Page images

20. Gospel, for which I am an am- is again the second miracle that

bassador in bonds (e); that there- Jesus did, when he was come out in I may speak boldly, as I ought of Judea into Galilee. to speak.

Saint Luke the Evangelist.

The Colle&t. ALMIGHTY God, who calledst Luke the Physician, whose praise is in the Gospel, to be an Evangelist and Physician of the soul ; May it please thee, that by the wholesome medicines of the doctrine delivered by him all the diseases of our souls may be healed, through the merits of thy Son Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

The Gospel. John iv. 46. There was a certain nobleman,

whose son was sick at Caper47. naum.

When he heard that Jesus was come out of Judea into Galilee, he went unto him, and besought him that he would come down, and heal his son :

for he was at the point of death. 48. Then said Jesus unto him, “ Ex

cept ye see signs and wonders, 49." ye will not believe.”

The nobleman saith unto him, “ Sir,

come down ere my child die.” 50. Jesus saith unto him, “ Go thy

way; thy son liveth.” And the man believed the word that

Jesus had spoken unto him, and 51. he went his way. And as he

was now going down, his servants

met him, and told him, saying, 52. “ Thy son liveth.” Then in

quired he of them the hour when he began to amend. And they said unto him,

" Yesterday at the seventh hour the fever 53. “ left him.” So the father knew

that it was at the same hour in the which Jesus said unto him,“ Thy

“ son liveth :” and himself be. 54. lieved, and his whole house. This

The Epistle. 2 Tim. iv. 5. (8) Watch thou in all things, endure afflictions, do the work of an Evangelist, make full proof of thy, ministry. For I am now 6. ready to be offered, and the time of my departure is at hand. I

7 have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept the faith : henceforth there is laid 8. up for me a crown (b) of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, shall give me at that day (i): and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing. Do-thy diligence 9. to come shortly unto me: for io.

0. 20.


(e) “ In bonds." This epistle, therefore, was written whilst St. Paul was a prisoner : it is supposed to have been written A. D. 58. whilst he was

Rome. 0.47

(9) “Galilee." See ante 175. note on

Luke v. I. 0.5. “ Watch," &c. He sets down

here the " watching and enduring, afilictionsas part of his duty. This implies pretty strongly that at this time the Christians were subject to many difficul. ties,

(b)“ A crown," &c. A figure of v. 8. speech borrowed from the Olympic games, where they who had succeeded in a combat or race, they who, as in verse 7. had “ fought a good fight,” or “ finished their course," were honoured with a crown.

(i) “ At that day," i. e. perhaps, v.8. either the time of his departure, or the time so often referred to of Christ's coming. See ante 68. note on 1 John üii. 2.

Demas hath forsaken me, having “ by the way. And into whatloved this present world, and soever house ye enter, first say, is departed unto Thessalonica; " Peace be to this house. And

Crescens to Galatia, Titus unto “ if the Son of peace (6) be there, 11. Dalmatia. Only Luke is with me. “ your peace shall rest upon it:

Take Mark (k), and bring him “ if not, it shall turn to you

with thee; for he is profitable “ again. And in the same house 12. to me for the ministry. And “ remain, eating (p) and drink.

Tychicus have I sent to Ephesus. “ ing such things as they give : 13 The cloak that I left at Troas with “ for the labourer is worthy of Carpus, when thou comest, bring

< his hire.' with thee, and the books, but 14. especially the parchments. Alex

Twenty-second Sunday after Trinity. ander the coppersmith did me

The Collect.. much evil: the Lord reward him 15. according to his works: of whom

Lord, we beseech thee to keep be thou ware also; for he hath

thy household the Church in congreatly withstood our words.

tir ual godliness; that through

thy protection it may be free from The Gospel. Luke x. 1. The Lord appointed other se

all adversities, and devoutly given

to serve thee in good works, to yenty also, and sent them two

the glory of thy Name, through and two before his face into every

Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. city and place, whither he himself would come. Therefore said he

