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Upon these Feasts ; Christmas Day, the Epiphany, St. Matthias, Easter Day, Ascen. 'sion Day, Whit-Sunday, St. John Baptist, St. James, St. Bartholomew, St. Matthew, St. Simon and St. Jude, St. Andrew, and upon Trinity Sunday, shall be sung or said at Morning Prayer, instead of the Apostles' Creed, this Confession of our Christian Faith, commonly called, The Creed of St. Athanasius; by the Minister and
bei The Father uncreate, the Son fore all things it is necessary that
luncreate : and the Holy Ghost he hold the Catholic Faith.
uncreate. Which Faith, except every one
The Father incomprehensible, do keep whole and undefiled :
the Son incomprehensible : and without doubt he shall (6) perish
the Holy Ghost incomprehensible. everlastingly.
The Father eternal, the Son eterAnd the Catholic Faith is this: ||
h is this: nal: and the Holy Ghost eternal; That we worship one God in
And yet they are not (c) three Trinity, and Trinity in Unity;
eternals : but one eternal." Neither confounding the Per.
As also there are not three in. sons ; nor dividing the Substance.
comprehensibles, nor three un. For there is one Person of the
created : but one uncreated, and Father, another of the Son : and
one incomprehensible. another of the Holy Ghost.
So likewise the Father is Al. But the Godhead of the Fa. ||
mighty, the Son Almighty : and ther, of the Son, and of the Holy
the Holy Ghost Almighty; Ghost, is allone : the Glory
And yet they are not three equal, the Majesty co-eternal.
Almighties : but one Almighty. Such as the Father is, such is
| So the Father is God, the Son the Son : and such is the Holy
is (d) God : and the Holy Ghost Ghost.
is (e) God;
(a) “ St. Athanasius." It is generally “ over all, God blessed for ever." In understood that this Creed was not writ Col. ii. 9. he says, that “ in him (viz. ten until after the time of Athanasius, “ Christ) dwelleth all the fulness of who died A.D. 373. See 2 Bp. Tom “ the Godhead bodily;" and 1 Tim. line's Theology, 219.
iii. 16. “ God was manifest in the (6).“ Perish,” see note infra on “ can “ flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of * not be saved."
“ angels, preached unto the Gentiles, (c) “ Not three." Sabellius, and some “ believed on in the world, received up of his predecessors, charged the Church “ into glory.” And in Rev.i, 11. 17, 18. with acknowledging three Gods. This “ He that 'liveth and was dead, and is answers that charge.
“ alive for evermore, and hath the keys (d) “The Son is God.” The Son whom “ of hell and death,” says of himself, " I Isaiah foretold the Virgin was to conceive, “ am Alpha and Omega, I am the Isaiah vii. 14. was to be called “Immanuel, “ first and the last,” which are the “ that is, God with us." One of the proper appellations of God. See also names assigned him, Isaiah ix. 6. is “ The Í saiah xli 4.-xliv, 6.xlvii. 12. See « mighty God.” St. John says, “ The also Bp.Tomline's Theology, 100 to 154, “ Word (i e. that Word which “ was and Dr. Waterland's Moyer's Sermons. “ made flesh, and dwelt among us," (c) “ Holy Ghost is God". See 2 Bp. “ (John i. 14.) was God,” John i. 1. || Tomline's Theology, 84 to 98, and 126 St. Paul speaks of Christ, Rom. ix. 5. as to 187.
And yet they are not three He therefore that will be saved : Gods : but one God.
must thus think of the Trinity. So likewise the Father is Lord, Furthermore, it is necessary to the Son Lord : and the Holy | everlasting salvation : that he also Ghost Lord;
believe rightly the Incarnation of And yet not three Lords: but our Lord Jesus Christ. one Lord.
For the right Faith is, that we For like as we are compelled
believe and confess : that our by the Christian verity : to ac- Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of knowledge every Person by him- God, is God and Man; self to be God and Lord;
God, of the Substance of So are we forbidden by the the Father, begotten before the Catholic Religion : to say, There worlds : and Man, of the (f) Subbe three Gods, or three Lords. stance of his Mother, born in the
The Father is made of none : neither created, nor begotten. Perfect (8) God, and Perfect
The Son is of the Father alone: Man : of a reasonable soul, and not made, nor created, but be
human flesh subsisting; gotten.
Equal to the Father, as touchThe Holy Ghost is of the Fa- || ing his Godhead : and inferior to ther, and of the Son : neither the Father, as touching his Manmade, nor created, nor begotten,
hood. but proceeding.
