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8 O put your trust in him 2 My soul thirsteth for thee; alway, ye people : pour out your my flesh also longeth after thee : hearts before him, for God is in a barren (y) and dry land, our hope.

where no water is. 9 As for the children of men, 3 Thus (z) have I looked for they are but vanity : the children thee in holiness : that I might of men are deceitful upon the behold thy power and glory. weights (t); they are altogether 4 For thy loving-kindness is lighter than vanity itself.

better than the life itself : my lips 10 O trust not in wrong and shall praise thee. robbery ; give not yourselves 5 As long as I live, will i unto vanity : if riches increase, set magnify thee on this manner : not your heart upon them. and lift up my hands in thy

11 (u) God spake once, and twice I have also heard the same : 6 My soul shall be satisfied, that power belongeth unto God; even as it were with marrow (a)

12 And that thou, Lord, art and fatness : when my mouth merciful : for thou rewardest praiseth thee with joyful lips. every man according to his work. 7 Have I not remembered thee

in my bed : and thought upon Psalm 1xiii. (x) thee when I was waking ? O Gov, thou art my God : 8 Because thou hast been my early will I seek thee.

helper : therefore under the



27. This



itself, even when no attack is made

(0) " Upon the weights," i. e. when
weighed, when brought to the test, they
are deficient. The explanation of part of
the handwriting against Belshazzar was,
“ thou art weighed in the balances, and
« art found wanting.” Dan, v.
was about 538 years before our Saviour's

(u) These verses give the reasons why
it is absurd to trust in wrong, &c. ; be-
cause God is full of power and mercy, or
justice ; and will therefore out of mercy
and justice towards those on whom
wrong, &c. is committed, punish with
his power those who commit it.

(x) This Psalm is supposed to have
been written by David : perhaps when
he fled because of Absalom, about 1023

before the Christian æra.
presses his delight in praising God, his
confidence in God's protection, and his
conviction that God would discomfit his
(y) “ In a barren," &c.

As a man
thirsteth and longeth for water in a bar-
ren and dry land, where no water is, so
does my soul thirst and long for thee.

The idea of feeling the same longing after God, as extreme thirst creates for water, often occurs. Thus Ps. xlii. 1, 2. « Like as the hart desireth the water “ brooks, so longeth my soul after thee

, O God. My soul is athirst for God

, yea, even for the living God: when “ shall I come to appear before the presence of God."*°And Ps. cxliii

. 6. My soul gaspeth unto thee as a thirsty « land.”

(z) “ Thus," i. e. with the same ? anxiety, and then read “ have I desired

to see thee in the sanctuary, to behold " thy power aud glory." The Bible translation is, “ to see thy power

and glory, as I have seen thee in the sanc“ tuary." He was probably lamenting his absence from the tabernacle at Jerusalem, which he often makes a subject

See Ps. xlii. and lxxxiv. Upon his flight on Absalom's account, he left the ark of God behind. See 2 Sam. XV. 25, 26.

(a) “ With marrow,'' &c. The mean. E ing is, the praising thee with joyful lips will be as gratifying to my soul, as marrow, &c. that is, the choicest dainties, to the palate.

It ex

of regret.


shadow (6) of thy wings will I 4. That they may privily shoot rejoice.

at him that is perfect : sud9 My soul hangeth upon thee: denly do they hit him, and fear thy right hand hath upholden not. me.

5 They encourage themselves 10 These also that seek the in mischief: and commune among hurt of my soul : they shall go themselves, how they may lay under the earth (c).

snares, and say, that no man shall
II (d) Let them fall


see them.
edge of the sword : that they may 6 They imagine wickedness,
be a portion for foxes.

and practise it : that they keep 12 But the King shall rejoice secret among themselves, every in God; all they also that swear man in the deep of his heart. by him (e), shall be commended : 7 But (b) God shall suddenly for the mouth of them that speak shoot at them with a swift arrow : lies shall be stopped.

that they shall be wounded.

