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P. 247. Ps. viii. This psalm, though “self as in his sight-considered him as written upon David's victory over Goliah, “ looking upon me.” probably looks forward prophetically to P. 254. Ps. xvi. 9. " God." Hebr. an event, of which that might be a type, “ Jehovah" our Saviour's victory over Satan, and his * P. 254. Ps. xvi. 10. “ rest," i. e. « in future power and glory. Mr. Mede has
“ the grave." a learned discourse upon it, B. i. Disc. 9. P. 254. Ps. xvi. 10. “ in hope,” i. e. fol. ed. p. 36.
“ the hope of being quickly raised." P.247. Ps.viji.3. “ For I will consider," P. 254. Ps. xvi. il. “ hell." Not the rather " when I consider.” It is so in place of torment, but “ the place where B.T.
nothing can be seen, the grave," anP. 247. Ps. viii. 5. “ Thou, &c.” In swering to the Greek word “ adrs." answer to the question in v. 4. the Parkh. Hebr. Dict. 709. and ante addit. psalmist bursts forth into extacy upon note at
9. looking forward to him, who was in future P.255. Ps. xvii. 2.“from thy presence," times to be made man, but was to be because then it must be just. crowned with glory and worship.
P. 261. Ps. xix. 2. The literal rendering P. 247. Ps. viii. 5. “ To crown him," seems to be,“ Day unto day uttereth i. e. « in order to crown him for that speech, and night unto night uttereth “ purpose."
knowledge," and the meaning is, there P. 247. Ps. viii. 1. 9. " Lord Gover. is no day or night which does not supply “ nor." Hebr.“ Jehovah Adon."
to that which follows it, proofs of God's P. 248. Ps. ix. 6. ".0, &c.” rather, glory and handywork. “ thine enemies are utterly destroyed : P. 262. Ps. xx. 9. The literal rendering " they are become an everlasting desola- seems to be, “ O Lord, save the king, « tion: thou hast overthrown their cities : “ hear us when we call upon thee.” “ Of “ their memorial (i. e. every trace and heaven," is not in the Hebrew. w remembrance of them) is perished for P. 265. Ps. xxii. 16. « layeth siege," • ever." See Jerome and Edwards. verified when the chief priests and elders
P. 248. Ps. ix. 10. “thy Name.” How took counsel against Jesus, to put him to spirited is this sudden address to God? death. See Matt. xxvi. 8. 15. 59.-Matt.
P. 249. Ps. x. 15. “ beholdest, &c.” xxvii. 1.--Mark xiv. 1.–Mark xv. 1.-i. e. “ there is no ungodliness or wrong Luke xxii. 2. " thou dost not see.”
P. 267. Ps. xxii. 28. “The kingdom, P. 250. Ps. xi. 3. “ will be," rather “ &c.” i.e. perhaps, in the times to which are;” and read “what can the righteous the psalm looks forward, “ it shall be the “ do ?”
“ Lord alone that shall have any king- P. 253. Ps. xvi. The more general • dom, it is he alone that shall be goveropinion is that David speaks throughout among the people;" because, in the this psalm in the person of Christ. In language of Rev. i. 16. “ The kingdoms v. 11. this must be the case, and if so, it 66 of this world shall have become the is probably the case throughout. See kingdoms of our Lord and of his Pole's Synopsis.—Hales's Dissertations, “ Christ.” 22 to 37.
P. 267. Ps. xxii. 30. “ No
&c." P. 253. Ps. xvi. 2. My goods, &c.” i. e. (perhaps) “ it is only by the means i. e. (probably) “ my goods in sacrifice or “ God has prescribed, and to which this “otherwise (or my goodness, B.T.) can be psalm refers, viz. the passion and me“of oo benefit to thee. What you require • diation of the Messiah, that
man's “is not for your benefit, but for man's “ soul can be quickened.” "good.” Job has the same idea, Job xxxv. P. 267. Ps. xxii. 3). “My seed,” i. e. 7. " If thou be righteous, what givest (perhaps) “ the church of Christ," the " thou him? or what receiveth he of thy professors of christianity. See Ps. Ixxxix. . “hand ?" And it is well expressed by 30. and the note there. Chrysostom on 1 Tim. Hom. 16. “If I be P. 268. Ps. xxiv. 2. "
upon” twice, “just, what does God gain, or if I be rather “against,” referring to the boun" wicked, what does he lose ?"
daries of land and sea. P. 254. Ps. xvi. 6. 8. ^ The Lord.” P. 276. Ps. xxxi. 6. “ commend, &c." Hebr.“ Jehovah.”
