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8 (1) My heart is fixed, O God, 3 The ungodly are froward, my heart is fixed : I will sing and even from their mother's womb : give praise.

as soon as they are born, they go 9 Awake up, my glory (m); astray, and speak lies. awake, lute and harp : I myself 4 They are as venomous as will awake right early (n). the poison of a serpent : even like

10 I will give thanks unto the deaf adder, that stoppeth her thee, O Lord, among the people: ears ; and I will sing unto thee among 5

Which refuseth to hear the the nations.

voice of the charmer : charm he u For the greatness of thy never so wisely. mercy reacheth unto the hea- 6 Break (9) their teeth, O vens : and thy truth unto the God, in their mouths ; smite the clouds.

jaw-bones of the lions (r), O 12 Set up thyself, O God, Lord : let them fall away like above the heavens : and thy glory water that runneth apace; and above all the earth.

when they shoot their arrows, let

them be rooted out. Psalm lviii. (6)

7 Let them consume away like ARE your

minds set upon right- a snail, and be like the untimely eousness, Oye congregation (P): fruit of a woman : and let them and do ye judge the thing that is not see the sun. right, Oye sons of men ?

8 Or ever (s) your pots be 2 Yea, ye imagine mischief in made hot with thorns : so let inyour heart upon the earth : and dignation vex him, even as a your hands deal with wickedness. thing that is raw.

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(1) This and the following verses to the end are nearly the same as the first five in Ps. cviii. which is one of the

Psalms for Ascension Day. ->.9. (m) “ Glory," i.e. tongue, voice.

In Ps. cviii. 1. he says, “ I will sing and

give praise with the best member that I

« have." v.9.

(n) For “right early," Dr. Hammond, and after him Mr. Street, read " the morning,” which is more poetical; and then it is like the idea in Ovid,

“.... Vigil ales ibi cristati cantibus oris

« Evocat auroram.”
And in Milton's Allegro,

“... the hound and horn
“ Chearly rouse the slumb'ring morn."

() Reflections by David upon the
condu& of the persons who set or sup-
ported Saul against him; a prayer for
their discomfiture, or a prediction that
it would occur, and a confident assump-
tion that they would be signally pu-
nished.

(p) Congregation,” i.e. of Saul's v.1. advisers or instigators.

(9) “ Break," &c. Dr. Hammond v 6.
reads the verbs in this and the next two
verses as futures, not as optatives ; as
predictions, not as imprecations: “God
is shall break,” &c. 66 the Lord shall
“ smite,” &c. “ they shall be rooted

“ they shall consume away,”
&c. " and not see the sun,” and “
“shall indignation,” &c.

(1) “ The lions," i. e. those who are v.6. savage as lions. See Ps. lvii. 4, 5.

(s) “ Or ever," &c. If this is the v. 8. right translation, the meaning may be,

as when your pots are made hot with “ thorns,"'' (whích made the quickest and hottest fire, see Ps. cxviii. 12.) 60 let thine indignation use and act upon them as such a fire would act upon raw meat ; or, perhaps, for “ a thing that is

raw,” the reading should be “ a living animal.” They had two kinds of fuel in Palestine, dried dung, and

9 The righteous shall re- 10 So that a man shall say, joice (t), when he seeth the ven. “Verily there is a reward for geance ; he shall wash (u) his “ the righteous : doubtless, there footsteps in the blood of the un- “ is a God that judgeth the godly.

c earth.”
Lessons for the Eleventh Day of the Month throughout the rear.

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wood or thorns; the latter made the quicker fire, and gave the stronger beat. The same idea occurs in Ps. xxi. 9. “ Thou shalt make them like a fiery S oven in time of thy wrath : the Lord « shall destroy them in his displeasure, " and the fire shall consume them.” The Bible translation is, “ Before your pots “ can feel the thorns," (which was probably a proverbial expression to denote extreme suddenness) « he shall take “ them away as with a whirlwind, both

living, and in his wrath.” “No doubt the object is either to pray that some very heavy judgment might fall upon

"them, or to foretell that it would. 9.

(1) " Rejoice.” He would have two grounds for being thankful; the one

that he was not included in the destruction, the other that he is delivered free the oppression, &c. of those on whors did fall.

(u) “ Wash,” &c. i.e. the destrac- ruĝ tion shall be such, that he shall have the opportunity even of washing his feet in the blood of the slain.

