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vereignty given into the hands of the Gentiles.

This great event forms the full commencement of the ". Fifth Period," of 2520 years, in its application to the kingdom of Judah.

It is the time of the full setting up of the great image in its head of gold, which signifies the Babylonian monarchy.

It forms the first appearance of the other symbolical vision of the four great monarchies, which represents this

empire as a lion with eagles' wings. 588 Jerusalem re-taken and destroyed by Nebu

chadnezzar, the temple burnt, and the remainder of the Jews carried into captivity.

This forms the second commencement of the Third Period,consisting of the 70 years the Babylonish

captivity. 536 ...... Babylon is taken by Cyrus, Belshazzar the

king slain, the empire overturned, and the Persian, or the second general, monarchy established.

The breasts and arms of silver of Nebuchadnezzar's great image.

The bear with three ribs between its teeth of Daniel's vision of the wild beasts. Edict of Cyrus for the return of the Jews from

Babylon to their own land, under the conduct of Zerubbabel.

This event forms the first termination of the Third

Period,or the Babylonish captivity of 70 years. 518 ... ... Edict of Darius Hystaspes king of Persia, for

the more complete return of the Jews to · their own land, and the more thorough restoration of the Jewish state.

The second termination of the Third Period,or

the 70 years' captivity in Babylon. 508. The second of the “ seven heads” of Rome

established, by the overthrow of the kingly authority and the appointment of two annual Consuls, or a republican form of govern

ment. 493. Dictators introduced in the government of

Rome, forming the third head.” 480. Xerxes king of Persia stirs up the realm of

Greece against him by his invasion of that

country. 457-6... Celebrated decree of Artaxerxes Longimanus

king of Persia to Ezra, denominated “the


going forth of the commandment to restore and build Jerusalem.”

1. The commencement of the Fourth Period,or the 490 years' prophecy of Daniel, to the death of Christ.

2. The commencement of the Sixth Period,or the 2300 years, to the restoration of the Jews and cleansing

of the sanctuary. 451. The fourth head” of the Roman govern

ment established, by the appointment of the

Decemviri. 444. Second edict of Artaxerxes, given to Nehe

miah, for re-building the walls of Jerusalem. 421. The fifth head” of the government of

Rome established, by the appointment of

Military Tribunes. 331 The Persian monarchy overturned by Alex

ander the Great; Darius Codomanus, the king, slain ; and the Grecian, or third general, monarchy established.

The belly and thighs of brass of Nebuchadnezzar's great image.

The leopard with four wings, having four horns, of Daniel's vision of the wild beasts.

The decisive conflict between the ram and he-goat, or

between the kings of Persia and Greece. 168 The Grecian monarchy overturned by the con

quest of Macedon; Perseus, the last king, being deposed and carried away captive by the Roman consul. By this event the Roman, or fourth and last general, monarchy of the Gentiles was established.

The legs of iron, and feet and toes of iron and clay, of Nebuchadnezzar's great image.

The beast with great iron teeth, devouring and stamping on the residue with his feet, and having ten

horns, and among them a little horn, also seven heads. 167. The persecuting edict of Antiochus Epiphanes

against the Jews.

The revolt of the Maccabees. 63. The Jews become tributary to the Romans, on

Jerusalem being taken by Pompey. 27. The “ sixth head,” or Imperial form of government, established in Rome, in the


of Octavius Cæsar, surnamed by the senate Augustus.

A.D. 33-4


This great event forms the termination of the

Fourth Period,or the 490 years of Daniel. .... Jerusalem taken and destroyed by the Ro



96. The Book of the Revelation written by the

Apostle John in the Isle of Patmos. 325 Constantine, the first Christian emperor, ra

tifies the canons of the Council of Nice.

The opening of the First Seal, which represents the

Emperor on a white horse, with emblems of conquest. 328. Constantine removes the seat of empire from

Rome to Constantinople. 337. Division of the empire into its Eastern and

Western branches, on the death of Con.

stantine. 379 ...... Edict of the Emperors Gratian and Valen

tinian II., greatly increasing the prerogatives of the Roman See.

The opening of the Second Seal, which represents

the Emperor on a red horse, with emblems of war. 396 ...... The invasion of the Northern Goths under

Alaric, who first successfully broke in upon the empire, ravaged Greece and Italy, and took Rome.

