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AN HISTORICAL SKETCH OF THE LAND OF PROMISE.

THE LAND OF ISRAEL-PALESTINE, OR JUDRA- for all the land which thoa seest, to thee vil I give ! 1 Was given in an everlasting covenant to Abraham it, and to thy seed for ever. And I will make thy and his seed for ever.Sre Gen. xii. 6. 7; xiii. It seed as the dust of the earth: so that if a man can lt vas vashed on the w. by the Mediterranean, or number the dust of the earth, then shall thy seed | Great gee, as it is called in the Bible: Nu mur. 6 also be numbered. Arise, walk through the land, in • And as for the western border, ye shall even have the length of it, and in the breadth of it: for I will the greut see for a border: this shall be your vest give it unto thee vil & And I will give unte Dorter) Josh. i. From the wikierness and this thee, and to thy seed after thee, the land herein

Lebanon, even unto the great river, the river Eu-thou art a stranger, all the land of Canaan, for an
I parates all the land of the Hittites, and to the everlasting possession and I will be their God.'
I great res toward the going down of the sun, shall

It was called the LAND OF CAXIAS because, upon Se your coast. NOKTRWARA it reached along the

the dispersion of the three great families of manMediterranean sea to Mount Cass at the mouth of

kind, the country lying at the south-eastern extrethe Orondes, which is the entrance into Hamath

mity of the Mediterra Nurnb. xxxv. 7-9 This shall be your mouri border:

, from Side to Gaza,

as usurped by Cams, the eldest soe of Ham. from the great sex ye shall point out for you MOUNT

W And the name of PALESTINE Was derived from the Hor (Heb Horor). From mount or ye sbal

Philistines, whose ancestors were the Philistim, or point out to the entrance into Hamath &e.!

S los SOUTH border-is the

children of the Caphtecim and Caslahim, we were River of Egypt, se

descendants of Xisraim, (see Gee 4) and tame Gen. xv. 18 Unto thy seed bave I given this land

i from Eest. They passed into Casan, whence th from the river of Byg muto the great river, the

drore eat the ancient inhabitants, 3d they possessed noer Bupates. And the EAST berder, Deat. XI. 24, Every place whereas the soles of your feet

ham sajoormed in Cama. See Gem. XX. 34. And 's trend shall be yours:... from the river, the rimer Bugates, eren unto the uttermost sea sball

days. See also uvi, 14 They extended their

Comes as far north ard as Ered, and early to The hero of latitude and longitude in the Boppand dided the territory into five lordshus and a ll seeupied by ancient Istoel, . that sed after the principul cities, ris. Ekron. Ashdod which was promised in the ererlasting covenant, and Goth, Ascelo, G a.See Jesde $ From staremsins to be falsmed, is as follows I Kina Suhor, which is before Erupt even to the borders

Rebeball the days of Solomon

(Bat Soloite: five lords of the P

iscines the Gathites and

real soneret over the regions with the Lord the Elites le the Schoes. These dvelt in the ad given to the seed of JacodS ki.in. 21) western er mare part of it, berderis 2

:

When the Most High divided to the nations their inheritance, when He separated the sons of Adam,

We set the bounds of the people according to the number of the children of lsxnol. Deut. xxxii. 8.

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from that time called the kingdom of Judah.' into Upper and Lower, so named with respect to the After the defection of the ten tribes from under river Jordan, the former being also called Galilee of Rehoboam, the two kingdoms maintained their free-the Gentiles,' from its being inhabited not only by dom for many years, amidst the continual wars Jews, but by Syrians, Greeks, Phænicians, and Egypby which they were harassed; but Hazael, king of tians. This province was, above all, honoured with Syria, at last subdued Israel, and for a long time our Saviour's presence. It was here that he was eon. kept it in subjection. The king of Assyria next in-ceived; and here, in an obseure village, he lived with vaded them, and having besieged their city Samaria | his reputed parents until he began to be about thirty for three years, reduced it to ashes.-See SAMARIA. years of age, and was baptized of John. And though

