to them that are " bound.” Isaiah lxi. 1. “To say to the

prisoners, go forth,” Isaiah xlix. 9. referring to the power he should give mankind to extricate themselves from the dominion of Satan. In Isaiah xiv. 1, 2. is a passage which has some resemblance to this : « The Lord will have mercy on “ Jacob, and will yet choose Israel, and

set them in their own land : and the

strangers shall be joined with them ; " and they shall cleave to the house of “ Jacob : and the people shall take them " captives, whose captives they were." In the song of Deborah and Barak, upon their deliverance from the Canaanites, about 1296 years before the birth of Christ, the same expression occurs : “ Awake, u awake, Deborah; awake, awake, utter

song: arise Barak, and lead thy " captivity captive, thou son of Abi

Judges v. 12.


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66 the sea.

of his enemies : and the hairy 26 Give thanks, O Israel, unscalp of such a one as goeth on to God the Lord in the congre. still in his wickedness.

gations (7): from the ground of 22 The Lord hath said, “I

the heart (a). “ will bring (u) my people again, 27 There (6) is little Benjamin

as I did from Basan : mine their ruler, and the princes of “ own will I bring again, as I Judah their council : the princes “ did sometime from the deep of of Zabulon, and the princes of

Nephthali, 23 “ That (x) thy foot may 28 Thy God. (c) hath sent “ be dipped in the blood of thine forth strength for thee : stac enemies : and that the tongue blish (d) the thing, O God, that “ of thy dogs may be red through thou hast wrought in us, 66 the same.

29 For thy temple's sake (e) 24 (y) It is well seen, O God, at Jerusalem : so shall kings bring how thou goest : how thou, my

presents unto thee. God and King; goest in the sanca 30 When (f) the company

of tuary.

the spearmen and multitude of 25 The singers go before; the the mighty are scattered abroad minstrels follow after : in the

among the beasts of the people, midst are the damsels playing so that they humbly bring pieces with the timbrels.

of silver · and when he hath

v.22. (u)“ I will bring,” &c. i.e. I will

work as signal deliverances for them, and
take such vengeance upon their enemies,
as when I brought them up from Basan
(where they overcame Og, the king of
Basan, about 1452 years before the birth
of Christ), and led them through the
sea, (on their escape from Pharaoh,
about 1490 years before the birth of

Christ.) 0,23

“ That,” i. e. so that. In such abundance shall the blood of thine enemies be shed. So Ps. lviii, 9. a venge. ance is spoken of, where the righteous “ shall wash his footsteps in the blood of the

ungodly.. v. 24.

(9) This probably refers to the state with which the ark, the type of God, was carried to the sanctuary. Among the things which astonished the Queen of Sheba, was Solomon's “ascent, “ by which he went up to the house of w the Lord," 1 Kings x. 5. probably on account of its solemnity and magni

ficence. 0.26.

(z) “ The congregations,"? i. e. the religious meetings of the people. See

ante, Ps. xxii. 25.-XXXV. 18.-xl. 11. . 26. (a) “ Ground of the t," to de

note its sincerity ; in opposition to what

is complained of, Is. xxix. 13.

" draw“ ing near to God with the mouth, and “honouring him with the lips, whilst “ the heart is removed far from him." (6) « There," . i.e. either in the

pro• cession, or in the congregation, the religious assembly

(c) “ Thy God,” &c. i.e. it is be 0.! who hath sent forth strength on thy behalf, it is through him thou hast done thy mighty acts. As in Ps. Ix. 12.

Through God will we do great acts : “ for it is he that shall tread down out « enemies.".

(d) “Stablish," &c. i. e. confirm, complete what thou hast begun in us.

(e) “ Thy temple’s sake." made a topic fôr soliciting God's aid

, that their success, &c. will advance the glory of God, and

bring in strangers to his worship. See Ps. xxv. 10.

(f). " When,” &c. The carrying up the ark naturally leads to the contemplation of the future glory of the temple, and properly introduces the prediction, that when God shall have given them the victory over their enemies, and established them in peace, the heathen shall become proselytes, and join in their worship

It is often

in war;

scattered the people that delight he doth send out his voice (b),

yea, and that a' mighty voice. 31

Then shall the princes 34 Ascribe ye the power to come out of Egypt: the Morians' God over Israel : his worship land (8) shall soon stretch out and strength is in the clouds. her hands unto God.

35 0 God, wonderful art thou 32 Sing unto God, Oye kingo | in thy holy places : even the God doms of the earth : O sing praises of Israel; he will give strength unto the Lord,

and power unto his people; bles33 Who sitteth in the heavens sed be God. over all from the beginning : 10,

Lessons for the Thirteenth Day of the Month throughout the Tear.

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Morn. Nahum i.

Matt. xiv. Even. Nahum ii.

Rom. xiv.

Morn. Wisd. i. Morn. Ecclus. xxxix. Morn. Isa. xxxix.
Mark xvi.(9) John v.

Acts. xiii. (10)
Even. Wisd. ii. Even. Ecclus. xl. Even. Isa. xl.(11)
2 Cor. xii.
1 Tim. i.

1 Pet. i.

(1) ante 31. 81. (2) ante 129. 132.
(6) ante 53. 55. 57. (7) ante 38. 33.
(11) ante 172.

(3) ante 83. (4) ante 128. 156.
(8) ante 167. 186.

(9) ante 151.

(s) ante 31. 81.

(10) ante 131.


Psalm lxix. (i)
Save me, o God : for the wa-

ters are come in, even 'unto my soul.

2 I stick fast in the deep mire,


(8) “ Morian's land," i.e. (probably,) Æthiopia, put indefinitely for any heathen land. This is probably one of the many predictions which looked forward to the conversion of the Gentiles. . See note on Ps. xxii. 27.-lxxxvi. 9.

(b) “ His voice," perhaps alluding to thunder, which is often called, particularly in Ps. xxix. “ the voice of the “ Lord.

(). An anxious prayer for deliverance, seemingly written in time of great dis

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tress, mentioning the troubles he had undergone, complaining bitterly of the conduct of his enemies, and calling for or foretelling their punishment and downfall; but ending triumphantly, as if upon an assurance of God's assistance. It is one of the proper Psalms for Good Friday, and might be written prophetically (as Ps. xxii

. was) with a view to our Saviour's sufferings and treatment, David, who was a type of the Messiah, speaking of things as referable to himself,

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