Who although he be God and So there is one Father, not Man : yet he is not (b) two, but three Fathers; one Son, not one Christ; three Sons : one Holy Ghost, One; not by conversion of not three Holy Ghosts.
the Godhead into flesh : but by And in this Trinity none is taking of the Manhood into God; afore, or after other : none is One altogether; not by congreater, or less than another;
fusion of Substance: but by unity But the whole three Persons of Person. are co-eternal together : and co- For as the reasonable soul and equal.
flesh is one man : so God and So that in all things, as is afore- Man is one Christ; said : the Unity in Trinity, and Whosuffered for our salvation : the Trinity in Unity, is to be descended into hell, rose again worshipped.
the third day from the dead;
()“ Man of the substance of his mother." A sect, called “The Apollinarians," pretended that Christ either had no hu. man body, or that he brought it from heaven, and took it not of the Virgin Mary : And it was in answer to this heresy, that he is here described as
man of the substance of his mother." Anon, on this Creed, ed. 1735, p. 50.
(3) “ Perfect God.” A sect, called The Arians," considered Christ as
(b) Not two." The Apollinarians urged, because of the two natures of Christ, that the Church asserted two Christs, a divine Christ as to one nature, and a human Christ as to the cther : this denies that conclusion. Anon. 51.
He ascended into heaven; he || they that have done evil, into sitteth on the right hand of the everlasting fire. Father, God Almighty : from This is the Catholic Faith : whence he shall come to judge | which except a man believe faiththe quick and the dead.
fully, he (i) cannot be saved. At whose coming all men shall Glory be to the Father, and rise again with their bodies : and to the Son : and to the Holy shall give account for their own Ghost; works.
As it was in the beginning, is And they that have done good, now, and ever shall be : world 'shall
go into life everlasting : and without end. Amen.
(i) “Cannot be saved." The Prelates, who in 1689 were commissioned to review and correct the Liturgy, of whom Abp. Tillotson was one, prepared a Rubric, in which one Part was, that the Articles of this Creed “ought to be received and “ believed, as being agreeable to the " Holy Scriptures,” but that “the con« demping clauses were to be understood “ as relating to those only who obsti“ nately denied the substance of the “ Christian Faith.”
Anon. 54, 55 Dr. Waterland says, " he inclines to the “ moderate opinion of those whothink the "author of this Creed does not here lay “the stress upon every little nicety of “explication before given, but upon the " main doctrine of acuequalandco-eternal " Trinity,” Wat. Crit.Hist.c.10. Should he not have added also, “and of the in“ carnation, &c. of Jesus Christ,” there being no “ other name given under hea
ven, whereby men can obtain remission “ of their sins, and hope for everlasting “ life.”. According to Mark xvi. 16. “He " that believeth, and is baptised, shall be • saved: but he that believeth not, shall “ be damned." So John iii. 18, “ He “ that believeth on him (i. e. Jesus “ Christ) is not condemned: but he that “ believeth not, is condemned already, “ because he hath not believed in the
name of the only begotten Son of “ God." Bp. Tomline says, “ Great * objections have been made to the " clauses which denounce eternal dam. “ nation against those who do not be“ lieve the Faith, as here stated : and it * certainly is to be lamented, that asser* tions of so peremptory a nature, un. “ explained and unqualified, should have
“ been used in any human composition, “ It is indeed impossible to admit the “ divine authority of the New Testa“ ment, and doubt the necessity of faith “ in general: and surely the faith thus “ required, must include the leading and " characteristic doctrines of the Christian “ Religion : and though the gospel has
not particularly enumerated these par. “ ticular doctrines, none seem to have a
stronger claim to be so considered than “ those which relate to the Three Per
sons, in whose name we are commanded “ to be baptised, to the incarnation of “ Christ, and to a future judgment, “ These are the doctrines of the Atha. “ nasian Creed: and therefore it would “ follow, that a belief in the doctrines" (meaning probably the general doctrines) “ of the Athanasian Creed is « essential to salvation. He adds, how ever, afterwards,“ but since the gospel
no where informs us, what degree of “ error will exclude from eternal happi
ness, I am ready to acknowledge, that “ in my judgment, notwithstanding the “ authority of former times, our Church “ would have acted more wisely, and “ more consistently with its general prin. “ ciples of mildness and toleration, if it “ had not adopted the damnatory clauses “ of the Athanasian Creed. Though I
firmly believe that the doctrines of this “ Creed are all founded in Scripture, I “ cannot but conceive it to be both un. “ necessary and presumptuous to say, " that “except every one do keep them « whole and undefiled, without doubt “ he shall perish everlastingly.” 2 Bpa Tomline's Theology, 219 to 222,
TO BE SUNG OR SAID AFTER MORNING PRAYER,
UPON SUNDAYS, WEDNESDAYS, AND FRIDAYS,
AND AT OTHER TIMES, WHEN IT SHALL BE COMMANDED
BY THE ORDINARY,
O God the Father of heaven : thy most precious blood, and be have mercy upon us miserable not angry with us for ever.