Sach of the inhabitants as survived the dreadfuil he visited the other provinces and Judæa at the stated carnage which ensued, were carried away captive feasts, when the male Israelites were commanded to into Assyria, B. C. 719; and the kingdom of Israel, go up to worship in Jerusalem, yet, in fulfilment of which had stood divided from that of Judah for prophecy, (see $ 16,) he fixed upon Capernaum to more than 250 years, was now at an end. After this, dwell in: and after his resurrection the disciples Judah also was attacked by the Babylonians, and went away into Galilee, into a mountain, where they subsequently by the Egyptians, the latter of whom saw and worshipped him: the same probably on reduced it to subjection; but upon the defeat of

which he had been seen by Peter, James, and the Egyptians by the Babylonians, Nebuchadnezzar | John, in glory, along with Moses and Elias.* And seized upon Jerusalem, and, after having tyrannized they were men of Galilee' whom he commissioned, over the people for some years, at last levelled the

saying, 'Go into all the world, and preach the gospel city and the temple with the ground, and carried to every creature.'-UPPER GALILEE belonged for away the inhabitants to Babylon, and thus put an merly to the tribe of Naphtali. It bordered on end to the kingdom of Judah, about B. C. 588, or 476/ Tyre and Sidon, and extended E. of the river Jor. years from the time that David began to reign over dan. In its northern part, close to the W. source | it.-See 2 Chr. Xxxvi. Seventy years after when I of the Jordan, stood Dan, which was formerly Laish,

Cyrus was king of Persia, a remnant of the Jews until it was wrested by conquest from the Sidonians, returned, and built again their city and temple. I when it received the name of the tribe which took it, around which they settled; and the southern part of It was the northernmost town occupied by the chilPALESTINE was henceforth called JUDRA. To the dren of Israel, in the same way that Beersheba was N. of them in the former inheritance of Ephraim the southerninost: hence the frequent definition of and the half tribe of Manasseh, sate a mixed race of the land of Israel - from Dan to Beersheba.'+ people, among whom may have been some families LOWER GALILEE lay between lake Gennesaret and casually left behind in the great captivity. More oer. the Mediterranean sea. The northern part belonged tain are we, that colonies of idolatrous heathen were to the tribe of Zebulun, and the southern part to the placed there by the Assyrian monarch, 2 Ki. xvii. 24- tribe of Issachar, 34; and that these were subsequently joined by some SAMARIA. -Touched to the w. on the MediterJews, such as Joiada, mentioned Neh. xiii. 28. They ranean, to the N. on Phænice and Galilee, to the E. were called Samaritans, from their dwelling round the lon Peræa, and to the 8. on Judæa; it contained old capital of the kingdom of Israel; and were looked 1,330 square miles. It occupied the whole country upon by the Jews as so impure, that they had no deal. between the Jordan and the sea; and therefore such ings with them. Alexander the Great subdued Pales- as travelled froun Judæa into Galilee 'must needs go tine, and at his death its possession was disputed through Samaria.' by Antigonus and the Egyptians, until Antiochus the

Samaria derived its name from its metropolis Sa. Great, king of Syria, united it to his dominions. The Jews, under Judas Maccabeus, revolted, and esta

maria, which was so called after one Shemer, of whom blished their freedom.

Omri, king of Israel, bought the ground, for the

They over-ran Samaria, and planted colonies in the northern part of the

building of the city; and from the circumstance of country, which assumed henceforward the name of

this city having become the subsequent capital of the

kingdom of Israel, the name of Samaria is frequently GALILEE; and raised up a king about B.C. 107. His

used by the sacred writers of the Old Testament, to successors called in the Romans to settle their dis

denote the whole of that kingdom. Samaria is inter putes; and the Roman general, Pompey, irritated by ihe little respect shewn to him, marched against Je

sected by a range of mountains connected with Mat. rusalern and reduced it, B.C. 63, and soon after com

