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compassed. We acknowledge it for our transgressions by thy late thy goodness that we were not heavy and dreadful visitation; delivered over as a prey unto and now in the midst of judgethem; beseeching thee still to ment remembering mercy, hast continue such thy mercies to. redeemed our souls from the jaws wards us, that all the world may of death; We offer unto thy faknow that thou art our Saviour | therly goodness ourselves, our and mighty Deliverer, through souls and bodies, which thou Jesus Christ our Lord, Amen. hast delivered, to be a living sa
crifice unto thee, always praising For restoring Public Peace at Home. and magnifying thy mercies in O ETERNAL God, our heavenly
the midst of thy Church, through Father, who alone makest men to Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. be of one mind in a house, and
Or this : stillest the outrage of a violent and unruly people ; We bless thy
We humbly acknowledge before holy Name that it hath pleased thee, most merciful Father, thee to appease the seditious tu.
that all the punishments which mults which have been lately
are threatened in thy law might raised up amongst us; most justly have fallen upon us, by humbly beseeching thee to grant
reason of our manifold transgres
sions and hardness of heart. Yet to all of us grace, that we may henceforth obediently walk in thy seeing it hath pleased thee of thy holy commandments; and lead- tender mercy, upon our weak ing a quiet and peaceable life in
and unworthy humiliation, to all godliness and honesty, may
asswage the contagious sickness continually offer unto thee our
wherewith we lately have been sacrifice of praise and thanks
sore afflicted, and to restore the giving for these thy mercies to- voice of joy and health into our wards us, through Jesus Christ dwellings; We offer unto thy our Lord. Amen.
divine Majesty the sacrifice of
praise and thanksgiving, lauding For Deliverance from the Plague, or other and magnifying thy glorious common Sickness.
Name for such thy preservation O Lord God, who hast wounded and providence over us, through us for our sins, and consumed us Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
COLLECTS, EPISTLES, AND GOSPELS.
Note, That the COLLECT appointed for every SUNDAY, or for any HOLY-DAY that hath a Vigit
or Eve, shull be said at the EVENING SERVICE next before.
The First Sunday in Advent, both the quick and dead, we may
rise to the life immortal, through
him who liveth and reigneth, with Almighty God, give us grace thee and the Holy Ghost, now that we may cast away the works
Amen. of darkness, and put upon us the
(This Colleet is to be repeated every Day, with armour of light, now in the time
the other Collecls in Advent, until Christof this mortal life, in which thy mas Eve.) Son Jesus Christ came to visit us in great humility; that in the last The Epistle. Rom. xiii. 8. day, when he shall come again Owe(a) no man any thing, but to in his glorious Majesty, to judge love one another for he that
(a)“ Owe," &c. i.e.“have no debts or "propensities, but those of benevolence." It is one of the great characteristics of Christianity, that it makes general benevolence, and whatever has a tendency that way, a most important duty. When a lawyer asked our Saviour, which was the great commandment in the law, and our Saviour answered, “ thou shalt love “ the Lord thy God with all thy heart, " and with all thy soul, and with all thy « mind, this is the first and great com“ mandment;" he immediately added, " and the second is like unto it, thou u shalt love tby neighbour as thyself.” See Matt. xxiii. 36. See also Luke x. 25. In John xiii
. 34. our Saviour, just before he was betrayed, says, “ a new command“ ment I give unto you, that ye love one “ another, as I have loved you, that ye “ also love one another. By this shall “ all men know, that ye are my disciples, " if ye bave love one to another.” St. Paul says, Gal. v. 14. “ all the law is “ fulfilled in one word, even in this, u thou shalt love thy neighbour as thy“self ;” and in his famous eulogium upon charity, or general benevolence, he says,
" though I have the gift of prophecy “ and understand all mysteries, and all “ knowledge, and though I have all “ faith, so that I could remove moun« tains, and have no charity, I am no" thing: and though I bestow all my
goods to feed the poor, and though I
give my body to be burned, and have “ not charity, it profiteth me nothing.” St. James says, “ if ye fulfil the royal law “ according to the scripture, thou shalt “ love thy neighbour as thyself.” St. John dwells very much upon this essential duty. “He that saith he is in the light; “ and hateth his brother, is in dark
ness even until now." John ii. 9Again, “ He that loveth not his brother, “ abideth in death."
