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“ where they have laid him.” yet they (t) knew not the Scrip 3.

Peter therefore went forth, and ture, « that he must rise agail

that other disciple, and came to “ from the dead.” Then the dis 4. the sepulchre. So they ran both ciples went away again unto thei

together : and the other disciple own home.

did outrun Peter, and came first 5. to the sepulchrę. And he, stoop

ing down, and looking in, saw the

linen clothes lying; yet went he Monday in Easter Week. 6. not in. Then cometh Simon Peter following him, and went into

For the Epistle. Acts x. 34. the sepulchre, and seeth the linen Peter (x)opened his mouth, and 7. clothes lie; and the napkin that said, “ Of a truth I perceive tha

was about his head, not lying with “ God is no respecter of persons

the linen clothes, but wrapped to- “ but in every nation he that 8. gether in a place by itself. Then e feareth him, and worketh righ.

went in also that other disciple“ teousness, is accepted with him.

which came first to the sepulchre, The word which God sent un 9. and he saw and believed. For as

“ to the (y) children of Israel,

as

(1)“ Knew not,” &c. Our Saviour Cornelius arrived, Peter had just seen a v.9. had told the Scribes and Pharisees, vision, in which 'he was told that he was

“ Jonas was three days and three nights to consider nothing “ as common or un. “ in the whale's belly, so shall the Son “ clean which God had cleansed." He

of man be three days and three nights at once drew this inference from the “ in the heart of the earth.” Matt. xii. vision, that he was not to disregard even 40. And at another time he said unto the a Gentile, who had God's approbation ; Jews, “Destroy this temple, and in three and he therefore accompanied the mese “ days I will raise it up,” speaking to sengers. Cornelius met him, with his them of the temple of his body. See kinsmen and friends; and after mentionJohn ii. 19. He also told his disciples, | ing the vision he (Cornelius) had had, he Matt. xx. 19. that the Son of Man should said, “ Now, therefore, are we all here be crucified, and “the third day he should

present before God, to hear all things “ rise again.” It may be collected, how- “ that are commanded thee of God." ever, from John ii. 22. that what he meant And it was in answer thereto that by “ destroying this temple," &c. was St. Peter made this address. not understood till he was risen from (y) “ The Children of Israel.” It the dead. And however plain the iuti- was to the Jews first that the Gospel was mation is in Matt. xx. 19. St. Luke preached, because they had long been tells us in the parallel passage, Luke the only worshippers of the one true

“ they understood none of God; it was to their nation that the “ these things; and this saying was later prophecies were delivered ; and it “ hid from them ; neither knew they" was in their sacred books that all the (i. e, comprehended) “ the things that prophecies were preserved. They are

were spoken." See post, note on accordingly called the children of the Luke xxiv. 45.

kingdom," Matt. viii. 12. (ante 58. (x) “ Peter,” &c. The occasion of Our Saviour told the woman of Canaan this address was as follows: Cornelius, “ I am not sent but unto the lost sheep a centurion, a Gentile of Cesarea, a de- “ of the house of Israel.Matt. xv. 24 vout man, had been directed in a vision It was in the wilderness of Judea (the to send for Peter, with this intimation, Jews country) that John the Baptist be “ He shall tell thee what thou oughtest “ to do.” When the messengers from

gan his preaching. Matt. ii. 1. And when our Saviour sent forth the twelve

xviii. 34

v. 34.

38.

“ preaching (z) peace by Jesus “ drink with him after he rose

“ Christ; (he is Lord of all ;) " from the dead. And he com- 42. 37.

" that word, I say, ye know, “ manded us to preach unto the
" which was published through people, and to testify that it
“ out all Judea, and began from " is he which was ordained of
" Galilee, after the (a) baptism “ God to be the Judge of quick
“ which (6) John preached: how " and dead. To him give all 43.
“ God anointed Jesus of Naza. " the prophets witness, that
“ reth with the Holy Ghost and “ through his name whosoever
“ with power; who went about “ believeth in him shall receive
“ doing (c) good, and (d) healing “ remission (f) of sins.”
“ all that were oppressed of the
co devil: for God was with him.

