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incline thine ears to us that have || will, may effectually be obtained, made now our prayers and sup- to the relief of our necessity, and plications unto thee; and grant to the setting forth of thy glory, that those things which we have through Jesus Christ our Lord. faithfully asked according to thy Amen.

" 1:1) « WHEREAS it is ordained in this Office for the Administration of the Lord's “ Supper, that the Communicants should receive the same kneeling': (which Order ", is well meant, for a signification of our humble and grateful acknowledgement of " the benefits of Christ therein given to all worthy Receivers, and for the avoiding of such profanation and disorder in the Holy Communion as might otherwise " ensue :) Yet, lest the same kneeling should by 'any Persons, either out of igno

rance and infirmity, or out of malice and obstinacy, be misconstrued and depraved; it is hereby declared, That thereby no Adoration is intended, or'ought to be done,

either unto the Sacramental Bread or Wine there bodily received, or unto any “ Corporeal presence of Christ's natural Flesh and Blood. For the Sacramental s Bread and Wine remain still in their very y natural substances ; and therefore may “ not be adored; (for that were Idolatry to be abhorred of all faithful Christians :) “ and the natural Body and Blood of our Saviour Christ are in Heaven, and not

here ; it being against the truth of Christ's natural Body to be at one time in more places than one.!!

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sinners : and hath not sat in the Psalm i. (6)

seat of the scornful;

2 But (c) his delight is in the BLESSED is the man that hath not law of the Lord : and in his law walked in the counsel of the un- will he exercise himself day and godly, nor stood in the way of night.

(a) The book of Psalms is a collection of hymns or holy songs. Many of them were written by David, who lived about 1000 years before our Saviour's time; and those are more antient than the works of any classic writer now extant. Homer, one of the earliest classic writers, wrote about 840 years before the birth of Christ, above 100 years after the death of Solomon, David's son.

Their character is various ; some triumphant, others penitential; some prophetical, others merely narrative, &c.: but in stile, energy, and classic elegance, they all rank amongst the best compositions ; they are animated with the sublimest strains of devotion, and express the justest notions of God's providence and attributes.

They are all in metre ; were used in the service at the tabernacle and temple ; were generally learnt by heart by the people; and the ministers of every gradation were expected to be able at all times to repeat them from memory.

They are supposed to have been col. lected by Ezra, in their present arrangement, and to have been deposited in the temple, with the other books of the Old Testament, about 500 years before the

birth of Christ : and they were translated into Greek, with the rest of the Old Testament, about 270 years before our Saviour's time.

This Greek translation is now extant. It is called the Septuagint.

The English translation in the Prayer Book was made by Tyndall, in the time of Henry the Eighth ; and was revised by Archbishop Cranmer, about 1548. The translation in the Bible was made, when the last translation of the whole Bible was made, in 1607. There had been an intermediate translation of the whole Bible in Queen Elizabeth's time. Where the translations therefore in the Prayer Book and the Bible differ, it may reasonably be supposed that that in the Bible (as being the later) is to be preferred.

(6) Upon the different fate of good and bad men: the prosperity of the former, and the failure of the latter. It is supposed to have been written by Ezra, who collected all the Psalms; and it may be considered as a spirited poetical proposition, the result of what the collection

would prove.

(c) Read “ whose delight,”? &c. and v.2. 6 who exercises himself in his law," &c.

3 And (d) he shall be like a 6 Therefore the ungodly shall tree(e) planted by the water-side: not be able to stand in the judge. that will bring forth his fruit in ment : neither the sinners in the due season.

congregation of the righteous. 4 His leaf also shall not wi

7 But the Lord knoweth (8) ther : and look, whatsoever he the way of the righteous : and doeth, it shall prosper ().

5 As for the ungodly, it is perish.
not so with them : but they are
like the chaff, which the wind

Psalm ii. (b)
scattereth away from the face of

from the face of Why do the heathen so furithe earth.

ously rage together : and why


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(d) Omit “ and.”

“ nostrils are they consumed.” Job iv. ? v.3.

le) “ Like a tree," &c. In Jer. xvii. to 9. “ Godliness is profitable to all s to 8. is this passage : “ Thus saith the things, having promise of the life that “ Lord, Cursed be the man that trusteth now is, and of that which is to come." " in man, and maketh Alesh his arm," I Tim. iv. 8. (i.e. his dependance) < and whose heart

(g)“ Knoweth," i.e. “protecteth," 8.) a departeth from the Lord: for he shall

“ preserveth.” • Know" is often so “ be like the heath in the desert, and shall used.: Deut. ii. 7. “ The Lord thy God Or not see when good cometh, but shall á hath blessed thee in all the works of " inhabit the parched places in the wilder- u thy hand; he knoweth thy walking ness, in a salt land, and not inhabited.