1 John iii. 14. So, “ Let us not love in word, neither “ in tongue, but in deed and truth; “ and hereby we know that we are “ of the truth; and shall assure our “ hearts before him.” i John iii. 18. Again, 1 John iv. 7, 8.“ Beloved, let “ us love one another, for love is of “ God, and every one that loveth is “ born of God, and knoweth God: he " that loveth not, knoweth not God." loveth another hath fulfilled the hended in this saying, namely, . law. For this; “ Thou shalt not • Thou shalt love thy neighbour “ commit adultery, Thou shalt “ as thyself.”
Love worketh no 19. “ not kill, Thou shalt not steal, ill to his neighbour : therefore " Thou shalt not bear false wit- love is the fulfilling of the law. “ ness, Thou shalt not covet;" And that, knowing the time, that 11. and if there be any other com- now it is high time to awake out of mandment, it is briefly compre- sleep: for now is our (6) salvation
$o in verse 12, “If we love one another, « God dwelleth in us, and his love is per“ fected in us." And in v. 20. “ If a
man say I love God, and hateth his “ brother, he is a liar ;' that is, the thing is impossible, for the only way in which we can love God, is by keeping his commandments, and “this command" ment have we from him, that he who “ loveth God, love his brother also.” 1 John iv. 21. Many other passages there are which inculcate the duty of benevolence, and it would be well for every one who is indignant for an injury he has received, or feels any emotion of rancour or ill.will, to search them out, and lay them to heart.
(6)“ Salvation," i.e. The great change they were to experience for the better at the time so often alluded to by the expressions, “ the day of the Lord,” the “ coming of the Lord," &c." The first converts to Christianity underwent great trials. The prophets Zechariah and Ma. lachi had intimated that they would. The former, Zech.xii. 9. says, "I" (that is, the Lord) “ will bring the third part" (meaning those who should not be cut off for their disbelief) “ through the “ fire, and will refine them as silver is 1 refined, and will try them as gold u is tried.” And Malachi iii. 2. says of the Messiah, “ who may abide the " day of his coming, and who shall “ stand when he appeareth-for he is " like a refiner's fire, and like ful" ler's sope : and he shall sit as a re“ finer and purifier of silver, and he " shall purify the Sons of Levi, and
purge them as gold and silver." Our Saviour also apprized the apostles and his other disciples, that “they should “ be bated of all men for his Name's " sake,” Matt, X. 22. and xxii. 9.
