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[job XXVIII. continual.] hand upon the rock; he overturned! the mountains
10 by the roots. He cutteth out rivers among the rocks;
11 and his eve seet.li ever; precious thing. He bindeth the floods from overflowing; and the thing that is hid
12 bringetii he forth to light. But where snail wisdom he found? and where it the place of understanding?
13 Han knoweth not the price thereof; neither is it found
14 in the land of the living. The depth saith, It u not
15 in me: and the sea saith, It ft not with rae. It cannot be gotten for gold, neither shall silver be weighed
16/or the price thereof. It cannot be valued with the gold of Ophir, with the precious onyx, or the sapphire.
17 The gold and the crystal cannot equal it: and the ex
18 change of it shall not be for jewels of fine gold. No mention shall be made of coral, or of pearls: for
19 the price of wisdom u above rubies. The topaz of Ethiopia shall not equal it, neither shall it be valued
30 with pure gold. Whence then cometh wisdom? and
21 where ft the place of understanding? seeing it is hid from the eye* of all living, and kept close from the
22 fowls of the air. Destruction and death say, We have
23 heard the fame thereof with our ears. God understandeth the way thereof, and he knoweth the place
24 thereof. For he looketh to the ends of the earth, and
25 seeth under the whole heaven; to make the weight for the winds; and he weigheth the waters by measure.
26 When he made a decree for the rain, and a way for the
27 lightning of the thunder: then did he see it, and declare it; he prepared it, yea, and searched it out.
28 And unto man he said, Behold, the fear of the Lord, that it wisdom; and to depart from evil ti understanding.
14. Power or The Spirit.
had been promised .-—Is. xi. 2, 'And the spirit of the Lord shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the Lord.*—xlil. 1, * Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, in whom my soul delighteth; I have put my spirit upon him: he ■hall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles.'
tee * Scripture Illustrations.'
the disciples were to receive power:—Ac. i. 8, 'But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you [or, the power of the Holy Ghost coming upon you]i and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Juda>a, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.'
to Paul wat directed:—Ac. xvi. 6—10, 'Now when they had gone throughout Phrygta and the region of G alalia, and were forbidden of the Holy Ghost to preach the word in Asia, 7, after they were come to Mysia, they assayed to go into Blthynia: but the Spirit suffered them not. 8, And they passing by My sin came down to Troas. 9, And a vision appeared to Paul in the night; There stood a man of Macedonia, and prayed him, saying. Come over into Macedonia, and help us. 10, And after he had seen the vision, immediately we endeavoured to go into Macedonia, assuredly gathering that the Lord had called us for to preach the gospel unto them.'
Fim Of Him.—See ' Scripture Illustrations.'
referred to by Jesus:—Jno. xviii, 20, § 89.
followed by the apostles .-—Ac. xiii. 5,14—.6—xvil. 1, 2, 'Now when they had passed through Amphipolis and Apollonia, they came to Thessalonica, where was a synagogue of the Jews: 2, and Paul, as his manner was, went In unto them, and three sabbath days reasoned with them out of the scriptures,'—xix. 8, &c. 8, * And he went into the synagogue, and spake boldly for the space of three months, disputing and persuading the things concerning the kingdom of God.'
prediction:—tee • Scripture Illustrations.'
17- Opened The Book.
tee as to Ezra:—Ne. viii. 5, 'And Ezra opened the book In the sight of all the people; (for he was above all the people;) and when he opened it, all the people stood up.'—See ' Scripture Illustrations.'
the Lamb at having been (Iain, Q-c.:—Rev, T. 7, * And he came and took the book out of the right hand of him that sat upon the throne.'
at his opening of the first seal, >Vc- .-—Rev. vi. 2,' And I saw, and behold a white horse: and he that sat on him had a bow; and a crown was given unto him: and he went forth conquering, and to conquer.'
there went forth . . . as declared*— Is. lxi. 1—3, 'The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me; because the Lord hath anointed me to preach, good tidings unto the meek;
(102) he hath sent me to bind up the broken-hearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound; 2, to proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn; 3, to appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the Lord, that he might be glorified.'
predicted also:—U&. ix. 24,' Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish [or, to restrain! the transgression, and to make an end for, to seal up] of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.*
recognised.-—Jno. iii. 34, § 13, p. 91; Ac. iv. 27,'For or a truth against thy holy child Jesus, whom thou hast anointed, Doth Herod, and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles, and thi x. 38, • How Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing
S:ood, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; or God was with him.'
GOSPEL TO TBI POOR.
predicted:—see ' Scripture Illustrations.'
inttrumentt of hit power in the gospel >—1 Co. 1. 26, .7, 'For ye see your calling, brethren, how that not many wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble, are called: 27, but God hath chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise; and God hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound the things which are mighty.'