8 Yea, their own tongues shall Psalm Ixiv. (f)

make them fall : insomuch that HEAR

voice, O God, in my whoso seeth them, shall laugh

them to scorn.
prayer : preserve my life from
fear of the enemy.

9 And all men that see it, 2 Hide me from the gathering shallsay, " This hath God done:” together of the froward : and for they shall perceive that it is from the insurrection of wicked

his work. doers;

10 The righteous shall rejoice 3 Who have whet their tongue in the Lord, and put his trust in like a sword (3): and shoot out him : and all they, that are true their arrows, even bitter words; of heart, shall be glad.


(6) “ The shadow,' &c. This has been repeatedly noticed as a highly poetical figure. See Ps. xvii. 8.---xxxvi. 7.lvii. 1.-lxi. 4. “My trust shall be under " the covering of thy wings,” and the passage in our Saviour's affectionate lamentation over Jerusalem,

" How often “ would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her “ chickens under her wings, and ye would not.” Matt. xxiv. 37. Luke

s not


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“ Swearing by the name of God," is put
for adhering to him, in opposition to

going after other gods.” * Thou shalt
“ fear the Lord thy God, and serve him,
" and shalt swear by his name. Ye shall

go after other gods, of the gods of
“ the people which are round about

See also Is. lxv. 16. and
Ps. xliv, 21.

(S) A Prayer for deliverance from
enemies, foretelling their discomfiture.
It is supposed to have been written by

(s) “ A sword.” See note on Ps. v. 3. lv. 22. where the same figurative expres. sion occurs. Ante 309.

(1) Whereas they shoot at others (according to the 3d and 4th verses) God shall shoot at them, and whereas they use their tongues against others, (see 3d, 4th, and 5th verses), their own tongues shall make them fall, bring about their destruction.

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(c) “ Under the earth," i. e. into the grave, shall die, shall perish. In Ps. lxxi. 18. “ the grave” is called “ the “ deep of the earth.” - Thou didst turn " and refresh me, yea, and broughtest “ me from the deep of the earth again."

(d) The Bible translation is, they “ shall fall,” &c. they shall be a por.

tion, &c. V.12.

(e) “ Swear by him," i. e. adhere to him, acknowledge him. In Deuter. vi. 13.


Lessons for the Twelfth Day of the Month throughout the rear.
January 12. February 12.

March 12.

April 12. Morn. Gen. xxi. Morn. Lev. xx. Morn. Josh, iv. Morn, 1 Sam.xxvii. Matt. x. Mark xii. Lukexxiii.(2)

Acts ix. (3) Even. Gen. xxii. Even. Lev. xxvi. Even. Josh, v. Even, i Sam. xxvii. Rom. x. (1) 2 Cor. viii. i Thess. iii.

James i. (4)
May 12.
June 12.

July 12.

August 12. Morn. 2 Kings vi. Morn. Job. xvi. Morn. Eccles. iii. Morn. Jer. lii.

Mark xii.
Luke xxiv.(5)

A&s x. (7)
Even. 2 Kings vii. Even, Job xvii.xviii. Even. Eccles. iv. Even. Lam, i.
Rom. xi.
2 Cor. ix.

1 Thess.iv. (6) Jam, ii.

Matt. x.

September 12. October 12.

November 12.

December 12. Morn. Micah vi. Morn. Judith xv. Morn. Ecclus.xxxvii. Morn. Isa. xxxvii. Matt.xiii.(8) Mark xv.(10)

John iv. (12)

A&s xii. (13 Even. Micah vii. Even. Judith xvi. Even.Ecclus.xxxviii. Even. Isa, xxxviii. Rom. xii.(9) 2 Cor.xi.(11) 2 Thess, iii.

Jam. v.

(1) ante 224
(6) ante 83.
(11) ante 72.

(2) ante 115.

(3) ante 58.
(7) ante 128. 156, (8) ante 67.
(12) ante 213. (13) ante 176.

