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“ clothing (m), but inwardly they “ the kingdom of heaven ; but 16. " are ravening wolves : ye shall

“ he that doeth the will of my “ know them by their fruits. Do « Father which is in heaven."

men gather grapes of thorns, 17. or figs of thistles ? Even so

every good tree bringeth forth Ninth Sunday after Trinity. “ good fruit; but a corrupt tree

The Collect. 18. “ bringeth forth evil fruit. A

Grant to us, Lord, we beseech good tree cannot (n) bring thee, the spirit to think and do " forth evil fruit, neither can a

always such things as be rightful; “ corrupt tree bring forth good “ fruit. Every tree that bringeth

that we, who cannot do any thing rg.

that is good without thee, may by “ not forth good fruit, is hewn

thee be enabled to live according “ down(), and cast into the fire. 20. “ Wherefore by their fruits ye

to thy will, through Jesus Christ

our Lord. Amen. 21. “ shall know them. Not every one that saith (P) unto me,

The Epistle. I Cor. x. I. (9) « Lord, Lord, shall enter into BRETHREN, I would not that ye

thew v.

our Saviour, called “ the Sermon on the

Mount.” See ante 179. note on Mat9.15

(m) “ Sheep's clothing.". With spee

cious appearances and professions,
v.18. (n) “ Cannot,” &c. Not that it can-

not change from good to bad, or from
bad to good, but that so long as it re-
mains good, it cannot bring forth evil
fruit, nor so long as it remains corrupt,

can it bring forth good fruit. v.19.

() “ Hewn down,” &c. St. John the Baptist held the same language whilst he was preaching in the wilderness of Judea, before our Saviour publicly professed himself to be the Messiah. Matt. iii. 10. “ Every tree which bringeth not “ forth good fruit, is hewn down, and “ cast into the fire ;" and so did our Saviour, in his discourse at the last sup. per, just before he was betrayed, John xv. 2. " Every branch in me that beareth

not fruit, he" (that is God) “taketh away.” See ante 139. note on John xv. 2.

6) “ Saith," i. e. I require not professions, but ads.

(9) St. Paul's object seems here to be to convince the Corinthian converts that no interpositions of God's protection, however great, no pledges of adoption, however strong, would be a security to them against future visitations of God's wrath, unless they acted up to their duty, and placed the fullest confidence in him from whom they had received so

much; and with this view he reminds them,
that though God had displayed the most
signal instances of his power in delivering
their forefathers from the Egyptians, yet
when they were disobedient, he visited
them with signal punishments. His fa-
vours, however mighty, are no pledge
for continuing blessings, unless man does
his part to deserve them ; on the con-
trary, the man on whom such blessings
are bestowed ought to have the fullest
conviction of God's power, the firmest
reliance on his protection, and the highest
gratitude for what he has vouchsafed :
and if he on whom God has the strongest
claims is found wanting, it is to be ex.
pected that the punishment on him will
be most exemplary; for “ to whom
“ much is given, of him also will much
“ be required.” St. Paal had just been
stating what he, who had been so high-
ly favoured, thought himself bound to
do, lest he should be a cast-away, and this
naturally led him to press upon the con-
verts, that they also, notwithstanding
what they had received, might be cast-
aways likewise, if they relapsed into sin,
distrusted God's protection, or in any
respect shrunk back from their duty. The
same argument occurs, Jude 5. post 2 17.
“ I willtherefore put you in remembrance,
“ though ye once knew this, how that
“ the Lord, having saved the people out
“ of the land of Egypt, afterwards de.
“ stroyed them that believed not : and

9.21.

should be ignorant, how that all(r) Rock that followed them; and our fathers were under (s) the that Rock was (z)Christ. (a But

cloud, and all passed (t) through with many of them God was not 2. the sea; and were all (u) baptized well pleased; for they were overunto Moses in the cloud and in

thrown(b) in the wilderness. Now the sea ;

and did all eat the same these things were our examples, 4. spiritual (x) meat ; and did all to the intent we should not lust

drink the same spiritual drink; after evil things, as they also for they drank of that (y)spiritual lusted (c). Neither be ye idola

3.

V. 1.

“ the angels which kept not their first

estate, but left their own habitation, “ he hath reserved in everlasting chains, " under darkness, unto the judgment of “ the great day.”