Israel, after being made poor:—Ho. II. 3, 13, 'Lest I strip her naked, and set her as in the day that she was born, and make her as a wilderness, and set her like a dry land, and slay her with thirst.' 13, ' And I will visit upon her the days of Baalim, wherein she burned incense to them, and she decked herself with her earrings and her jewels, am) she went after her lovers, and forgat me, saith the Lord.'
was to have the wordt of comfort, <st. :—Ho. ii 14, 'Therefore, behold, I will allure her, and bring her into the wilderness, and speak comfortably unto her.*
compare Is. xl. 1—31, 'Comfort ye, comfort ye my
Reople, saith your God. 2, Speak ye comfortably [Heb. ) tin' heart] to Jerusalem, and cry unto her, that her warfare [or, her appointed time] is accomplished, that her iniquity is pardoned: for she hath received of the Lord's hand double for all her sins. 3, The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness. Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make straight in the desert a highway for our God.'
of which preaching, that of John was a pledge:—Mk. i. 3, § 7, p. 49.
Psalm LXXV. Unto thee, O God, do we give thanks, unto thee do we give thanks: for that thy
2 name is near thy wondrous works declare. When I shall receive the congregation I will j udge uprightly.
3 The earth and all the inhabitants thereof are dis4solved: I bear up the pillars of it. Selah. I said
unto the fools, Deal not foolishly: and to the wicked, b Lift not up the horn: lift not up your horn on high:
6 speak not with a stiff neck. For promotion cometh neither from the east, nor from the west, nor from the
7 south. But God it the judge: he putteth down one,
8 and setteth up another. For in the hand of the Lord there it a cup, and the wine is red; it is full of mixture; and he poureth out of the same: but the dregs thereof, all the wicked of the earth shall wring
9 them out, and drink them. But I will declare for 10 ever; I will sing praises to the God of Jacob. All the
horns of the wicked also will I cut off; but the horns of the righteous shall be exalted.
Psalm CXXVI. When the Lord turned again the captivity of Zion, we were like them that dream.
2 Then was our mouth filled with laughter, and our tongue with singing: then said the; among the heathen, The Lord hath done great things for them.
3 The Lord hath done great things for us; whereof ve
4 are glad. Turn again our captivity, O Lord, as the b streams in the south. They that sow in tears shall 6 reap in joy. He that goeth forth and weepeth, bearing precious seed, shall doubtless come again with rejoicing, bringing his sheaves with him.
of both these mountains, as hern seen, were, to oar eyes, equal It nuked and tterile . . . the only exception In favour of (he former, so far as we could perceive, it a small ravine coming down opposite the west end of the town, which, indeed, is full of fountains and trees; in other respects, both mountains, as here seen, arc desolate, except that a few olive-trees are scattered upon them. The side of the northern mountain, Ebal, along the foot, is full of ancient excavated sepulchres.
* Twenty minutes of ascent from the city ., . led us to the top of Gerizim: which proved to be a tract of high table-land, stretching off far towards the W. and 8.W. Twenty minutes more towards the S.E., along a regular path upon the table-land, brought us to the Wely we had seen before, standing on a small eminence on the eastern brow of the mountain. Here is the holy pUce of the Samaritans, whither they still come to worship.
'The whole valley of Nahulut is full of fountains, irrigating it abundantly; and for that reason not flowing off in any large stream. The valley Is rich, fertile, and beautifully green, as might be expected
from this bountiful supply of water. The sides of the valley, too, the continuation of Gerizim and Ebal, are studded with villages, some of them larce; and these again are surrounded with extensive tilled fields and olive groves; so that the whole valley presents a more beautiful and Inviting landscape of green hills and dales than perhaps any other part of Palestine.* It is the deep verdure arising from the abundance of water which gives it this peculiar charm; in the midst of a land where no rain falls in summer, and where of course the face of nature. In the season of heat and drought, assumes a brown and dreary aspect.'—Vol. 111. pp. 89—136.
Sychar is about forty miles north of Jerusalem. The cotton and soap manufactures are carried on there. In the town is a covered bazaar for fine goods, and an open one for provisions, and shops of every description; it is about ten miles S. F. of the city Samaria. Lord Lindsay says, after leaving Nahulus, 'Two hours' ride, the following morning, through mule tracks, over the rocks, worn deep by the feet of centuries, took us to Subasta, the ancient Samaria, named by Herod Srbtisfe, in honour of Augustus.' — Utters, July, 1837, Vol. II. p. 74.
Jacob'* welt.—' It lies at the mouth of the valley, near tin? south side. We came to the opening of the valley on the north side, at the ruins of the little hamlet called " Brlat." Joseph's tomb stands in the middle of the mouth of the valley; and the veil is a little south of the tomb,-! and just at the base of Gerizim, below the road by which we had passed along this morning. We were thirty-live minutes in coming to it from the city. It was now dry and deserted; but usually contains living water, and not merely to be filled by the rains. . . . By dropping in stones, we could perceive that It was aeep.% Haundrell describes it as dug in a firm rock, and about three yards in diameter, and thirty-five feet deep, five of which were full of water.
