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12 What man is he that lust- they that put their trust in him eth to live (x) : and would fain shall not be destitute. see good days? 13 Keep thy tongue from evil :

MORNING PRAYER. and thy lips, that they speak no guile.

Psalm xxxv. (y) 14 Eschew evil, and do good: Plead thou my cause, O Lord, seek peace, and ensue it.

with them that strive with me : 15 The eyes of the Lord are and fight thou against them that over the righteous : and his ears fight against me. are open unto their prayers.

2 Lay hand upon the shield 16 The countenance of the and buckler : and stand up to Lord is against them that do evil : help me. to root out the remembrance of 3 Bring forth the spear, and them from the earth.

stop the way against them that 17 The righteous cry, and the persecute me : say unto my soul, Lord heareth them : and deli- “ I am thy salvation." vereth them out of all their 4 Let(z) them be confounded, troubles.

and put to shame, that seek after 18 The Lord is nigh unto them my soul : let them be turned that are of a contrite heart : and back, and brought to confusion, will save such as be of an humble that imagine mischief for me. spirit.

5 Let them be as the dust be19 Great are the troubles of fore the wind : and the angel of the righteous : but the Lord the Lord scattering them. delivereth him out of all.

6 Let their way be dark and 20 He keepeth all his bones : slippery : and let the angel of the so that not one of them is broken. Lord persecute them.

21 But misfortune shall slay 7 For they have privily laid the ungodly : and they that hate their net to destroy me without a the righteous shall be desolate. cause : yea, even without a cause

22 The Lord delivereth the have they made a pit for my soul. souls of his servants : and all 8 Let a sudden destruction

goodness inspires: it is the awe and re. verence, the filial respect and veneration which is raised when we consider his uncontroulable power, and his unbounded goodness. See Ps. cxi. 10.

(x) “ Lusteth to live." Length of days is often mentioned as one of the recompences in this world for a godly life. Thus, Prov. iii. 1. “ My son, forget not

my' law, but let thine heart keep

my commandments : for length of days " and long life, and peace shall they add

unto thee.” And verse 16. speaking of wisdom, " Length of days is in her

right hand, and in her left hand riches " and power." And Prov. x. 27. “ The

“ fear of the Lord prolongeth days, but
the years of the wicked shall be short-
" ened.”

(y) A prayer of David's for deliver.
ance whilst he was persecuted by Saul.

(2) " Let,” &c. This and the other v.4. verbs in this Psalm which are put optatively, as imprecations, might be put in the future tense, so as only to express a confidence or belief that thus it would be ; not that they furnish any reasonable ground of objection, if they are imprecations. David was most unjustly pure sued, and he might properly pray that the attempts against him might be defeated, and that in so signal a manner, as

come upon him (a) unawares, and || 14 I behaved myself as though his net that he hath laid privily, it had been my friend or my catch himself : that he may fall brother : I went heavily, as one into his own mischief.

that mourneth for his mother. 9 And, my soul, be joyful in 15

But in mine adversity they the Lord : it shall rejoice in his rejoiced, and gathered themselves salvation (6).

together : yea, the very abjects 10 All my bones shall say, came together against me un" Lord, who is like unto thee, awares, making mouths at me, 66 who deliverest the poor from and ceased not. “ him that is too strong for him : 16 With the flatterers were

yea, the poor, and him that is busy mockers : who gnashed in misery, from him that spoil- upon me with their teeth. 66 eth him?"

17 Lord, how long wilt thou 11 False witnesses did rise up: look upon this : deliver my they laid to my charge things that soul from the calamities which I knew not (c).

they bring on me, and my 12 They rewarded me evil for darling (F) from the lions. good : to the great discomfort of 18 So will I give thee thanks my soul (d).

in the great congregation (8): 13 Nevertheless (e), when they I will praise thee among much were sick, I put on sackcloth, people. and humbled my soul with fast- 19 Olet not them that are ing : and my prayer shall turn mine enemies triumph over me into mine own bosom.

ungodly (b) : neither let them

xxii. 20.

e. in the

upon him.

to discourage his enemies from going on
with their hostilities; he does not pray
for punishment upon them in the next
life, nor for general calamities upon
them in this, but merely for discomfiture

upon them in their ungrounded attacks v.8 (a) For “ him," “ his," “ himself,”

« he," and “his" read them," “ their,"
“ themselves,” “ they,” and “ their."
The connection requiresit, and the alter-
ation is supported by many of the an-

tient versions. 0.9.

(6) “ His salvation," i. e. the preservation he shall vouchsafe me.

(c). “ That I knew not,” i. e. things of which I had not the least knowledge. Acts that had never entered even into my

thoughts. 0. 12.

