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22. “ him that sent me. If (r) I had to hear the devout prayers o

“ not come and spoken unto thy Church; and grant, tha “ them, they had not had sin : those things, which we ask faith

“ but now they have no cloke for fully, we may obtain effetually 23

" their sin. He that hateth me through Jesus Christ our Lord

“ hateth my Father also (s). Amen. 24

If (t) I had not done among c them the works which none

The Epistle. Philip. iii. 17. “ other man did, they had not Brethren, be followers toge " had sin : but now have they ther of me, and mark them which

“ both seen and hated both me walk so, as ye have us for an en 25. “ and my Father. But this sample. (For many walk, a “ cometh to pass, that (u) the

whom I have told you often, and " word might be fulfilled that is now tell you even weeping, that 66 written in their law, “ They they are the enemies of the cross

" hated me without a cause. of Christ : whose end is destruc 26. “ But when the Comforter (x) is tion, whose God is their belly,

come, whom I will send unto and whose glory is in their

you from the Father, even shame, who mind earthly things.) as the Spirit of truth, which For (z) our conversation (a) is

proceedeth from the Father, he in heaven; from whence also we 27. “ shall testify of me: and ye also look (6) for the Saviour, the

os shall bear witness, because ye Lord Jesus Christ; who shall “ have been with me from the change (c) our vile body, that it beginning (y).

may be fashioned like unto his

glorious body, according to the Twenty-third Sunday after Trinity.

working whereby he is able even to subdue all things unto himself

. The Collect. O God, our refuge and strength, The Gospel. Matt. xxii. 15. who art the author of all godli Then went the Pharisees

, and ness; Be ready, we beseech thee, took counsel how they might en

V.22.

v 23:

0.24

0.25

(r) “ If,”&c. Ignorance might other. wise have excused them ; now it cannot.

(s) “ My Father also.” There is no alternative.

(t) “ If,” &c. It is reasonable that cach man should be judged according to the opportunities he has had: where much has been given, it is not inconsistent that much should be required.

(u) “ That,"? &c. This is a strong instance of stating as the cause what was only a consequence. See ante 44. note on Matt. ii. 15. The passage, which is in Psalm xxxv. 19. had no allusion to our Saviour; it was merely a prayer of David that they might not triumph over him who “ hated him without a cause." And it is impossible to suppose that the opposers of Christianity should have been con

strained to persecute its professors, that some words, in a passage which referred to quite a different thing, should be also applicable to them.

(x) " The Comforter," i. e. the Holy Ghost or Spirit. Ante 147. note on John xvi. 7. and ante 152.

(v) See ante 152.

(z) “ For," &c. This is the reason why, as he exhorts them in verse 17. they should be followers of him, &c.

(a) “ Conversation,” rather “establishment,"or“home.” The Greek is olevus.

(6) “ Look,” &c. probably referring to that great period so often alluded to, " the day,” or “coming of the Lord." See ante 25. note on Rom. xiii. 11.

(c) “Shall change,” &c. See ante 68. note on 1 John iii. 2.

16. tangle him in his talk. And they

communion and fellowship, in sent out unto him their disciples the mystical body of thy Son with the Herodians, saying,

Christ our Lord; Grant us grace Master, we know that thou so to follow thy blessed Saints in “ art true, and teachest the way

all virtuous and godly living, that “ of God in truth, neither carest we may come to those unspeak“ thou for any man; for thou

able joys, which thou hast pre“ regardest not the person of pared for them that unfeignedly 17. “ men. Tell us therefore, What love thee, through Jesus Christ

" thinkest thou? Is it lawful to our Lord. Amen.