The Epistle. Philip. i. 3. 2. unto them, “ The harvest (1) I

THANK my God upon every “ truly is great, but the labourers remembrance of you, (always in " are few : pray ye therefore the

every prayer of mine for you all Lord of the harvest, that he

making request (9) with joy,) for 5 " would send forth labourers into

your fellowship (r) in the Gospel, 3: 66 his barvest. Go your ways :

from the first day until now; “ behold, I send you forth as being confident of this very thing, a lambs(m)among wolres. Carry that he which hath begun a good “ neither purse, nor scrip, nor

work in you will perform (1) it “ shoes; and salute no man (n)

until the day (t) of Jesus Christ :

[blocks in formation]




(1) “ The harvest,” &c. i.e. many to have the gospel preached unto them, or in a disposition to be converted, and but

few-to preach. 0.3

(mi * Lambs,” &c. therefore you

must expect difficulty and danger, 0.4:

(n! a Salute no man,” i. e, waste no

time in idle civilities.
0.6. (0) « The son of peace,” i.e. any

of a
proper temper

of mind to
receive the gospel.

(D) " Eating,” &c, do not scruple to eat and drink at their expence, your bours entitle you to do so,

(q) For“request,” read the prayer." It is the same word in the original as that which in the beginning of the verse is translated “

prayer.". (-). “ Fellowship,” i, e. either“ par“ ticipation," or cing its propagation.

« Perform,” i, e. go on with, carry through

(6)“The day,”&c. i.e. the time sooften referred to as the day" or, coming of

liberality” in advan


9. Christ.

7. even as it is meet for me to think “ tain king, which would take

this of you all, because I have 66 account of his servants. And 24. you in my heart; inasmuch as

6 when he had begun to reckon, both in my bonds (u), and in the one was brought unto him defence and confirmation of the 56 which owed him ten thousand

Gospel, ye all are partakers of “ talents : but forasmuch as he 25 8. my grace (x). For God is my “ had not to pay, his lord com

record, how greatly I long after “ manded him to be sold (c), you all in the bowels (y) of Jesus c and his wife and children, And this I pray, that

" and all that he had, and payyour love may abound yet more ment to be made. The servant 26.

and more in knowledge and in 66 therefore fell down, and wor10. all judgement; that ye may ap- “ shipped him, saying, "

Lord, prove (z) things that are excel- “ have patience with me, and lent ; that ye may be sincere and “ I will pay thee all.”

without offence till the day of of the lord of that servant was 11. Christ; being filled with the “ moved with compassion, and

fruits of righteousness, which are “ loosed him, and forgaveld)him by Jesus Christ unto the glory

66 the debt. But the same ser- 28. and praise of God.

vant went out, and found one

" of his fellow-servants which The Gospel. Matt. xviii. 21. 66 owed him an hundred pence; PETER said unto Jesus, “ Lord, 66 and he laid hands on him, “ how oft shall my brother sin “ and took him by the throat, “ against me, and I forgive him? “ saying, “ Pay me that thou « till seven times ?” Jesus saith owest. 66 And his fellow-ser- 29. unto him, “I say not unto e vant fell down at his feet, and “ thee, Until seven times; but, besought him, saying, " Have

“ Until seventy times seven (a). “ patience with me, and I will 23.

“ Therefore is the kingdom of pay thee all.” “ And he would 30. “ heaven likened (b) unto a cer- not ;

but went and cast him

Then 27.


“ the Lord." See ante 25, note on Rom. xiii. 11. The frequent mention of this approaching period shews how stron gly it pressed upon St. Paul's mind, and is a strong argument that all the epist les in which it is noticed were written before the destruction of Jerusalem. See I Cor. x. II.- Philipp. iv. 5.Thess, ii. 1, 2.—1 Tim. yi. 14.- Thess.