(4) anté 143. 146. 148.

(9) ante 60. 24.

(3) ante 129. 132.

(10) ante 105.


Psalm lxv. (i)
Tuou, o God, art praised in
Sion : and unto thee shall the
vow be performed in Jerusalem.

2 Thou that hearest the prayer: unto thee shall all flesh come.

3 My misdeeds prevail against me : 0 be thou merciful unto our sins.

4 Blessed is the man whom thou choosest, and receivest unto thee : he shall dwell (k) in thy court, and shall be satisfied with the pleasures of thy house, even of thy holy temple.

5 Thou shalt shew us wonder

ful things in thy righteousness

, O God of our salvation : thou that art the hope of all the ends of the earth, and of them that remain in the broad sea.

6 Who in his strength setteth fast the mountains : and is girded about with power.

7 Who stilleth the raging of the sea : and the noise of his waves, and the madness of the people.

8 They also that dwell in the uttermost parts of the earth shall be afraid at thy tokens : thou that makest the outgoings (1) of the morning and evening to praise thee.

(i) Upon the propriety of making God the object of Prayer on account of the blessings he confers his power and providence. It has been supposed to have been written by David upon

the restoration of plenty after the three years famine mentioned 2 Sam. xxi. 1. about 1020 years before the birth of Christ.

(b) “ Dwell,” &c. The power of fre. * quenting the house of God is often mentioned by David as matter of the highest gratification. See Ps. xxvi. 8.-xxvi. 4. -lxi.

4. and his being driven from it, when he fled from Absalom, is made a topic of earnest regret. xlii. lxxxiv.

(1) “ The outgoings,” &c. i. e. (pro- •.

See Psalms


9 Thou visitest the earth, and

Psalm lxvi. (0) blessest it : thou makest it very O Bejoyful in God, all ye plenteous.

sing praises unto the honour of 10 The river of God (m) is

his Name, make his praise to be full of water : thou preparest glorious. their corn; for so thou providest

2 Say unto God, "O how for the earth.

- wonderful art thou in thy 11 Thou waterest her furrows, " works : through the greatness thou sendest rain into the little

“ of thy power shall thine enevalleys thereof : thou makest it

“ mies be found liars (9) unto soft with the drops of rain, and

" thee. blessest the increase of it.

3 “ For all the world shall 12 Thou crownest the year

worship thee : sing of thee, with thy goodness : and thy clouds " and praise thy name.” drop fatness.

4 O come hither, and behold 13 They shall drop upon the the works of God : how wondwellings of the wilderness (n):

derful he is in his doing toward and the little hills shall rejoice on the children of men !

5 He turned (r) the sea in14 The folds shall be full of

to dry land : so that they went sheep : the valleys also shall

through the water on foot; there stand so thick with corn, that

did we rejoice thereof. they shall laugh and sing ().

6 He ruleth with his power

every side.



bably) the regular succession of day and night; and then it is in unison with Ps. xix. I. • The heavens declare the

glory of God,” &c.

(m) « The river of God," i. e. his storehouse to supply the earth with water. There are many other passages where God's providence in supplying rain, &c. is made a subject of praise. See Psalm civ. 6 to 15.-CXXXV. 7.

cxlvii. 8. 1.13. (n) “ The wilderness," &c. It is a

sign of unusual plenty, when even the wilderness and the hills abound in pro. duce. In Ps. lxxii. 16. it is foretold among other blessings that “ there shall “ be a heap of corn upon the earth, high

upon the hills.and see Ps. civ. 13.

cxlvii. 8. 2.14. (0) Laugh and sing." It is highly

poetical to consider what is inanimate as exhibiting marks of joy. There is a grand passage of the same kind Is. Iv. 12. “ The mountains and the hills shall break " forth before you into singing, and all the

trees of the field shall clap their hands." So Ps. xcviii.9. “ Let the floods cláp their hands, and let the hills be joyful to• “ gether before the Lord;" and see

Psalm xcvi. 11. and cxlviii. 3. 4. So
Virgil :

Ipsi lætitiâ voces ad sidera tollunt
Intonsi montes, ipsæ jam carmina rupes,
Ipfa sonant arbusta. Eclog. v. 62. &c.
(O) A spirited invocation to praise
God, on account of his wondrous
works and the signal instances of de-
liverance he had displayed, noticing the
attention he pays to the conduct and
prayers of man, and the difference he
makes between those who look up to him,
and those who disregard him. It has the
appearance of having been written after
some deliverance from great trouble.