'I aeo much In the circumstances tending to confirm the suppo«ition that litis is actually the spot where our Lord held his conversation with the Samaritan woman. Jesus was journeying from Jerusalem to Galilee, and rested at the well, while " hi* disciples were gone away unto the city to buy meat,7' Jno. iv. 8. The well, therefore, lav apparently before the city, and at some distance from it. In passing aloni* the eastern plain, Jesus had halted at the well, aud sent his disciples to the city situated in the narrow valley, intending on their return to proceed along the piatn on his way to Galilee, without himself visiting the city. All this corresponds exactly to the present character of the ground. A very
JACOB'S WELL, p. 92.
obvious question presented itself to us upon the spot, vis., how it can be supposed that the woman should have come from the city, now half an hour distant, with her water-pot, to draw water from Jacob's well, when there are so many fountains just around the city, and she must have also passed directly by a large one at mid-distance P The ancient city might probably lay in part nearer to this well than the modern one; and there Is nothing improbable or unusual in the supposition, that the inhabitants may have set a peculiar value on the water of this ancient well of Jacob, and have occasionally put themselves to the trouble of going thither to draw. That it was not the ordinary public well of the city is probable from the circumstance, that there was here no public accommodation for drawina- water, Jno. iv. 11. It was probably dug by the patriarch in some connexion with the possession of the "parcel of ground ** bought of Hamor, the father of Shechem, which he gave to his son Joseph, and in which Joseph and probably his brethren were buried. The practice of the patriarchs to dig wells wherever they sojourned is well known; and if Jacob's field, as it would seem, was here before the mouth of the valley of Shechem, he might prefer not to be dependent for water on fountains which lay up that valley, and were not his own. I think we may thus rest with confidence in the opinion that this is Jacob's well, and here the parcel of ground which Jacob gave to his son Joseph.'— Hob in son'* Researches, Vol, III. pp. 107—.13.
•The Samaritans, mentioned in the New Testament, are generally considered as a sect of the Jews.
'This appellation is, in the New Testament, given to a race of people who sprang originally from an intermixture of tlie ten tribes with Gentile nations. When the inhabitants of Samaria and of the adjacent country were carried into captivity by Shalmaneser king of Assyria, he sent in their place colonies from Babylonia, Cuthah, Ava, Hamath, aud Sepharvaim;
Ians, p. 92.
Of them it is said, 2 Ki. xvii. 24, "And the
king of Assyria brought men from Babylon, and from Cuthah, and from Ava, and ft om Hamnth, aud from Sepharvaim, and placed them in the cities of Samaria instead of the children of Israel: and tliey possetsed Samaria, and dwelt in the cities theieof." An origin like this would, of course, render the nation odious to the Jews; and the Samaritans further augmented this cause of hatred by rejecting all the sacred books
• 'The valley of Naplous was, if possible, more beautiful by morning than by evening light, shaded by groves of figs, olives, almonds, and apricots, in full bloom, and bounded by lofty mouut.iins, with a clear and beautiful stream winding and murmuring through Its centre. For more than an hour we followed the course of the stream, and nothing could be more beautifully picturesque than the little mills on its banks, low, completely embosomed among the trees, and with their roofs covered with gras«: and sometimes the agreeable sound of a waterfall was the first intimation we had of their presence.'—See Stephen'* Incidents of Travel.
t Mr. Fisk thus describes it: 'About a quarter of a mile northward of Jacob's well stands a whited sepulchre. It consists of four walls, open at the top, and has a doorway opening to the north. On the) left is n kind of covered sarcophagus, over which a wild vine clusters luxuriantly. Towards the right, is a raised piece of rude masonrv, like the common coverings of Arab graves: undisputed tradition claims it as the tomb of Joseph.*—/*' Pastor's Memorial, #*-, p. 3ll.
1 There is a low pile of rude masonry, surrounded by large loose stones, and foundations of walls. A very ancient well is concealed by these remains, called by the Arabs, "Bis Yaioob," the descent to which is through a narrow mouth in the stonework above, covered with a massive fragment of stone, too heavy for us to remove. In ad (lit ion I learnt that the "well is deep," and 1 hail " nothing to draw with.'' '—Ibid. p. 339.
t Mr Calhoun, a recent European traveller, ascertained its depth at 7& feet, with about twelve feet of water.
[isaiah LIX. continued.']
131quities, we know them; In transgressing and lying against the Lord, and departing away from our God, speaking oppression and revolt, conceiving and utter
I4ing from the heart words of falsehood. And judgment is turned away backward, and justice standeth afar off: for truth Is fallen in the street, and equity
15 cannot enter. Yea, truth faileth; and he that departeth from evil maketh himself a prey [or, is accounted mad]: and the Lord saw it, and it displeased him [Heb. it was evil in hit eyes] that there was no judgment.
