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Circumcision is instituted.

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Abraham entertaineth three angels. ing covenant, "to be a God unto thee, | foreskin in the selfsame day, as God and to thy seed after thee.

8 And I will give unto thee, and to thy seed after thee, the land

wherein • Rom. 98 thou art a stranger, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and 'I will be their God.

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9¶ And God said unto Abraham, Thou shalt keep my covenant therefore, thou, and thy seed after thee in their generations.

10 This is my covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and you and thy seed after thee; 'Every man child among you shall be circumcised.

11 And ye shall circumcise the flesh Rom of your foreskin; and it shall be a token of the covenant betwixt me and you.

+ Heb. a son of eight days.

12 And the that is eight days old

Liker, 123 "shall be circumcised among you, every

2. 21.

John 7. 22. Fail. 3-5

man child in your generations, he that is born in the house, or bought with money of any stranger, which is not of thy seed. 13 He that is born in thy house, and he that is bought with thy money, must needs be circumcised: and my covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant. 14 And the uncircumcised man child whose flesh of his foreskin is not circumExod. 4 cised, that soul shall be cut off from his people; he hath broken my covenant. 15 ↑ And God said unto Abraham, As for Sarai thy wife, thou shalt not call her name Sarai, but || Sarah shall her name be.

! That is, Princess x ch. 18. 10.

shall become nations.

y cb. 35. 11. Gal. 4 31. 1 Pet. 3. 6. 1 ch. 18. 19. & 21.6.

ach. 18. 10. & 11. 2. Gal. 42

16 And I will bless her, and give thee a son also of her: yea, I will bless her, and † she shall be a mother of nations; kings of people shall be of her.

17 Then Abraham fell upon his face, * and laughed, and said in his heart, Shall a child be born unto him that is an hundred years old? and shall Sarah, that is ninety years old, bear?

18 And Abraham said unto God, O that Ishmael might live before thee!

19 And God said, Sarah thy wife! shall bear thee a son indeed; and thou shalt call his name Isaac: and I will establish my covenant with him for an everlasting covenant, and with his seed after him.

20 And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and bis 10 will make him fruitful, and will multiply 512, him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he dch 21. 18. beget, and I will make him a great nation. 21 But my covenant will I establish rch 21.1 with Isaac, which Sarah shall bear unto thee at this set time in the next year. 22 And he left off talking with him, and God went up from Abraham,

23 And Abraham took Ishmael his son, and all that were born in his house, and all that were bought with his money, every male among the men of Abraham's house; and circumcised the flesh of their

had said unto him.

24 And Abraham was ninety years old and nine, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.

25 And Ishmael his son was thirteen years old, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.

26 In the selfsame day was Abraham circumcised, and Ishmael his son.

Before CHRIST 1808.

27 And all the men of his house, born f ch. 18. 19. in the house, and bought with money of the stranger, were circumcised with him. CHAP. XVIII.

1 Abraham entertaineth three angels. 9 Sarah is reproved for laughing at the strange promise. 17 The destruction of Sodom is revealed to Abraham. 23 Abraham maketh intercession for the men thereof.

AND the LORD appeared unto him in


& 14- 13

the plains of Mamre: and he sat a ch. 13. 18. in the tent door in the heat of the day;


2 And he lift up his eyes and looked, b Hebr. 13, and, lo, three men stood by him: and ech. 19. 1. when he saw them, he ran to meet them 1 Pet. 4. 9. from the tent door, and bowed himself toward the ground,

3 And said, My Lord, if now I have found favour in thy sight, pass not away, I pray thee, from thy servant:

& 43.24.

4 Let a little water, I pray you, bed ch. 19. 2. fetched, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree:

5 And I will fetch a morsel of bread, and comfort ye your hearts; after that ye shall pass on: for therefore t are ye come to your servant. And they said, So do, as thou hast said.

6 And Abraham hastened into the tent

18. & 13. 15

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Judg. 6.
Heb. stay.
Judg. 10

5. Ps. 104. E ch. 19.8. & 33. 10. Heb. you have passed.


unto Sarah, and said, † Make ready quickly Heb. three measures of fine meal, knead it, and make cakes upon the hearth.