The Gospel. Luke xxiv. 13.
And we are (e) witnesses of all Behold (g) two of his disciples

things which he did, both in went that (b) same day to a village
“ the land of the Jews and in called Emmaus, which was from
Jerusalem ; whom they slew

Jerusalem about threescore fur“ and hanged on a tree.

Him 40.

longs. And they talked toge- 14. “ God raised up the third day, ther of all these (i) things which 66 and shewed him openly; not had happened. And it came to 15. " to all the people, but unto pass, that, while they communed “ witnesses chosen before ofGod, together and reasoned, Jesus

even to us, who did eat and himself drew near, and went with

39.

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41.

on earth

apostles to preach the gospel, he com-
manded them, “ Go not into the

way

of “ the Gentiles," &c. but go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. Matt.

X. 5,6. See ante 84. note on Matt. xv. 24. 2. 36. (2) “ Peace," either from God to man, or between man and man.

• The “ chastisement of our peace" (that is, the punishment by which we obtained pardon and goodwill from God)“ was upon him," Isaiah liji. 5. He“ made reconciliation " for iniquity,” Dan. ix. 24. And the spirit of his religion is universal bene. volence,

peace, goodwill to“ wards man.” Luke ii. 14.

(a) “ Baptism,” i.e. unto repentance.
“ I indeed baptize you with water unto

repentance." Matt, iii. 11.
(6) “ John," i.e. the Baptist.

(c) “ Doing good.” The character of our Saviour's life and miracles was according to the spirit of bis religion ; promoting the bappiness, and diminishing

the miseries of man. 2.38. (d) Healing," &c.

This was a strong proof that God was with him. It was insinuated that he cast out devils through Beelzebub, the prince of the devils, that is, that Satan himself assisted

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him; but he fully refuted that insinuation,
by demonstrating, that the nature of his
religion was to destroy Satan's influence,
not to advance it ; and therefore Satan
was not likely to assist him. Ante 86.
note on Luke xi, 17.
le) Witnesses."

St. Peter relies v. 39.
upon what is a strong argument with
us, that the apostles acted, not upon
hearsay or the report of others, but upon
what they themselves saw: it was in their
presence that our Saviour's miracles were
performed ; and after his Resurrection
they eat and drank with him : they could
not therefore have been deceived. There
was still another point in which they
could not have been mistaken, that is,
the powers communicated to them, of
speaking languages they never learnt,
healing diseases, &c.

(8)“ Remission of sins.” See ante 123. 0.43. note on Pet. iii. 18. (8)

“ Two of them.” Cleophas was v. 13.

See post, verse 18. (h) “ That same day,” i. e. the day v. 13: of the Resurrection ; corresponding with our Easter Day.

(i) “ All these things," i.e. the cruci. v. 14. fixion, &c.

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one.

16. them. But their (k) eyes were

66 and found it even so as the holden, that they should not So women had said ; but him

know him. And he said unto " they saw not.” Then he said 17. them, “ What manner of com- unto them, " O fools, and slow

"munications are these that ye “ of heart to believe all that the

o have one to another, as ye “ prophets have spoken! Ought 18. “ walk, and are sad ?” And the not Christ to have suffered

one of them, whose name was “ these things, and to () enter Cleopas, answering said unto him, “ into his glory?" And begin. “ Art thou only a stranger in Je- ning at Moses and all the pro" rusalem, and hast not known phets, he expounded unto them " the things which are come in all the Scriptures the things to pass there in these days ?” concerning himself

. And they 19. And he said unto them, “ What drew nigh unto the village whi

things?” And they said unto ther they went : and he made as him, “ Concerning Jesus of Na- though he would have gone

fur. “ zareth, which was a prophet ther. But they constrained him,

mighty in deed (l) and word saying, “ Abide with us; for it

66 before God and all the people: "'is toward evening, and the day 20. “ and how the chief priests and is far spent.

