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“ day of vengeance (n) is in mine

his presence saved them : in h “ heart, and the year of my re- love and in his pity he redeeme 5.

" deemed is come. And I looked, them; and he bare them, an “ and there was none to (6) help; carried them all the days of oli " and I wondered that there was But they (s) rebelled, and vexe “ none to uphold: therefore mine his holy Spirit: therefore he wa

own arm brought salvation un- turned to be their enemy, and I “ to me; and my fury, it upheld fought against them. Then 6. “ me. And I () will tread down remembered the days of ok

" the people in mine anger, and Moses and his people, sayin " make them drunk in my fury, " Where (t) is he that broug!

" and I will bring down their “ them up out of the sea wit 7. strength to the earth.” I will “ the shepherd of his flock

inention the loving-kindnesses of " Where is he that put his hol the Lord, and the praises of the “ Spirit within him? that le Lord, according to all that the “ them by the right hand of Mc Lord hath bestowed on us, and “ ses with his glorious arm, di the great goodness toward the

“ viding the water before them house of Israel, which he hath 6 to make himself an everlastin bestowed on them according to 66 name? that led them throug his mercies, and according to the “ the deep, as an horse in th

multitude of his loving-kindnesses. “ wilderness, that they shouk 8. For he (9) said, “Surely they are

« not stumble ?”

As a beas my people, children that will goeth down into the valley, th “ not lie:” so he was their Sa- Spirit of the Lord caused him t 9. viour. In all their affliction he rest; so didst thou lead thy peo

was afflicted, and the (r) angel of ple, to make thyself a gloriou


(n) For “ is,” read “ was,” in both

places. 8.5.

(0) “ To help," i. e. perhaps no chance of deliverance to my servants by

human means. 0.6. 6).“ Will tread,” &c. The verbs

should be in the past tense. 0.8. (9) “ He said," i.'e, there was a time

when he so said ; when he had so great a

kindness towards them. 0.9. (r) “ The angel of his presence.” A

strong expression, to signify the peculiar protection he afforded them; as if an angel of especial rank preserved them. In Matt. xviii

. 9, 10. where our Saviour
is speaking of the consideration God has
of little children, he assigns as a reason
why they should not be despised or
lightly esteemed, “that in heaven their
angels do always behold the face of my

which is in heaven.” So
the angel of the Lord is

round about them that
to deliver them."

(s) “ Rebelled,” &c. See 1's. lxxviii and cvi, an account of many of their re bellions and punishments, and of God' ultimate forbearance ; when, accordin to Ps. lxxviii. 39. “ many a time turne “ he his wrath away, and would no “ suffer his whole displeasure to arise."

(c) “ Where is he," &e. These, the end of v. 13. if not of v. 14. a put as the words of Moses and th people ; as their expostulation with Go In Exod. xxxii. 11 to 13. and Numl xiv. 13 to 19. there is a similar exposti lation from Moses, to induce Godt spare the people, and it is often state as a reason for God's forgiveness to th Israelites, or as a ground for implorin it, that his name should not be pollute among the heathen, and that the heathe should not have the power of saying “ where is now their God.” See Ezek XX. 9. 14. 22. and Ps. Ixxix. 10. ante 79, Joel ii. 17.



15. name.

Look down from hea. trodden down thy sanctuary. We 19. ven, and behold from the habi. are thine : thou never barest rule tation of thy holiness and of thy over them; they were not called glory: Where is thy zeal and by thy name. thy strength, the sounding of thy

bowels and of thy mercies toward The Gospel. Mark xiv. Í. 16. me? are they restrained ? Doubt- Arter two days was the feast of

less thou art our Father, though the (y) passover, and of unlea-
Abraham be ignorant of us, and vened bread: and the chief priests
Israel acknowledge us not: thou, and the scribes sought how they
O Lord, art our Father, (u) our might take him by craft, and put

Redeemer ; thy name is from him to death. But they said, 2. 17. everlasting. O Lord, why hast “ Not on the feast-day, lest there

thou made us to err from thy “ be an uproar of the people.' ways, and hardened our heart And being in Bethany, in the 3. from thy fear ? Return for thy house of Simon the leper, as he

servants' sake, the tribes of thine sat at meat, there came a (z) wo18. inheritance. The (x) people of thy man having an alabaster-box of

holiness have possessed it but a ointment of spikenard, very prelittle while: our adversaries have cious; and she brake the box,

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(w) For “ our Redeemer ; thy name “ is from everlasting,” Bp. Lowth reads, O deliver us, for thy name's sake.".

