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66 Jesus, Master, have mercy on us to all things profitable to our 14 “ us." And when he saw them, salvation, through Jesus Christ he said unto them, “ Go shew (d)

our Lord.

Amen. “ yourselves unto the priests.”

And it came to pass, that, as they The Epistle. Gal. vi. 11. 15. went, they were cleansed. And Ye see how large a letter I have

one of them, when he saw that written unto you with mine own he was healed, turned back, and hand. As many as desire to make

with a loud voice glorified God; a fair shew (f) in the flesh, they 16. and fell down on his face at his constrain you to be circumcised,

feet, giving him thanks : and he only (8) lest they should suffer 17. was a Samaritan (e). And Jesus persecution for the cross (b) of

answering said, “ Were there not Christ. For neither they them

“ ten cleansed ? but where are selves who are circumcised keep 18. “ the nine? There are not found the law; but desire to have you

6 that returned to give glory to circumcised, that they may glory 19.“ God, save this stranger.” And in your flesh (i). But God for

he said unto him, “ Arise, go bid that I should glory, save in thy way: thy faith hath made

the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, 5 thee whole."

by whom the world (k) is crucified unto me, and I unto the

world. For in Christ Jesus neiFifteenth Sunday after Trinity.

ther circumcision availeth any The Collect.

thing, nor uncircumcision, but a Keep, we beseech thee, O Lord, new creature (1). And as many thy Church with thy perpetual as walk according to this rule (m), mercy: and because the frailty peace be on them, and mercy, of man without thee cannot but

and upon (n) the Israel of fall, keep us ever by thy help God. From henceforth let no 11 from all things hurtful, and lead man trouble me @); for I bear


(d) “Shew," &c. Whoever was cured circumcision, and all the Mosaic instituof a leprosy, was bound to appear before tions ; for professing a dependance upon the priest, to satisfy him of the cure, || Christ alone. See Gal. v. 11. Levit. xiv. Our Saviour's command (i) “In your flesh," i. e. in having therefore, that they should go and shew made you

conform to the Mosaic rites. themselves, &c. implied, that before they (k) “ The world,” i. e, all worldly reached the priest, they should be pursuits, advantages, &c. cleansed.

(1) “ A new creature,” i. e. with 1.16. (e) “ A Samaritan.” And therefore change of habits, dispositions, &c. ac

thought contemptuously of by the Jews. cording to John iii. 3: “ born again. "

(f) “To make a fair shew,” &c. To See ante 161. note on John iii. 3: keep up appearances with the Jews; or (m) “ This rule,” i. e. of glorying in to live in outward honour, worldly con- the cross of Christ, and in that only, and 6equence.

of becoming " a new creature." ls) “Only," &c. This is their sole (n) For " and upon," read," as upon." object, to avoid persecution; for accord- (6) “ Trouble me," i.e. by calling in ing to verse 13. they do not keep or act question whether I do not tolerate and up to the Mosaic law. (b) " For the cross," &c. For preach- | institutions ; for I have upon my body

sanction a compliance with the Mosaic ing that alone as sufficient, and decrying

the marks of what I have suffered for

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in my body the marks of the “ nor gather into barns; yet 18. Lord Jesus.' Brethren, the grace

your heavenly Father feedeth of our Lord Jesus Christ be with " them. Are ye not much betyour Spirit. Amen.

“ ter than they? Which of you 27.

“ by taking thought can add (t) The Gospel. Matt. vi. 24. (D)

one cubit unto his stature ? No man (9) can serve two “ And why take ye thought 28.

masters: for either he will c for raiment ? Consider the “ hate the one, and love the “ lilies (u) of the field, how they “ other; or else he will hold to “ grow; they toil not, neither do “ the one, and despise the other. they spin : and yet I say unto 29. 6 Ye cannot serve God and

you, that even Solomon in all 25.

