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“Son of man be (a) lifted up; other : for love is of God, and " that whosoever (6) believeth in every (c) one that loveth, is * him should not perish, but have born (d) of God, and knoweth " eternal life.”
God. He that loveth not, know. 8.
eth not God; for God is love. First Sunday after Trinity.
In (e) this was manifested the love 9. The Collect.
of God toward us, because O God, the strength of all them
that God sent his only-begotten that put their trust in thee, merci
Son into the world, that we fully accept our prayers; and be- might (f) live through him. cause through the weakness of Herein (g) is love, not that we 10. our mortal nature we can do no
loved God, but that he loved us,
and sent his Son to be the good thing without thee, grant us the help of thy grace, that in
pitiation for our sins. Beloved, 11. keeping thy commandments we
if God so loved us, we ought
also to love one another. No 12. may please thee, both in will and deed, through Jesus Christ our
man hath (h) seen God at any Lord. Amen.
time. If (i) we love one another,
God dwelleth in us, and his love The Epistle. John iv. 7. is perfected in us. Hereby know 13. BELOVED, let us love one an- we that we dwell in him, and he
be the pro
(6) "Be lifted up.” This, therefore, was a prediction which was verified when he was crucified.
(6) « Believeth," i. e. has such a belief as thoroughly influences his con
daa. See ante 148. note on James i. 22. *: () " Every one," &c. This is a test :
no one can be altogether “ of God," such as God would have him ; who has tot perfect love and benevolence to man. m" Born of God," i. e. a child of Gol, with his temper, disposition, &c.;
walking in his steps. 6.9.) * Jo this,” &c. St. John points
out this transcendent instance of God's benevolence to man, to inforce the duty of benevolence from man to man; and he accordingly draws the conclusion in Perse 11.
U "Live," i.e. have life, be rescued from the curse of death.
(3) “Herein,” &c. This sets his love in a striking light, that when by sin we had shewn our enmity to God, he sent his son to redeem us from the punishment of sin. According to Rom.v. 8. “God " commendeth his love towards us, in " that while we were yet sinners, Christ < died for us.''
(6) “ Hath seen,” &c. So that "attachment to God cannot proceed from
what causes attachment amongst men
seen," and to whom he has therefore
(i) “ If," &c. Though we have never v. 12. seen God, yet if we have perfect love to man, God filleth our hearts : his love has it's perfection in our ininds : he makes our hearts his dwelling-place: we are animated by his spirit ; our conduct is what his spirit would suggest. So Rom viii. 8. " ye are not in the flesh, but in “ the spirit, if so be that the spirit of “ God dwell in you : now if any man “ have not the spirit of Christ,” (i.e. the temper, &c. he would inspire) « he is “ none of his,”
If a man say,
in us, (k) because he hath given cause fear hath torment. He 14. us of his (1) Spirit.
And we that feareth, is not made perfect have (m) seen, and do testify, in love. We love him, (s) because that the Father sent the Son to he first loved us.
be the Saviour of the world. I love God, and hateth his bro. 15. Whosoever shall (n) confess that ther, he is a (t) liar: for he
Jesus is the Son of God, God that (u) loveth not his brother
dwelleth in him, and he in God. whom he hath seen, how can he 16. And we have (6) known and be
love God whom he hath not lieved the love that God hath to seen? And this commandment us. God is love; and he that have we from him, “ That he
dwelleth in love dwelleth in God, 66 who loveth God love his bro17. and God in him. Herein (p) is “ther also.”
our love made perfect, that we
The Gospel. Luke xvi. 19.
are we in this world. man, which was clothed in purple 18. There is no (r) fear in love ; but
and fine linen, and fared sumpperfect love casteth out fear; be- tuously every day: and there
(B) « Because," i.e. “ in that," or v. 13.
(1) “ Spirit,” i. e. of universal love
Hereby we know that he abideth in
(m) “ Have seen," &c. So that we
doubt. See ante 41, note on 1 John i. 1. v.15. (n) “ Shall confess," i.e. in defiance
of all danger; making this return for
(6) “ Have known," i.e. have had the
fered for ours.
seems to be this : this is perfect love to
&c, where he is hated, &c. v. 17.