“ give tribute unto Cesar, or 18. - not?” But Jesus perceived

For the Epistle. Rev. vii. 2. their wickedness, and said, “Why

And I saw another angel ascend19. “ tempt ye me, ye hypocrites? ing from the east, having the seal “ shew me the tribute-money.”

of the living God: and he cried

with a loud voice to the four anAnd they brought unto him a 20. penny. And he saith unto them,

gels, to whom it was given to is Whose is this image and super

hurt the earth and the sea, saying, 21. “ scription ?” They say unto

6 Hurt not the earth, neither the

3. him, « Cesar's." Then saith he “ sea, nor the trees, till we have unto them, “Render (d) there

“ sealed (e) the servants of our “ fore unto Cesar the things

“ God in their foreheads.” And 4. “ which are Cesar's, and unto

I heard the number of them which

were sealed : and there were seal. " God the things that are God's.” 22. When they had heard these words,

ed an hundred and forty and four they marvelled, and left him, and

thousand (f) of all the tribes of went their way.

the children of Israel.
Of the tribe of Juda were sealed

5.
twelve thousand.
All Saints' Day.

Of the tribe of Reuben were The Collect.

sealed twelve thousand. O ALMIGHTY God, who hast Of the tribe of Gad were sealed knit together thine elect in one twelve thousand.

v.21. (d) Render," &c. This answer is

from the determination of the schools,
where this doctrine was taught, that where-
ever the coin of any king was current,
the inhabitants were to consider that king
as their sovereign. St. Paul also recom.
mends submission to the temporal powers,
Rom. xiii. 1. 7. “ Let every soul be sub.

je to the higher powers; for there
“ is no power but of God,” &c.

« Ren“ der therefore to all their dues ; tribute

“ to whom tribute," &c. V.3.

(c) “ Sealed,” &c. To protect from the four angels; that they might be preserved from the destruction. In Exod. xii. 23. when the first-born of the Egyptians were slain, the lintels and door.posts of the houses of the Israelites were to be

marked with the blood of the paschal lamb, that they might be exempted from the destruction, that “the Lord might

pass over their doors, and not suffer “ the destroyer to come into their houses “ to destroy them.” And in Ezek. ix, 4: before God sent the five destroyers into Jerusalem to slay utterly old and young, &c. he commissioned one to set a mark

upon the foreheads of the men that “ sighed and cried for all the abomina“ tions that were done in the midst of « Jerusalem.” And he forbad the destroyers, verse 6. from “ coming near “ any man upon whom was the mark.” See ante 209. note on Eph. iv. 30.

(f) “ 144,000,' i.e. a large number : v.4. the same number as in Rev. xiv. 1. ante 43.

6. Of the tribe of Aser were sealed 16s and might, be unto our Gor twelve thousand.

" for ever and ever." Amen. Of the tribe of Nepthalim were sealed twelve thousand.

The Gospel. Matt. v. 1. Of the tribe of Manasses were Jesus seeing the multitudes sealed twelve thousand.

went up into a mountain : ang 7.

Of the tribe of Simeon were when he was set, his disciple sealed twelve thousand.

came unto him : and he opener Of the tribe of Levi were sealed his mouth, and taught them, say twelve thousand.

ing, “ Blessed (b) are the poo Of the tribe of Issachar were “ in spirit: for theirs is the king sealed twelve thousand.

66 dom of heaven. Blessed art 8. Of the tribe of Zabulon were they that mourn : for they sealed twelve thousand.

" shall be comforted. Blessed Of the tribe of Joseph were are the meek: for they shall sealed twelve thousand.

6c inherit the earth. Blessed are Of the tribe of Benjamin were “ they which do hunger and sealed twelve thousand.

“ thirst after righteousness : for 9.

After this 1 beheld, and lo, a they shall be filled. Blessed great multitude, which no man are the merciful: for they shall could number, of all nations, and

Blessed are the kindreds, and people, and tongues, pure in heart: for they shall stood before the throne, and be

see God.

Blessed are the fore the Lamb (g), clothed with “ peace-makers : for they shall

white robes, and palms in their “ be called the children of God. 10. hands; and cried with a loud “ Blessed are they which are voice, saying, - Salvation to our “ persecuted for righteousness

' “ God which sitteth upon the “ sake: for theirs is the king. " throne, and unto the Lamb." “ dom of heaven.