7 And Abraham ran unto the herd, and fetcht a calf tender and good, and gave it unto a young man; and he hasted to dress it.


8 And he took butter, and milk, and h ch. 19. 3. the calf which he had dressed, and set it before them; and he stood by them under the tree, and they did eat.


9. And they said unto him, Where is Sarah thy wife? and he said, Behold, in the tent.

1 ch. 24. 67.

12 Kings 4

10 And he said, I will certainly re-kver. 14 turn unto thee according to the time of 16. life; and, lo, " Sarah thy wife shall have mch.17. 19, a son. And Sarah heard it in the tent Rom. 9. 9. door, which was behind him.

21. & 21.2.

n ch. 17. 17.

11 Now "Abraham and Sarah were Rom. 419 old and well stricken in age; and it Hebr., ceased to be with Sarah after the man- ch. 31. 35. ner of women.

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12 Therefore Sarah Plaughed within herself, saying, After I am waxed old shall I have pleasure, my lord being old also? 13 And the LORD said unto Abraham,

12, 19.

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ch. 17-17. Luke 1. 18, 1 Pet, 3.6.

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Abraham intercedeth for Sodom.

Before CHRIST 1898.

s Jer. 32. 17.
Zech. 8. 6.
Matt. 3.9.
& 19. 26.
Luke 1.37.

t ch. 17. 21.

ver. 10.

2 Kings 4. 16.

n Rom. 15

243 John 6. w Ps. 25. 14.

Amos 3.7.

John 15. 15.

& 22. 18. Acts 3.25Gal. 3. &

Lot entertaineth two an

31 And he said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord: Peradventure there shall be twenty found there. And he said, I will not destroy it for twenty's sake.

Wherefore did Sarah laugh, saying, Shall
I of a surety bear a child, which am old?
14 'Is any thing too hard for the
LORD? At the time appointed I will re-
turn unto thee, according to the time of
life, and Sarah shall have a son.

15 Then Sarah denied, saying, I
laughed not; for she was afraid. And
he said, Nay; but thou didst laugh.

16 And the men rose up from thence, and looked toward Sodom: and Abraham went with them " to bring them on the way. 17 And the LORD said, "Shall I hide from Abraham that thing which I do;

18 Seeing that Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the x ch. 12. 3. nations of the earth shall be blessed in him? 19 For I know him, that he will y Deut. 4. 9, command his children and his houshold 10. & 6.7. after him, and they shall keep the way Ephes. 6.4 of the LORD, to do justice and judgment; that the LORD may bring upon Abra ham that which he hath spoken of him. 20 And the LORD said, Because the James 54 cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous;

Josh. 24. 15

z ch. 4. 10. & 19. 13.

a ch. 11. 5. Exod. 3. 8.

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21 'I will go down now, and see whether they have done altogether according to the cry of it, which is come unto me; b Deut. 8. 2. and if not, I will know.

& 13.3.

Josh. 22. 22.

Luke 16, 15

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22 And the men turned their faces 3 Cor. 11. 11. from thence, and went toward Sodom: but Abraham stood yet before the LORD. 23¶ And Abraham drew near, and said, 'Wilt thou also destroy the righteous with the wicked?

e Hebr. 10 22.

f Numb. 16. 22. 2 Sam. 24. 17.

g Jer. 5. 1.

h Job & 20.
i Job 8.3. &

Is. 3. 10, 11.

34. 17. Ps. 58. 11. & 94. 2. Rom. 3. 6. k Jer. 5. 1.

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25 That be far from thee to do after this manner,to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked, that be far from thee: Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?

26 And the LORD said, If I find in Ezek. 22.30. Sodom fifty righteous within the city, then I will spare all the place for their sakes. 27 And Abraham answered and said, 1 Luke 18. 1. 1 Behold now, I have taken upon me to mch. 3. 19. speak unto the Lord, which am but dust Eccles. 12.7. and ashes: 1 Cor. 15-47, 48. 2 Cor. 5.