(x) Bp. Lowth thinks there is a mis. take in the text, and reads, “ It is not only that our enemies have taken “ possession of Mount Sion, and trod“ den down thy sanctuary, but what is s worse, thou hast cast us off, we are “ no longer thy people.”

(3) “ The passover.” This was the. first of the three great feasts, at which every male was to appear before the Lord at the place which he should choose. See Deutr. xvi. 1. 16. Jews, therefore, from all parts of the earth, would be at Jerusalem at the time of our Saviour's apprehension and crucifixion. It is remarkable too, that it was at the second of these feasts, the feast of weeks, that the gift of tongues, the power of speaking languages they had never learned, was conferred upon the apostles, The same persons, therefore, who had witnessed the crucifixion, would be witnesses of the miracle, the gift of tongues, and would naturally carry an account of both events to the countries from which they came. The passover was instituted to commemorate the preservation of their first-born, when all the first-born of the Egyptians were destroyed; and the feast of unleavened bread, which accompanied

it, was to commemorate their deliverance from the land of Egypt. At the institution of the passover, each family was directed to take a male lamb, without blemish, and to kill, dress, and eat it ; and they were to take of the blood, and strike it on the side posts and the upper door posts of their houses, and God promised, that when he passed through 26 the land, to destroy the first-born of " the Egyptians, he would


over " the houses of the children of Israel." See Exod. xii. 3 to 28. One of the directions as to the lamb was, that they " should not break a bone thereof." See Exod. xii. 46.—Numb. ix. 12.

The paschal lamb is considered a type of our Saviour ; he was crucified at the time prescribed for killing the paschal lamb, and as the blood of the paschal lamb protected the Israelites from temporal death, so does the blood of Christ protect all real Christians from death eternal. The paschal lamb was to be killed on the fourteenth day of the first month, in the evening. Exod. xii. 2.6. -Numb. ix, 1. 3.- Levit. xxiii. 5, 6.

(z) “ A woman.”' According to v.3. John xii. 3. this was Mary, the sister of Lazarus, and she might have been induced to incur this expence, out of gratitude for his having raised Lazarus from the dead.

and poured it on his head. And his disciples said unto him, 4. there were (a) some that had in- " Where wilt thou that we go

dignation within themselves, and “ and prepare, that thou mayest

said, “ Why was this waste of “ eat the passover ?” And he 5. 66 the ointment made ? for it sendeth forth two of his disciples,

“ might have been sold for more and saith unto them, (6)Go " than three hundred pence, and ye into the city, and there “ have been given to the poor." « shall meet you a man bearing

And they murmured against her. “ a pitcher of water: follow him. 6. And Jesus said, “ Let her alone; “ And wheresoever he shall

go “ why trouble ye her? she hath “ in, say ye to the good man of

“ wrought a good work on me. " the house, The Master saith, 7.

“ For ye have the poor with you “ Where is the guest-chamber, “ always, and whensoever ye will

6 where I shall eat the passover ye may do them good: but me “ with my disciples ? And he 8. “ ye have not always. She hath “ will shew you a large upper

66 done what she could : she is “ room furnished and prepared :

“ come aforehand to anoint my " there make ready for us." 9. “ body to the burying. Verily | And his disciples went forth, and

“ I say unto you, Wheresoever came into the city, and found as “ this gospel shall be preached he had said unto them; and they

throughout the whole world, made ready the (c) passover. And < this also that she hath done in the evening he cometh with

« shall be spoken of for a me- the twelve. And as they sat and 10. « .