16 And he saw that there was no man, and wondered that there wot no intercessor: therefore his arm brought salvation unto him; and his righteousness, it
17 sustained him. For he put on righteousness as a breastplate, and an helmet of salvation upon his head; and he put on the garments of vengeance far
18 clothing, and was clad with zeal as a cloke. According to their deeds [Heb. recompences], accordingly he will repay, fury to his adversaries, re com pence to his
19 enemies; to the islands he will repay recompence. So shall they fear the name of the Lord from the west, and his glory from the rising of the sun. When the enemy shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of the Lord shall lift up a standard against him [or, put him to flight].
20 And the Redeemer shall come to Zlon, and unto them that turn from transgression In Jacob, saith the
21 Lord. As for me, this t> my covenant with them, saith the Lord; Hy spirit that is upon thee, and my words which I have put In thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth of thy seed's seed, saith the Lord, from henceforth and for ever.
Daniel II. And in the second year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar Nebuchadnezzar dreamed dreams, wherewith his spirit was troubled, and his sleep brake
2 from him. Then the king commanded to call the magicians, and the astrologers, and the sorcerers, and the Chaldeans, for to shew the king his dreams. So
3 they came and stood before the king. And the king said unto them, I have dreamed a dream, and my
4 spirit was troubled to know the dream. Then spake the Chaldeans to the king In Syriack, O king, live for ever: tell thy servants the dream, and we will shew
5 the interpretation. The king answered and said to the Chaldeans, The thing is gone from me: if ye will not make known unto me the dream, with the interpretation thereof, ye shall be cut in pieces, and your
6 houses shall be made a dunghill. But If ye shew the dream, and the interpretation thereof, ye shall receive of me gifts and rewards and great honour: therefore shew me the dream, and the interpretation thereof.
7 They answered, again and said, Let the king tell his servants the dream, and we will shew the interpreta
8 tion of it. The king answered ami said, I know of certainty that ye would gain [Chald. buy] the time,
9 because ye see the thing is gone from me. But if ye will not make known unto me the dream, there is but one decree for you: for ye have prepared lying and corrupt words to speak before me, till the time be changed: therefore tell me the dream, and I shall know that ye can shew me the interpretation thereof.
10 The Chaldeans answered before the king, and said. There is not a man upon the earth that can shew the king's matter: therefore there is no king, lord, nor ruler, that asked such things at any magician, or as
11 trologer, or Chaldean. And it is a rare thing tiiat the king requireth, and there is none other that can shew it before the king, except the gods, whose dwelling is
12 not with flesh. For this cause the king was angry and very furious, and commanded to destroy all the
13 wise men of Babylon. And the decree went forth that the wise men should be slain; and they sought Daniel and his fellows to be slain.
14 Then Daniel answered [Chald. returned] with counsel and wisdom to Arioch the captain [or, chief marshal. Chald. chief of the executioners, or, slaughtermen] of the king's guard, which was gone forth to slay
15 the wise men of Babylon: he answered and said to Arioch the king's captain, Why is the decree so hasty from the king? Then Arioch made the thing known
16 to Daniel. Then Daniel went in, and desired of the king that he would give him time, and that he would
17 shew the king the interpretation. Then Daniel went to his house, and made the thing known to Hananiah,
18 Hishael, and Azariah, his companiotis: that they would desire mercies of the God [Chald. from before God] of heaven concerning this secret: that Daniel and his fellows should not perish with the rest of the wise men of Babylon.
19 Then was the secret revealed onto Daniel in a night vision. Then Daniel blessed the God of heaven.
20 Daniel answered and said. Blessed be the name of God
21 for ever and ever: for wisdom and might are his: and he change th the times and the seasons: he removeth kings, and setteth up kings: he giTeth wisdom unto the wise, and knowledge to them that know under
22 standing: he revealeth the deep and secret things: he knoweth what ti in the darkness, and the light dwelleth
23 with him. I thank thee, and praise thee, O thou God of my fathers, who hast given me wisdom and might, and hast made known unto me now what we desired of thee: for thou hast now made known unto us the king's matter.