" through this great wilderness : these Blessed is the man that trusteth in the “ forty years the Lord thy God hath “ Lord, and whose hope the Lord is : * been with thee! thou hast lacked

for he shall be as a tree planted by the nothing." So Ps. xxxi. 8. ^ Thou w waters, and that spreadeth out her “ hast considered my trouble, and known « roots by the river; and shall not see “ my soul (i.e. saved my life)" in ad“ when heat cometh, but her leaf shall versities.". Again, Ps. xxxvii

. 18. « be green ; and shall not be careful in * The Lord knoweth the days of the “ the year of drought, neither shall cease godly, and their inheritance shall en* from yielding fruit." This was writ. “ dure for ever." And Ps. cxli. 3. ten about 600 years before Christ; and When my spirit was in heaviness, thou from hence the author of this Psalm pro- “ knewest my path." bably borrowed his idea. The force of (b) This psalm was written by David

, this passage would be striking, where the and en account of its supposed reference country was subject to great drought, as to the Messiah, is selected as one of the Judea was, and where they were in the proper psalms for Easter Day. The habit of digging canals and, trenches to occasion of writing it, was (probably) keep the water by their plantations. See some attempt against him, perhaps Bp. Lowth's note on Isaiah i. 30. that of the Ammonites and Syrians

, (f)". Shall prosper." There are num- mentioned 2 Sam. x. 6. He foretells in berless assurances in Scripture that good- a spirited way their discomfiture, and the ness leads to prosperity and wickedness certainty that God would establish him to adversity. "All things work together in his throne, by referring to an assurance sd for good to them that love God," God had made him, that he (that is, (proRom. vii. 28.'s, " There is no peace, bably) a descendant from him) should be u saith the Lord, to the wicked," I saiah to God a Son, &c. &c. The assurance xlviii. 22.-lvii. 21. ,"Remember, I pray might be that which is mentioned in " thee, who ever perished, being inno- Ps, lxxxix. 20, &c. which is probably « cerit? or where were the righteous cut the same as that in 2 Sam. v. 11, &c « off ? Even as I have seen, they that See Sykes on Hebr. Pref. and Appen" plow iniquity, and sow wickedness, dix 1. David is recognized as the au " reap the same : by the blast of God thor, Aas iv, 25. and the first and second " they perish, and by the breath of his verses are there applied (probably by way


do the people imagine a vain 5 Then shall he speak unto

them in his wrath : and vex them 2 The kings of the earth stand in his sore displeasure. up, and the rulers take counsel

6 “ Yet have I set my King : together : against the Lord, and upon my holy hill of Sion(1).” against his Anointed (i);

7 I will preach the law (m), 3

“ Let us break their bonds whereof the Lord hath said unto asunder : and cast away their me : “ Thou (n) art my Son, 66 cords from us (k)."

" this day have I begotten thee. 4 He that dwelleth in heaven 8 “ Desire of me, and I shall shall laugh them to scorn : the “ give thee the heathen (6) for Lord shall have them in derision. " thine inheritance : and the ut



of accommodation) to the treatment our Saviour experienced from the Jews. Peter and John had stated to the Chris. tian converts what the chief priests and elders had said unto them, forbidding them to speak at all or teach in the name of Jesus, upon which the converts, “ lifted up their voice to God with one “ accord, and said, Lord thou art God, « which hast made heaven and earth and “ the sea, and all that in them is ; who

by the mouth of thy servant David hast “ said, “ Why did the heathen rage, and the people imagine vain things? The

kings of the earth stood up, and the rulers were gathered together, against the Lord, and against his Christ." “ For of a truth against thy holy child • Jesus, whom thou hast anointed, both “ Herod and Pontius Pilate, with the “ Gentiles and the people of Israel,

“ were gathered together," &c. v. 2. (1) “Anointed.' The words « Mes

“ siah” and “Christ'' mean nothing more than " the anointed.” In John i. 41. Andrew saith unto his brother Simon Peter, “ We have found the Messias, which is, « being interpreted, the Christ.”

(k) These are the words of “the kings “ of the earth and the rulers,” mentioned

in verse 2. 0.6. (1) This is spoken by God.

(m) “ I will preach the law,” &c. i.e. I will publish or make known the assurance God has communicated to me, which is as certain and immutable as any law, and after this assurance to me, their threats

must be in vain. -7. (n) “ Thou,” &c. This is the assur

ance God had made : and it is applied to the Messiah (of whom indeed David was in many respects a type or figure) Acts xiii. 33.-Heb. i. 5. and v. 5. When

St. Paul was preaching at Antioch, he said unto his hearers, “ We declare unto

you glad tidings, how that the promise " which was made unto the fathers, God “ hath fulfilled unto us, their children, “ in that he hath raised up Jesus again:

as it is also written in the second psalm, Thou art my Son, this day have I begot

ten thee.! Acts xiii. 33: The author of the Epistle to the Hebrews, after speaking of Jesus Christ as having obtained a more excellent name than any of the angels, puts the question, Heb. i. 5. « Unto which of the angels saith he at

any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee?" And Heb. v. 5. is this passage, “Christ glorified not “ himself to be made an high priest, but “ he that said unto him, Thou art my Son, this day I have begotten thee.

