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Christ begins to preach, S. Matthew. heals diverse diseases; coast, in the borders of Zabu- 19 And he saith unto them, lon and Nephthalim:

Follow me, and I will make 14 That it might be fulfil. you fishers of men. led which was spoken by E 20 And they straightway left saias the prophet, saying, their nets, and followed him.

15 The land of Zabulon, 21 And going on from thence, and the land of Nephthalim, he saw other two brethren, by the way of the sea, beyond James the son of Zebedee, and Jordan,e Galilee of the Gen- John his brother, in a ship with tiles :

Zebedee their father, mending 16 The people which sat in their nets; and he called them. darkness f saw great light; g. 22 And they immediately and to them which sat in the left the ship and their father, region and shadow of death h and followed him. light is sprung up.

23 | And Jesus went about 17 ( From that time Jesus all Galilee, teaching in their began to preach, and to say, synagogues, j and preaching Repent; for the kingdom of the Gospel of the kingdom, k heaven is at hand; i

and healing all manner of sick18 4 And Jesus, walking by ness, and all manner of disease, the sea of Galilee, saw two among the people. brethren, Simon called Peter, 24 And his fame went and Andrew his brother, cast- throughout all Syria; and they ing a net into the sea; for they brought unto him all sick peo. were fishers.

ple that were taken with di

verse diseases and torments, e Yordan, the most considerable

and those which were possessriver of Judea. It issues from the small lake Phiala. It falls into the

ed with devils, and those which earth and runs about fifteen miles were lunatic, and those that under ground, whence it rises again had the palsy; and he healed in a cave at the foot of a mountain. them. In its course it flows through the lake 23 And there followed him Gennesareth, the sea of Galilee or

great multitudes of people „Tiberias, and thence southward, after a winding course of about 130 miles,

from Galilee, and from Decait falls into the large bituminous laké polis,l and from Jerusalem. Asphaltiles; called also the Dead sea, and from Judea, and from be. the Salt sea, and the sea of Sodom. yond Jordan. of Darkness, ignorance. g Light, the divine instruction of

; Synagogue, a Jewish meeting Jesus.

house, or place of public worship. b Region and shadow of death, great k Gospel of the kingdom, the religion ignorance and wickedness.

of Jesus Christ. i Kingdom of heaven, see Matt. üi. i Decapolis, a district of ten cities.

Note 4.

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his sermon

Chap. v.

on the mount.

11 Blessed are ye when men CHAP. V.

shall revile you, and persecute 3 Who are blessed. 13 The you, and shall say all manner

Apostles are the salt of the of evil against you falsely, for earth, and light of the world. my sake. .'

AND seeing the multitudes, 12 Rejoice, and be exceedhe went up into a mountain; ing glad; for great is your reand, when he was set, his dis- ward in heaven; for so perseciples a came unto him: cuted they the prophets which

2 And he opened his mouth, were before you. and taught them, saying, 13 | Ye are the salt of the

3 Blessed are the poor in earth;g but if the salt have spirit;b for theirs is the king lost his savour,wherewith shall dom of heaven.c

it be salted ? It is thenceforth 4 Blessed are they that good for nothing but to be cast mourn, d for they shall be com- out, and to be trodden under forted.

foot of men, ing Blessed are the meek; e 14 Ye are the light of the for they shall inherit the earth. world. A city that is set on

6 Blessed are they which an hill cannot be hid. do hunger and thirst after 15 Neither do men light a righteousness ; for they shall candle, and put it under a be filled.

bushel, but on a candlestick; Blessed are the merciful; and it giveth light unto all that for they shall obtain mercy are in the house.

8 Blessed are the pure in 16 Let your light so shine heart;f for they shall see God. before men,h that they may see

9 Blessed are the peace- your good works, and glorify makers; for they shall be cal- your Father which is in heaven. led the children of God.