Hermon of Galilee; where this range enters the pro

.com vinces it is called Gilboa. Mount Gilboa, celebrated pleted the subjugation of the whole country. In the tire of Marc Antony, Herod was made king of Ju

for the death of Saul and Jonathan, and for the dedea; and it was during his reign that our Saviour

feat of the Israelites by the Philistines, was in the

northern part of Samaria, and formed part of that was born. Judæa remained subject to the Romans till A. D. 66, when a contest arose between the Jews

range of hills which traverses the whole province and Syrians respecting the possession of Cæsarea :

from north to south; towards the city of Samaria, it the case being referred to Nero, he decided in favour

is known by the names of Phinehas, Ebal, and Geri

zim, and upon the borders of Judæa as the mounof the latter ; upon which the Jews took up arms, and, after committing some dreadful massacres, succeeded

tains of Ephraim. in driving all the Romans and Syrians from Judæa. Upon the division of the tribes into the two kingVespasian was sent against them with a powerful doms of Judah and Israel, Jeroboam, king of the army, and would soon have brought them to subjec- latter, built Sichem, or Shechem, in mount Ephraim, tion, but, on his march to Jerusalem, he received the about the centre of Samaria, and made it the capital I intelligence of his having been chosen emperor: he of his dominions.--See Sect. 13. accordingly left the command of the army to his son

Samaria, the subsequent metropolis of the kingdom Titus, who, A.D. 70, reduced the city to ashes, and a

of Israel till the time of the Assyrian captivity, was put an end to the Jewish nation, as had been prophe

only a few miles to the north of Sichem; it was nearly sied for ages beforehand.

destroyed by the Assyrians, but was restored by the The name of the HOLY LAND is applied to it by colonists, whom they sent into the country, and who, Christians in nearly all the languages of Burope;l from this city, first assumed the name of Samaritans. chiefly and eminently from its having been the scene | It was very flourishing under the Maccabees, but of our Blessed Lord's life, death, and resurrection. I being once more destroyed, it was again rebuilt and

In the time of the events recorded in the history of beautified by Herod, who named it Sebaste, in honour the New Testament, Palestine was divided into five of Augustus; it is still called Sebaste, or Kalaat principal parts. These were Galilee, Samaria, Ju-sanour. dæa, properly so called, Batanæa, and Peræa; the

JODRA, properly so called.-Was bounded on the N. three irst of which were on this side Jordan, and the by Samaria, on the E. by the Dead sea, on the s. by two last beyond it: over all of which Herod, sur-Arabia Petrwa, and on the W. by the Mediterranean pamed. the Great,' was king.See Less. V. Herod. I sea. It contained 3,135 square miles, and constituted

GALILEE.-Was the northernmost province of Pales- the inheritance of four out of the twelve tribes, viz. tine, and was exceedingly fertile and populous, having of Benjamin, Dan, Judah, and Simeon, the two last 204 towns and villages, containing, upon an average, I being in the southern part of the province. The 15.000 souls, making in all above 3,000,000 inhabitants. frontier between Judea and Arabia Propria is formed It touched to the W. on Phænice, to the N. on Calo-by a range of mountains, connected with mount Seir, Syria, to the E. on Batanea, and to the S. on Sama- and known by the names of Halak and Maaleh Ace ria. It contained 930 square miles. It was subdivided rabbin; this latter gives the adjacent district the

Behold, He that keepeth Israel shall neither slumber nor sleep.-Psalm cxxi. 4.

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Judah was bis sanctuary, and Israel his dominion.-Psalm cxiv, 2.

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Sa Isang mas de dendetened

INS Dept. umid ni E VRSTS.
The e inductive wall e t niin se te

The Taxi Terit des of Zione more time si dhe dwellings of Taced

Instit? The heas v ess u the truth of robert and I am here to Jerusalem

tar hun alt heus. Thenies se ZITTO , the last w demoisshet, the par une

filet u het destyret me that erat, stred te hun he wands af dette trom CTE or its intus S.