Blessed are 1 Il. And all the angels stood round ye,

when men shall revile you, about the throne, and about the and

persecute you, and shall say elders and the four beasts, and “ all manner of evil against you fell before the throne on their falsely, for my sake. Rejoice,

faces, and worshipped God, say- “ and be exceeding glad: for 12. ing, “ Amen: Blessing, and glo- “ great is your reward in heaven:

ry, and wisdom, and thanks- “ for so persecuted they the progiving, and honour, and power, phets which were before you."

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v.9.

v.3:

(or under

(8) “ The Lamb,” i. e, our Saviour, Jesus Christ.

(h) Blessed,” &c. This is the beginning of that famous discourse of our Saviour's, called his Sermon on the Mount. It is supposed to have been delivered by him A. D. 31. about two years before his Crucifixion. The peculiar character of our Saviour's precepts has been already noticed, and their decided tendency to promote the comfort of individuals and the welfare of society. They correspond also with what had

been foretold of the Messiah. According
to Isaiah ix. 6. he was to be “ the Prince
“ of Peace.” According to Isaiah xi. 5;
“ righteousness was to be the girdle of
“ his loins, and faithfulness the girdle of
« his reins.” .« In his time
the influence of his religion) “ the wolf

was to dwell with the lamb,” &c.; " and they were not to hurt or destroy “ in all his holy mountain, because the “ earth was to be full of the knowledge “ of the Lord, as the waters cover the

4 sea.”

Twenty-fourth Sunday after Trinity.

dear fellow-servant, who is for

you a faithful minister of Christ; The Collect.

who also declared unto us your 8. O LORD, we beseech thee, ab- love in the Spirit. For this cause g. solve thy people from their of- we also, since the day we heard fences; that through thy bounti- it, do not cease to pray for you, ful goodness we may all be deli- and to desire that ye might be vered from the bands of those filled with the knowledge of sins, which by our frailty we have his (m) will, in all wisdom and committed. Grant this, O hea- spiritual understanding ; that ye 10. venly Father, for Jesus Christ's

might walk (n) worthy of the sake, our blessed Lord and Sa. Lord unto all pleasing, being viour. Amen.

fruitful in every good work, and The Epistle. Col. i. 3.

increasing in the knowledge of We give thanks to God and God; strengthened with all 11. the Father of our Lord Jesus

might, according to his glorious Christ, praying always for

power, unto all patience () and

you, 4. since we heard of your faith in

long-suffering with joyfulness; Christ Jesus, and of the love giving thanks unto the Father, 12.

which hath made us meet to be which ye have to all the saints; for the hope (i) which is laid

partakers of the inheritance of the 5.

saints in light. up

for you in heaven, whereof ye heard before in the word of the

The Gospel. Matt. ix. 18. 6. truth of the Gospel; which is come While Jesus spake these things

unto you, as it is in all the unto John's (o) disciples, behold, world (k); and bringeth forth there came a certain ruler and fruit, as it doth also in you, since worshipped him, saying, “ My the day ye heard of it, and knew “ daughter is even now dead: grace

of God (l) in truth: as “ but come and lay thy hand upon ye

also learned of Epaphras our “ her, and she shall live.”. And 19.

7. the

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(i) “For the hope,” &c. This is the subje&t of his thanks in verse 3.

(k) “ In all the world.” In our Saviour's noted prophecy as to the destruction of Jerusalem, &c. Matt. xxiv. when he was asked what should be the sign of his coming, he stated, among others), This gospel of the kingdom shall be “ preached in all the world, for a witness “ unto all nations, and then shall the “ end come.” Matt. xxiv. 14. And accordingly the gospel was preached before the destruction of Jerusalem in Asia Minor, Greece, and Italy, as far north as Scythia, south as Æthiopia, east as l'arthia and India, and west as Spain and Britain. 2 Newt. on the Prophecies, 156. If this does not prove God's assistance to the cause, it shews the zeal of the apostles, and their convi&tion of the

truth of what they preached. Our Sa-
viour's prophecy was delivered A.D. 33.
This Epistle is supposed to have been
written A. D. 59; and Jerusalem was
destroyed A. D. 70.
(?) “ The

grace

of God in truth,” v.6. i.e. the doctrines of the gospel. (m) “ His," i. e. “ God's.”

v.9. (na) “Walk," &c. pressing upon them v. 10. the necessity of good condu&t.

