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3.

The Epistle. 1 Cor. xi. 1. (c) is given to every man to profit CONCERNING spiritual gifts (d), withal (k). For to one is given,

brethren, I would not have you by the Spirit, the word of wis2. ignorant. Ye know that ye were dom ; to another the word of

Gentiles (e), carried away unto knowledge, by the same Spirit ; ; these dumb idols, even as ye were

to another faith, by the same led. Wherefore I give you to Spirit; to another the gifts of understand, that no man(f) speak-healing, by the same Spirit ; to ing by the Spirit of God calleth another working of miracles ; to Jesus accursed (8); and that no another prophecy ; to another man can say that Jesus is the discerning of spirits ; to another

Lord, but by the Holy Ghost. divers kinds of tongues ; to 4. Now there are diversities (b) of another the interpretation of 5. gifts, but the same Spirit. And tongues : But all these worketh

there are differences of admi- that one and the self-same Spirit,

nistrations, but the same Lord. dividing (1) to every man seve6. And there are diversities of ope

rally as he will. rations; but it is the same God 7. which worketh all in all. But The Gospel. Luke xix. 41.

the manifestation (i) of the Spirit And when he was come near,

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V.I.

V. 2.

(c) The object of this part of St. Paul's epistle, was to remind the Corinthian converts that the extraordinary powers then conferred were far beyond any thing they had before witnessed, to satisfy them that no powers had God's co-operation but those which tended to advance Christianity, to apprize them that those powers came from God, and that they were all given to advance the true religion.

(d) “ Spiritual gifts," i. e. the extra.
ordinary powers conferred upon the first
preachers and converts, such as healing,
speaking languages, &c.

(e) “ Were Gentiles,” &c. When nei.
ther
you, nor any

of

your teachers, &c. had any thing of the kind, so that you may be satisfied these are new, appropriated to the religion of Christ, not acquired by man, but given by God.

(f) “ No man," &c. This is the test of each man's powers: if his object is purely to advance Christ's religion, they proceed from God, and God is with him ; but if this is not his object, still more, if he disregards or speaks reproachfully of Christ, his powers, whatever they may be, are not of God.

(8) “ Calleth Jesus accursed,” that is, in any respect disparages him, does not speak by the Spirit of God, nor has any influence from it; but he who " says

“ Jesus is the Lord,” boldly professes that faith, and acts solely with a view to advance it, the powers he exercises may safely be considered as given by the Holy Spirit.

(b) “ Diversities,” &c. i.e. how much soever the powers in different persons may vary, yet they all proceed from the same high original, viz. God.

“ 'The manifestation of the Spirit," i. e. these extraordinary powers.

(k) “ To profit withal.” Not to be displayed for ostentation, not to aggrandize the persons on whom they are conferred, but to advance that which is God's cause, the religion of Christ. In the pa. rable of the talents, Matt. xxv. 14. and Luke xix. 12. our Saviour inculcates it as a duty upon every one, to employ in such a way as may be satisfactory to God whatever is entrusted to his care : and would it not be well for every man to consider how far, in the use he makes of his abilities, his wealth, &c. he satisfies this duty ?

(1) “Dividing,” &c. Some persons occasionally valued themselves upon the spiritual powers conferred on themselves or their immediate teachers, when they were of a superior nature ; and this condua St. Paul censures, by reminding them that all the gifts are conferred, and that

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he beheld the city, and wept over “ in thee; and they shall not *42. it, saying, “ If (m) thou hadst

“ leave in thee one stone(p)upon known, even thou, at least in " another; because thou knew. “ this thy day (n), the things “ est not the time of thy visita" which belong unto thy peace!

« tion.” And he went into the 45. " but now they are hid from thine temple, and began to cast out 43. eyes. For the days shall come them that sold therein, and them

upon thee, that thine enemies that bought; saying unto them, " shall cast a trench about thee, “ It is written, My house is the 46. " and compass (0) thee round, “ house of prayer : but ye have

" and keep thee in on every side, “ made it a den of thieves." 44.“ and shall lay thee even with the And he taught (7) daily in the 47.

“ ground, and thy children with- temple.

