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66 heard him say,
48. off his ear. And Jesus answered cil sought for witness against
and said unto them, “ Are (P) ye Jesus to put him to death; and
" with swords and with staves to witness against him, but their wit49- “ take me? I was daily with you ness agreed not together. And 57.
" in the temple teaching, and ye there arose certain, and bare false
Co took me noț: but the Scrip- witness against him, saying, “ We 58, 50. “ tures must be fulfilled.” And
I (s) will dethey (9) all forsook him, and fed. stroy this temple that is made 51. And there followed him a certain “ with hands, and within three
young man, having a linen cloth “ days I will build another made
cast about his naked body; and “ without hands.” But neither 59. 52. the young men laid hold on him:
so did their witness agree toge. and he (r) left the linen cloth, ther. And the high priest stood 60 53. and fled from them naked. And up in the midst, and asked Jesus,
they led Jesus away to the high saying, “ Answerest thou no-
sembled all the chief priests and “ witness against thee?” But he 61. 54. the elders and the scribes. And held his peace, and answered
Peter followed him afar off, even nothing. Again(t) the high priest
and he sat with the servants, and " Art thou the Christ, the Son 55. warmed himself at the fire. And " of the Blessed ?” And Jesus 62.
the chief priests and all the coun- said, “I am: and ye shall see
assume the appearance, &c. of a temporal
See Maltby, 137.-1 Jort. Rem. 212. 47. (0) According to Matt. xxvi. 52. and
John xviii. II. our Saviour checked
touched the man's ear, and healed him. 0.50.
(9) “ All forsook him." This is another instance of the candour of the Evangelists in mentioning their own weaknesses. It might be inconsistent with their ideas of the Messiah, that he should be seized as a malefactor, and they might be afraid of being called to account for the injury to the high priest's servant. It may indeed be thought remarkable, after the evidence his miracles afforded, that any circumstances should have induced them to desert him ; but
they were probably overpowered by sur-
(r) “ Left,” &c. This may be men- v. 52.
the young man chose rather to lose the only garment he had than be
(s) “I will destroy,' &c. See ante 95, v. 58. note on Matt. xxvii. 40.
(1) “Again," &c. According to the v.6l. parallel place, Matt. xxvi. 63. the high priest, upon putting this question, addressed our Saviour with this solemn adjuration, “ I adjure thee by the living “ God, that thou tell us whether thou “ be the Christ the Son of God.” And it is supposed, that upon a question so put, no Jew could refuse to answer. Dr. Hammond says, it obliged the person adjured to speak and answer truly, as much as if he had taken an oath. And this accounts for our Saviour's answering a question when so put, though till that time he had held his peace, and answered nothing
“ the Son of man sitting (u) on And he denied it again. And a 70. “ the right hand of power, and little after, they that stood by said
“ coming in the clouds of hea- again to Peter, “ Surely thou 63. “ ven.” Then the high priest « art one of them : for thou art
rent his clothes, and saith, “What a Galilean, and thy speech
“ need we any further witnesses? “ agreeth thereto." But he be- 71. 64.
ye have heard the (x) blas- gan to curse and to swear, say“ phemy: what think ye?” And ing, “ I know not this man of
they all condemned him to be “ whom ye speak.” And the 72. 65. guilty of death. And some be- second time the cock crew. And
gan to spit on him, and to cover Peter called to mind the word his face, and to buffet him, and that Jesus said unto him, “ Beto say unto him, “ Prophesy :" 66 fore the cock crow twice thou and the servants did strike him “ shalt deny me thrice.” And
with the palms of their hands. when he thought thereon, he 65. And as Peter was beneath in the
when she saw Peter warming him-
Tuesday before Easter.
For the Epistle. Isaiah l. 5. (y) denied, saying, “I know not,
“ I know not, | The Lord God hath (z) opened “ neither understand I what thou mine ear, and I was not rebel. “ sayest." And he went out in- lious, neither turned away back.
to the porch ; and the cock crew. I (a) gave my back to the smiters, 6. 69. And a maid saw him again, and and my cheeks to them that
began to say to them that stood plucked off the hair : I hid not by, “ This is one of them.” my face from shame and spitting.
(u) “ Sitting on the right hand of “ Power, and coming in the clouds of “ heaven." Perhaps not literally, but figuratively ; with as decisive proofs of his being the Son of God, as if they saw him so sit and come. Our Saviour probably alluded to his coming at the great “ day of the Lord," the time of vengeance on his opponents, when Jerusalem was destroyed, and immense numbers perished elsewhere. See note on Matt. xxiv. 30. ante 70. and on Luke xxi. 25. ante 29.
(x) '“ Blasphemy." See post, note on John xix. 7. Bp. Porteus's very able Lec. ture on the parallel chapter, Matt. xxvi. Lecture 21. is well worth consulting
() A prophetic account of the indignities that should be offered to the Mes. siah, of his patience and success, and of the confusion of his enemies.