So Ps. La füi. 23 God is represented as having promised to bring again his people with such vengeance upon their adversaries,

“that the “ foot may be dipped in the blood of " thine enemies, and that the tongue of

thy dogs may be red through the

(*) A prayer for deliverance from some unjust attack, expressing, the ut most confidence that God would grant

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any offence or fault of me, O people forget it : but scatter them Lord.

abroad among the people, and 4 They run and

prepare

them- put them down, O Lord, our selves without my fault (y) : arise defence. thou therefore to help me, and 12 For the sin of their mouth, behold.

and for the words of their lips, up,

O Lord God of they shall be taken in their pride : hosts, thou God of Israel, to and why? their preaching is of visit all the heathen (z) : and be cursing and lies. not merciful unto them that of- 13 Consume them in thy fend of malicious wickedness. wrath, consume them, that they

6 They go to and fro in the may perish : and know that it is evening : they grin like a dog, God that ruleth in Jacob, and and run about through the city, unto the ends of the world.

7 Behold, they speak (a) with 14 (1) And in the evening they their mouth, and swords (6) are will return : grin like a dog, and in their lips : for “ who doth will

go

about the city. “ hear (c)?"

15 They will run here and 8 But thou, O Lord, shalt there for meat : and grudge if have them in derision : and thou they be not satisfied. shalt laugh all the heathen to 16 As for me, I will sing of

thy power, and will praise thy 9 My strength will I ascribe mercy betimes in the morning : unto thee : for thou art the God for thou hast been my defence of iny refuge.

and refuge in the day of my 10 God sheweth me his good trouble. ness plenteously : and God shall 17 Unto thee, O my strength, let me see my desire (d) upon will I sing : for thou, O God, mine enemies.

art my refuge, and my merciful 11. Slay them not (e), lest my

God.

Scorn.

it. It is supposed by some to have been written by David when Saul sent messengers to his house to watch and kill him, and Michal his wife let him down through a window. See 1 Sam. xix. Others suppose that it was written in Hezekiah's time, when Sennacherib, king of Assyria, sent Rabshakeh to Je

rusalem with a great army; 4. (y) “ Without my fault," i. e. with

any

fault in me. 5. (z) “ Heathen," i. e. perhaps, wicked

doers. 7. (a) They speak,” &c. i. e. when

they speak, it is as if swords were in their lips, what they say is so destruc

tive. 7. (6) “ Swords,” &c. See note on Ps.

lv. 22, ante 309. 7. (c) “ Who doth hear.” These are

probably the words of the wicked; as
in Ps. X. 12. 14.

“ Tush, God hath for.
“ gotten, he hideth away his face, and
“ he will never see it,” &c.

(d) “ See my desire.” See Psalm v. io. liv. 7. ante 307:

(é) “ Slay them not,” &c. i. e. (per. v.II. haps) not in an ordinary way: not in such a way as that my people may forget it; he prays in verse 13. that they may be consumed, &c. and it would be inconsistent to be praying here that they should not be slain at all.

() The ingly) “ Let them return, &c. and go 15. “ about the city ; let them run,” &c. Let that be their punishment, which, according to verse 6. is now part of their offence.

out

delivered : help me with thy righ Psalm lx. (8)

hand, and hear me. O God, thou hast cast us out, 6 (k) God hath spoken in hi and scattered us abroad : thou holiness, “I will rejoice and hast also been displeased ; O turn

66 divide Sichem : and mete ou thee unto us again.

6s the valley of Succoth. 2 Thou hast moved the land, 7

" Gilead is mine, and Ma and divided it : heal the sores “ nasses is mine : Ephraim als thereof, for it shaketh.

" is the strength of my head 3 Thou hast shewed thy people

66 Judah is my lawgiver ; heavy things : thou hast given 8 "Moab is my washpot ; ove us a drink (b) of deadly wine. “ Edom will I cast out my shoe

4 Thou (i) hast given a token Philistia (1), bethou gladofme. for such as fear thee : that they 9 Who will lead me into the may triumph, because of the

strong city : who will bring me truth.

into Edom? 5 Therefore were thy beloved 10 (m) Hast not thou cast us

in the gar

(8) This Psalm is supposed to have been written by David. It refers to some great distresses the people had had, notices an assurance God had given David that he should reduce the neighbour. ing nations to subjection, and expresses a conviction that God's assistance would secure him success. It was probably written soon after David was anointed king over Israel. Upon the battle in which Saul was slain, many of the Israelites deserted their cities, and left them to the Philistines, who dwelt in them. David was at first king over the house of Judah only, and one of Saul's sons, Ishbosheth, was made king over the rest of Israel; there was long war between the house of Saul and the house of David, and it was not until after he had reigned seven years and six months over Judah that David was made king over all Israel. It is probably therefore to these events that David alludes in the early part of the Psalm. The last eight verses are nearly the same as the last eight in Ps. cviii.