17 I Think not that I am 10 Blessed are they which come to destroy the law or the are persecuted for righteous prophets; i I am not come to ness' sake; for theirs is the destroy, but to fulfil. kingdom of heaven. ,

18 For verily I say unto

you, Till heaven and earth e Disciple, a learner, a follower of pass, one jot or one tittlej shall Jesus Christ.

g Salt of the earth, guides, and b Poor in spirit, of a humble, teach- teachers of pure religion.

b Your light shine ; Let your pious Kingdom of heaven, the blessings example so appear.

i The law of Moses and the writd They that mourn for their sin. ings of the prophets. · Meek, of a gentle disposition.

j One jot or tittle, &c. Not the least f Pure in beart, free from hypocrisy

part of the law shall fail of attaining and uncleanness.

its end.

able disposition.

of the Gospel.

What it is to kill. S. Matthew. Call not thy brother fool. in no wise pass from the law, 22 But I say unto you, That till all be fulfilled.

whosoever is angry with his 19 Whosoever, therefore, brother without a cause shall shall break one of these least he in danger of the judgment; commandments, k and shall and whosoever shall say to his teach men so, he shall be cal- brother, Raca, o shall be in led the least in the kingdom of danger of the council; but heaven; but whosoever shall whosoever shall say, Thou do and teach them, the same fool, p shall be in danger of shall be called great in the hell-fire. kingdom of heaven.

23 Therefore, if thou bring 20 For I say unto you, That thy gift to the altar, and there except your righteousness shall rememberest that thy brother exceed the righteousness of the hath ought against thee, scribes and Pharisees,l ye shall 24 Leave there thy gift bein no case enter into the king- fore the altar, and go thy way; dom of heaven.

first be reconciled to thy bro21 [ Ye have heard that it. ther, and then come and offer was said by them of old time, thy gift. Thou shalt not kill; and, who. 25 Agree with thine adversoever shall kill shall be in sary quickly, while thou art in danger of the judgment. n the way with him ; lest at any

time the adversary deliver thee de Commandments, the precepts of to the judge, and the judge dethe moral law.

liver thee to the officer, and I Pharisees, a Jewish sect, who in thou be cast into prison. opinion of their own righteousness despised all others.

death still more awful than the other m Them of old time, the ancients. two, i.e. being burnt alive in the val

ni Judgment, &c. To understand ley of Hinnom. This valley of Hinverses 21 and 22, it may be observ- nom, or Tophet, is where Moloch, the ed, that the Jews had two courts; one principal idol of the Ammonites was common, called the judgment, which placed, in whose cruel worship chilconsisted of 23 men; the sentence dren were burnt in sacrifice. Josiah of this court on malefactors was destroyed this inhuman worship, or strangling or beheading ; the other was as it is said, 2 Kings xxiii. 10, he decalled the council or sanhedrim. This filed Tophet, &c. ; this he did by was the supreme court of the Jews ; making it a receptacle for the filth it consisted of 72 judges, by whom of the city, to consume which, fires the highest crimes were tried, which were kept continually burning. this court, and this alone, punished Hence it is a fit emblem to represent with stoning; this, in their opinion, that future punishment of the wickwas a more terrible death than the ed, mentioned in Mark ix. 43, &c. former. The phrase hell-fire, at the o Raca. A silly, foolish fellow. close of verse 22, is not here suppos- p Fool. An impious, profane person. ed to mean the future punishment of a Ought against thee, reason of comthe wicked; but a punishment by plaint.

The law expounded. Chap. v. Swearing forbidden.

26 Verily I say unto thee, 31 But I say unto you, Swear Thou shalt by no means come not at all ; neither by heaven, out thence till thou hast paid for it is God's throne: the uttermost farthing.