V. 23.-1 Pet. i. 7. 13.-1 John ii. 28. 0.7.

“ In my bonds." This epistle was written whilst St. Paul was a prisoner at Rome, A.D. 59. after the Philippians had sent a supply of money to St. Paul

at Rome. 0.7. (*) “My grace," i.e. whatever God

confers upon me, whether of suffering or otherwise : the being allowed to suffer

for Christ's sake is mentioned in verse 29
as a gift; “ To you it is given in the
“ behalf of Christ, not only to believe on
“ him, but also to suffer for his sake.”

(y) ~ The bowels,” &c. i.e. the ex. v.8.
treme of Christian love. See ante 66.
note on Col. iii. 12.

(z) “ Approve," i.e. adhere to, sanc- V.IO. tion by example. (a) “ Seventy times seven," i. e.


0.22. definitely, without any fixed limit.

(b) “ The kingdom of heaven," i.e. v.23. the course of God's proceedings.

(c) “ To be sold, and his wife," &c. v.25. This was the practice in the east.

(d) Forgave,” not perhaps “ abso- v.27. “ lutely," but on condition of futurę good behaviour.


“ into prison, till he should pay phets, Jesus Christ himself being 31. “ the debt. So when his fellow- the head corner-stone; Grant us

servants saw what was done, so to be joined together in unity “ they were very sorry,

and came

of Spirit by their doctrine, that ac and told unto their lord all we may be made an holy temple 32.

66 that was done. Then his lord, acceptable unto thee, through
" after that he had called him, Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
s said unto him, " O thou
“ wicked servant, I forgave thee

The Epistle. Jude 1.
all that debt, because thou de-

Jude (8) the servant of Jesus 33 " siredst me: shouldest (e) not Christ, and brother of James (b),

" thou also have had compassion to them that are sanctified by on thy fellow-servant, even as

God the Father, and preserved in 34.

“ I had pity on thee?” And his Jesus Christ, and called : Mercy “ lord was wroth, and delivered unto you, and peace, and love, " him to the tormentors, till he be multiplied. Beloved, when I

“ should pay all that was due gave all diligence to write unto 35. unto him. So likewise shall you of the common salvation, it

my heavenly Father do also was needful for me to write unto “ unto you, 'if ye from your you, and exhort you that ye “ hearts ( f )forgive not every one

should earnestly contend for the « his brother their trespasses."

faith which was once delivered unto the saints. For there are

certain men crept in unawares, Saint Simon and Saint Jude, Apostles.

who were before of old ordainThe Colle&t.

ed (i) to this condemnation ; unO ALMIGHTY God, who hast

godly men, turning the grace

of built thy Church upon the found- our God into lasciviousness, and ation of the Apostles and Pro- denying the only Lord God, and

[ocr errors]

(e) “Shouldest,” &c. The duty of forgiveness is strongly pressed, Eccl. xxviii. 1. “He that revengeth shall find vengeance

from the Lord, and he,” (i.e. God) “ will surely keep his sins in re. « membrance. Forgive thy neighbour " the hurt he hath done unto thee, so " shall thy sins be forgiven also when thou prayest : one man beareth hatred

against another, and doth he seek “ pardon from the Lord ?"

(f) “ From your hearts.” The for. giveness must be complete, without the least reservation.

(3) “ Jude." St. Jude is supposed to have been the person called, John xiv. 22. “ Judas, not Iscariot,” and Luke vi. 16. “ Judas, the brother of James.” Both he and St. Simon are named in the list of the apostles, Luke vi. 15, 16 “ Simon called Zelotes," and “ Judas, " the brother of James." St. Jude is


called by St. Matthew, ch. x. 3. “ Leb“ beus, whose surname was Thaddeus ;' and by St. Mark, ch. iii. 18. “ Thad“ deus' only. This epistle is supposed to have been written after St. Paul's epistles to Timothy, and after the ad of St. Peter's epistles (of which it seems in some respects an epitome or abstraA), but before the destruction of Jerusalem.