24 Therefore Daniel went in unto Arioch, whom the king had ordained to destrov the wise men of Babylon: he went and said thu* unto him; Destroy not the wise men of Babylon: bring me In before the king, and I
25 will shew unto the king the interpretation. Then Arioch brought In Daniel before the king in haste, and said thus unto him, I have found a man of the captives of Judah [Chald. children of the captivity of Judah], that will make known unto the kingthe interpre
26 tation. The king answered and said to Daniel, whose name was Belteshazzar, Art thou able to make known unto me the dream which I have seen, and the inter
27 pre tation thereof? Daniel answered in the presence of the king, and said. The secret which the king hath demanded cannot the wise men, the astrologers, the
28magicians, the soothsayers, shew unto the king; but there Is a God in heaven that reveuletb secrets, and maketh known [Chald. hath made known] to the king Nebuchadnezzer what shall be in the latter days. Thy dream, and the visions of thy head upon thy bed, are
29 these; As for thee, O king, thy thoughts came into thy mind [Chald. came up] upon thy bed, what should come to pass hereafter: and he that revealeth secrets
30 maketh known to thee what shall come to pass. But as for me, this secret is not revealed to me for any wisdom that 1 have more than any living, but for thetr sakes that shall make known the interpretation to the king [or, but for the intent that the interpretation may be made known to the king], and that thou mlghtest know the thoughts of thy heart.
31 Thou, O king,sawest [Chald. wasteeing^axidbehold a great image. This great image, whose brightness was excellent, stood before thee ; and the form thereof was
32 terrible. This Image's head was of fine gold, his breast and his arms of silver, his belly and his thighs [or,
33 sides] of brass, his legs of iron, his feet part of iron
34 and part of clay. Thou sawest till that a stone was cut out without hands [or, which was not in hands, as ver. 451, which smote the image upon his feet that
35 were of iron and clay, and brake them to pieces. Then was the Iron, the clay, the brass, the silver, and the gold, broken to pieces together, and became like the chaff of the summer threshingfloors; and the wind carried them away, that no place was found for them: and the stone that smote the imnge became a great mountain, and filled the whole earth.
36 This is the dream; and we will tell the interpreta
37 tion thereof before the king. Thou, O king, art a king of kings: for the God of heaven hath given thee a king
3Sdom, power, and strength, and glory. And wheresoever the children of men dwell, the beasts of the field and the fowls of the heaven hath he given into thine hand, and hath made thee ruler over them all. Thou
39 art this head of gold. And after thee shall arise another kingdom inferior to thee, and another third kingdom of brass, which shall bear rule over all the
49 earth. And the fourth kingdom shall be strong as iron: forasmuch as iron breaketh Id pieces and subdueth all things: and as iron that breaketh all these,
41 shall it break in pieces and bruise. And whereas thou sawest the feet and toes, part of potters* clay, and part of iron, the kingdom shall he divided ; but there shall be in it of the strength of the iron, forasmuch as thou
42 sawest the iron mixed with miry clay. And as the toes of the feet were part of iron, and part of clay, so the kingdom shall be partly strong, and partly broken [or,
43 brittle.] And whereas thou sanest iron mixed with miry clay, they shall mingle themselves with the seed of men: but they shall not cleave one to another, even
44 as iron is not mixed witli clay. And in the [Chald. their days] days of these kings shall the God ofheaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom [Chald. kingdom thereof] shall not be left to other people, but it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever.
45 Forasmuch as thou sawest that the stone was cut out of the mountain without hands [or, which was not in hand], and that it brake in pieces the iron, the brass, the day, the silver, and the gold ; the great God hath made known to the king what shall come to pass hereafter [Chald. after this]: and the dream if certain, and the interpretation thereof sure.
[Continued—see nert page.]
[damkl II. continued,']
46 Then the king Nebiichadnez/ar fell upon his face, and worshipped Daniel, and commanded that they should offer nn oblation and sweet odours unto him.
47 The king answered unto D.iuiel, and said, Of a truth it is, thai your God <* a God of : o<\<. and a Lord of kings, and a revealer of secrets, teeing thou collides t
48 reveal this secret. Then the king mule Daniel a great man, and gave him man/ great nil's, and made him ruler over the whole province of Bab>lon, and chief of
49 the governors over all the wise men of Babylon. Then Daniel requested of the king, and lie set Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, over the affairs of the province of Babylon; but Daniel sat lu the gate of the king.
Joshua I. Now after the death of Moses the servant of the Loan it came to pass, that the Lord spake unto Joshua the son of Nun, Moses* minister,
2 saying, Muses my servant is dead; now therefore arise, go over this Jordan, thou, and all this people, unto the land which I do give to them, even to the
3 children of Israel. Everj place that the sole of jour foot shall tread upon, that have I given unto you, as I
4 said unto Muses. From the wilderness and this Lebanon even unto the great river, the river Euphrates, all the land of the Hiuiies, and unto the great sea toward the going down of the sun, shall be
5 your coast. There shall not any man be able to stand before thee all the dajs of thy life: as I was with Moses, Io I will be with thee: I will not fail thee, nor
6 forsake thee. Be strong and of a good courage; for unto this people shalt thou divide for an inheritance the land, which I sware unto their fathers to give
7 them. Only be thou strong and very courageous, that thou mayest observe to do according to all the law, which Moses my servant commanded thee: turn not from it to the right hand or to the left, that thou
8 mayest prosper whithersoever thou goest. This book of the law shall not depart out ot thy mouth; but thou shalt meditate therein day and night, that thou maje-t ohserve to do according to all that is written therein: tor then thou shalt make thy way prosperous,
9 and then thou shalt have good success. Have not 1 commanded thee? Be strong and of a good courage; be not afraid, neither be thou dismayed. for the Lord thy God is with thee whithersoever thou goest.