Spare us, good Lord. O God the Father of heaven :
From all evil and mischief ; bave mercy upon us miserable sin- from sin, from the crafts and asners.
saults of the devil ; from thy O God the Son, Redeemer of wrath, and from everlasting damthe world : have mercy upon us nation, miserable sinners.
Good Lord, deliver us. O God the Son, Redeemer of the From all blindness of heart; world : have mercy upon us miser- from pride, vain glory, and hypoable sinners.
crisy , from envy, hatred, and O God the Holy Ghost, pro- malice, and all uncharitableness, ceeding from the Father and the
Good Lord, deliver us. Son : have mercy upon us miser
From fornication, and all other able sinners.
deadly sin; and from all the deO God the Holy Ghost, proceed | ceits of the world, the flesh, and ing from the Father and the Son :
the devil, bave mercy upon us miserable sin
Good Lord, deliver us. ,
From lightning and tempest;
from plague, pestilence, and fa. God: have mercy upon us mi
mine; from battle and murder,
and from sudden death, Serable sinners.
Good Lord, deliver us.
false doctrine, heresy, and schism; Remember not, Lord, our of
from hardness of heart, and confences, nor the offences of our tempt of thy Word and Com. forefathers ; neither take thou
mandment, Vengeance of our sins : Spare us,
Good Lord, deliver us. good Lord, spare thy people, By the mystery of thy holy In, whom thou hast redeemed with carnation; by thy holy Nativity
and Circumcision ; by thy Bap- || and preserve our gracious Queen tism, Fasting, and Temptation, Charlotte, their Royal Highnesses
Good Lord, deliver us. George Prince of Wales, the PrinBy thine Agony and bloody ćess of Wales, and all the Royal Sweat (a); by thy Cross and Pas. Family; sion; by thy precious Death and We beseech thee to bear us, good Burial ; by thy glorious Resur- Lord. rection and Ascension ; and by That it may please thee to illuthe coming of the Holy Ghost, minate all Bishops, Priests, and
Good Lord, deliver us. Deacons, with true knowledge In all time of our tribulation; and understanding of thy Word; in all time of our wealth; in the and that both by their preaching hour of death, and in the day of and living they may set it forth, judgement,
and shew it accordingly ; Good Lord, deliver us.
We beseech thee to bear us, good We sinners do beseech thee to Lord. hear us, O Lord God; and that That it may please thee to enit may please thee to rule and due the Lords of the Council, govern thy holy Church univer
and all the Nobility, with grace, sal in the right way;
wisdom, and understanding ; . We beseech thee to hear us, good We beseech thee to hear us,
Lord. That it may please thee to That it may please thee to bless keep and strengthen in the true and keep the Magistrates ; giving worshipping of thee, in righteous them grace to execute justice, and ness and holiness of life thy ser- to maintain truth; vant GEORGE, our most gra. We beseech thee to hear us, good cious King and Governor ;
Lord. We beseech thee to bear us, good That it may please thee to bless Lord.
and keep all thy people; That it may please thee to rule We beseech thee to hear us, good his heart in thy faith, fear, and Lord. love; and that he may evermore That it may please thee to give have affiance in thee, and ever to all nations, unity, peace, and seek thy honour and glory; concord;
We beseech thee to bear us, good We beseech thee to hear us, good Lord.
Lord. That it may please thee to be his That it may please thee to defender and keeper, giving him give us an heart to love and dread the victory over all his enemies; thee, and diligently to live after
We beseech thee to hear us, good thy commandments; Lord.
We beseech thee to bear us, good That it may please thee to bless Lord.
(a) “Agony and bloody sweat." This was just before he was betrayed, when he had been praying to God to remove that cup from him ; and,“ being in an
agony, he prayed more earnestly, and “ his sweat was as it were great drops of “ blood falling to the ground.” Luke xxii. 44. See post, note on Luke xxii. 44.