And he went « our rulers delivered him to be in to tarry with them. And it

“ condemned to death, and have came to pass, as he sat at meat 21.6 crucified him. But we trusted with them, he took bread, and

" that it had been he which blessed it, and brake, and gave " should (m) have redeemed Is- to them. And their eyes were “ rael: and beside all this, to- opened, and they knew him; and day is the third day since these he vanished out of their sight

. things were done. Yea, and And they said one to another

, j “ certain women also of our • Did not our heart burn within company made us astonished,

us,

while he talked with us by " which were early at the se- “ the way, and while he opened 23. pulchre: and when they found to us the Scriptures?" . And “ not his body, they came, say

they rose up the same hour, and ing, “ That they had also seen returned to Jerusalem, and found

“ a vision of angels, which said the eleven gathered together, and 24. " that he was alive.” “ And cer- them that were with them, say.

" tain of (n) them which were ing, “ The Lord is risen indeed, “ with us went to the sepulchre, “ and hath appeared to (p) Si.

22.

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But 30

35. “ mon.” And they told what that was written of him, they

things were done in the way, and took him down from the (u) tree,
how he was known of them in and laid him in a sepulchre.
breaking of bread.

God raised him from the dead :
and he was seen many days 31.

of (x) them which came up with
Tuesday in Easter Week.

him from Galilee to Jerusalem,

who are his witnesses unto the For the Epistle. Acts xiii. 26. people.

And we declare unto 32. Men (9) and brethren, children you glad tidings, how that the of the stock of Abraham, and promise (y) which was made whosoever among you feareth unto the fathers, God hath ful- 33. God, to you is the word of this filled the same unto us their chilsalvation (r) sent. For they that dren, in (z) that he hath raised dwell at Jerusalem, and their up Jesus again ; as it is also writrulers, because they knew (s) him ten in the second Psalm, “ Thou not, nor yet the voices of the art (a) my Son, this day have prophets which are read every " I begotten thee."

And as 34. sabbath-day, they have fulfilled

concerning that he raised him up 18. them in condemning him. And from the dead, now no more to

though they found no cause of return to corruption, he said on death in him, yet desired (t) they this wise, “ I (6) will give you Pilate that he should be slain. " the sure mercies of David." And when they had fulfilled all Wherefore he saith also in an- 35.

v.9.

This is our ».33.

he had preached to them. Part is, that our Saviour “rose again the third day,

according to the Scriptures, and that " he was seen of Cephas,” (which was Peter's name, see John i. 42.), “then of

the twelve,” &c. O) “ Men," &c. This is part of St. Paul's address in the synagogue at Antioch, on the Sabbath-day : the Jews and rulers of the synagogue were present, and probably some Gentiles. He had just stated, that “ of David's seed had God according to his promise raised "unto Israel a Saviour Jesus,” and had noticed the testimony John the Baptist bore to him, “there cometh one after “ me, whose shoes of his feet I am not “ worthy to unloose;" and then he pro.

ceeds, “ Men and brethren,” &c.
4. () “ This salvation," i.e. by Jesus

Christ. He had stated in verse 23. that
God had raised up a Saviour Jesus.

(s) “ Him," i. e. our Saviour Jesus.

(1) “ Desired they Pilate.” The Jews had not at that time the power of inflicting capital punishment: they were obliged to procure an order from the Roman go

(w) “ The tree," i. e. the cross, on
which he was crucified.
(a) Seen many days of them which

v.31.
came up with him." St. Paul was
not converted until some time after the
Ascension : he was not among those,
therefore, to whom our Saviour ap-
peared ; but the eleven Apostles were.
See ante 129, Acts x. 41.

“ The promise,” i. e. of the v.32. Messiah.