(b) A drink,” &c. A figurative expression for great affliction. So Is. li. 17. “Awake, awake, stand up, O “ Jerusalem, which hast drank at the “ hand of the Lord the cup of his fury, " thou hast drunken the dregs of the cup “ of trembling, and wrung them out.” See also Is. li. 22.- Jer. xxv, 15. So our Saviour repeatedly speaks of his afAli&tions under the figure of “

cup.” Thus, Matt. xx. 22. he puts the question to Zebedee's children, « Are ye able to

“ drink of the cup that I shall drink of." In Luke xxii.

42. his

prayer den at the time of his

agony, was, “Fa: “ ther, if thou be willing, remove this сир

from me ;” and John xviii. 11. The cup which my father hath given me,

shall I not drink it?" See also Ps. lxxv. 9, 10.

(c) Read, But thou hast given," &c. (k) The right reading may perhaps be

, “ God hath given me this assurance in “ his sanctuary, I shall rejoice and die “ vide Sichem,” &c. &c. and then the meaning is, I shall divide, i.e. have onder my dominion, Sichem and Succoth;Glead, Manasses, Ephraim, and Judah are already mine; I shall have the same power over Moab as over my wash-pot

; I shall be able to tread Edom under my feet, and Philistia shall be so completely subdued unto me, as to be glad to have me to rule over her. Or God considered as speaking, and David might understand that be was to be the instrument in God's hand to subdue these powers.

(1) “ Philistia,” &c. In Ps. cviii. 9: the expression is, “ Upon Philistia will “ I triumph.” The meaning here probably is, be thou glad of me as the meso ter, to be under my controul and govern, ment. So Ps. lxxxix. 12. “ Hermon shall rejoice in thy name."

(m) The reading should perhaps bej " Hast thou then cast us out, O God," &c.

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out, O God : wilt not thou, O 8 So will I always sing praise God, go out with our hosts? unto thy Name : that I may daily

1 O be thou our help in perform my vows. trouble : for vain is the help of man. 12 Through God will we do

MORNING PRAYER. great acts : for it is he that shall tread down our enemies.

Psalm lxii. (r)

My soul truly waiteth still upon
Psalm lxi. (n)

God : for of him cometh my salHear my crying, O God : give vation. ear unto my prayer.

2 He verily is my strength and 2 From the ends of the my salvation : he is my defence, earth () will I call upon thee : so that I shall not greatly fall. when my heart is in heaviness. 3

How long will ye imagine 3 O set me up upon the rock mischief against every man : ye that is higher than I : for thou

shall be slain all the sort of you; hast been my hope, and a strong

yea, as a tottering wall (s) shall tower for me against the enemy. ye be, and like a broken hedge.

4 I will dwell in thy tabernacle 4 Their device is only how to for ever : and my trust shall be put him out whom God will under the covering (o) of thy

exalt : their delight is in lies ; wings.

they give good words with their 5 For thou, O Lord, hast mouth, but curse with their heard my desires : and hast given

heart. an (9) heritage unto those that 5 Nevertheless, my soul, wait fear thy Name.

thou still upon God : for my 6 Thou shalt grant the King a hope is in him. long life : that his years may en

6 He truly is my strength and dure throughout all generations. my salvation : he is my defence,

7 He shall dwell before God so that I shall not fall. for ever : O prepare thy loving- 7 In God is my health and my mercy and faithfulness, that they glory : the rock of my might, may preserve him.

and in God is my trust.

(n) This is understood to be a Psalm of David's, and is supposed to have been written on account of his flight upon Absalom's rebellion.

It begins with an anxious appeal to God for prote&ion, and concludes as if he either had received it, or

was fully assured he should.

() “The ends of the earth,” i.e. the distant parts to which he had been constrained to fee. In Ps. xlii. 8. which was written on the same occasion, he says, he will remember God “

ing” (or, even from) “ the land of Jordan, and the little hill of Hermon."

6) “ Covering," &c. See note on v.4. Ps. xvii. 8. ante 255.

(9) For “ given an heritage unto,” v.5. B. T. reads, “ given me the heritage of," &c. meaning the land of God's people, of the Israelites.

(r) This Psalm is supposed to have been written by David. It expresses in a strong and confident manner his reliance upon God's protection against the attempts of his enemies, and exhorts the people to put their trust in him.

(6)“ A tottering wall," i. e. so far v.3. from being able to make any resistance, as to be hardly capable of standing by

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