(r) “ All." This term, which occurs five times in this and the three following verses, was probably used, to shew that the very persons who were afterwards so signally destroyed were amongst those upon whom these singular instances of

protection were conferred. 0,1,

“ Under the cloud," i, e. partakers of God's extraordinary interposition on the departure from Egypt ; when according to Exod. xiii. 21. he “ went “ before them by day in a pillar of a “ cloud, to lead them the way, and by “ night in a pillar of fire, to give them " light, to go by day and night :" or he might refer to what is mentioned, Numb. ix. 15. &c. that in the subse. quent journeyings through the wilderness there was a cloud which rested upon the tabernacle when they were to stop, and which was taken up from the taber. nacle, and went before them, when they

were to move. V.I. (t) “ Passed through the sea," i. e.

in the well-known instance, when God divided the waters of the Red Sea, to open a passage for the Israelites, when the Egyptians pursued them.

See Exod. xiv, 21. v.2. (u) “ Baptized unto Moses," i. e.

ranged under him, put under his banners, in a degree identified with him, so as to have on that account an additional

prospect of God's favour. 0,3

(3) “ Spiritual meat," i. e. The quails and manna, Exod. xvi. 11. &c. called spiritual, perhaps, from the miraculous manner in wh ch they were produced, and from their tendency on that account to inspire the people with gratitude and confidence towards God.

(y) “Spiritual rock." This refers to the miraculous supply of water to the Israelites whilst they were wandering in the wilderness after their departure from Egypt; they had no water, and mur. mured greatly for want thereof, and God commanded Moses to take his rod, and smite the rock in Horeb, and told him, that water should come out of it, so that the people might drink, and Moses struck the rock twice, and the water came out abundantly, and the congregation drank, and their beasts also. Exod. xvii, 1 to 6. Numb. xx. i to 12.

(z) “ Was Christ," i.e. (probably,) a type or resemblance of Christ, for as it gave them a constant supply of natural water, so Christ constantly supplies his proselytes with spiritual water ; with that, which spiritually, will prevent any future thirst. As our Saviour says, John iv. 14.

“ Whosoever drinketh of “ the water that I shall give him, shall “ never thirst, but the water that I shall

give him, shall be in him a well of water “ springing up into everlasting life ;' and John vi. 35.“ he that cometh to me, “ shall never hunger, and he that be. “ lieveth on me, shall never thirst."

(a) “ But," &c. i. e. Notwithstanding these signal marks of favour generally to all, he took vengeance upon such of them as gave

him cause of offence. (6) “ Overthrown," &c. God had promised the Israelites the land of Canaan;

but because they were terrified by the gigantic appearance of the inhabitants, he kept them in the wilderness forty years, until all the people that were men of war when they came out of Egypt were consumed. See ante 3. note on Ps. xcv. 8.

(c) “ Lusted." This probably alludes to their lusting for flesh, notwithstanding the supply of manna. Numb. xi. 4. the mixed multitude that

According to

8. "

tors (d), as were some of them; you but such as is common to
as it is written, “ The people sat man: but God is faithful, who
« down to eat and drink, and rose will not suffer you to be tempted

• up to play.” Neither let us above that you are able; but will
commit fornication, as some of with the temptation also make a
them committed, and (e) fell in way to escape, that ye may be

one day three and twenty thou- able to bear it.
9. sand. Neither let us tempt Christ,
as some of them also tempted (f),

The Gospel. Luke xvi. 1. (K) and were destroyed of serpents.

Jesus said unto his disciples, 10. Neither murmur ye, as some of

6 There was a certain rich man them also (8) murmured, and

“ which had a steward ; and the were destroyed of the destroyer. same was accused unto him 11. Now all these things happened

" that he had wasted his goods. unto them for ensamples: and

And he called him, and said 2. they are written for our admoni- « unto him, How is it that I tion, upon whom the (b) ends of

“ hear this of thee? give an ac12. the world are come. Where- " count of thy stewardship; for

fore (i) let him that thinketh he “ thou mayest be no longer
standeth take heed lest he fall.