V.43

too at the mere will of the Holy Spirit.

See ante 54. note on Rom. xii. 3, 4. 1.42. (m) ~ I!,” &c. A mode of expres

sing an earnest wish. « O that thou “ hadst.” When Moses made his anxious prayer to God to forgive the Israelites for their sin in making the golden calf, his expression was, Yet now, if thou wilt, forgive their sin ; and if not, blot me,

I

pray thee, out of thy book." Exod. xxxii. 31. 11. 42.

(n) “ Thy day,” i.e. the time of thy trial or visitation. In Ps. cxxxvii. 7. the time when Jerusalem was taken by the Babylonians is called "the day of Jerusa“ lem.” See ante 29. note on Lukexxi. 25.

(0) “Compass,” &c. This was literally fulfilled : Titus surrounded the city with a wall 39 furlongs in length, and strengthened it with 13 forts, so that no persons could escape from the city, nor could any provision be carried in. The Christians had had the opportunity of escaping before, and had done so. See ante 70. note on Matt. xxiv. 31.

(p)“ One stone,” &c. This, though a figurative expression, was literally ful. filled, Matt. xxiv. 2. The Jewish writer, Josephus, has given a full account of the destruction of Jerusalem, according to which every thing foretold by our Saviour in Matthew xxiv. - Mark xiii. and Luke xix. and xxi, was fully verified, and each of these gospels was promulgated many years before the event. The exact completion of our Saviour's predictions was a strong proof of the truth of his religion, calculated to confirm the faith of those who had embraced it, and to bring over those who were examining its pretensions; and as these

predictions were reduced into writing, and publicly circulated some years before the event which completed them occurred, it could not be objected to them, as it might had they rested in memory only, that after the events happened they were made to correspond with them.

(9). " Taught,” &c. ante 27. note 0.47. on Matt. xxi. 13. This fulfilled the prophecies in Hagg. ii. 7. 9. and Mal. iii. 1. The word of the Lord came to Haggai, to encourage the people to go on with building the second temple, which, as is there stated, was as nothing in comparison of the first, and tells them “ the desire of all nations” (i. e. the Messiah) “ shall come, and I will fill this “ house with glory, saith the Lord of Hosts : the glory of this latter house “ shall be greater than the former, saith o the Lord of Hosts.” This temple was utterly destroyed within forty years after our Saviour's crucifixion; it was in all points of grandeur, magnificence, &c. greatly inferior to the former, and it was in this respect only that it surpassed the other, that our Saviour was present in it, taught in it, &c. The prophecy in Mal. iii. 1. is, “ The Lord, & whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to “ his temple, even the Messenger of the “ covenant, whom ye delight in.” The expressions applied in the ancient prophecies to the Messiah deserve observation, because they import that some. deliverer was anxiously looked for. Haggai here calls him “ the desire of all “ nations ;" Malachi “ the Lord whom

ye seek,“the Messenger of the Co“ venant, whom ye delight in."

6.44.

Eleventh Sunday after Trinity. fallen asleep. After that, he was

seen of James; then of all the The Collect.

Apostles. And last of all he was O God, who declarest thy Al

seen of me also, as of one born mighty power most chiefly in

out of due time. For I am the shewing mercy and pity; Merci.

least of the Apostles, that am not fully grant unto us such a measure

meet to be called an Apostle, beof thy grace, that we running

cause I persecuted the church of the way of thy commandments,

God. But by the grace of God may obtain thy gracious promises, I am what I am: and his grace and be made partakers of thy which was bestowed upon me heavenly treasure, through Jesus

was not in vain ; but I laboured Christ our Lord. Amen.

more abundantly than they all :

yet not I (u), but the grace of The Epistle. Cor. xv. 1.