10 Then Joshua commanded the officers of the people,
11 saying, Pass through the host, and command the people, saying, Prepare you victuals; for \tlthiu three days ye shall pass over this Jordan, to go in to possess the land, which the Lord your God giveth you to possess it.
12 And to the Reubenites, and to the Gadltes, and to d lit the tribe of Mauasseh, spake Joshua, saving,
13 Remember the word which Moses the servant of the Lord commanded you, saying. The Lord your God hath given you rest, and hath given you this laud.
14 Your wives, your little ones, and your cattle, shall remain in the land which Moses gave you on this side Jordan; but ye shall pass before your brethren, armed,
15 all the mighty men of valour, and help them; until the Lord have given your brethren rest, as lie hath given you, and they also have possessed the land which the Lord your God giveth them: then ye shall return unto the land of your possession, and enjoy it, which Moses the Loan's servant gave you on this side Jordan toward the aunrising.
16 And they answered Joshua, saying. All that thou commandegt us we will do, and whithersoever thou
17 sendest us, we will go. According as we hearkened unto Moses in all thing", so will we hearken unto thee: only the Lord thy God be with thee, as he was with
18 Moses. Whosoever he be that doth rehel against thy commandment, and will not hearken unto thy words in all that thou coiumandest him, he shall be put to death: only be strong and of a good courage.
Joshua II. And Joshua the son of Nun sent out of Shirtim two men to spy secretly, saving, Go view the land, even Jericho. And they went, and came Into an
2 harlot's house, named Rahab, and lodged there. And it was told the king of Jericho, saying, Behold, there came men in hither to night of the children of Israel
3 to search out the country. And the king of Jericho sent unto R^hab, saving. Bring forth the men that are come to thee, which are enten d into thine house:
4 for they be come to search out all the country. And the woman took the two men, and hid them, and said thus Tnere came men unto me,but I wist not whence
5 they veie: and it came to pass about the time of shutting of the gate, when it was dark, that the men went out: whither the men went I wot not: pursue
6 after them quickly; for je shall overtake them. But
she had brought them up to the roof of the house, and hid them with the stalks of flax, which she had
7 laid in order upon the roof. And the men pursued after them the way to Jordan unto the fords: and as soon as they which pursued after them were gone out, they shut the gate.
8 And before they were laid down, she came up unto
9 them upon the roof; and she said unto the men, I know that the Lord hath given you the land,and that your terror is fallen upon us, and that all the inhabit
10 ants of the land faint because of you. For we have heard how the Lurd dried up the water of the Red sea for you, when ye came out of Egypt; and what ye did unto the two king* of the Amorites, that ttete on the other side Jordan, Sihon and Og, whom ye utterly
11 destroyed. And as soon as we had heard these things, our hearts did melt, neither did there remain any more courage in any man, because of you: for the Lord your God, he is God in heaven above, and hi
12 earth beneath. Now therefore, I pray you, swear unto me by the Loan, since I have shewed you kindness, that ye will also shew kindness unto my father's
13 bouse, and give me a true token: and that ye will save nllve my father, and my mother, and my brethren, and my sisters, and all that they have, and deliver our
14 lives from death. And the men answered her. Our life for your's, if ye utter not this our business. And It shall be, when the Lord hath given us the land,
15 that we will deal kindly and truly with thee. Then she let them down by a cord through the window: for her house was upon the town wall, and she dwelt upon the
16 wall. And she said unto them. Get you to the mountain, lest the pursuers meet you; and hide yourselves there three days, until the pursuers be returned: and
17 afterward may ye go your way. And the men said unto her, We will be blameless of this thine oath which
18 thou hast made us swear. Behold, when we come into the land, thou shalt biud this line of scarlet thread in the window which thou didst let us down by: and thou shalt bring thy faiher, and thy mother, and thy brethren, and all thy father's household, home
19 unto thee. And it shall be, that whosoever shall go out of the doors of thy house into the street, his blood shall be upon his head, and we will be guiltless: and whosoever shall be with thee in the house, his blood
20 shall be on our head, if any hand be upon him. And if thou utter this our business, then we will be quit of
21 thine oath which thou hast made us to swear. And she said, According unto your words, so be it. And she sent them aw ay, and they departed: andshebonnd the
22 scarlet line In the window. And they went, and come unto the mountain, and abode there three days, until the pursuers were returned: and the pursuers sought them throughout all the way, but found them not.