(6 steward. Then the steward 3. 13. There hath no temptation taken

“ said within himself, “ What

(8)

was among them fell a lusting ; and the children of Israel wept, and said, who shall give us flesh to eat, and God gave them a supply of quails, but before they had finished eating them, he smote them with a very great plague ; and he called the name of the place Kibroth Hattaavah, because they buried there the people that lusted. Numb. xi. 32 to 34. ; and see

Ps. coi. I4.
0.7. (d) “ İdolaters," &c. This is an allu-

sion to their worshipping the golden calf
Aaron made : when the calf was made,
they said, “ these be thy gods, Israel,
“ which brought thee up out of the land
“ of Egypt,” and after Aaron had built
an altar before it, and proclaimed a feast on
the morrow to the Lord,“ they rose up
“ early on the morrow, and offered burnt.
.offerings, and brought peace-offerings,
“ and the people sat down to eat and to
“ drink, and rose up to play.” Exod.

xxxii. 4 to 6.
v.8. (e) “ Fell,” &c.i. e. By the plague

which visited them for their intercourse
with the daughters of Moab. See

Numb. xxv. I to 9. v.9.

(S)" Tempted,” &c. This occurred also in the wilderness. •“ The people “ spake against God, and against Moses,

saying, "wherefore have ye brought us

up out of Egypt to die in the wilder-
ness ;

for there is no bread, neither is
“ there any water, and our soul loatheth
“ this light bread,” (viz. the manna), and
the Lord sent fiery serpents among“ the
“ people, and they bit the people, and
“ much people of Israel died.” Numb.
xix. 5.6.

“ Murmured,” &c. This was in v. 10. the instance of the men who were sent to look at the land of Canaan, and who made an ill report of it, who died by the plague “ before the Lord.” Numb. xiv. 37.

(b) The ends of the world." The v.it. time immediately preceding the period so often referred to as “the day of the Lord,” called i John ii. 18. “' the last time," See ante 25. note on Rom. xiii. 11.

(i) “ Wherefore,” &c. This is the v. 12. conclusion he draws, that they should not assume from what they had received, that they were beyond the chance of falling ; but that they should take heed, &c.

(k) The object of this parable seems to be, by drawing into notice the prudence with which

worldly men dispose of their riches to advance their future temporal interests, to inculcate it as a duty in Christians to dispose of their riches in such ways as may best promote their fu. ture spiritual interests,

5. “ houses."

“ shall I do, for my lord taketh “ ren of light. And I say unto g. away from me the steward

you, Make (n) to yourselves “ ship? I cannot dig ; to beg I

o friends of the mammon () of 4.

am ashamed. I am resolved unrighteousness; that, when 66 what to do, that, when I am ye () fail, they (9) may receive “ put out of the stewardship, you into everlasting (r) habi" they may receive me into their tations(s).

“ So he called every one of his lord's debtors unto “ him, and said unto the first,

Saint James the Apostle. " How much owest thou unto

The Collect. 6. “ my lord? And he said, An

Grant, O merciful God, that 6 hundred measures of oil. And " he said unto him, Take thy

thine holy Apostle Saint “ bill, and sit down quickly, and

James, leaving his father and all

that he had, without delay was 7. « write fifty. Then said he to

obedient unto the calling of thy - another, And how much owest

Son Jesus Christ, and followed “ thou? And he said, An hun

him ; so we, forsaking all world66 dred measures of wheat. And “ he said unto him, Take thy ly and carnal affections, may be

evermore ready to follow thy 8. “ bill, and write fourscore. And

holy Commandments, through " the lord (1) commended the

Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. “ unjust steward, (m)because he “ had done wisely : for the chil- For the Epistle. Acts xi. 27. and part " dren of this world are in their

of ch. xii. (1) “ generation wiser than the child- In those days came prophets

as

v.8.

0.8.

11 “ If therefore ye have not been “ faithful in the unrighteous * mammen, « who will commit to your trust the “ true riches ?

12 “ And if ye have not been faithful “ in that f which is another man's, who “ shall give you that ý which is your " own?"

(6) For Acts xi. 27 to 30. see ante 168. and for A&s xii. I to 3. see ante 176.

v.9.

0.9.

v... 0.9.

(1) Commended." Not that he approved of his dishonesty, but admired his foresight and ingenuity.

(m)“ Because,” i.e. in as far as—it. was his prudence only that was applauded.