Job 4.19.



28 Peradventure there shall lack five of the fifty righteous: wilt thou destroy all the city for lack of five? And he said, If I find there forty and five,I will not destroy it. 29 And he spake unto him yet again, and said, Peradventure there shall be forty found there. And he said, I will not do it for forty's sake.

30 And he said unto him, Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak: Peradventure there shall thirty be found there. And he said, I will not do it, if I find thirty there.




32 And he said, "Oh let not the Lord Ju be angry, and I will speak yet but this once: Peradventure ten shall be found there. And he said, I will not destroy o Jan it for ten's sake.

33 And the LORD went his way, as soon as he had left communing with Abraham: and Abraham returned unto his place. CHAP. XIX.

1 Lot entertaineth two angels. 4 The vicious Sodomites are stricken with blindness. 12 Lot is sent for safety into the mountains. 18 He obtaineth leave to go into Zoar. 24 Sodom and Gomorrah are destroyed. 26 Lot's wife is a pillar of salt. 30 Lot dwelleth in a cave. 31 The incestuous original of Moab and Ammon.

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3 And he pressed upon them greatly; and they turned in unto him, and entered into his house; and he made them a f ch. feast, and did bake unleavened bread, and they did eat.

4 ¶ But before they lay down, the men of the city, even the men of Sodom, compassed the house round, both old and young, all the people from every quarter:

5 And they called unto Lot, and said & Isai. unto him, Where are the men which came in to thee this night? " bring them Jud out unto us, that we may know them.

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Sodom and Gomorrah destroyed.

CHAP. XX. Lot dwelleth in a cave. Before were at the door of the house with blind27 ¶ And Abraham gat up early in Before ness, both small and great: so that they the morning to the place where in he wearied themselves to find the door. stood before the LORD:


12 And the men said unto Lot, Hast thou here any besides? son in law, and thy sons, and thy daughters, and geh whatsoever thou hast in the city, bring them out of this place:

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13 For we will destroy this place, bech 122 cause the 'cry of them is waxen great Chrom before the face of the LORD; and the LORD hath sent us to destroy it.

21. 15

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17 And it came to pass, when they had brought them forth abroad, that he said, Escape for thy life; look not behind thee, neither stay thou in all the plain; escape to the mountain, lest thou be consumed. 18 And Lot said unto them, Oh, not

* Accs 15. 14. SO, my Lord:

Jab 42.8,9 P. 145.19

19 Behold now, thy servant hath found grace in thy sight, and thou hast magnified thy mercy, which thou hast shewed unto me in saving my life; and I cannot escape to the mountain, lest some evil take me, and I die:

20 Behold now, this city is near to flee unto, and it is a little one: oh, let me escape thither, (is it not a little one?) and my soul shall live.

21 And he said unto him, See, 'I have •Heb thy accepted thee concerning this thing Jair also, that I will not overthrow this city, Sex ch22 for the which thou hast spoken.


*4 Mark

32. 10. Deut. 22 Haste thee, escape thither; for I 65 cannot do any thing till thou be come 10 thither. Therefore the name of the [That is, city was called || Zoar.


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23 The sun was trisen upon the earth when Lot entered into Zoar.

24 ¶ Then the LORD rained upon Jer Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone 500 and fire from the LORD out of heaven; sa. Hos. 11. 25 And he overthrew those cities, and 11 Zeph 2 all the plain, and all the inhabitants of Pe2 the cities, and that which grew upon

8. Amos 4

1 Lake 17.

Jade. kt. 14.3

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the ground.

26 But his wife looked back from beLake 17. 37′ hind him, and she became 1a pillar of salt.

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29 And it came to pass, when God destroyed the cities of the plain, that God re- och. 8. 1. & membered Abraham, and sent Lot out of the midst of the overthrow, when he overthrew the cities in the which Lot dwelt.

30 And Lot went up out of Zoar, and dwelt in the mountain, and his two p ver. 17, 19. daughters with him; for he feared to dwell in Zoar: and he dwelt in a cave, he and his two daughters.