23 So the two men returned, and descended from the mountain, and passed over, and came to Joshua the son of Nun, and told him all things that befell them:
24 and they said unto Joshua, Truly the Lord hath delivered Into our hands all the land; for even all the inhabitants of the country do faint because of us.
Joshua III. And Joshna rose ear'y in the morning; and they removed from Shittlm, And came to Jordan, he and all the children of Israel, and lodged
2 there before they passed over. And it came to pass after three days, that the officers went through the host;
3 and they commanded the people, saying, When ye see the ark of the covenant of the Lori> your God, and the priests the Levites bearing it, then ye shall remove
4 from your place, and go after it. Yet there shall be a space between you and it, about two thousand cubits by measure: come not near unto it, that ye may know the way by which ye must go: for ye have not passed
5 this way heretofore. And Joshua said unto the people. Sanctity yourselves: for to morrow the Lord
6 will do wonders among you. And Joshua spake unto the priests, saying, Take up the ark of ihe covenant, and pass over before the people. And they took up the ark of the covenant, and went before the
7 And the Lord said unto Joshua, This day will I begin to magnify thee in the sight of all Israel, that they in.iv know that, as I was with Moses, so I will be
8 with thee. And thou (halt command the priests that bear the ark of the covenant, saying. When ye are come to the brink of the water of Jordan, ye shall stand still in Jordan.
9 And Joshua said unto the children of Israel, Come hither, and hear the words of the Lord your God.
10 And Joshua said, Hereby ye shall know that the livingGod t> among you, and that he will without fail dtive out from before you the Canaan it es, and the llittites, [Continued—see next page.]
ADDENDA—ON THE NATURAL INFERENCE OF JOHN IV. 35. SECT. X11I.
of the Jews, except the Pentateuch, which thej had received fr. the Israelitish priest w tio had been sent to them from Assyria to instruct them In the true religion, ver. 27, -S, "Then the kinii of Assyria commanded, saying. Carry thither one of the priests whom ye brought from thence; and let them go and dicell there, and let him teach them the manner of the God of the land. Then one of the priests whom they had carried away from Samaria came and dwelt in Beth-el, and taught them how they should fear Ihe Lord," On the return of die Jews from the Babylonish captivity, when they began to rebuild Jerusalem ami the temple, the Samaritans requested to be acknowledged as Jewish citizens, and to be permitted to assist in the work; hut their application was rejected. Ezr. iv. 1—4, "Row when the adversaries ofJudah and Benjamin heard that the children of the captivity builded the temple unto the Loud God of Israel; then they came to Zerubbabel, and to the chief of Wif fathers, ami said unto them. Let us build with you: for we seek your God, as ye do; and we do sacrifice unto him since the days of Etarhaddon king of Assur, which brought us up hither. But Zerubbabel, and Jethua, and the rest of the chief of the fathers of Israel, said unto them, Ye have nothing to do with us to build an home unto our God; but we ourselves together will build unto the Lord God of Israel, as king Cyrus Ihe king of Persia hath commanded us. Then the people of the land weakened the hands of the people of Judah, and troubled them in building. In consequence of this refusal and the subsequent state of enmity, the Samaritans took occasion to calumniate the Jews before the Persian kings, Ezr. iv. 5, "And hired counsellors against them, to frustrate their purpose, alt the days of Cyrus king of Persia, even until Ihe reign of Dan us king of Persia." Ne. iv. 1—8, "But it came to pais, that when Sanbatlat heard that we buildtd the wall, he was wroth, and took great indignation, and mocked the Jews. And he spake before his brethren and the army of Samaria, and said. What do these feeble Jews* will they fortify themselves? will they sacrifice? will they make an end in a dayt will they revive the stones out of the Heaps of the rubbish which are burned t Now Tobiah the Ammonite was by him, and he said. Even that which they build, if a fx go up, he shall even break down their stone wall. Hear, O our God ; for we are despised; and turn their reproach upon their own head, and give them for a prey in the land of captivity: ana cover not their iniquity, and let not their sin be blotted out from before thee: for they have provoked thee to anger before the builders. So built we the wall; and all the wall was joined together unto the half thereof; for the people had a mind to work. But it came to pass, that when Sanbailat, and Tobiah, and the Arabians, and the Ammonites, and the Ashdodites, heard that the walls of Jerusalem were made up, and that the breaches began to be stopped, then they were very wroth, and conspired alt of them together to come and to fight against Jerusalem, ana to hinder it." Recurring to the directions of Moses, De. xxvli. 11—.3, (see " in this mountain," "Notes," p. 93,) that on entering the promised land the Hebrews should offer sacrifices on mount Gerizim, they also erected a temple on that mountain, and instituted sacrifices according to the prescriptions of
the Mosaic law. * From all these and other circumstances, the national hatred between the Samaritans and Jews increased to such a height, that the Jews denounced the most bitter anathemas against them, Ecclus. 1. 26, and for many ages refused them every kind of intercourse. Hence the woman of Samaria was astonished that Jesus Christ, who was a Jew, should ask drink of her, Jno. iv. 9, p. 92. Hence also the Jews, when they would express the utmost aversion to Christ, said to him, "Thou art a Samari. Tan, and hast a devil," Jno. viii.48, § 55. The temple on mount Gerizim wan destroyed by Hyrcanus, B.C. 129: but the Samaritans, in the time of Jesus, esteemed that mountain sacred, and aa the proper place of national worship, Jno. iv. 20, .1, p. 93. At that time, also, in common with the Jews, they expected the advent of a Messiah, vcr. 26, p. 91, and many of them afterwards became the followers of Jesus Christ, and embraced the doctrines of his religion: Ac. viii. 5,12, " Then Philip went down to the city of Samaria, and preached Christ unlo them. But when they believed Philip preaching the things concerning the kingdom of God, and the name of Jesus Chnst, they were baptiecd, both men and women." ix. 31, " Then had the churches rest throughout all Judam and Galilee and Samaria, and were edified t and walking in the fear of the Lord, and in the comfort of the Holy Ghost, were multiplied." xr, 3, "And being brought on their way by the church, they passed through Phenice and Samaria, declaring the conversion of the Gentiles i and they caused great joy unto all the brethren."