(b) “ James," i, e, the author of the s general epistle of St. James ; the son of Cleophas or Alphæus, Ante 143:

(1) “ Before of oid ordained,” &c. * i.e. “ prophesied of,” “ foretold.” Our Saviour, in his famous prophecy relative to the destruction of Jerusalem, Matt

. xxiv. 10. &c. observes, that before that great event


shall be offended," (that is, fall off from Christianity) and that “the love of shall was In 1 Tim. iv. I. St. Paul

« The spirit speaketh expressly, that in the

[ocr errors]




5. our Lord Jesus Christ. I will

The Gospel. John xv. 17. (m) therefore put you in remembrance, though ye once knew These things I command you, this, how that the Lord, having “ that ye love (n) one another. saved the people out of the land “ If the world hate you, ye know 18.

of Egypt, afterward destroyed " that it hated me before it 6. them (k) that believed not. And “ hated you. If ye were of the 19.

the angels(I) which kept not their 66 world, the world would love first estate, but left their own “ his own : but because ye are habitation, he hath reserved in

“ not of the world, but I have everlasting chains, under dark- “ chosen you out of the world,

ness, unto the judgement of the " therefore (c) the world hateth 7. great day. Even as Sodom and

you. Remember the word (p) 20. Gomorrha, and the cities about

cs that I said unto you,

66 The them, in like manner giving them- “ servant is not greater than his selves over to fornication, and “ lord.” If they have persecuted going after strange flesh, are set me, they will also persecute forth for an example, suffering you : if they have kept my saythe vengeance of eternal fire.

ing, they will keep yours also. 8. Likewise also these filthy dream- “ But all these things will they 21.

ers defile the flesh, despise do- “ do unto you for my name's minion, and speak evil of dignities. “ sake, because they know not(9)

[ocr errors]

Peter says,

“ latter times” (that is, the times just preceding the destruction of Jerusalem)

some shall depart from the faith, give “ ing heed to seducing spirits, and doc“ trines of devils, speaking lies in hypo“ crisy, having their conscience seared 6 with a hot iron." In

Tim. iii. 1.5. he says, that " in the last days there “ should be men” (among other defects) “ having a form of godliness, but deny. “ ing the power

thereof." In 2 Thess. ii. 3. he says, the day of Christ “shall “ not come, except there come a falling away first;" and in 2 Pet. ii. 3. St.

“ There shall come in the “ last days scoffers walking after their

own lusts, and saying, where is the promise of his coming." It is these apostates so spoken of beforehand to

whom St. Jude here alludes. 7.5.

(k)" Destroyed them,” &c. So that it will be no protection to these apostates that they once believed, that they were once within the range of God's favour. See ante 184. note on 1 Cor. x. 1. &c.

(1).“ The angels,”' &c. The argument is this : If God would not spare those whom he had so far favoured make his own ministers, how could it be expected that he would spare those who

had once professed to be his servants, but
had afterwards deserted him ?

(m) This is part of our Saviour's dis-
course at the last Supper, the night he
was betrayed, after Judas was gone out
to make the bargain for betraying him.
St. John was present, and sat next him.

(n) “ Love," &c. The two great v. 17. duties our Saviour here enjoins, are ist, love, union, &c. amongst themselves; and 2dly, a fearless contempt of persecution.

(0) “ Therefore,” &c. It is “because v. 19.

you are not of the world, because your “ motives are not worldly, and because of “ the restraint upon worldly pursuits,plea

sures,”' &c. that the world will hate you.

6) “ The word,” &c. He had used v. 20. this saying after this very Supper, upon his washing Peter's feet, John xiii. 16. ; but he also used it when he first sent out his twelve disciples, and apprized them of the persecutions they should then meet with, Matt. x. 24. And it is to the latter, probably, that he here alludes.

6. Because they know not,” &c. v.21. Their disposition to sin is repeatedly noticed as the reason of their unbelief. Ante 203. note on 2 Cor. iv. 3: Is not this also now the foundation of infidelity, wherever it exists ?


91. 6.


« PreviousContinue »