God which was with me. ThereBRETHREN, I declare unto you fore whether it were I or they, the Gospel which I preached unto so we preach, and so ye believed.

you, which also ye have received, 2. and wherein ye stand: by which The Gospel. Luke xviii. 9. (x)

also ye are saved, if ye keep in Jesus spake this parable unto memory what I preached unto certain which trusted in themyou, unless ye have believed in

selves that they were righteous

, 3. vain. For I delivered unto you and despised others : “ Two men first of all that which I also re

“ went up into the temple to ceived, how that Christ died for

pray; the one a Pharisee, and our sins according to the Scrip- " the other a publican. The 4. tures (r); and that he was bu- “ Pharisee stood and prayed thus

ried, and that he rose again the " with himself: God, I thank

third day according to the Scrip- " thee that I am not as other 5. tures (s) : and that he was seen of " men are (y), extortioners, un

Cephas (t), then of the twelve: just, adulterers, or even as this 6. after that, he was seen of above publican : I fast twice in the

five hundred brethren at once; “ week, I give tithes of all that of whom the greater part remain

« I possess."

6 And the pubunto this present, but some are “ lican, standing afar off, would

v.3:

xxi. I to 25

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(r) “ According to the scriptures." Ante 106. note on Mark xv. 28. and ante 134. note on Luke xxiv. 46.

(s) “ According to the Scriptures.” See ante 128. note on John xx.9.

(t) “ Cephas," i. e. St. Peter. Our Lord gave him the name of Cephas when first he saw him. See John i.

42.

One appearance to St. Peter, the day of the resurrection, is mentioned, Luke xxiv. 34. “ They found the eleven gathered toge“ ther, and them that were with them, “ saying, the Lord is risen indeed, and “ hath appeared to Simon.” And an

other appearance to St. Peter in Galilee, at the sea of Tiberias, is detailed in John

(u) “ Not I,” &c. throwing the merit, from himself, upon God's gracious interposition.

(x) See ante 129. note on A&ts 8.43. and ante 171. note on Luke vi. 37:

(y) “ As other men are.” This was referring to a false standard. The true test is, not whether we are better than others, but whether we are as good God has required us to be ; whether we have acted up to God's commands : if we

as

14.

“ not lift up so much as his eyes

The Epistle 2 Cor. iii. 4. “ unto heaven, but smote upon Such trust have we through “ his breast, saying, “ God be

Christ to God-ward : not that s. os merciful to me a sinner.” “I

we are sufficient of ourselves to “ tell you, This man went down “ to his house justified rather

think any thing, as of ourselves; " than the other for every one

but our sufficiency is of God;

who also hath made us able mi- 6. " that exalteth himself shall be

nisters of the new testament; " abased; and he that hum" bleth himself shall be exalted."

not of the letter (Z), but of the Spirit (a), for the letter killeth (6), but the Spirit giveth life.

But if the ministration of (c)death, 7. Twelfth Sunday after Trinity. written and engraven in stones, The Collect.

was glorious, so that the children Almighty and everlasting God,

of Israel could not stedfastly bewho art always more ready to hold the face (d) of Moses for hear than we to pray, and art the glory of his countenance ; wont to give more than either we (which glory wasto bedoneaway;) desire or deserve; Pour down how shall not the ministration of 8. upon us the abundance of thy the Spirit be rather glorious ? For 9.

if the ministration of condemnamercy; forgiving us those things whereof our conscience is afraid ; tion be glory, much more doth and giving us those good things

the ministration of righteousness which we are not worthy to ask,

exceed in glory.
but through the merits and me-
diation of Jesus Christ thy Son

The Gospel. Mark vii. 31.
Amen.

Jesus departing from the coasts

our Lord.

“ the

in

have fallen short, we have sinned, and have need of forgiveness, and it is no

excuse to us that others have sinned more. ໑.6. . (2) “ The letter," i. e. of rules, like

many in the law of Moses, having no tendency to purify the heart, restrain the passions, &c. ; a literal compliance with which would have the merit of obedience, but nothing more. “ Statutes,” according to Ezek. xx. 25.

ct that were not “ good,” (i.e. had no substantial good. ness in them), “and judgments whereby " they should not live,” (i.e. which could

give no title to eternal life.)
*.6. (a) “ The spirit," i.e. a spiritual re-

ligion, a religion which influences the
heart, the thoughts, &c. and has a ten-
dency to purify man,

even as God is
pure."