Bishop Horne's observation upon our P. 254. Ps. xvi. 9. “ set God, &c."
Saviour's quotations from the Psalms in i. e. (perhaps) " always considöred my- his latest moments, is this, “ Thus he,
“ who spake as never man spake, chose “ to conclude his life, to solace himself in “ his greatest agony, and at last to breathe “ out his soul in the psalmist's form of “ words rather than his own." No inconsiderable proof, that the psalmis deserve from us the most lively and accurate attention. * P. 281. Ps. xxxiv. 19. 21. “ the righteous “ the just one,” meaning the Messiah. See Middl. on Gr. Art. 392, 3. Kennic. Hebr. Bible, Dissert. Gen. s. 65. p. 29. and Dodson's Isaiah 168. note. And if this be right, the quotation, John xix. 36. “ a bone of him shall not be broken,” will refer to verse 20, and verse 21 will intimate the punishment upon his, i. e. Christ's, opposers.
P. 281. Ps. xxxv. may be considered as spoken in the person of the Messiah, of whom David was a type, to intimate prophetically that what is here said would be suitable to the condition of the Messiah. See the next note.
P. 283. Ps. xxxv. 19. “ bate me, &e." It is to this passage our Saviour is supposed to have alluded, John xv. 25. when he imputes the hatred and persecution he experienced to this, “ that the “ word might be fulfilled that is written “ in their law, “ they hated me without * a cause.
P. 295. Ps. xlv. The language, in many parts, sounds far too high for Soloinon, and in some, particularly verse 7, would in no sense apply to him: And if any part apply exclusively to the Messiah, it would be strange if the whole had not the same application. See Hales's 9th Dissertation, p. 301.
P. 297. Verse 11. " forget, &c." This might mean, with reference to the Jews, that they were to lay aside their peculiar ritual and ceremonies, which separated them from all other nations; and with reference to others, that they must give up all attachments which opposed their duty: that in the language of our Saviour, Matt. x. 37. he that should love father or mother more than him, would not be worthy of him.
P. 297. Ps. xly. 7. 8. “ God." Hebr. Elohim.
P. 297. Ps. xlv. 12. “ Thy Lord God ;" omit “ God.” It is not in the original, the original is “ Adoni” only.
P. 297. Ps. xlv. 13. “ The daughter of “ Tyre," i.e. (perhaps) “ the greatest " Gentile nations."
P.297. Ps.xlv. 14. “glorious within,"
i.e. (probably) “ endowed with all intei “ nal graces : graces of the mind."
P. 297. Ps. xlv. 14. “ is," i.e. (proba bly) “ must be,” this will be required.
P. 300. Ps. xlviii. is also probably pro phetical : taking occasion from one God's interpositions, to look forward t that pre-eminent deliverance, the demption by Christ, and signifying before hand the opposition it should experience the discomfiture of its opponents, and the success and triumphs of its adherents Jerome evidently so considers it. The strength of Sion may be considered as intimating the strength of Christ's church, founded on that rock against which the gates of hell shall not prevail.
P. 302. Ps. l. “ The noblest prophecy “ (according to Dr. Hales) of the general “ resurrection, both of the good and of “ the wicked, to be found in the Old « Testament !” and he has given a new translation of it, Hales's Signs, 56. St. Jerome considers it as referring to the general judgment. It probably looks forward also to the Messiah, and by the address it supposes him to make, intimates beforehand the nature of his religion, the requisites he would expect, and the vengeance he would inflict.
P. 304. Ps. 1. 21, 22, 23. “I” and me" i. e. “ the Son of God,” called in verse 1.
“ The Lord (Hebr. Jehovah ) even the most mighty God," to whom the Father hath committed all judgment, that all men should honour the Son even as they honour the Father, John v. 22, 23. See Hales's Signs, 57. Hales's Trinity, 234, 5.
Verse 22, 23. “God”ie. “the Father.” Hales's Signs, 57. Hales's Trinity, 234, 5.
P. 321. Ps. Ixviii. Probably had in view the times of the Messiah.
P. 321. Ps. lxviii. 4. “As it were upon an borse.” This is an addition : it is not in the original.
P.321. Ps. lxviii. 4. “Jah." See some admirable observations on the primitive names of the Deity, in Dr. Hales's Dissertations.
P. 323. Ps. lxviii. 18. “on high," i.e. “ into Heaven," alluding probably to our Saviour's ascension.
P. 323. Ps. lxviii. 18. “ led captivity
captive," i. e. (perhaps) overcome the powers of darkness, bruised the serpent's head, and gained the victory over sin, death, and satan : having subdued and made captive those who would put all mankind under captivity.