The sounding of the First Trumpet, described as hail and fire mingled with blood.

The final division of the empire between the two sons

of Theodosius the Great. 433 The invasion of the Huns under the terrible


The sounding of the Second Trumpet, described as

a burning mountain cast into the sea. 439 The invasion of the Vandals under Genseric,

who, following the steps of the two former barbarian conquerors, completed the devastation of the empire, and again took and pillaged Rome.

The sounding of the Third Trumpet, described as a

star falling from heaven, and burning as a lamp. 445 Valentinian III., whilst the empire was thus

falling to pieces around him, added strength to the general apostasy by an edict conferring great additional privileges on the Pope.

The opening of the Third Seal, which represents the Emperor on a black horse, with emblems of expiring

sovereignty, of famine, weakness, and mourning. 476...... The establishment of the Gothic kingdom in


Italy, under Odoacer king of the Heruli, and the deposition of the last emperor, Augustulus, by which the Western Empire was extinguished.

The sounding of the Fourth Trumpet, described as

a third part of the sun, moon, and stars being smitten. 529. The code of Justinian published. 533 The edict of the Emperor Justinian constitut

ing the Pope head of all the holy churches; thus giving the “ saints into his hands.”

The opening of the Fourth Seal, which represents the Emperor riding on a pale green horse, the colour of corruption, and with emblems of war, pestilence, and famine.

The first commencement of the Great Period of 1260 years, or the Seventh Period,or the half of the complete Period of 2520 years; of the visible church or outer court being totally corrupt; of the church flying into the wilderness ; of the divided empire, consisting of ten kingdoms, rising out of the commotions of the barbarian invasion ; and of the time of the church's per

secution. 583-4 The full establishment of the ten kingdoms of

the Western Empire. The Pope asserts a claim to the Divine attribute of INFALLIBILITY.

This forms the second and full commencement of the Seventh Period,of 1260 years.

The fifty years' intervening space between the last two dates, which answers to the corresponding space of 1260 years (backwards) from 727 to 677 B.C., was to the Christian church what that had been to the Jewish the

climax of its declension, misery, and ruin. 606. The edict of the tyrant Phocas, confirming

afresh the power of the Pope. 612 The invasion of the Eastern Empire by the

Saracens under Mahomet and his followers, who trampled on Christianity, and propagated the apostasy of the Koran by the sword, extending their conquests over a great part of Asia, Africa, and Europe.

The sounding of the Fifth Trumpet, described as a swarm of locusts with stings in their tails issuing from the bottomless pit.

The first Woe" Trumpet.

The appearance of the little horn of the vision of the

ram and he-grat. 755. The Pope obtains the sovereignty of Ravenna,

the first of the three horns that were to be

plucked up by the roots. 1774. The Pope becomes possessed of Lombardy,


the second of his three predicted king

doms. 800 The Pope becomes sovereign of Rome-thus

posse ng the three horns that were to be plucked up—and wears up to the present day a triple crown in commemoration

thereof. The imperial government of Western Rome,

or the “sixth head,” revived in the person of Charlemagne, who was crowned, by the Pope, Augustus and Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire; and he is hence called by Gibbon the restorer of the Western Em

pire. 962. The imperial crown passed into the name

and nation of Germany, by the arms of Otho, after the fall of the Carlovignian

race in France. 1096

to The eight crusades. 1270, 1327. The rise of the Ottoman or Turkish power,

which it is generally considered ought to be reckoned from the capture of Prusa in

Bithynia, by Othman, the Turkish Sultan. 1453 The Sultan of the Turks, Mahomet II., on the

29th of May in this year took Constantinople; slew the last emperor, Contantine Paleologus; and put an entire end to the Eastern Empire.

The sounding of the Sixth Trumpet, in which the Turks are described as an innumerable company of horsemen.

The second Woe Trumpet. 1552 The great treaty of Passau, signed by the

Emperor Charles V., by which the Reformation, which was commenced by Luther in 1517, was established in Germany.

The opening of the Fifth Seal. 1780. The occurrence of the events which it is considered

gave the first direct impulse to the Revolution, which were, the reforms of the Emperor Joseph II., and Louis XVI. send

ing an army to America. 1789 The commencement of the French revolution.

1. The opening of the Sixth Seal.
2. The pouring out of the First Vial ; described as
a noisome and grievous sore.”

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