“ Mammon (r). Therefore I say « his glory was not arrayed like
“ unto you, Take no thought (s) one of these. Wherefore, if 30.
“ for your life, what ye shall

“ God so clothe the grass of the
“ eat, or what ye shall drink; “ field, which to-day is, and to-
“ nor yet for your body, what morrow is cast into the

put on.

Is not the « shall he not much more clothe
« life more than meat, and the you,


ye of little faith? 26. “ body than raiment? Behold - Therefore take no thought, 31.

66 the fowls of the air : for they “ saying, What shall we eat? or, sow not, neither do they reap,

66 What shall we drink? or,

6 the

standing up for the sufficiency of Christ, and the criminality of depending in any respect upon the Mosaic institutions. St. Paul was a fearless professor, in defiance of all danger and persecution, knowing that if he “ confessed Christ

before men, Christ would confess him “ also before God," Matt. x. 32. and he accordingly preached, what was likely to exasperate the unbelieving Jews at least to the uttermost, that the Mosaic institutions were not only of no use, but that the placing any the least confidence in them, would take away all chance of assistance from the Gospel. “ Behold, “ I Paul say unto you, that if ye be “ circumcised, Christ shall profit you “ nothing," Gal. v. 2. The earnestness with which St. Paul presses this point, the extent to which he dwells upon it, and the manner in which he exhorts the converts to bear up against all persecutions, &c. affords very strong internal evidence that these Epistles were written whilst the Jews still continued in power, before the destruction of Jerusalem. This Epistle is supposed to have been written A. D. 52. eighteen years before the destruction of Jerusalem.

(p) This is part of that discourse called “the Sermon on the Mount."

(9) “ No man,” &c. Our Saviour had v.24. just been exhorting them to lay up for themselves treasures, not upon earth, but in heaven ; and the object here is to guard against their being too much engrossed by worldly pursuits.

(r) · Mammon," i. e. wealth, riches, v. 24. called in the parable of the unjust stew. ard, ante 186. Luke xvi. 9, 11. o Mammon of unrighteousness," “ the “ unrighteous Mammon.”

(s) * Take no thought," not lite- 0.25. rally, but comparatively

; be not over anxious about it ; let it not occupy so much of your time, &c. as to prevent your attention to weightier matters.

(t) “ Can add," &c. The meaning is, v.27. can any thing, however unimportant, be done by man, without the sanction, or against the will of God? And if not, God, if he thinks fit, will frustrate all your worldly pursuits.

(u) “ The lilies,” &c. Many of our 0. 28. Saviour's expressions arose from objects in his view at the time: the sentiment would be brought back to the recollection of his hearers whenever the object again occurred.


faint not at my

6 Wherewithal shall be more by thy help and goodness, 32. “ clothed ? (for after all these through Jesus Christ our Lord.

" things do the Gentiles seek :) Amen.
“ for your heavenly Father know-

seth that ye have need of all The Epistle. Ephes. iii. 13. 33. “ these things. But seek ye


“ the kingdom of God, and his tribulations for you (x), which is
“ righteousness; and all these

your glory (y). For this cause (2) things shall be added unto you. I bow my knees unto the Father 34. “ Take therefore no thought of our Lord Jesus Christ, of

rs for the morrow : for the mor- whom the whole family (a) in es row shall take thought for the heaven and earth is named, that “ things of itself. Sufficient unto he would grant you, according to “ the day is the evil thereof." the riches of his glory, to be

strengthened (6) with might by

his Spirit in the inner man ; that Sixteenth Sunday after Trinity.


dwell (c) in


hearts by faith ; that ye, being rooted The Collect.

and grounded in love, may be O LORD, we beseech thee, let able to comprehend with all thy continual pity cleanse and saints, what is the breadth (d), defend thy Church; and because and length, and depth, and height; it cannot continue in safety with- and to know the love of Christ, out thy succour, preserve it ever. which passeth knowledge (e), that

