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accomplished, that the (1) Scrip- || might believe. For these things 36.
ture might be fulfilled, saith, “I were done, that the Scripture 29.
" thirst." Now there was set a should be fulfilled, "A (1) bone
" of him shall not be broken." filled a spunge with vinegar, and And again (m) another Scripture 37
put it upon (i) hyssop, and put it saith, “They shall look on him 30. to his mouth. When Jesus there- “ whom they pierced.”
fore had received the vinegar, he
The Collect. the bodies should not remain upon
GRANT, O Lord, that as we are
blessed Son our Saviour Jesus
Christ ; so by continual mortifylegs might be broken, and that
ing our corrupt affections, we 32. they might be taken away. Then came the soldiers, and brake the may be buried with him; and
that through the grave and gate legs of the first, and of the other
of death, we may pass to our which was crucified with him. 33. But when they came to Jesus, and joyful resurrection, for his inerits
who died and was buried, and rose saw that he was dead already, again for us, thy Son Jesus Christ 34. they brake not his legs : but one
our Lord. Amen.
The Epistle. 1 Pet. iii. 17.
It is better, if the will of God be his record is true; and he know- so, that ye suffer for well-doing eth that he saith true, that ye than for evil-doing. For Christ 18.
v. 29. v. 35
() “ The Scripture.” Perhaps Psalm
me vinegar to drink.”
(2, St. John,
the testimony of an eye-witness.
19, 2c. is this passage : “ Great are the
So Numb. ix. 12. in directing how they
our passover,” i Cor, v. 7.
(m)“ Another Scripture,” viz. Zech. v. 37. xii, 10. “ I will pour upon the house of
David, and upon the inhabitants of “ Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of “ supplications : and they shall look upon “ me whom they have pierced ; and they " shall mourn for him,
one that “ mourneth for his only son ; and shall « be in bitterness for him, as one that is “ in bitterness for his first-born.”
also hath once suffered for sins, || souls, were saved by (r) water. the just for the unjust, that he The like figure whereunto, even might(n) bring us to God, being || baptism(s), doth also now save us
put to death in the flesh, but (not the (t) putting away of the 19. quickened by the (6) Spirit: by filth of the flesh, but the answer
which also he went and preached of a good conscience towards
unto the () spirits in prison ; God,) by the resurrection of Je20. which sometime were disobedient, sus Christ: who is gone into hea
when once the long-suffering of ven, and is on the right hand of God (9) waited in the days of God; angels and authorities and Noah, while the ark was a pre- powers being made subject unto paring, wherein few, that is, eight him.
(n) “ That he might bring us to “God." According to Isaiah liii. 5. he was wounded for « our transgressions, “ he was bruised for our iniquities; the « chastisement of our peace
(that is, whereby we obtained peace)
was upon “ him; and with his stripes we " healed." In Matt. xx.28. our Saviour says, that he came “to give his life a ran“ som for many.” In Matt. xxvi. 28. he speaks of his blood as “shed for many • for the remission of sins.” In Col. i. 14. we are said to have" redemption through “ his blood, even the forgivenness of sins." And 1 John iv, 10. God is said to have “ sent his Son, to be the propitiation for
In Heb. ix. 28. it is said, that “ Christ was once offered to bear the “ sins of many." (0)
« The Spirit,” i. e. probably, the divine Spirit. v. 19.
(0) "The spirits in prison," i. e. the sinners of the old world, who were under
bondage to sin V. 20. (9) “ Waited.” God forebore 120
years before he sent the flood, to give time for repentance.
See Gen. vi. 3. « The Lord said, My Spirit shall not " alway strive with man, for that he also “ is flesh; yet his days shall be 120
years," i.e. I will spare him for that
time. 0. 20. (r) For “ by water.” The reading
should perhaps be “ from the water." v. 21. () " Baptism." Baptism into Christ,
if we act up to our duty, saves us from eternal destru&ion, as effectually as the ark did Noah from destruction here : or St. Peter might mean, that baptism into Christ would save the converts from temporal destruction here, as certainly and effe&ually as the ark did Noah.