morial of her.” And Judas did eat, Jesus said, “ Verily I say Iscariot, one of the twelve, went “ unto you, One of you which

unto the chief priests, to betray « eateth with me shall (d) betray 11. him unto them. And when they « me." And they began to be

heard it, they were glad, and pro- sorrowful, and to say unto him mised to give him money. And one by one, “ Is it I?” and ano

he sought how he might conve- ther said, " Is it 1 ?” And he an12. niently betray him. And the swered and said unto them, “ It

first day of unleavened bread, " is one of the twelve, that dipwhen they killed the passover, peth with me in the dish. The


(a) “ Some.” According to John

Judas Iscariot was the person who
expressed his indignation.

(6) “ Go," &c. These instances of foreknowledge would naturally tend to confirm in the apostles the belief that God was with him. How could he foresee, but through the power of God, that they would meet a man, bearing a pitcher of water, or that the master of the house should furnish them with a guest-chamber, and that it should be an upper room, and prepared ; and yet within a very few hours they were so disconcerted and alarmed by his appre.

hension, that they all forsook him and fled.

(c) “ The passover." See post 109. note on Luke xxii. 14.

(d) “ Shall betray me." This was another strong instance of fore-knowledge. Peter, who is supposed to have overlooked St. Mark's gospel, must have heard it, and so must St. Matthew and St. John, who have also recorded it. Matt. xxvi. 21.-John xiii. 21. And the recollection of these instances after the resurrection would have a tendency to strengthen their faith, had it required any additional support,

“ Son of man indeed goeth, as it I say unto you, I will drink no u is written of him : but woe to more of the fruit of the vine, " that man by whom the Son of “ until that day that I drink it

man is betrayed ! good were it “ new in the kingdom of God.” « for that man if he had never And when they had sung an 26. “ been born.” And as they did hymn, they went out into the eat, Jesus took bread, and blessed, mount of Olives.

And Jesus 27. and brake it, and gave to them, saith unto them, “ All


shall and said, “Take (e), eat; this is “ be (b) offended because of me «

my body." And he took the “ this night: for it is (i) written, cup; and when he had given “ I will smite the shepherd, and thanks, he gave it to them: and " the sheep shall be scattered. they all drank of it. And he said 6 But after that I (k) am risen, 28. unto them, “ This is my blood “ I will go before you into (1) Ga6 of the new (f)testament, which

“ lilee." But (m) Peter said un- 29. " is shed for (g) many. Verily to him, “ Although all shall be

Hamm. 131.


az. (e) “Take," &c. This was perhaps

substituted for the paschal form at the feast of the passover, which was, “ This " is the bread of affiliation, which our “ fathers did eat in Egypt," &c.

() « Testament," i. e. covenant. (!) “ For many." He does not say indiscriminately for all mankind, but for many, that is, the real Christians, the pure in heart, &c. So post, Matt. xx. 28. “ a ransom for many." St. Matthew adds here, “ for the remission of sins.”

Matt. xxvi. 28. 2.27. (b) “ Offended,” i.e. fall off from

me, desert me. *37. (i) “ Written," &c. The passage is

Zach. xii. 7. “Awake, O sword, against " my shepherd, and against the man that " is my fellow, saith the Lord of Hosts: " saite the shepherd, and the sheep shall "be scattered : and I will turn my " band upon the little ones : and it shall

come to pass, that in all the land, " saith the Lord, two parts thereof "sball be cut off and die; but the third

part shall be left therein : and I will " bring the third part through the fire, " and will refine them as silver is re“ fined, and will try them as gold is tried : " they shall call on my name, and I will " hear them ; I will say it is my people, " and they shall say, the Lord is my · God." This is an important prophecy, not only as it purports that the Messiah, that God's shepherd," the " man who was his fellow," should be smitten, and his followers scattered, but

as it intimates that that event should be
followed by the destruction of great
part of the land, and that those who
should escape should be those only who
could bear the strictest trials, the being
brought through the fire, and being re-
fined as silver is refined ; &c. our Sa-
viour might wish at this time to bring
this prophecy under their consideration.