(x) “ For you.” This Epistle is supv.13

posed to have been written by St. Paul
whilst he was in confinement at Rome.
It was owing to his exertions among the
Gentiles, and to his preaching amongst
them,“that the Jews were no longer God's

peculiar people, and that the Mosaic
“ institutions were no longer to be con-
« sidered essential,” that the tumult was
raised against him at Jerusalem, which
led to his confinement at Cesarea, and
afterwards at Rome. See AAs xxi. 28.
--xxii. 22. he might well therefore de-
scribe his tribulations, as tribulations for

them, as being Gentiles. v.13

( “ Your glory.” Instead of fainting at them, you should glory in them. What I bear proves my sincerity, my conviction that I am right; it shews I am no impostor, and have no earthly views. It should therefore inspire you with confidence, not fear.

(z) “ For this cause,” i. e. (looking forward to verse 16.) that God would

give you strength, &c. 0.15

(a) “ Whole family," i. e. all Christians. He calls them, Rom. viii. 17. “ the

« children of God, and if children, then “ heirs, heirs of God, and joint heirs « with Christ."

(6).“ To be strengthened,” &c. 1.c. . in plainer terms, “ to have courage in

your hearts, that God would inspire you with fortitude, &c."

(c) “ May dwell,” &c. i. e. that you « may make your hearts fit for his reception; that you may act in all instances as if he dwelt within you ; as if he animated all your thoughts and actions.

(d) “ The breadth,” &c. This is perhaps nothing but a figurative mode of expressing "perfe&t knowledge;" to comprehend all things with the utmost accuracy, with as much certainty has who has measured the breadth, length, &c. of any solid body or space : or it may mean, to comprehend with this distinctness the mystery of calling in the Gentiles.

(e) “ Which passeth knowledge," i.e. v. which is better than all other knowledge, or, which is greater than any love ever known before, or, which is so great as that it can hardly be fully apprehended

as a man


And 17

ye might be filled () with all the say unto thee, Arise.” And 15. 20. fullness of God. Now unto him he that was dead sat up (k), and

that is able to do exceeding began to speak. And he deliabundantly above all that we ask vered him to his mother. And 16.

or think, according to the power there came a fear (I) on all : and 21. that worketh in us, unto him be they glorified God, saying, “That

glory in the Church by Christ a great prophet is risen up Jesus, throughout all ages, world among us ;” and, “That God without end. Amen.

“ hath visited his people.”

this rumour of him went forth The Gospel. Luke vii. 11.

throughout all Judea, and And it came to pass the day throughout all the region round after, that Jesus went into a city

about. called Nain; and many of his

disciples (8) went with him, and 12. much people. Now when he

Seventeenth Sunday after Trinity.
came nigh to the gate of the city,
behold, there was a dead man

The Collect. carried out (b), the only son (1) Lord, we pray thee, that thy of his mother, and she was a widow : and much people of the

grace may always prevent and

follow us; and make us conti13. city was with her.

And when

nually to be given to all good the Lord saw her, he had com

works, through Jesus Christ our passion on her, and said unto

Lord. Amen. 14. her, “ Weep not.” And he came and touched the bier : and

The Epistle. Ephes. iv. I. they that bare him stood still. I

THEREFORE, the prisoner of And he said, “ Young man, I the Lord (m), beseech you




and known. See ante 33. note

Philipp. iv. 7. D.19.

()" Be filled,” &c. So as almost to be equal with God: as full of love to.

wards others as God himself is. D. II. (s) “ His disciples, and much peo.


” This miracle therefore was peculiarly public : many people were with our Saviour, and according to verse 12.

many with the widow. 1.12.

(b) “ Carried out.” It was not lawful for the Jews to bury within their cities, because all dead bodies were by the law

unclean, 1.12.