(6)“ Patience,” &c. This implies, that v.10. they either were exposed to persecution, trouble, &c. or were likely to be so.

(o) “ John's,” i. e. the Baptist's. v. 18. They had been to ask him why his disciples did not fast. Our Saviour was sitting at meat at this time in St. Matthew's house ; so at he had good means of knowing what he here states.

or,

Jesus arose and followed him, and her by the hand, and the maid 20. so did his disciples. (And, be- arose. And the fame hereof went 26.

hold, a woman, which was dis- abroad into all that land (s).
eased with an issue of blood
twelve years came behind him,

Twenty-fifth Sunday after Trinity ;
and touched the hem of his

gar21. ment: for she said within herself,

Sunday before Advent. “ If I may but touch his garment,

The Collect. 22. “ I shall be whole.” But Jesus Srir up, we beseech thee, O turned him about ; and when he

Lord, the wills of thy faithful saw her, he said, “ Daughter, be

people; that they plenteously “ of good comfort ; thy faith (9) bringing forth the fruit of good “ hath made thee whole." And

works, may of thee be plente. the woman was made whole from

ously rewarded, through Jesus 23. that hour). And when Jesus

Christ our Lord. Amen.
came into the ruler's house, and
saw the minstrels and the people

For the Epistle. Jer. xxi. 5. (1) making a noise, he said unto « Behold (u), the days come," 24. them, “ Give place; for the maid saith the Lord, “ that I will raise

6 is not dead, but sleepeth. “ unto David (x) a righteous

And they laughed him to scorn. “ Branch, and a King shall reign 25. But when the people were put “ and prosper, and shall execute

forth (r), he went in, and took judgement (y) and justice in the

v. 22. (9) “Thy faith," i. e. thy confidence

in my power; thy belief that the touch

ing my garment would cure you. 0.25 (r) • Put forth.” According to

Luke viii. 51. " he suffered no man to

go in, save Peter and James, and “ John, and the father and mother of

" the maiden.”
v. 26. (s) “ That land." He was at Caper-

naum, in Galilee, when he performed
this miracle.

(1) Jeremiah lived about 600 years be

fore our Saviour's time.
v.5. (u) “ Behold,” &c. This prophecy,

to the end of verse 6. is again repeated in
nearly the same words, Jer. xxxiii

. 15.16.
“ Behold, the days come saith the Lord,
" that I will perform that good thing
“ which I have promised unto the house
“ of Israel, and to the house of Judah.
“ In those days, and at that time will I
“ cause the branch of righteousness to

grow up unto David, and he shall ex. “ ecute judgment and righteousness in “ the land. In those days shall Judah “ be saved, and Jerusalem shall dwell “ safely ; and this is the name where« with he shall be called, the Lord our “ Righteousness." For thus saith the

Lord, “ David shall never want a man " to sit upon the throne of the house of “ Israel." These prophecies were de livered about the time of the commencement of the Babylonish captivity, when Nebuchadnezzar King of Babylon took Jerusalem, and carried the Jews captiv to Babylon. The object probably was, in this time of debasement and distress

, to assure those who still looked up to God, that he had not forgotten his promise, and that he would assuredly bring it to pass,

(x) « Unto David." It was the set: 9.5. tled understanding of the Jews that the Messiah was to be of the lineage of David; many of the persons who con: sidered Jesus Christ as the Messiah, expressed that as their belief by calling him “ the Son of David ; "and when our Saviour put it to the Pharisees, Matt. xxii. 42. ante 205. “ what think ye of “ Christ, whose Son is he?" they at once answered, “ the Son of David."

() " Judgement and justice." These sig are pointed out as two of his characteristics. In that fine prophecy Is. ix. I to 7. it is said of him that of the increase of his “ government and peace there shall be no

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