(n)“ Make," &c. i.e. so use your riches, as to make him your friend, who, when you are put out of your earthly stewardship, will receive you into heaven.

(c) “ Mammon of unrighteousness," i.e. riches.

() “ Fail," i. e. die.

(9) They may receive you," i.e. you may be received,

(r) “ Everlasting habitations," i. e. heaven, eternal life.

(s) It may be of service to add our Saviour's comments upon this parable, and to explain such parts of them as re. quire it.

10 “ He that is faithful in that which “ is least, is faithtul also in much: and " he that is unjust in the least, is unjust “ also in much.

v.9.

v. 11. “ Unrighteous mammon," i. e. the riches of this world.

+ v. 11. “The true riches," i.e. the riches of the world to come.

v. 12. “ That which is another man's," i. e. the riches of this world, which no man can truly call his own, which may be lost, taken away, and of which the proprietor is, under God, a steward only.

$ v. 1 2. " That which is your own," i, e the riches of the world to come: which cannot be taken from you, and which, when you bave obtained them, you may truly call your own : the " Trea“ sures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust “ doth corrupt, and where thieves do not break " through and steal.” Matt. vi. 20.-Luke xii. 33.

from Jerusalem unto Antioch. say unto him, “ We are able.” 28. And there stood up one of them, And he saith unto them, “ Yę 23. named Agabus, and signified by

66 shall drink indeed of my cup, the Spirit that there should be " and be baptized with the bapgreat dearth throughout all the “ tism that I am baptized with ; world: which came to pass in « but to sit on my right hand,

the days of Claudius Cesar. “ and on my left, is not mine to 29. Then the disciples, every man “ give, but it shall be given to

according to his ability, deter- 66 them for whom it is prepared mined to send relief unto the " of my Father.” And when 24.

brethren which dwelt in Judea : the ten heard it, they were moved 30. which also they did, and sent it with indignation against the two

to the elders by the hands of Bar- brethren. But Jesus called them 25. C. 12, nabas and Saul. Now about that unto him, and said, “ Ye know(y) V.1. time, Herod the king stretched " that the princes of the Gentiles

forth his hands, to vex certain of " exercise dominion over them, 2. the Church. And he killed James 66 and they that are great exer

the brother of John with the “ cise authority upon them. But 26. 3. sword. And because he saw it

- it shall not be so among you : pleased the Jews, he proceeded

« but whosoever will be great further to take Peter also.

among you, let him be your

" minister"; and whosoever will 27. The Gospel. Matt. xx. 20.

“ be chief among you, let him Then came to him the mother

“ be your servant : even as the 28. of Zebedee's children with her

6 Son of man came not to be
sons (u), worshipping him, and “ ministered (z) unto, but to
desiring a certain thing of him.

minister, and to give his life a
And he said unto her, “What “ ransom (a) for many (b)."
66 wilt thou ?” She saith unto
him, “ Grant that these my two

Tenth Sunday after Trinity.
sons may sit, the one on thy

The Collect.
“ right hand, and the other on
“ the left, in thy kingdom.” But Let thy merciful ears, O Lord,
Jesus answered and said, “ Ye be open to the prayers of thy
“ know not what ye ask. Are ye humble servants; and that they
6 able to drink (w) of the cup may obtain their petitions, make
" that I shall drink of, and to be them to ask such things as shall

baptized with the baptism that please thee, through Jesus Christ
“ I am baptized with ?” They our Lord. Amen.

21.

22.

. 20. (w) “ Her sons," i.e. James, who was

killed by Herod (Acts xii. 2.) and St.

John the Evangelist.
D. 22. (x) “ To drink,” &c. i.e. to bear, &c.

every thing I bear.
v.25. (1) “ Ye know,” &c. The same sen.

timent, and in nearly the same words oc

curs Luke xxii. 25. post 196. v. 28. (2) “ Not to be ministered unto," &c.

i.e. not to live in worldly pomp, &c. but
to serve and benefit mankind; not to re-
ceive homage, but to do good.

(a) “ A ransom,' &c. See ante 47. v.28. note on Matt. i. 21.

(6) “ For many.” He does not say v. 28. generally for all mankind : but for many, that is the real Christians. So ante, Mark xiv. 24. p. 101.

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