35 Nor by the earth, for it is 27 [ Ye have heard that it his footstool; neither by Jeruwas said by them of old time, salem, for it is the city of the Thou shalt not commit adul- great king. tery:

36 Neither shalt thou swear 28 But I say unto you, That by thy head; because thou canst whosoever looketh on a woman not make one hair white or to lust after her, hath commit- black : ted adultery with her already 3 7 But let your communicain his heart.

tion be, Yea, yea ; Nay, nay;s * 29 And if thy right eye offend for whatsoever is more than thee,r pluck it out, and cast it these, cometh of evil.t from thee; for it is profitable 38 ( Ye have heard that it for thee that one of thy mem- hath been said, An eye for an bers should perish, and not that eye, and a tooth for a tooth. .thy whole body should be cast 39 But I say unto you, That into hell.

ye resist not evil; but whoso30 And if thy right hand of ever shall smite thee on thy fend thee, cut it off, and cast it right cheek, u turn to him the from thee; for it is profitable other also. for thee that one of thy mem- 40 And if any man will sue bers should perish, and not that thee at the law, and take away thy whole body should be cast thy coat, let him have thy into hell.

cloak also. 31 It hath been said, Who- 41 And whosoever shall soever shall put away his wife, compel thee to go a mile, go let him give her a writing of with him twain. divorcement:

42 Give to him that asketh 32 But I say unto you, That thee; and from him that would whosoever shall put away his borrow of thee turn not thou wife, saving for the cause of away. fornication, causeth her to com- 43 9 Ye have heard that it mit adultery; and whosoever hath been said, Thou shalt shall marry her that is divorced, committeth adultery. s Yea, yea; nay, nay; Let your

33 1 Again, ye have heard conversation be plain and simr.ple, free that it hath been said by them from profane oaths and blasphemy. of old time, Thou shalt not for

for t Cometh of evil, from an evil,

wicked disposition. swear thyself, but shalt per

u Sball smite thee, &c. rather bear form unto the Lord thine oaths. injuries and wrongs patiently, than re. Offend thee, be the occasion of thy taliate and repay them with revenge.


Love your enemies. S. Matthew. Of alms and prayer. love thy neighbour, and hate hypocrites do in the synathine enemy :

gogues, and in the streets, that 44 But I say unto you, Love they may have glory of men. your enemies, bless them that Verily I say unto you, They curse you, do good to them that have their reward. c hate you, and pray for them 3 But when thou doest alms, which despitefully use you, let not thy left hand know and persecute you:

what thy right hand doeth ; 45 That ye may be the chil- 4 That thine alms may be dren of your Father which is in secret; and thy Father, in heaven; for he maketh his which seeth in secret, himself sun to rise on the evil and on shall reward thee openly. the good, and sendeth rain on 5 And when thou prayest,'. the just and on the unjust thou shalt not be as the hypo

46 Forif ye love them which crites are; for they love to love you, what reward have pray standing in the synaye? do not even the publicans w gogues, and in the corners of the same?

the streets, that they may be 47 And if ye salute your seen of men. Verily I say unto brethren only, what do ye you, They have their reward. more than others do not even : 6 But thou, when thou praythe publicans so?

est, enter into thy closet; and, 48 Be ye, therefore, perfect, when thou hast shut thy door, even as your Father which is pray to thy Father which is in in heaven is perfect.

secret; and thy Father, which

seeth in secret, shall reward CHAP. VI.

thee openly.

✓ But when ye pray, use not 1 Of alms, 5 prayer, 14 forgive

vain repetitions, as the heaness. 19 Our treasure. 24 God and mammon.

then do; for they think that

they shalt be heard for their TAKE heed that ye do not much speaking. your alms a before men, to be 8 Bé not ve, therefore, like seen of them; otherwise ye unto them ; for your Father have no reward of your Father knoweth what things ye have which is in heaven.

need of before ye ask him. 2 Therefore, when thou doest thine alms, do not sound a b Hupocrites, deceitful persong, trumpet before thee, as the pretending to be very pious, and de

vout, while destitute of holiness. how Publicans, Román tax-gatherers, Our Saviour probably meant the who were noted for their oppression Scribes and Pharisees. See the Introand injustice.

duction for their character.

c Their reward; the applause of Alms, your religious duties. men, but the displeasure of God.

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