(6) “The letter killeth," i.e. rules, which, like many of the Mosaic, have nothing spiritual' in them, lead rather to death than life, to punishment rather than

reward, because they require uniformly and invariably a stri& and literal performance ; and, from man's frailty, there is no instance in which such a performance has occurred.

(6) “ Killeth,” i.e. leadeth to death. v.6.

Ce) “ The ministration of death,” i.e, v.7. the Mosaic law ; called in verse 9. “ ministration of condemnation,” in opposition to the religion of Christ ; called verse 8.

“ the ministration of the " Spirit ;" and in verse 9. 16 the mini“ stration of righteousness.” (d) “ Behold the face,” &c.

This 0.7 alludes to what occurred when Moses came down from Mount Sinai with the two stone tables of testimony in his hand, after he had been there forty days and forty nights receiving the law from God: Behold, the skin of his face shone

; " and Aaron and che children of Israel “ were afraid to come nigh him ; and he “ put a vail on his face, till he had done

v.6.

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of Tyre and Sidon, came unto well : he maketh both the the sea of Galilee (e), through " deaf to hear, and the dumb to

the midst of the coasts of Deca- speak.” 32. polis. And they bring unto him

one that was deaf, and had an
impediment in his speech; and

Thirteenth Sunday after Trinity. they beseech him to put his hand

The Collect. 33. upon him. And he took him ALMIGHTY and merciful God,

aside from the multitude, and of whose only gift it cometh that put his fingers into his ears, and thy faithful people do unto thee he spit, and touched his tongue;

true and laudable service; Grant, 34. and looking up to heaven, he we beseech thee, that we may so sighed, and saith unto him, faithfully serve thee in this life

, “ Ephphatha,that is, “ Be that we fail not finally to attain 35.

“ opened.” And straightway his thy heavenly promises, through ears were opened, and the string the merits of Jesus Christ our

of his tongue was loosed, and he Lord. Amen. 36. spake plain. And he charged them that they should tell no

The Epistle. Gal. iii. xvi. (f) man: but the more he charged

To Abraham and his seed were them, so much the more a great the promises (8) made. He saith deal they published it; and were not (b), “And to seeds”(i), as of beyond measure astonished, say- many; but as of one(k), “And to ing, “ He hath done all things thy seed,” which is Christ (1).

0.31.

occurs

“ speaking with them.” Exod. xxxiv.
29 to 35:

(e) “ The sea of Galilee." It has
already been remarked, that it was chiefly
in Galilee that our Saviour lived, taught,
and displayed his powers. See ante 175.
note on Luke v. i. and ante 88. note on
John vi. i. This miracle corresponds in
character with the rest of our Saviour's.
See ante 144. note on John xiv. 11. ante
78. note on Luke xviii. 43. and ante 89.
note on John vi. 5.

(S) One great object of St. Paul, in the Epistle to the Galatians, was to satisfy the converts that they were not bound to comply with the Mosaical ordinances : and his argument in this portion of Scripture is, that the promise was long before the law; that the promise was general, to include all mankind, and the law therefore, which was intended to apply to the Israelites only, could not narrow the promise, so as to confine it to the Israelites; that the law could not give what might be expected under the promises ; and that it was only intended to operate till Christ should come, to prepare their hearts for his re

ception, to be, as he expresses it in verse 24

a schoolmaster to bring them unto Christ.”

“ Promises.” One promise in Gen. xii. 3.

“ In thee shall all families “ of the earth be blessed." And another, Gen. xxii. 18. “In thy" (i. e. Abraham's)“ seed shall all the nations of the « earth be blessed.” There is also a promise, Gen. xvii. 7. “ I will establish

my covenant between me and thee, " and thy seed after thee, in their genera: “ tions, for an everlasting covenant, to “ be a God unto thee, and to thy seed " after thee,” &c. (h)

He saith not," i.e. it is not said.

(i) “ Seeds, as of many," so as to include several sorts.

(k) “ But as of one,” to include one description only, those of the faith. He had said, verse 7:

" Know

ye, " that they which are of the faith, the

same are the children of Abraham."

(1) “ Christ,” i.e. Christ's people, the body of Christians. The promises just stated are of two sorts; one concerning

therefore,

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