(2) “ In that,” &c.
assurance for saying the promise is ful.
filled, that God hath raised Jesus.

fa) “ Thou art my Son,” &c. The'v.33.
ineaning perhaps is, this was a promise
that the Messiah should be of David's
seed, and so was Jesus Christ.

(6).“ Give you,' &c. This alludes v. 34. to Isaiah lv. 30 4. where God says, “ In“ eline your ear, and come unto me; “ hear, and your souls shall live: and I 6 will make an everlasting covenant with

you, even the sure mercies of Darid. 6 Behold I have given him for a witness “ to the people; a leader and commander “ to the people," &c. And the meaning may be, that this prophecy might satisfy

vernor.

36.

other (c) Psalm, “ Thou shalt The Gospel. Luke xxiv. 36.
« not suffer thine Holy One to Jesus himself (f) stood in the
“ see corruption." For David, midst of (g) them, and saith unto
after he had served his own gene- them, “ Peace be unto you.”
ration by the will of God, fell on But they were terrified and af-

sleep, and was laid unto his fa- frighted, and supposed that they 37. thers, and saw corruption : but had seen a spirit. And he said

he whom God raised again, saw unto them, “ Why are ye trou. 38. no corruption. Be it known « bled ? and why do thoughts

unto you, therefore, men and “ arise in your hearts ? Behold brethren, that through this man my hands and my feet, that it

is preached unto you the forgive- " is 'I myself: handle (b) me, 39. ness of sins: and by him, all that " and see; for a spirit hath not

believe are (d) justified from all s flesh and bones, as ye see me things, from which ye could not " have.” And when he had thus

be justified by the law of Moses. spoken, he shewed them his 40. Beware therefore, lest that come hands and his feet. And while

upon you which is spoken of in they yet believed not for joy, and 41. the prophets; « Behold (e), ye

wondered, he said unto them, despisers, and wonder, and “ Have ye here any meat?" « perish : for I work a work in And they gave him a piece of

your days, a work which ye a broiled fish, and of an honey. « shall in no wise believe, though comb. And he took it, and

a man declare it unto you. did (i) eat before them. And he

them that God would not leave in the
grave the great personage to whom it

referred.
?. 35. (c) “ Another Psalm.” The

passage is in Ps. xvi. 11. " My heart was glad, « and my glory rejoiced ; my flesh also

rest in hope. For why? thou “ shalt not leave my soul in hell, neither “ shalt thou suffer thine Holy One to see “ corruption." David was probably referring to the Messiah; and to him St. Paul here applies it. It is also so applied by

St. Peter, A As ii. 27 to 31. 9.39.

(d) “ Justified," i.e. cleared, absolved. 1.41. (c) “ Behold.” The passage is in

Hab. i. 5. and refers to what God would
do by the hands of the Chaldeans: “Be.
“ hold ye among the heathen, and regard,
“ and wonder marvellously; for I will
u work a work in your days, which ye
« will not believe, though it be told

you." St. Paul, therefore, calls to
their recollection what a denunciation
had been made in a former instance against
those who would not hear, to awaken
their attention, &c. in this. It is probable
be had in contemplation the approaching
day of vengeance on the unbelievers, the

time so often referred to as “ the day," or “ coming of the Lord." Ante 25.

(f).“ Stood,” &c. This was on the # day of his Resurrection ; just after the two disciples to whom our Saviour ap• peared on the way to Emmaus had related the particulars of that appearance to the apostles, and to those that were with them. (Ante 129 )

(8)“ Of them," that is, of the apostles and their companions.

(5) “ Handle me,” &c. This backwardness in the apostles to believe the appearance exempts them from the charge of credulity, and contributes to stamp their accounts with credit. But their speaking languages they never learnt, was a point of all others in which they could not be deceived: they must know whether they had this faculty; and it could not have been conferred but by God, or by his permission. (i) “ Eat,” &c.

In AAs x. 41. St. Peter says, that they “ did eat and « drink with him after he rose from the “ dead.” And John states, that after appearing to them whilst Peter and others were fishing, “ Jesus cometh, and taketh

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