(c) The heathen,” &c. This may refer prophetically to the extent to which Christianity and the worship of the true God would prevail, which is also foretold in other passages. In Isaiah ii. 2. the prophet prediēts in his figurative language, that " it shall come to pass in " the last days, that the mountain of the “ Lord's house” (that is, the worship of the true God) “ shall be established in “ the top of the mountains, and shall be “ exalted above all hills : and all nations “ shall Aow unto it.” In speaking of the Messiah, Zech. ix. 10. it is said, « His dominion shall be from sea even to

sea, and from the river (i.e. the Eu“ phrates) even to the ends of the earth.” So Mal. i. 11. “ from the rising of the

sun even unto the going down of the

same” (i.e. from the extremity of the east to the extremity of the west) my “ Name shall be great among the Gen“ tiles : and in every place incense shull

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most parts of the earth for thy

defender : thou art my worship, “ possession.

and the lifter

up of my head. 9 “ Thou shalt bruise () them 4 I did call upon the Lord 56 with a rod of iron : and break with my voice : and he heard me “ them in pieces like a potter's out of his holy hill. 46 vessel.”

5 I laid me down (s) and slept

, 10 Be wise now therefore, O and rose up again : for the Lord ye kings : be learned, ye that are

sustained me. judges of the earth.

6 I will not be afraid for ten i Serve the Lord in fear : and thousands of the people : that rejoice unto him with reverence. have set themselves against me 12 Kiss (9) the Son, lest he be

round about (t). angry, and so ye perish from the

7 Up, Lord, and help me, O right way : if his wrath be kindled,

my God : for thou smitest all (yea, but a little) blessed are all mine enemies upon the cheek

their trust in him.

bone; thou hast broken the teeth Psalm iï. ()

of the ungodly.

8. Salvation belongeth(u) unto Lord, how are they increased

the Lord : and thy blessing is that trouble 'me : many are they that rise against me.

upon thy people. 2 Many one there be that

Psalm iv. (x)

soul : “ There is no help Hear me when I call

, O God “ for him in his God.”


my righteousness : thou hast 3 But thou, O Lord, art my set me at liberty when I was in

they that


v. 9.

“ be offered unto my Name, and a pure
“ offering : for my Name shall be great
“ among the heathen, saith the Lord of
“ Hosts.” See also Isaiah xlv. 23.-
Ps. xxii. 27.-lxxxvi. 8.

Bruise,” &c. It was one of
the characteristics of the Messiah, that
he should take severe vengeance upon

the wicked. See ante 25. note on Rom. xiii. 11. and 29. note on Luke xxi. 25. And it is said of him in the prophetic psalm, Ps. cx. 5,6. “The Lord upon thy right “ hand shall wound even kings in the u day of his wrath: he shall judge among “ the heathen, he shall fill the places with “ the dead bodies : and smite in sunder

the heads over divers countries."
3. 12. (9) “ Kiss,” i.e. reverence, acknow.

ledge a subjection to ; kissing being
the ceremony by which this was ex-
pressed in the East. Thus, 1 Kings xix.
18. “ Yet have I left me seven thousand
« in Israel, all the knees which have not
" bowed unto Baal, and all the mouths
“ which have not kissed him."

() This psalm is supposed to have
been written by David, when he fled from

Absalom, which was in the 33d year of
his reign, and about 1023 years
our Saviour's birth. After noticing the
number of his enemies, and the inference
drawn from thence that God had deserted
him, he expresses in a sanguine and ani-
mated manner his confidence in God's

(s) “ Laid me down," &c. A strongso
proof of his reliance on God's care of
him, that he was not deterred by his dan.
ger from laying himself down to sleep.
So Ps. iv. 9.

(()David expresses similar confidence in 5 God's protection, Ps. xxvii. 3. “ Though

host of men were laid against me, yet shall not my heart be afraid.".

(u) “ Belongeth.” Emphatically : s.8 it is peculiarly his : agreeably to Isaiah xliii

. 11. and Hos. xiii. 4. “ I am the “ Lord: beside me there is no Saviour."

(x) Is supposed to have been written by David. It contains a devout address to God, and

a spirited assurance to his enemies, “that his innocence bad already “engaged God in his behalf, and would “ continue to insure his protection."


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