(i) “ Only Son,”! “ and she was a u widow." These circumstances are noticed, to shew how proper a case our Saviour singled out, a case of peculiar distress to the mother, and therefore

strongly calling for compassion, 1.15. (k) - Sat up." This miracle corres

ponds in character with the rest of our Saviour's miracles. It was public, a

work of mercy, and typical, implying a
power to raise the souls of men to life

(1) “ A fear,” &c. We are apt to v.16.
suppose that had we been witnesses of
such miracles as these, they would have
had such an influence upon us as to have
made us perfe&t Christians ; but before
we flatter ourselves that a higher degree
of evidence would have had so powerful
an effect, let us carefully examine the
evidence we have, and if that admits of
no doubt, as it really does not, we have
no right to think that further evidence
would have made us better ; if we hear
not our Saviour and the Apostles, have
we any right to say that we should be
persuaded if one rose from the dead ?

“ Of the Lord,” i.e. for his ex- u. 1. ertions, &c. in the cause of Christianity. This Epistle is supposed to have been written whilst he was in confinement at Rome.


or an 02

walk (n) worthy of the vocation he took him, and healed him 2. wherewith ye are called, with all and let him go; and answered lowliness (©) and meekness, with them, saying, “ Which of

you long - suffering, forbearing one 56 shall have an ass 3. another in love; endeavouring “ fallen into a pit, and will no

to keep the unity of the Spirit (P) straightway pull him out oi 4. in the bond of peace.

There is

“ the sabbath-day?” And the one body (9) and one Spirit, could not answer him again t

even as ye are called in one hope these things. And he put fort 5. of your calling ; one Lord, one a parable to those which wer 6. faith, one baptism, one God and bidden, when he marked hot

Father of all, who is above all, || they chose out the chief rooms and through all, and in


saying unto them, “ When (s

«s'thou art bidden of any man The Gospel. Luke xiv. I.

a wedding, sit not down in th It came to pass, as Jesus went

highest room ; lest a mor into the house of one of the chief " honourable man than thou be Pharisees to eat bread on the sab- < bidden of him ; and he tha

bath-day, that they watched him. 66 bade thee and him come and 2. And, behold, there was a certain

say to thee, “ Give this mar man before him which had the

place ;" and thou begin with 3. dropsy. And Jesus answering, u shame to take the lowest room

spake unto the lawyers and Pha- “ But when thou art bidden, ga risees, saying, “ Is it lawful to

" and sit down in the lowest “ heal (r) on the sabbath-day?" room; that when he that bade 4. And they held their peace. And " thee cometh, he may say unto



(n) 66 Walk." It is observable how constantly St. Paul calls their attention to their condu&; to the necessity of shewing by their acts that they were Christians.

(0) “ Lowliness," &c. The nature of the virtues St. Paul recommends also require attention : such as our Saviour had also prescribed : not such as the world usually admires, and were in high estimation until our Saviour's time, such as active courage, a quick sense of ho. nour, impatience of injuries, &c.

() “ The unity of the Spirit.” In i Cor. xii. he endeavours to guard the converts against overvaluing those who had the more important gifts of the Spirit, and undervaluing those who had the less important, by reminding them that all the gifts, the more and the less important, proceeded from the same Spirit ; that there was but one Spirit which conferred these gifts. And he here presses them to unanimity in all things, by the consideration that there is only one Spirit, not several; one Christ

ian Church, not several; one hope, not several, &c. &c. See ante 137, 138.

() “ One body,” i.e. of Christ and Christians, Christ being the head. Thus he says, 1 Cor. xii. 12. “ As the body is

one, and hath many members, and all 6 the members of that one body, being “ many, are one body, so also is Christ, i.e. Christ and his followers constitute one body. So Rom. xii. 4. 5.

“ As we “ have many members in one body, so

we, being many, are one body in « Christ."

And Col. i. 18. « He" (viz. Christ) « is the head of the body, " the Church." (r)

“ To heal,” to do an act of mercy

(s) “ When," &c. Solomon gives the same advice, Prov. xxv.

« Put not “ forth thyself in the presence of the

king, and stand not in the place of

great men ; for better it is that it be “ said unto thee, come up hither, than “ that thou shouldest be put lower.”


6, 7.

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