“that " they should be delivered up to the
councils, and scourged in the syna-
" that the bro. “ther should deliver up the brother to
“ death, and the father the child,” &c. Matt. x. 21.; and it is obvious from the Epistles in the New Testament, that they were severely persecuted. St. Paul enumerates what he had gone through, 2 Cor.xi. 24, 25. “ of the Jews five times “ received I forty stripes save one, thrice
I beaten with rods, once was I “ stoned,” &c. St. Stephen was stoned to death, A&s vii. 59, 60.“ Herod killed “ James, the brother of John, with the w sword,” Acts xii. 1, 2, 3. St. Paul, before his conversion, made havock of the church, Aas viii. 3. and xxvi. 10. St. Paul, in 2 Thess. i. 4. speaks of “ their Patience and Faith in all their “ persecutions and tribulations which “ they endured ;" and St. Peter, 1 Pet. iv. 12. speaks of their persecutions and afflictions as “ the fiery trial, which
was to try them.” One of the great arguments to inspire them with fortitude and resolution was this, that at the period referred to by the coming of the Lord, they should experience a signal deliverance. Our Saviour had expressly promised them, that “ he who should endure to the end should be saved,” Matt. X.22. and xxiii. 13. and that the prospect of this event might not be too remote, he assured his apostles, Matt. x. 23. that “they should not have
gone through the cities of Israel till “ the Son of Man should be come ;" and after his famous prophecy of the destruction of Jerusalem, &c. in Matt. xxiv, 34
he tells them, that “ that generation « should not pass, till all those things “ were fulfilled ;" thereby intimating that they should occur before the persons then living should all be dead. The same intimation occurs in Luke xxi. 32. post 30. See also John xxi. 22. This topic was accordingly pressed upon the converts with great force by the authors of the Epistles. In l'hilipp. i. 6. St. Paul expresses his confidence, that he who had
begun a good work in the converts at “ Philippi, would perform it until the day
nearer than when we (c) believed. The Gospel. Matt. xxi. I. 12. The night is far spent, the day is When they drew nigh unto
at hand: let us therefore cast off Jerusalem, and were come to
the works of darkness, and let us Bethphage, unto the Mount of 13. put on the armour of light. Let Olives, then sent Jesus two
us walk honestly, as in the day; disciples, saying unto them, “ Go not in rioting and drunkenness, " into the village over against not in chambering and wanton- you, and straightway ye shall
ness, not in strife and envying. “ find an ass tied, and a colt 14. But put ye on the Lord Jesus " with her: loose them, and
Christ, and make not provision “ bring them unto me. And if for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts “ any man say ought unto you, thereof.
ye shall say,
66 The Lord hath
of Jesus Christ,” as if the period would arrive in their time ; and in Philipp.iv. 5. he says, “ The Lord is at hand." The author to the Epistle to the Hebrews presses them to hold fast the profession of their faith, without wavering, &c. &c. “ and so much the more as ye see the day “ approaching," Hebr. x. 25. St. Paul charges Timothy to keep a particular commandment without spot, « until the
appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ," as if he fully expected it in Timothy's time, I Tim. vi. 14.
In Tit. ii. 11 to' 14. St. Paul says, “ The grace of “ God that bringeth salvation hath ap“ peared to all men, teaching us, that “ denying ungodliness and worldly lusts,
we should live soberly, righteously,
and godly in this present world, look“ ing for that blessed hope, and the glorious
appearing of the great God, and our Sa. “ viour Jesus Christ, who gave
himself “ for us, that he might redeem us from “ all iniquity, and purify unto himself
a peculiar people, zealous of good « works.” St. James advises the bre. thren to “ be patient, unto the coming of “ the Lord :" " to stablish their hearts, “ for the coming of the Lord draweth “ nigh :" “ not to grudge one ano“ ther, lest they should be condemned ; “ for behold the Judge standeth before “ the door," James v. 7, 8, 9. St. Peter speaks of the afflictions the converts had undergone, “ that the trial of their “ faith might be found unto praise, “ and honour, and glory, at the appear. “ ing of Jesus Christ," i Peter i. 7. Lastly, St. John says, i John ii. 28. “ And now little children, abide in him, “ that when he shall appear, we may have “ confidence, and not be ashamed before
« him at his coming. Many other pas. sages might be added, but it is sufficient to adduce these. They have all a strong tendency to shew, that the prophecies recorded in St. Matthew were well known to the disciples before the destruction of Jerusalem, and that the Epistles were written before that event. The prospect of a most extraordinary judgment from God upon the unbelievers, and of signal deliverance to those who embraced and held fast the faith, was admirably calculated to inspire the converts with courage and perseverance, and was therefore a topic likely to be brought forward by the disciples whilst that prospect continued. After the event it would have been absurd. Jerusalem was destroyed in the year of our Lord 70; the Epistle to the Romans is supposed to have been written about A.D.58; that to the Philipp. A.D. 59; the 1st to Timothy A. D. 64 ; that to the Hebrews A. D. 63 ; St. James's A. D. 61; the 1st of Ši. Peter A.D. 64; and the ist of St. John, A.D. 69. It is asserted that no Christian perished at the siege of Jerusalem, 2 Newton's Prophecies, 154, 160. 5 Wat. son's Tracts, 134.; and the immense slaughter among their inveterate enemies the Jews, would of course tend greatly to relieve them from persecution. It is observable, that the day," the day of the Lord, " the coming or appearing of “ the Lord,” are spoken of as things of which the converts were before apprized. There is no explanation what is meant, as would probably have been the case, had not the meaning been fully under. sto
(c) “ Believed," i.e. “ first believed.” 5.1
u need of them;" and straight- est !" And when he was come 10. way
he will send them.” All into Jerusalem, all the city was this was done, that it might be moved, saying, “Who is this ?” II.