(d) Discomfort of my soul,” i. e.

danger of my life. v.13

(@) “ Nevertheless," &c. He con. trasts his behaviour towards them, with

theirs towards him. v. 17.

().My darling." i. e. my life, what is most precious to me.

So Ps.

“ Deliver my soul from the “ sword, my darling from the power of " the dog."

(8) “ 'The great congregation," and "

among much people," i. great religious meetings of the people

. So Ps. xxii. 25. “ My praise is of the “ in the great congregation, my vows will “ I perform in the sight of them that fear “ him ;” and cxvi, 16. r I will pay my,

vows unto the Lord in the sight of all his people, in the courts of the Lord's “ house, even in the midst of thee, O • Jerusalem.” And Ps. xl. 11.13. “ have declared thy righteousnes in the great congregation,” and “ I have not “ kept back thy mercy and truth from the great congregation..

(h) For “enemies triumph over me ungodly,” read o enemies wrongfully

triumph over me;" this is the Bible translation; and “ they that hate me with“ out a cause," answers to those who " are mine enemies wrongfully." See Ps. xxxviii. 10.



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wink with their eyes (i), that hate 27 Let them be glad and reme without a cause.

joice, that favour my righteous 20 And why? their commun- dealing : yea, let them say alway, ing (k)is not for peace : but they “ Blessed (n) be the Lord, who imagine deceitful words (1) against “ hath pleasure in the prosperity them that are quiet in the land. 66 of his servant.'

21 They gaped upon me with 28 And as for my tongue, it their mouths, and said : “Fie on shall be talking of thy righteousthee, fie on thee, we saw (m) ness : and of thy praise all the * it with our eyes.

day long. 22 This thou hast seen, O Lord : hold not thy tongue then,

Psalm xxxvi. (0) go not far from me, O Lord.

23 Awake, and stand up to My heart sheweth me the wickjudge my quarrel : avenge thou edness of the ungodly : that there my cause, my God, and my is no fear of God before his eyes. Lord.

2 For he flattereth himself in 24 Judge me, O Lord my his own sight : until his abominGod, according to thy righteous able sin be found out. ness : and let them not triumph 3 The words of his mouth are

unrighteous, and full of deceit :
25. Let them not say in their he hath left off to behave himself
hearts, “ There, there, so would wisely, and to do good.
" we have it" : neither let them 4 He imagineth mischief upon
say, “ We have devoured him.” his bed (p), and hath set himself

26 Let them be put to con- in no good way : neither doth he
fusion and shame together, that abhor any thing that is evil.
rejoice at my trouble : let them

5 Thy mercy, O Lord, reach-
be clothed with rebuke and dis- eth (q) unto the heavens : and thy
honour, that boast themselves faithfulness unto the clouds.
against me.

6 Thy righteousness standeth

over me.

“ stories.”

1190)“Wink with their eyes,” i. e. in

derision, or exultation.
(4) “ Their communing,” &c. i.e. if
they consult together, it is not for peace.

purposes, but to bring mischief upon them that are quiet, &c.

(1) For “ imagine deceitful words,” the reading may be, “ fabricate false

(m) “ Saw," &c. imputing not only that he had done what was heinous, but that they had themselves seen it, so as to exclude all doubt upon the matter.

(n) “ Blessed,” &c. Give them this additional motive for looking up to thee, and glorifying thy name.

He often in sinuates that God's protection to the good furnishes ground for praising and depending upon him, and that his suffer.

ing them to be oppressed and in ad-
versity, gives occasion to the ungodly to
question his providence and power.

() Supposed to have been written
by David during his persecution by
Saul. It characterizes the conduct of
his enemies, as being unrestrained by

fear of God, &c. notices the certainty and all-sufficiency of God's protection and prays for its continuance, and concludes as if his enemies bad met with some fresh discomfiture during the Psalm.

() “Upon his bed." This strongly v. 4. marks its malevolent character : not the transport of sudden indignation, but the result of cool deliberation.

(9) “ Reacheth,” &c. So that nothing v. 5. is beyond its compass.

like the strong mountains (r): of life : and in thy light (z) shall
thy judgements are like the great we see light.
deep (s).

10 o continue forth thy 7 Thou, Lord, shalt save (t) loving-kindness unto them that both man and beast; How excel- know thee : and thy righteouslent is thy mercy, O God : and ness unto them that are true of the children of men shall put

heart. their trust under the shadow (u) 11 O let not the foot of pride of thy wings.

come against me : and let not 8 They shall be satisfied with the hand of the ungodly cast me the plenteousness of thy house : down. and thou shalt give them drink (x) 12 There are they fallen, all of thy pleasures as out of the that work wickedness : they are river.

cast down, and shall not be able 9 For with thee is the well(y)

to stand.
Lessons for the Seventh Day of the Month throughout the rear.

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September 7.

October 7.