(+) “ Not the putting away," &c. i. e. not the outward ceremony, but the thing signified; purity of life, and its necessary consequence, a conscience void of offence. The meaning of this (not very clear) portion of Scripture seems to be this: if we must suffer, it is better it should be for good deeds than bad, and from evil-doers rather than from God, as to which we have our Saviour for an example, who was persecuted even unto death, and yet was raised again to life by the Spirit of God; which Spirit, however, though it will ultimately reward to the utmost those who adhere to God, and will ultimately take vengeance upon those who revolt from him, yet is it a spirit of forbearance, which gives man opportunity to repent, and does not at once execute punishment ; for it was this self-same Spirit which warned the sinners of the old world in Noah's time, and
gave them 120 years in which to repent, and then at the end of that time brought such
destruction upon the world as left only eight persons alive. It is consistent, therefore, with God's ways, notwithstanding the warning he has given by Christ's coming, to forbear for a time, to execute his judgment, and to suffer his opposers to triumph; but their punishment, if they repent not, is not the less certain, and will not be the less heavy. And as the ark in Noah's time saved those who had deserved God's favour, 50 will baptism into Christ give the same salvation now.
And this is the more certain, because God has given such an assurance as cannot fail, viz, the raising Jesus Christ from the dead, and putting him at his own right hand, above all angels, principalities, and powers.
the (y) other Mary, sitting over The Gospel. Matt. xxvii. 57.
against the sepulchre. Now the 62. When the (u) even was come, next day, that followed the day there came a rich man of Arima. of the Preparation, the chief
thea, named Joseph, who also priests and Pharisees (z) came to58. himself was Jesus' disciple: hegether unto Pilate, saying, “Sir, 63.
went to Pilate, and begged the " we remember that that deceiver
manded the body to be delivered. “ “ After(a)three days I will rise 59. And when Joseph had taken the again." « Command there. 64.
body, he wrapped it in a clean “ fore that the sepulchre be made 60. linen cloth, and laid it in his own sure until the third day, lest
new (x) tomb, which he had hewn “ his disciples come by night and
" the people, “ He is risen from 61. sepulchre, and departed. And
< the dead :" " so the last error there was Mary Magdalene, and " shall be worse than the first."
(u) “ The even." The latter part of the day of preparation, on which our Saviour was crucified; before the hour at which the Sabbath was considered to begin. St. Mark, in speaking of Joseph's application, says, “When the “ even was come,” (because it was the preparation, that is the day before the Sabbath), "Joseph,” &c. " came,'' &c. And St. Luke, after mentioning his application, and the laying the body in the sepulchre, says, “ and that day was " the preparation ; and the Sabbath drew
(x) “ New tomb," &c. According to John xix. 39, 40. Nicodemus brought a hundred pound weight of myrrh and aloes; and they wound the body in linen clothes. St. Mark (Mark xv. 46.) says fine linen, with the spices. It is said in the prophetic chapter, Isaiah liii. 9. that " he made his grave with the wicked, " and with the rich in his death," (speaking with prophetic boldness, in the past tense, of what was yet to be, considering it as certain as if it had happened.) And our Saviour might be said to “ make his " grave with the wicked,” from his being crucified with the two thieves. And from the manner in which he was buried, he might be considered as being with the rich in his death. His body was not treated like that of an ordinary male
factor, but like that of a rich man. 9.61. “ The other Mary.” The wife
of Cleophas, (John xix. 25.), and mother
of James the less, and of Joses, (Mark
(2) “ Came," &c. This is not men- u. 62.
disciples came by night, and stole him “ away whilst we slept." " And this “ saying is commonly reported among “ the Jews unto this day.” He refers, therefore, to a report which he says was subsisting when he wrote his Gospel. How would his whole Gospel have been impeached had there been no such report? And if there was then such a report, it proves a watch was set, and confirms this account?
(a) “ After three days.” That is, ac- v. 63. cording to the Jewish mode of expression, on the third day. Rehoboam ordered the people to come after three days, when he meant them to come the third day. 2 Chron. x. 5.12. And the disciples are said to have assembled “ after eight days," when they really met the eighth day. John xx. 26. According to Matt. xx. 19. our Saviour told the twelve disciples he should rise again the third day.
65. Pilate said unto them, “ Ye have 10 For in that he died, he died
“ a watch; go your way, make unto (f) sin once : but in that he 66. “ it as sure as ye can.
So they liveth, he liveth (8) unto God. went, and made the sepulchre u Likewise reckon ye also sure, sealing the stone, and set- yourselves to be dead indeed unting a watch.
to (b) sin : but alive unto God through Jesus Christ our Lord.
1 Cor. xv. 20. EASTER DAY.
Christ is risen from the dead :
and become the (i) first-fruits of [At Morning Prayer, instead of the Psalm,
O come let us sing, &c. the following An- them that slept.
21 For since by man came 1 Cor. v. 7.
death : by (k)
man came also the
resurrection of the dead. Christ our (6) passover is sa
22 For (l) as in Adam all die : crificed for us : therefore let us
even so in Christ shall all be made keep the (c) feast,
alive. 8 Not with the (d) old leaven,
Glory be to the Father, and to neither with the leaven of malice
the Son : and to the Holy Ghost; and wickedness : but with the
As it was in the beginning, is unleavened bread of sincerity and
now, and ever shall be : world truth.
without end. Amen.