51 ¶ And the firstborn said unto the younger, Our father is old, and there is not a man in the earth to come in unto q ch. 16.2, 4 us after the manner of all the earth:

32 Come, let us make our father drink wine, and we will lie with him, that we 'may preserve seed of our father.

33 And they made their father drink wine that night: and the firstborn went in, and lay with her father; and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when she arose.

34 And it came to pass on the morrow, that the firstborn said unto the younger, Behold, I lay yesternight with father: my let us make him drink wine this night also; and go thou in, and lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father.

35 And they made their father drink wine that night also: and the younger arose, and lay with him; and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when she arose. 36 Thus were both the daughters of Lot with child by their father.

ch. 38. 8, 9. Deut. 25-5

r Mark 12.



37 And the firstborn bare a son, and called his name Moab: "the same is the Deut. 2. 9. father of the Moabites unto this day.

38 And the younger, she also bare a son, and called his name Ben-ammi: the Deut. 2. 19 same is the father of the children of Ammon unto this day.

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5 Said he not unto me, She is my sister? and she, even she herself said, ka Kings 20. He is my brother: in the integrity of my heart and innocency of my hands Or, simpli have I done this.

3. 2 Cor. 1.


city, or, sincerity.

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6 And God said unto him in a dream, Yea, I know that thou didst this in the integrity of thy heart; for 'I also withheld thee from sinning against me: therefore suffered I thee not to touch her. 7 Now therefore restore the man his wife; for he is a prophet, and he shall pray for thee, and thou shalt live: and if thou restore her not, know thou that thou shalt surely die, thou, and all that are thine.

8 Therefore Abimelech rose early in the morning, and called all his servants, and told all these things in their ears: and the men were sore afraid.

9 Then Abimelech called Abraham, and said unto him, What hast thou done unto us, and what have I offended thee, that thou hast brought on me and on my kingdom a great sin? thou hast done deeds unto me that ought not to be done.

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13 And it came to pass, when God Hebr. 11. 8. caused me to wander from my father's house, that I said unto her, This is thy kindness which thou shalt shew unto me; at every place whither we shall come, say of me, He is my brother.

y ch. 12. 13. z ch. 12. 16.

a ch. 13. 9.

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14 ¶ And Abimelech took sheep, and oxen, and menservants, and womenservants, and gave them unto Abraham, and restored him Sarah his wife..

15 And Abimelech said, Behold, "my + Heb. as is land is before thee: dwell where it pleaseth thee.

good in thine


b ver. 5.

16 And unto Sarah he said, Behold, I have given thy brother a thousand pieces ch. 26. 11. of silver: behold, he is to thee a coverd ch. 24. 65. ing of the eyes, unto all that are with thee, and with all other: thus she was reproved. 17¶ SoAbraham 'prayed unto God: and God healed Abimelech, and his wife, and his maidservants; and they bare children.

e Job 42.9,


f ch. 12. 17.

18 For the LORD had fast closed up

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7 And she said, Who would have said unto Abraham, that Sarah should have given children suck? for I have born 1 ch. him a son in his old age.

8 And the child grew, and was weaned: and Abraham made a great feast the same day that Isaac was weaned.


9 ¶ And Sarah saw the son of Hagar "the Egyptian, "which she had born un- mch to Abraham, mocking.

u ch

o G



10 Wherefore she said unto Abraham, cir Cast out this bondwoman and her son: go for the son of this bondwoman shall not & 30 be heir with my son, even with Isaac.

11 And the thing was very grievous in Abraham's sight because of his son.

q ch

12 And God said unto Abraham, Let it not be grievous in thy sight because of the lad, and because of thy bondwoman; in all that Sarah hath said unto thee, hearken unto her voice; for 'in Isaac R shall thy seed be called.

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15 And also of the son of the bondwoman will I make 'a nation, because he ve is thy seed.



14 And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and took bread, and a bottle of water, and gave it unto Hagar, putting it on her shoulder, and the child, and sent Jo her away: and she departed, and wandered in the wilderness of Beer-sheba.

