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ΕΠΕΑ ΓΙΤΕΡΟΕΝΤΑ, &ς,
ETYMOLOGY OF THE ENGLISH CONJUNCTIONS:
IF F and an may be used mutually and indifferently to
fupply each other's place. ,
Besides having Skinner's authority for if, I suppose that the meaning and derivation of this principal supporter of the Tripod of Truth *, are so very clear, simple and univer
* See Plutarch Περι του ΕΙ του εν Δελφους,
Εν δε Διαλεκτικη δη, σε μεγισης εχει δυναμιν και συναπτικG- κτoσι συνδεσμG, ατε δη το λοβικώλαιον σχηματιζων αξιωμα.-Το γαρ τεκνικον και λογικoν, ώσπερ
οθεν και καν ειρήθαι, γνωσις ακολαθιας, την δε προσληψιν η αισθησις τω λοβω διδωσιν. αισχρον ειπαν, εκ αποθρεψομαι τείο αναι τον της αληθειας τριποδα τον λοίον, ον την τα λεγονος προς το προηγεμενον ακολεθιαν θεμενος, αλα προσλαβων την υπαρξιν, επαγα το συμπερασμα της αποδειξεως. Τον 8ν Πυθιον και δη μεσικη τε ηδείαι, και κυκνων φωναις και κιθαρας ψοφοις, τι θαυμασον εσι Διαλεκζικης φιλια τε1ο ασπαζεσθαι τε λογα το μερος και αγαπαν, ω μαλισα και πλασω προσχρωμενες δρα σας φιλο6οφες
sally allowed, as to need no farther discourse about them.
Skinner says" IF (in agro Linc. Gif) ab As. Lif. Si. “ Hoc a verbo Crican, dare, q. d. Dato.”
Lye, in his edition of Junius, says—“ Haud inscitè 6 Skinnerus, qui deduxit ab A. s Lifan, dare, q. d. Dato."
Gif is to be found not only, as Skinner says, in Lincolnshire, but in all our old writers. G. Douglas almost always uses Gif: once or twice only he has used if; once he uses GEWE, and once Giffis, and sometimes IN CASE and IN CAIS for GIF.
« Gif luf be vertew, than is it leful thing;
Douglas. Prol. to 4th boke. Pag. 95.
« Thocht sum wald swere, that I the text haue waryit,
Douglas Preface, Pagi nr.
“ Be not ouer studyous to spy ane more in myn E,
Douglas Preface, Pag. 12.
Chaucer commonly uses iF; but sometimes YEUE, YEF and YF.
« Lo here the letters felid of thys thyng
Chaucer. Man of Lawes tale. Fol. 22. Pag. 1. Col. 2.
" And therfore he of full auisement
Chaucer. Man of Lawes prologue. Fol. 18. Pag. 2. Col. 1.
" She was so charytable and so pytous
Prol. to Canterbury tales. Prioreje.
And it is to be observed that in Chaucer and in other old writers, the verb to give suffers the same variations in the manner of writing and pronouncing it, whether used conjunetively or otherwise : as does also the Noun derived from it.
" And after on the daunce went
Largeffe, that set al her entent
Were wholy to her bandon brought
Chaucer. Romaunt of the Rose. Fol. 125, P. 2. C. 1,
“ A wyfe is goddes YeFTE verely
That passen, as a shadowe on a wall
Chaucer. Marchauntes tale. Fol. 28. Pag. 2. Col. 2.
** FORGiff me, Virgill, Gif I thee offend.”
Douglas. Preface. Pag. 11.
~ Gif us thy ansueir, quharon we sal depend.”
Douglas, 3d booke, Pag. 70.
“ And suffir Tyrianis, and all Liby land
Douglas, 4th booke, Pag. 103.
« In the mene tyme, of the nycht wache the cure
Douglas, 9th booke, Pag. 280.
In Henry the viith’s will, dated 1509, you will also find yEVE used where we now employ GIVE: and in the time of Queen Elizabeth it was written in the fame manner.
“ YEOVEN under our signet."
Dr. Wotton, Vol. 1. Pag. 343.
“ Yeven under our seale of our order, the first day of April 1566, the " eight year of our reign.”
Lodge's Illustrations. Quene Elizabeth to the Erle
of Sherowsbury, Vol. 1. Pag. 362.
GIN * is often used in our Northern counties and by the Scotch, as we use if or AN: which they do with equal
* Ray says—“ Gin, Gif, in the old Saxon is Gif; from whence the word “ If is made per aphærefin literæ G. Gif, from the verb Gifan, dare ; « and is as much as Dato.”