(9) “ Of judgment," i.e. perhaps, of trial, danger
(r) “ No fear in love," i. e. the two are inconsistent: perfect love has no fear; disregards all danger. Whoever is deterred by dread of peril from doing what love would dictate, has not reached the standard of love.
(s) “ Because,” &c. i. e. it is a strong inducement for bold and fearless attachment in us, that it is a debt of gratitude, a mere return for previous love in God.
() “ A liar," i. e. advances inconsistent propositions. So St. James says, James ii. 14. “If ye have bitter envying “ and strife in your hearts, glory not, “ and lie not against the truth," i, e. do not say you are Christians, for you are not.
(u) “ For he that loveth not," &c. " Love may proceed from two sources, personal knowledge, or attachment to the commands of him who is the object of our love : but love to God cannot proceed from personal knowledge, for no one hath seen God at any time ; and in the instance of him who loveth not his brother, and is therefore guilty of a breach of one of God's positive commands, how can be pretend to love from the other source, from attachment to God's commands?
(x) There was,” &c. This follows the parable of the unjust steward, where our Lord had recommended such a disposition of wealth, as would ensure a reward in the life to come. And
of the object of this parable probably was, to intimate that the application of riches entirely to a man's own luxuries, with a total disregard of the necessities of the poor, was not innocent, and would be visited hereafter.
was a certain beggar named La- may testify unto them, lest zarus, which was laid at his
gate, " they also come into this place 11. full of sores, and desiring to be “ of torment." Abraham saith 29.
fed with the crumbs which fell unto him, “ They have Moses from the rich man's table: more- “ and the prophets ; let them over, the dogs came and licked hear them.” And he said, 30. his sores. And it came to pass
Nay, father Abraham: but if
eyes, being phets, neither will they be
Father Abraham, have mercy " on me, and send Lazarus, that Second Sunday after Trinity. " he may dip the tip of his finger * in water, and cool my tongue;
The Collect. “ for I am tormented in this O Lord, who never failest to “ flame." But Abraham said, help and govern them whom " Son, remember that thou in thou dost bring up in thy stedthy life time receivedst thy
fast fear and love ; Keep us, we good things, and likewise La- beseech thee, under the protec* zarus evil things : but now he tion of thy good-providence, and * is comforted, and thou art
make us to have a perpetual fear * tormented. And beside all and love of thy holy Name,
this, between us and you there through Jesus Christ our Lord. " is a great gulf fixed : so that
Amen. * they which would pass from "hence to you cannot ; neither
The Epistle. 1 John iii. 13. can they pass to us that would Marvel not, my brethren, if the 27." come from thence." Then he world (2) hate you. We know 14. said
, " I pray thee therefore, fa- that we have passed from death " ther, that thou wouldest send unto life, because (a) we love the 28.“ him to my father's house ; for brethren. He that loveth not his
" I have five brethren : that he brother, abidethin (6) death.
6) “ If,” &c. The common grounds for confidence in God, and obedience to
his commands, are so strong, that it could 'bardly be expe&ted that any thing would
operate upon him, on whom these had not their proper effect : but admitting that other means might have a greater influence, it is for God alone to decide whether he will supply such other means,
(z) “ Hate.” He had just been stating as the reason why Cain" slew Abel, be
e-Cain's works were evil, and Abel's righteous: and he insinuates, therefore, that it will be no wonder if the world, that is the wicked, hate them, for the same reason.
(a) “ Because,” i. e. this convinces v. 14. us; this is our assurance. and chap. iv. verse 13,
(6) " In death,” i.e. in the same state v. 14. as if our Saviour had not appeared: without the benefits of his mediation,
So verse 24.