15 ¶ And the water was spent in the bottle, and she cast the child under one of the shrubs.

16 And she went, and sat her down over against him a good way off, as it were a bowshot: for she said, Let me not see the death of the child. And she sat over against him, and lift up her voice, and wept. 17 And "God heard the voice of the lad; "E

Abimelech's covenant with Abraham.

CHAP. XXII. Before and the angel of God called to Hagar out

CHRIST 1897.

of heaven, and said unto her, What aileth

thee, Hagar? fear not; for God hath heard the voice of the lad where he is.

18 Arise, lift up the lad, and hold him ver in thine hand; for "I will make him a great nation.

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19 And God opened her eyes, and K she saw a well of water; and she went, Lake and filled the bottle with water, and gave the lad drink.

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22 And it came to pass at that time, that cha 2 Abimelech and Phichol the chief captain of his host spake unto Abraham, saying, ech. 26. 28. God is with thee in all that thou doest: 23 Now therefore swear unto me here by God that thou wilt not deal falsely with me, nor with my son, nor with my son's son: but according to the kindness that I have done unto thee, thou shalt do unto me, and to the land wherein thou hast sojourned.

¿ Josh 2 12 1 Sam. 24-21. + Heb. if thou shalt be unto me.

15, 18, 20, 21,


24 And Abraham said, I will swear. 25 And Abraham reproved Abimelech because of a well of water, which Abime• See ch. 26. lech's servants had violently taken away. 26 And Abimelech said, I wot not who hath done this thing: neither didst thou tell me, neither yet heard I of it, but to day. 27 And Abraham took sheep and oxen, and gave them unto Abimelech; and fch 26 31. both of them made a covenant.

28 And Abraham set seven ewe lambs of the flock by themselves.

29 And Abimelech said unto Abra8 ch.338 ham, What mean these seven ewe lambs which thou hast set by themselves?

30 And he said, For these seven ewe lambs shalt thou take of my hand, that hch. 31.48, they may be a witness unto me, that I have digged this well.


i ch.33That is, The well of the eath eir. 1991.

1 Or, tree.

31 Wherefore he called that place Beer-sheba; because there they sware both of them.

32 Thus they made a covenant at Beersheba: then Abimelech rose up, and Phichol the chief captain of his host, and they returned into the land of the Philistines. 33 ¶ And Abraham planted a || grove kch 4 in Beer-sheba, and called there on the name of the LORD, 'the everlasting God. 34 And Abraham sojourned in the PhiTilistines' land many days.

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1 Abraham is tempted to offer Isaac. 3 He giveth proof of his faith and obedience. 11 The angel stayeth him. 13 Isaac is exchanged with a ram. 14 The place is called Jehovah-jireh. 15 Abraham is blessed again 20 The generation of Nahor unto Rebekah.

Trial of Abraham's faith.

AND it came to pass after these things, that God did tempt Abraham, and said unto him, Abraham: and he said, + Behold, here I am.

2 And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of. 3¶ And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and saddled his ass, and took two of his young men with him, and Isaac his son, and clave the wood for the burnt offering, and rose up, and went unto the place of which God had told him.

4 Then on the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes, and saw the place afar off:

5 And Abraham said unto his young men, Abide ye here with the ass; and I and the lad will go yonder and worship, and come again to you.

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6 And Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering, and laid it upon Isaac his John 19. son; and he took the fire in his hand, and a knife; and they went both of them together.

7 And Isaac spake unto Abraham his father, and said, My father: and he said, Here am I, my son. And he said, Be-Heb. Er hold the fire and the wood: but where is the lamb for a burnt offering?

8 And Abraham said, My son, God will provide himself a lamb for a burnt offering: so they went both of them together.

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12 And he said, 'Lay not thine hand f1 Sam. 15. upon the lad, neither do thou any thing 78. unto him: for now I know that thou fch. 26.5. fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only son from me,

13 And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold behind him a ram caught in a thicket by his horns: and Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering in the stead of his son.

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