fulfilled which was spoken by the And the multitude said, “ This 5. prophet, saying, “ (d) Tell ye the “ is Jesus, the prophet of Naza.
* daughter of Sion, Behold, thy " reth of Galilee." And Jesus 12. " King cometh unto thee, meek, went into the temple of God, and
“ and sitting upon an ass, and a cast out all them that sold and 6. " colt the foal of an ass.” And
And || bought in the temple, and overthe disciples went, and did as threw the tables of the money
commanded them, and changers, and the seats of them brought the ass, and the colt, and that sold doves; and said unto
put on them their clothes, and them, “It is written, “ My (e) 13. 8. they set him thereon. And a 56 house shall be called the house
very great multitude spread their “ of prayer ; but ye have made
and strawed them in the way. 9. And the multitudes that went be
Second Sunday in Advent. fore, and that followed, cried,
The Collect. saying, “
“ Hosannah to the Son | BLESSED Lord, who hast caused " of David! Blessed is he that all holy Scriptures to be written " cometh in the Name of the for our learning ; Grant that we “ Lord; Hosannah in the High- || may in such wise hear them, read,
(d) “ Tell,” &c. This prophecy is in Zech. ix. 9. The passage is, “ Rejoice “ greatly, o daughter of Zion : Shout “ o daughter of Jerusalem: Behold thy
King cometh unto thee ; he is just, “ and having salvation : lowly, and rid
ing upon an ass, and upon a colt the « foal of an ass: and I will cut off the “ chariot from Ephraim, and the horse “ from Jerusalem, and the battle bow “ shall be cut off : and he shall speak “ peace unto the heathen,” &c. This was calculated to shew that his was not to be a kingdom of worldly pomp or
(e) “My house." Is.lvi. 7. God says,
for all people ;" and Jer, vii.11.
“ Is this house, which is called " by my name, become a den of robbers " in your eyes.” The recollection of this passage might suggest the expression our Saviour used.
St. Matthew goes on to state, that “the “blind and the lame came to him in the " temple, and he healed them ;” and St. Luke says, xix. 47. that he “ taught "daily in the temple:" and thus may the
prophecy, Hagg. ii. 7. be considered as fulfilled : “ the desire of all nations” (i.e. the Messiah) "shall come, and I will fill “ this house with glory, saith the Lord 6 of Hosts. The silver is mine, and the “ gold is mine, saith the Lord of Hosts. ~ The glory of this latter house shall be
greater than of the former, saith the “ Lord of Hosts, and in this place will “ I give peace, saith the Lord of Hosts." This prophecy was delivered after the temple built by Solomon had been de. stroyed, and whilst the building of the second temple (after the return from the Babylonish captivity) was going forward. This second temple was greatly inferior to the first in splendour and magnificence; and it was only in having the presence of the Messiah, and being the scene of part of his miracles, and the school of his teaching, that its glory sur, passed, or was at all equal to, that of the former. The expressions, “ The silver “ is mine," &c. were perhaps intended to intimate that the glory was not to be of that kind. Bishop Chandler has commented ably upon this prophecy. Chandler's Defence of Christianity, 86 to 101.