(3) “Opened mine car," i.e. taken
me to be his servant; and I have dedicated myself to his service. When a bondman preferred perpetual servitude with his master to being made free, the master was to bore his ear through with an awl, and then the bondman was to serve him for ever. See Exod. xxi. 6. Deut. xv. 17. And it is to this practice the prophet here alludes. So Psalm xi. 8. Sacrifice and meat-offering thou “ wouldest not, but mine ears hast thou “ opened," or pierced ; that is, thou hast taken me to be thy servant for ever. Or, " opening the ear” might mean, thou hast made me obedient, hast made me to hear thy commands.
(a) “ I gave," &c. The treatment .6. our Saviour received comes fully up to the prophecy. See Matt.xxvii. 26.30, 31. They scourged him, spit upon him, smote him upon the head, mocked him, &c. And see Mark xv. 15. 19.
7. For the Lord God will (6) help il the chief priests held a consulta
me; therefore shall I not be con. tion with the elders and scribes founded : therefore have I set my and the whole council, and bound face like (c) a flint, and I know Jesus, and carried him away, and
that I shall not be ashamed. He delivered him (8) to Pilate. And 2. 8. is near that justifieth me; who Pilate asked him, “ Art thou
will contend with me? Let us “ the King of the Jews ?” And stand together : who is mine ad- he answering said unto him,
versary ? let him come near to “ Thou (b) sayest it.” And the 3. 9. me. Behold, the Lord God will chief priests accused him of many help me; who is he that shall
things; but he answered nothing. condemn me? lo, they all shall || And Pilate asked him again, say, 4.
wax old as a garment ; the mothing, “ Answerest thou nothing? 10. shall eat them up. Who is “ behold how many things they
among you that feareth the Lord, " witness against thee."
trust in the name of the Lord, one prisoner, whomsoever they 11. and stay upon his God. Behold, desired. And there was one, 7. all
ye that (e) kindle a fire, that named Barabbas, which lay bound compass yourselves about with with them that had made insursparks; (f) walk in the light of rection with him, who had comyour fire, and in the sparks that mitted murder in the insurrection. ye have kindled. This shall
ye And the multitude, crying aloud, 8. have of mine hand, ye shall lie began to desire him to do as he down in sorrow.
had ever done unto them. But 9.
Pilate answered them, saying,
that I release unto you And straightway in the morning “ the King of the Jews ?” (for 10.
(0) For" will help me," the reading rely upon human devices and worldly
my helper." policy And for « shall be"-" was,” or “ am.” (f) “ Walk,” &c. i. e. tauntingly. VII. 0.7.
(c) · Like a Aint," so that nothing (8) “ Delivered him to Pilate.” The v.1. will dismay me, cast me down, change chief priest and council of the Jews had my countenance or purpose. The same before agreed “ that he was guilty of expression occurs, Ezek. iii. 8, 9. “ death,” Mark xiv. 64. But they had “ hold I have made thy face strong not the power of punishing capitally : “ against their faces, and thy forehead they delivered him therefore to Pilate, strong against their foreheads. As an the Roman
who had that power. “ adamant, harder than flint, have I made (b) “ Thou sayest it," i. e. I am. v.2.
thy forehead : fear them not, neither When the high priest adjured our Savi. “ be dismayed at their looks.”
our to say, whether he were the Christ, 0.IO. (d) For“ that obeyeth,” the reading the Son of God, St. Matthew states his
should be, “ let him obey ;" and for answer to have been, “ Thou hast said." “ that walketh,” “ who that walketh.” St. Mark states it, “ I am." And This is the reading of the Septuagint Luke xxii. 70. when the chief priest and Syriac, and gives a much more ele
and elders asked our Saviour if he were gant turn and distribution to the sentence. the Son of God, and he answered, “Ye Bp. Lowth.
say that I am," they treated his an(c) “ That kindle a fire," &c. i.e. that swer as an assertion that he was.
he knew that the chief priests had him. And when they had mocked 11. delivered him for envy.) But him, they took off the purple
the chief priests moved the peo- from him, and put his own clothes
ple, that he should rather release on him, and led him out to crucify 12. Barabbas unto them. And Pilate him. And they compel one Si
answered and said again unto mon a Cyrenian, who passed by, them, “ What will ye then that coming out of the country, the “ I shall do unto him whom ye
father of Alexander and Rufus, “ call the King of the Jews ?" to bear his cross. And they 13. And they cried out again, “ Cru
“ Cru- | bring him unto the place Golgo14. cify him.” Then Pilate said tha, which is, being interpreted,
unto them, “Why, what evil hath “ The place of a scull.” And “ he done?” And they cried out they gave him to drink (k) wine
the more exceedingly, “ Crucify mingled with myrrh : but he re15. “ him.” And so Pilate, willing
ceived it not. And when they to content the people, released had crucified him, they (1) parted Barabhas unto them, and delivered his garments, casting lots upon
Jesus, when he had (i) scourged them, what every man should 16. him, to be crucified. And the take. And it was the third hour;
soldiers led him away into the and they crucified him. And the hall called Pretorium ; and they superscription of his accusation
call together the whole band. was written over, " THE KING 17. And they clothed him with pur
« OF THE JEWS.” And with ple, and platted a crown of him they crucify two thieves; the
thorns, and put it about his head; one on his right hand, and the 18. and began to salute him, “ Hail, other on his left. And the Scrip19. “ King of the Jews !” And they ture (m) was fulfilled, which saith,
smote him on the head with a " And he was numbered with the reed, and did spit upon him, and, transgressors.” And they that bowing their knees, worshipped | passed by railed on him, wagging
(1) “ Scourged.” See ante 104.Isaiah 1. 6.