P. 323. "received gifts, &c." i.e. (perhaps) “ been the means by which gifts have * been conferred upon 'man :" referring possibly to all the benefits of Christ's death. The
passage, Eph. iv. 8, shews that the psalm referred to the Messiah. See Beldarm. de Christo, lib. 1. c. 4. p. 282.
P. 323. Ps. lxviii. 18.' " that, &c." That by turning the hearts of the disobe. dient (God's enemies) to the wisdom of the just, the dispositions of man might be so improved, that God himself might be considered as dwelling amongst them. See John xiv. 17. 23.
P. 325. Ps. lxvii. 32. “Kingdoms of the earth," i. e. “ the Gentiles : " such as were without the true worship or knowledge of God: referring to the times when, according to Rev. xi. 15. “ The “ kingdoms of this world should become “the kingdoms of the Lord, and of his “ Christ."
P. 327. Ps. lxix. 23. “The things,&c.” How fully was this accomplished by our Saviour's coming, and the subsequent destruction of Jerusalem ? His coming, which should have proved the blessing of the nation, proved its ruin!
P. 327. Ps. lxix. 27. «gmitten and “ wounded.” Not perceiving that, with reference to the Messiah, it was for man's transgressions he was wounded, for man's iniquities he was bruised, and that with his stripes we are healed. Is. liii. 5.
P.328. Ps. lxix. 35. “ Save Sion, &c." This and the following verse refer probably to times not yet arrived; when, after the fulness of the Gentiles shall have come in, the Jews also shall be converted to Christianity, and all Israel shall be saved. See Rom. xi. 25, 26. Rev. i. 7.
P. 347. Ps. Ixxxi. 5. “in Joseph," i.e. "amongst Joseph's people, the Israel
P. 347. Ps. Ixxxi. 5. “A testimony of their deliverance: of the wonders he had wrought on their behalf.
P. 355. Ps. lxxxix. This psalm is perhaps wholly prophetical, looking forward solely to the Messiah ; and intimating, in the last sixteen verses, his humiliation, and the indignities he should suffer.
P. 355. Ps. lxxxix, 2. “ for ever." Not for a time only, but throughout all generations.
P. 355. Ps. lxxxix. 2. “in” or “as ;" as fixed and permanent as the heavens themselves.
P.360. Ps. xci. It is said of this psalm (Pole's Synopsis), that nothing more solid
or splendid can be written; and that no poem can be compared to it. Dr. Hales considers it as prophetical, applying to the Messiah ; and Bp. Lowth thinks it refers to some greater personage than it names.
This is made highly probable by verse 11. and by the reference to it
upon our Saviour's temptation.
P. 360. Ps. xci. 1. “abide;" without the risk of annoyance or removal.
P. 360. Ps. xci. 2. “I will say," or
saying,” so as to be able to say: making it the speech of those who dwell under God's defence. In several of Dr. Kenni. cot's MSS. the participle is used: not the first future.
P. 360. Ps.xci. 7. “ it," i.e. “ the de. “struction by which others fall.”
P. 361, Ps. xci. 13. “ The lion and " adder,&c;" put perhaps figuratively for “ all the powers of darkness ;" and including the dragon, that old serpent, 4 which is the Devil. Rev. xx. 2." The object probably is, to foretell the bruising of the tempter's head, and the spiritual success of Christ.
P. 364. Ps. xcvi. By common consent of Jews and Christians, this psalm is applied to the times of the Messiah. Doya ley and Mant's Notes. P. 364. Ps. xcvi. 4. “ worthily," i. e. as much as he deserves.”
P. 365. Ps. xcvii. Many commentators consider this psalm as applying to the Messiah; and if it be to verse 7. that Hebr. i. 6. refers, that is a decisive authority that it does. In this view it looks forward to the spiritual reign of Christ, who should overthrow the idolatry of the heathen, put down his enemies, and make the spiritual daughters of Judah be glad, because of his judgments. See Travell, and Doyley and Mant.
P. 370. Ps. cii. 16, 17. Instead of the first " when” read “ for", and omit the second " when” in verse 16. and that in verse 17. Read also « he shall turn."
despise”. So Jerome and Hebr. P.370. Ps.cii. 25. “Thou Lord, &c." In Hebr. i. 10. (ante 38.) this verse is considered as spoken of the second person in the Trinity, “ the Son of God.” The word “Lord” is not in our copies of the Hebrew.
P. 370. Ps. cii. 27. “ the same," i. e,
subject to no change.” The word in the Hebrew is what is generally translated
He,” which is one of the divine names, and signifies permanent existence. It is so used Deuter. xxxii. 39.-Is. xlii, 10.13.