November 7. December 7. Morn. Amos ix. Morn. Judith v. Morn. Ecclus. xxvii. Morn. Isaiah xxvii. Matt. viii. (12)

Mark x.

Luke xxiii. (15) Acts vii. v. 30.(16) Even. Obad. Even. Judith vi. Even. Ecclus. xxviii. Even. Isaiah xxvii. Rom. viii.(13) 2 Cor. vi. (14) 1 Thess. iii.

Heb. xüi.

(1) ante 220. 179.
(6) ante 178. 180.
(11) ante u 8.
(16) ante 39.

(2) ante 191.

(7) ante 18o.
(12) ante 57.61.

(3) ante 190. 76. (4) ante 89. 107.
(8) anté 188.

(9) ante 127

(13) ante 181. 170. (14) ante 81.

(s) ante 220. 179.

(10) ante 195. (15) ante 115.

v. 6.

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a supply of pleasures, as a river would furnish of drink.

(y) “ The well,” &c. i.e. an ineshaustible fountain of real life. See John iv. 10 to 14. where our Saviour speaks of the water he could give,

well “ of water springing up into everlasting

()“ In thy light,” &c. i.e. if we v. have thy favour, we cannot fail of real joy, &c.

(r) “ Like the strong mountains," i. e. fixed, immoveable, or obvious to view.

(1) " Like the great deep," i.e. (perhaps,) more than our weak imaginations can fathom.

(t) For “shalt save," the Bible translation (which seems better,) is “ pre


(u) · The shadow," or " covering." Sec ante, note on Ps. xvii. 8.

(x) Drink,” &c. i.e, as abundant



« life."



whose way doth prosper, against EVENING PRAYER.

the man that doeth after evil

counsels. Psalm xxxvii. (a)

8 Leave off from wrath, and Fret not thyself because of the let go displeasure : fret not thyungodly : neither be thou en- self, else shalt thou be moved to vious against the evil doers. do evil.

2 For they shall soon be cut 9 Wicked doers shall be rootdown (6) like the grass : and be ed out : and they that patiently withered even as the green herb. abide the Lord, those shall inhe.

3 Put thou thy trust in the rit (f) the land. Lord, and be doing good : 10 Yet a little while, and the dwell (c) in the land, and verily ungodly shall be clean gone (8): thou shalt be fed.

thou shalt look after his place, 4 Delight thou in the Lord : and he shall be away. and he shall give thee thy heart's 11 But the meek-spirited shall desire.

possess the earth : and shall be 5 Commit (d) thy way unto refreshed in the multitude of the Lord, and put thy trust in peace. him : and he shall bring it (e) to 12 The ungodly seeketh counpass.

sel against the just : and gnash6 He shall make thy righte- eth

upon him with his teeth. ousness as clear as the light : and 13 (5) The Lord shall laugh thy just dealing as the noon. him to scorn : for he hath seen day.

that his day (i) is coming. 7

Hold thee still in the Lord, 14 The ungodly have drawn and abide patiently upon him : out the sword, and have bent but grieve not thyself at him their bow : to cast down the


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Matt. v. 5:

(a) On the short continuance of the successes of the wicked and of the afflic. tions of the good ; on the great advantages of righteousness, and a strong exhortation to trust in God. In the Hebrew the Psalm is alphabetical.

(6) “ Cut down.” In Ps. lxxiii. where the occasional prosperity of the wicked is noticed as matter of great surprize, this explanation is given, namely, how " thou dost set them in slippery places, ." and castest them down, and destroyest " them. Oh! how suddenly do they

consume, perish, and come to a fearful 1.3. _(c) Read, “ so shalt thou dwell,” &c. This is the Bible translation : and the

dwelling in the land," is one of the rewards for trusting in God, &c. 1.5. (d) “ Commit,” &c. So Prov. xvi. 3.

" Commit thy works unto the Lord, " and thy thoughts shall be established."

(e) “ It," i. e. thy purposes.

0.5 “ Inherit,” &c. So said our v.9. Saviour in his sermon on the Mount,

“ Blessed are the meek ; for
“ they shall inherit the land." And see
post, verse 11. 18. 22. 30. 35.
(8) “ Gone," &c.

How magnifi. v. 10.
cently is this expressed, Job xx. 4 to 7.?
“ Knowest thou not this of old, since

man was placed upon earth, that the " triumphing of the wicked is short, and

the joy of the hypocrite but for a mo“ ment? Though his excellency mount

up to the heavens, and his head reach “ unto the clouds, yet he shall perish “ for ever : they which have seen him “ shall say, Where is he.”

(b) This is an answer to verse 12 ; 0.13. and verse 15 is an answer to verse 14.

(i) Day," i. e. ruin, time of ad. v. 13. versity

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“ end !"

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