(k) “ Wine,” &c. According to Matt. xxvii. 34. it was vinegar, not wine. Which it was is immaterial.
(1) “ Parted his garments." See Matt. xxvii. 35. (ante 95.) and note there.
(m! “ The Scripture,'' viz. Isaiah liji. 12. The whole of this prophetic chapter applies so pointedly to our Saviour, that it cannot be too much studied. It be. gins with an intimation that the Messiah would not be at once acknowledged : • Who hath believed our report,” &c. ; that he should for some time have but few followers, “ growing up as a tender “ plant, and as a root out of a dry “ ground;" that he should have no earthly grandeur, &c. to recommend him, “ no form or comeliness, no beauty
" that we should desire him ;" but that he should be “ despised and rejected of
men, a man of sorrows, and acquainted “ with grief :” that it should be “ for “ our sakes, however, that he should be • smitten;" that it was for “our trans“ gressions that he should be wounded, “ and that by his stripes we should be “ healed; that he should make his grave “ with the wicked, and yet be with the “ rich in his death; that he should never“ theless see his seed; that the pleasure “ of the Lord should prosper in his “ hand ; and that by his knowledge he “ should justify many,” &c. &c. The prevalence of Christianity since his cruci. fixion has indeed given him seed without number, has prospered the Lord's pleasure in his hand, and has brought many to justification.
their heads, and saying, “ Ah, || that stood by, when they heard " thou that (n) destroyest the it, said, “ Behold, he calleth
“ temple, and buildest it in three " Elias.” And one ran and filled 36. 30.
days, save thyself, and come a spunge full of (9) vinegar, and 31. “ down from the cross." Like- put it on a reed, and gave him to
wise also the chief priests, mock- drink, saying, “ Let alone ; let ing, said among themselves with us see whether Elias will come
the scribes, " He saved others; “ to take him down.” 32. « himself he cannot save.
Let Jesus cried with a loud voice, “ Christ the King of Israel de- and gave up the ghost. 56 scend now from the cross, that the (r) veil of the temple was
we may see and believe.” And rent in twain from the top to the they that () were crucified with bottom. And when the centu- 39. 33. him reviled him. And when the rion, which stood over against
sixth hour was come, there was him, saw that he so cried out,
darkness over the whole land un- and gave up the ghost, he said, 34. til the ninth hour. And at the Truly (s) this man was the Son
ninth hour Jesus cried with a 66 of God.”
Wednesday before Easter.
The Epistle. Hebrews ix. 16. ( 35. " saken me?” And some of them Where a (u) testament is, there
(n) “ That destroyest,” &c. See note
on Matt. xxvii. 40. (ante 95.) 0.32.
(0) “ They that were crucified with “ him.” See note on Matt. xxvii. 44. (ante 96.)
(p) “ My God," &c. See note on
Matt. xxvii. 46. 0.36. (9) “Vinegar." See ante 96. note
on Matt. xxvii. 48. 5.38. (1) " Veil." See note on Matt. xxvii.
51. (ante 96.) 0.39.
() “Truly," &c. See ante 97. note on Matt. xxvii. 54.
(t) A continuation of the contrast between the atonement by Christ, and that under the Mosaic dispensation. See
ante 89. 1.16. (u)“ A testament.” The word which
Not the Father, for he has never undergone death ; not Moses in the first, for that was in force during his life, and the only death there was of bulls and of goats'; not Jesus Christ in the second, for he was the Mediator only. The translation of this and the next two verses should perhaps be," where there is a covenant,
(i. e. a covenant of expiation, as this is,
or a covenant between God and man,) " there must also of necessity be the « death of that which is to be the expiation : “ for it is on account of the sacrifices, “ the deaths, that the covenant is of « force ; for it is of no force so long as “ that which is to be the expiation is “ alive : wherefore, it was not without “ blood that even the first covenant was “ established.” It was probably familiar with the Jews to accompany with some sacrifice whatever they considered a covenant with God: and from Abel's time, the sacrifice of animals was considered acceptable to God. One of the senses of dialeInput is, “ to appease, to satisfy;" and die Innen may therefore mean an atonement, a satisfaction, or as I have expressed it, “ a covenant of expiation.” What is translated in the Bible, " after
is here rendered “ testament,” is in this, and parts of the preceding and following chapter, and elsewhere, rendered “ “ nant," Heb. viii. 6. 9. 10.-ix. 4. X. 16. And it is difficult, in our idea of the word “ testament," in verse 15. 18. to understand how our Saviour was the Mediator of a new testament, or how the Mosaic dispensation can be called “a “ testament.” Who, it may be asked, was the testator in either dispensation ?