-Is. xlviii. 12.-See Parkh. Hebr. Lexi
P: 384. Ps. cx. 1. “ The Lord," i. e. “ God the Father.” Hebr. “ Jehovah."
P. 384. Ps. cx. 1. “My Lord,” i. e. “ the Messiah.” Hebr. “ Adonai." See ante 12. additional note on Ps. ii. 4.
P. 385. Ps. cx. 2.4. “ The Lord;" j. e. “God the Father.” Hebr. “ Jehovah."
P.385. Ps.cx.2. “ rod” or “sceptre,” the symbol of royalty.
P. 385. Ps. cx. 3. “ the people,” i. e. (probably) “the Gentiles."
P. 385. Ps. cx. 4. “ of Melchisedeck," not of Aaron, whose priesthood originated from the Mosaic institutions and would end with them, and was confined to the Israelites,--but of Melchisedeck, who was long before Aaron's time, being contemporary with Abraham. See Gen. xiv. 18.19. The meaning probably is, “ Thou shalt be “a priest, not for a limited time, as the “ priests of the order of Aaron, but for “ ever ; not for one nation only, but for “ every people and language that shall “ look up to thee. And as it belonged to “ the priest's office to offer sacrifice, and “ to intercede for and bless the people, po thou shalt offer up for them an all-suf
“ ficient sacrifice, thou shalt make inter“ cession for them to the end of time, “and shalt confer upon them God's blessing." P. 385. Ps.cx.5. “ The Lord upon thy
right hand,” i. e. “the Messiah" placed at the hand of God the Father by the order in verse 1. Hebr. “ Adonai.”.
P. 392. Ps. cxvii. is considered by Bishop Patrick as prophetical of the joy the coming of the Messiah should produce.
P. 392. Ps. cxviii. is supposed to have been written by David, and to refer pro phetically to the Messiah.
P. 424. Ps. cxlvi. 3. “ Thoughts, " i. e.
earthly plans and devices : whatever he “ had been contriving :" not that he will not hereafter have thoughts and other operations of the mind, but that whatever in this world he had been setting his mind upon, would be lost to him for
P. 424. Ps. cxlvii. It is supposed that this and the two following psalms were sung on the dedication of the second temple. They are called in the
Septuagint “ The psalms of Haggai and Zechariah," and might have been written by them for that occasion. 1 Prid. Conn. 191,
Strahan and Spottiswoode, Printers-Street, London.
Psalm li. 3.
At the beginning of Morning or Evening Prayer, the Minister shall read with
a loud voice, some one or more of these sentences of Scriptures CHEN the wicked man
I will arise, and go to my turneth away from his Father; and will say unto him, wickedness that he hath com- Father, I have sinned against mitted, and doeth that which is heaven, and before thee, and am lawful and right, he shall save no more worthy to be called thy his soul alive. Ezekiel xviii. 27.
Luke xv. 18, 19.
Enter not into judgment with sions, and my sin is ever before thy servant, O Lord: for in thy
sight shall no man living be justiHide thy face from my sins, fied. Psalm cxliii. 2. and blot out all mine iniquities. If we say that we have no sin, Psalm li. 9.
we deceive ourselves, and the The sacrifices of God are a truth is not in us: But if we conbroken spirit: a broken and a fess our sins, He is faithful and contrite heart, O God, thou wilt || just to forgive us our sins, and not despise. Psalm li. 17. to cleanse us from all unrighte
Rend your heart, and not your ousness, 1 John i. 8, 9. garments, and turn unto the Lord your God : for he is gracious and Dearly beloved brethren, the merciful, slow to anger, and of Scripture moveth us in sundry great kindness, and repenteth him || places to acknowledge and conof the evil. Joel ii. 13:
fess our manifold sins and wicked To the Lord our God belong || ness; and that we should not mercies and forgivenesses, though | dissemble nor cloke them before we have rebelled against him; the face of Almighty God our neither (a) have we obeyed the heavenly Father ; but confess yoice of the Lord our God, to them with an humble, lowly, walk in his laws, which he set be- penitent, and obedient heart; to fore us. Dan. ix. 9, 10.
the end that we may obtain forO Lord, correct me, but with giveness of the same, by his judgement: not in thine anger, infinite goodness and mercy: lest thou bring me to nothing. And although we ought at all Jer. x. 24. Psalm vi. 1.
times humbly to acknowledge Repent ye: for the kingdom our sins before God, yet ought of heaven is at hand. Matt. iü. 2.
we most chiefly so to do when
(a) " neither have we" i. c. “ and have not.'