'At present, the Samaritans are very much reduced in point of numbei s. Their principal residence is at Sichem, or Shechem, now called Napolose, or Nabulus, In 1623, there were between twenty and thirty houses, and about sixty males paid the capitation tax to tlie Muhammedan government. Formerly they went four times a year, in solemn procession, to the old synagogue on mount Gerizim: and on these occasions they ascended before sunrise, and read the law till noon. The Samaritans have one school in Napolose, where their language is taught. The Samaritans at Napolose are in possession of a very ancient MS. Pentateuch, said to be nearly 3500 years old; but thev reject the vowel i>oints as n mbbfiiical invention.'—Horne's Introd, Vol. III. p. 371. ..2.
'The Samaritans pretend to great strictness in their observance of the law of Moses, and account the Jews intolerably lax. From the letter of their high priest to Joseph Scaliger, about 200 years ago, and which was in the library of the French king, it appears that they profess to believe in God, and in his servant Moses, and in the holy law, the mount Gerizim, the house of God, and the day of vengeance and peace. They keep the Jewish sabbath so strictly, that they will not move out of their place, except to their synagogue. They always circumcise their children on the eighth day of their birth. They do not marry their owu nieces nor allow a plurality of wives, as the Jews do. Their high priest still resides at Shechem, and offers their sacrifices at their templB on Mt.Gerizim.'—* No individual of the Samaritan faith, with whom they have any acquaintance, are supposed to be resident at any other plate but Nabulus.'—See Dr. Wilson's Lands of the Bible, Vol. II. p. 61.
On Thi Natural Inference Of John iv. 35, p. [' Say not ye. There are four months,' &c. * The allusion is to a proverb; and its connexion with what follows may he thus explained.—When the seed is first sown, is it not a common Haying, that there are yet four months, and the harvest or reaping time will come? Lift up jour eyes, survey the country round about, and be convinced, by the whiteness of the fields, that the four months are drawing to a close; and that the season of reaping is at hand. The end which was proposed by the reference to this natural phenomenon may also be explained as follows:—This ripeness of the visible and the natural harvest, now that the period requisite to the maturity of the seed is accomplished, may be an earnest to you of the ripeness of that as yet unseen and spiritual harvest, to bring which to maturity will be the object of my personal
labours; but to reap which will be the object of yours. . . . Our Lord was speaking prophetically ... of what was Btill future, as if it were already past/— Gretwell, Vol. II. Diss. xxi. pp. 222-..9.J
['If a figurative import is put upon this effect, however incongruous to the simplicity of the acts which precede, it can still signify only one thing, viz. that tin- fields were to be seen'crowded with those among whom the spiritual harvest of our Saviour's ministry either had begun, or was about to begin; which crowding at least must have been a matter of fact. If so, the crowds of Samaritans were nocking from Sychar; for our Lord was now on Gerizim;
id these inhabitants of Sychar were the proper
n nf our fia.Tiftnr'c minU^rY '—Ibid p. 223 1
* The immediate occasion appears from Nehemiah, ch. xili. 2s, 'And one of the sons of Joiada, the son of Eliathib the high priesi, was son in law to Sanbailat the Horonite; therefore I chased him from me,' And for whom Sanbailat built the temple, and constituted him high priest. 'According to Joseph us, if a Jew at Jerusalem was called to an account for eating unclean food, or for breaking the sabbath, or for anv similar crime, he fled to the Siehemites, declaring himself to be unjustly accused.1—Robinson's Researches, Vol. III. p. 117,
GREAT IS OUR LORD, AND OF GREAT TOWER,—P sal HI CXlvii. 5.