(k) “ After I am risen," &c. This v. 28.
imports that he was to rise ; and though
they might not exactly understand at the
time what he meant (See ante 77, note
on Luke xviii. 34.) they could not fail
of bringing the saying to their recollec-
tion, and understanding its full force after
the resurrection.

(1).“ Into Galilee." Our Saviour v.28. accordingly appeared to them there after his resurrection. Saint Matthew says, the eleven went “ into Galilee, into a “ mountain where Jesus had appointed “ them; and when they saw him” (which implies that they did see him) “ they “ worshipped him; but some doubted; Matt. xxviii. 16, 17. and St. John gives a detailed account of his shewing himself to seven of the disciples at the sea of Tiberias, which is in Galilee. John xxi.

(m) • Peter." Though Mark was v.29. peculiarly Peter's friend, and though Peter is supposed to have overlooked this gospel, this instance of Peter's cowardice is fully detailed: the apostles never shrunk from acknowledging their own failings. This timidity of St. Peter be. fore the crucifixion, and his subsequent intrepidity, and the conduct of the other



30. “ offended, yet will not l.” And

16 tation. The spirit truly is Jesus saith unto him, “ Verily 1 “ ready, but the flesh is weak.”

say unto thee, That this day, And again he went away, and 39.

even in this night, before the prayed, and spake the same " cock crow twice, thou shalt words. And when he returned, 40.

deny me thrice.” But he he found them asleep again : for spake the more vehemently, “ If their eyes were heavy: neither " I should die with thee, I will wist they what to answer him.

“ not deny thee in any wise." And he cometh the third time, 32. Likewise also said they all. And and saith unto them, “ (n) Sleep

they came to a place which was “ on now, and take your rest : named Gethsemane: and he saith

“ it is enough, the hour is come: to his disciples,,“ Sit ye here, behold, the Son of man is be33. < while I shall pray.”

And he “ trayed into the hands of sintaketh with him Peter and James

Rise up, let us go; 42. and John, and began to be sore “ lo, he that betrayeth me is amazed, and to be very heavy; « at hand.” And immediately

, 43. 34. and saith unto them, “My soul while he yet spake, cometh Ju

“ is exceeding sorrowful unto das, one of the twelve, and with

“ death : tarry ye here, and him a great multitude with swords 35.

" watch." And he went for. and staves, from the chief priests ward a little, and fell on the and the scribes and the elders. ground, and prayed that, if it And he that betrayed him had 4.

were possible, the hour "might given them a token, saying, 36. pass from him. And he said, “ Whomsoever I shall kiss, that

« Abba, Father, all things are “ same is he: take him, and lead possible unto thee; take away “ him away safely.”

And as 45 “ this cup from me: neverthe- soon as he was come, he goeth

“ less not what I will, but what straightway to him, and saith, 37.

" thou wilt.” And he cometh, “ Master, master;" and kissed and findeth them sleeping, and him. And they laid their hands 46. saith unto Peter, “Simon, sleep- on him, and took him. And 47 " est thou? couldest not thou

one () of them that stood by “ watch one hour? watch ye and drew a sword, and smote a ser

pray, lest ye enter into temp- vant of the high priest, and cut


apostles, who, according to v. 50. for. sook him and fled, and yet, after his crucifixion, gave up their whole lives to the preaching his gospel and asserting 'his pretensions, in defiance of the severest persecutions, may be reconciled upon this supposition, that they had afterwards a certain knowledge that he had risen from the dead, that he had ascended into heaven, and had conferred on them the gift of the Holy Ghost. Is there any other ground upon which these contrarieties in their conduct can be explained ? See Maltby, 137. 145.

(9) For“ sleep on now," the reading 6.4. should perhaps be, interrogatively, "Do

ye still sleep,” &c. even now, when the son of man is on the point of being betrayed ?

(O) “ One of them,” viz. Peter. See v.47 John xviii. x. St. John alone names Peter as the person who did this, and the reason may be this, that all the gospels but St. John's were published in Peter's life-time, and it might have exposed him unnecessarily to persecution, had they named him.' Peter perhaps expected that our Saviour would now

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