ALMIGHTY God, who through no more dominion over him. thine only-begotten Son Jesus
(6)“ Our passover," the true Paschal (1) “ First-fruits." By Lev. xxiif. 4.20 Lamb. As the blood of the paschal 10, 11. the Israelites were ordered “to lamb saved the Israelites when the angel “ bring a sheaf of the first-fruits of your of the Lord destroyed all the first-born “ harvest unto the priest, and he shall in the land of Egypt, and the houses of
the sheaf before the Lord, to be the Israelites, being sprinkled with that “ accepted for you." So is Christ the blood, were"passed over" by the destroy- l first-fruits of the dead, the first that has ing angel, so will Christ work a more been raised from the dead : and as the important deliverance for his followers. first-fruits of the barvest procured acSee ante 99. note on Mark xiv. 1. ceptance with God, so will be procure
(c) “ The feast," i. e. of the passover acceptance for his followers : and his be. and unleavened bread.
ing raised, is a proof that all his followers (d) “ Old leaven," i.e. figuratively ; shall be raised also. not with impure tempers, habits, &c. (k) “ By man,” i, e. Adam ; by man, v.21
(e) See post, note on Rom. vi. 3. i. e. Jesus Christ.
(f) “ Unto sin,' i. e. on account of (?) “ As,” &c. The meaning is, the v.22 sin
; to overcome it, to shew how of. influence of our Saviour's righteousfensive it is to God.
ness shall be as extensive as that of (8)
“ Unto God," i. e. to promote Adam's transgression : the one subgodliness.
jected all to death ; the other shall give (b) “ Dead indeed unto sin," i. e. as to all the opportunity of rising to eternal free from its controul and dominion as if life. really dead.
Christ hast overcome death, and with him in glory. Mortify there- 5.
The Gospel. John xx. I.
The (9) first day of the week
, seek those things which when it was yet dark, unto the are above, where Christ sitteth sepulchre, and seeth the stone 2. on the right hand of God. Set taken away from the sepulchre.
your affection on things above, Then she runneth, and cometh to 2. 3. not on things on the earth. For Simon Peter, and to the (s) other
ye are (n) dead, and your (c) life disciple whom Jesus loved, and 4. is hid with Christ in God. When saith unto them, “ They have
Christ, who is our life, shall ap- “ taken away the Lord out of the pear, then shall ye also appear “ sepulchre, and we know not
(m) “ If,” &c. St. Paul had been considering them as identified with our Saviour; circumcised with him ; dead with him ; buried with him ; and risen again with him. Col. ii. 11, 12, 13. 20. And this means, if you are really to be considered as having risen with him, then
seek, &c. 2.3. ()“ Are dead.” Are to consider
yourselves, till our Saviour's appearance, as in a state of death ; to indulge no sinful desires, &c. He uses the same argument, Rom. vi.2,&c. “How shall we, that " are dead to sin, live any longer there.
“ in? He that is dead, is freed from sin." $.3.
(0) “ Your life is hid,” &c. Your time for enjoyment is suspended till Christ's appearance: it is to that you are to look forward ; that is to be your time of happiness. This implies that he had in view some appearance or coming of Christ, which was to happen in their times : no doubt that period so often referred to,“ the day of the Lord,” “ the “ coming of the Lord.” See ante 25. note on Rom. xiii, 11. and ante 29. note on Luke xxi. 25
(2) “ When ye lived in them," i. e. v. 7. « when your
life was in them,” in opposition to their present state, when they were to be considered as dead to fleshly lusts : and their life, according to verse 3. was to be considered as hid in Christ.
(9) “ The first day of the week,” i. e. v. 1. the day after the Jewish Sabbath ; the day which answers to our Sunday.
(r) “ Mary Magdalen." According v. I. to St. Matthew and St. Mark, Mary the mother of James the less went with her : and according to St. Mark and St.Luke, they went with spices to anoint the body. Matt. xxviii. 1.-Mark xvi. i.-Luke xxiv. i. They did not, therefore, expect that he was about to rise again. Mary Magdalen's attention to our Saviour, even after his crucifixion, was most natural : he had cast out from her seven devils, Luke viii. 2.—Matt. xvi. 9. and had raised her brother Lazarus from the dead, John xi. I to 44.
(s) “ The other disciple,” &c. i. e. v. 2. St. John the Evangelist : so that St John is here relating what he himself persone ally knew.