(q) “ Be found liars." Thy works v.2.
shall prove so decisively that thou art
God, as to confite all those who say
thou art not. So in Ps. lxxxi. 16. in
mentioning some of the consequences
which would have resulted if their obe.
dience had been such, as to have justified
the giving them deliverance and putting
down their enemies, this is noticed, “the
rc haters of the Lord should have been
o found liars."

(r) “ Turned,” &c. The miracles of v. s. dividing the waters of the Red Sea, to enable the Israelites to flee from the

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for ever; his eyes behold (s) the 15 I called unto him with my people : and such as will not be- mouth : and gave him praises lieve, shall not be able to exalt

with my tongue. themselves.

16 If I incline unto wicked7 O praise our God, ye peo- ness with mine heart : the Lord ple : and make the voice of his will not hear me. praise to be heard;

17 But God hath heard (u) 8 Who holdeth our soul in me : and considered the voice of life : and suffereth not our feet

my prayer. to slip.

18 Praised be God, who hath 9 For thou, O God, hast not cast out my prayer : nor proved us : thou also hast tried turned his mercy from me.

us, like as silver (t) is tried.
10 Thou broughtest us into

Psalm lxvii (x).
the snare : and laidest trouble God be merciful unto us, and
upon our loins.

bless us : and shew us the light 11 Thou sufferedst men to of his countenance, and be mer. ride over our heads : we went

ciful unto us; through fire and water, and thou 2 That thy way may be known broughtest us out into a wealthy

upon earth : thy saving health place.

among all nations. 12 I will go into thine house 3 Let the people praise thee, with burnt-offerings : and will O God : yea, let all the people pay thee my vows, which I pro

praise thee mised with my lips, and spake 4 O let the nations rejoice and with my mouth, when I was in

be glad : for thou shalt judge the trouble.

folk righteously, and govern the 13 I will offer unto thee fat nations upon earth. burnt-sacrifices, with the incense 5 Let the people praise thee, of rams : I will offer bullocks o God : let all the people praise

thee. 14 Ocome hither, and hearken, 6 Then shall the earth brin: all ye

that fear God : and I will forth her increase : and God, tell you what he hath done for

even our own God, shall give us his blessing

and goats.

my soul.

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7. 6.

Egyptians, and of dividing those of
Jordan to let the Priests with the ark
and the people pass, were constant to-
pics with the Israelites for praising God.
See Ps. lxxviii. 14. and Ps. cxiv.

(s) “ His eyes behold.” God's at-
tention to the actions of men is often
mentioned. Solomon says, Prov. xv. 3.


of the Lord are in every
“ place, beholding the evil and the
“ good ;” and Prov. v. 21.
“ of man are before the eyes of the Lord,
“ and he pondereth all his goings." Job
puts the question, Job xxxi. 4.“ Doth

not he see my ways, and count all my

steps ?" and see i Chron. xxvii. 9. Ecclus. xvi. 17, 18.—Jer. xxiii. 24.Ps. xxxiii. 13, 14.—xliv. 21.—cxxxix. I to II.

(1) As silver,” &c. As silver is tried by fire, so didst thou try us by adversity, by bringing us into the snare, laying trouble upon our loins, &c.

(u) “ Hath heard,” &c. So that this 9 is a proof that I have not inclined unto wickedness with my heart.

(*) See ante 8. where this Psalm also

6 The

« The ways


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