15. Whosoever hateth his brother is greater (i) than our heart, and
a (c) murderer: and ye know knoweth all things. Beloved,
that no murderer hath eternal life if our heart condemn us not, 16. abiding in him. Hereby (d) per- then have we confidence toward
ceive we the love of God, be- God: And (k) whatsoever we cause he (e) laid down his life for ask, we receive of him, because
us : and we ought to lay down we keep his commandments, and 17. our lives for the brethren. But
do those things that are pleaswhoso hath this world's good, ing in his sight. And this is and seeth his brother have need, his commandment, “ That we and shutteth up his bowels of 66 should believe on the name compassion from him, how dwel- 66 of his Son Jesus Christ, and
leth (f) the love of God in him ? “ love one another, as he gave 18. My little children, let us not love us commandment." And he
in word, neither in tongue; but that keepeth his commandments 19. in deed and in truth. And dwelleth (l) in him, and he in
hereby (8) we know that we are him. And hereby we know
of the truth, and shall assure our that he abideth in us, by the 20. hearts (b) before him. For if Spirit (m) which he hath given
our heart condemn us, God is
(c) “Is a murderer," i. e. has a dis. position which would lead to murder; is as bad as a murderer in the sight of him who forbids the first step towards sin, and sees through all its consequences.
(d) “Hereby," &c. St. John presses the same argument here as in i John iv. 9. 11. (ante 163), that the transcendency of God's love to man should make men love one another. If God has demonstrated in so strong a way that mankind in general, the whole human race, is so much the object of his love, how can we justify making any one of that race the fixed object of our hatred ? “ If God so “ loved us, we ought also to love one 66 another." 1 John iv. II.
(e) “ He laid down.” Our Saviour, therefore, is here distinctly referred to by the name of “God.” So 1 Tim. iii. 16. “ God was manifest in the flesh," &c. See p. 12. note (d).
() “How dwelleth," &c. If, according to verse 16. we ought even to lay down our lives for the brethren, how far short does he fall, who will not even supply their necessities?
(8) “Hereby," i.e. by loving in deed and in truth.
(b) “ Assure our hearts before him," i.e. as it is expressed in verse 21. shall " have confidence towards God.”
(i) “ Greater," i.e. can judge more correctly, and knows the facts on which the judgment is to be formed, as completely.
(k) “ Whatsoever,” &c. If we keep his commandments, he rewards us by granting whatever we ask; but thea (according to verse 23) it is one of his commandments that we should beleve on Christ, and love one another : and we cannot expect the reward, that is, whatsoever we ask, unless we perform the condition, i. e. keeping this command. ment.
(1) “ Dwelleth in him," &c. The idea of God's dwelling in us, is often noticed by St. John. Thus, 1 John iv. 12. “ If we love one another, God dwelleth « in us.” And John xiv. 23. “ If a
man love me, he will keep my words, “ and my Father will love him, and we “ will come unto him, and make our “ abode with him."
(m) “The spirit,” i.e. the temper, disposition, &c. He may be truly said to abide in us, when our temper, &c. is that which his would be. God may truly be said to abide in us, when, to use St. Paul's expression, Philip. ii. 5. “ The same “ mind is in us, which was also in Christ “ Jesus.” In the occurrences of life, might it not often be of service to us to
Feith one. The chit à pieds go
The Gospel. Luke xiv. 16. |6 room.” And the lord said 23. A CERTAIN (n) man made a unto the servant, “ Go out into
great supper, and bade many : “ the highways and hedges, and 17. and sent his servant at supper • compel them to come in, that
time to say to them that were “ my house may be filled. For 24.
Saint Barnabas the Apostle.
The Collea. 19. said, “I have bought five yoke
O LORD God Almighty, who
didst endue thy holy apostle
Barnabas with singular gifts of said, “I have married a wife,
the Holy Ghost; Leave us not, 6 and therefore I cannot come.”
we beseech thee, destitute of thy 21. So that servant came, and
manifold gifts, nor yet of grace shewed his Lord these things.
to use them alway to thy honour Then the master of the house,
and glory, through Jesus Christ
our Lord. Amen.
For the Epistle. Acts xi. 22.
refer to this rule, “ Is the mind the tem-
xiv. 17. 0.16.
(n)“ A certain man," &c. This pa. rable refers to the conduct of the Jews in rejecting our Saviour, and intimates that the grounds on which they rejected him were frivolous and worldly, and that they would therefore be utterly excluded from the benefits of Christ's coming. Should not this be a warning to us not to suffer worldly pursuits to draw us off from our
tion which followed immediately after
drove many of the disciples to very dis-