* Try Having place. the e nded in her Jians VENTE

Amis dui nums read used TOEITENİNE the dini

n
ti e We ended wit

the outhats han estem h Cirs of bu
Qon has herme he und Zunn. Was predicted
s
p a s a halt and the plan of the temple at
the Minst Higt. Derente. the sent of

Muhammedin most, wha teutt. ewta the true the X and 5 by Sun, and on the $ y PETE, and

w

i ss Aires Intrude within the polluted SNOnded in the inters of the half

lands. The se . hulation: 25. or the limits of the fine heranz Jordi Bontained in s miest amet te me trom Rai.

than one world. In the time omaviti.the population Kamat at the inte në We noted to in fine mit

mus se mund t a millors. ** the met and and stuma s destes hills were likewise

ale ur hent soms war numarad, at the lowest conmit selsbute to that utitu ts. In the

mutation, aut. ait arimaria SIS, 1300, NO. Iarthair of the movine mount Sumo

In the time hashana, the mer o wut, Judet: Hent, sulted by the Suis S, Sine Sun, ane

ulant, mounted

Joshus tells us that But one station the passat, in the reign of Nate, that are

arusalem 9.780. The

ONS The Wales an domhased af deel it, soil. PELA W haunted on the X tys Rutat , or

Tree Tran stan The Tan T princinults of res! the V. Samm, O. the 5th Arab, and at the

limestams, and then wantrihetet rreth Tas the

sustanu I

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. Te manulations, as they were trased

il TASOT wit enhankmens huil: uwitt. loose med 1 na tron: the Greet wat reas, tiltre tram its lying beyond darda The southern Te of Pe

stes, or whatet os melons, Duits, and other is the kingdom of the marites, whose eing. Sihat,

alis, 8Be or tee zultatet sot It would detested to tht Israelits In the south of Perak:

we want

t e the farmer abilities of the Bass

2. Gales, stil: salier:

trunits Tees yoge the latt man frient,

Tace, t

under Deland, next what Jasnt a Jachu ada bu

the UTKE O foc, and its pameta hurrenes in full of stones t.toker. o friends that was the

dann witt, non tanunciation Bus the time as

aching, when I said Mases, Theu

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ther in Lou thy God

wil. TUTI thy tits, have somnior NO. Of the WANT OF PRONE Roces wid. Text si thes, and wil. TUTI k. prather three from all the

The lant, whither than rest 1. tr T est to nations with the neth Braki hatt entrered that as the land or nt, tron where you out then I am of think he driver nut unt the utmost where thou sowest thy see and water dst west. tai hever than there wil the 20th Gat the tank, der ofter.shut the land, whithet auther than trom than wil. The test the sand

The u thod wil bring the in the land white arinett water or the air af heaver: alan what thy fathen VOSKAR & thou shalt RONSOR and the Lo thy God satt for the event the LOL he wild that peta, H. multiple thee where the to find are a unor te. Irom the beginning a tathers Se alue Is

Baal 4 , Amos

Terrible in his doing toward the children of men). Come and see the works of Gol llele

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ANALYTICAL AND HISTORICAL TABLE.

PART 1. MATTHEW I., II. LUKE I., II., III. 23–38.

ARRANGED IN THE ORDER OF TIME.

prehending the space of 31 years; viz. From the prediction of the birth of John the

Baptist, B.C. 6, to the commencement of his public ministry, A.D. 26.*

TUE ENTRANCE OF THY WORDS GIVETH LIGHT; IT GIVETH UNDERSTANDING UNTO THE SIMPLE.-Psalm cxix. 130.

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ORDER MY STEPS IN THY WORD: AND LET NOT ANY INIQUITY HAVE DOMINION OVER ME.-Psalm cxix. 133.

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* See the Table of Supposed Chronology of the Gospel History, p. xxvi.

TEACH ME, O LORD, THE WAY OF THY STATUTES.-Psa. cxix. 33.

SECTION IV.-JESUS BORN. GENEALOGIES. PRESENTED IN THE TEMPLE.

Matthew i. 1-17, 25. Luke ii. 1-38; iii. 23–38. p. 19-30.
No. 4. The Messiah born. Luke ii. 1—7. Bethlehem. p. 19, 20.

MATT. MARK. LOKE. John. ILLUSTRATIONS.
Joseph and Mary go to be enrolled

2. 145

Sa. 16.1,13; Ps.78.70-.2.
Christ born. No room in the inn

- 6,7

Ruth.
Jesus' birth announced to shepherds. ii. 8–15. In the fields of Bethlehem. p. 20.
Announced to shepherds, Good ridings,' &c.

- 2. 8.12 - Ps. 2.
Song of heavenly host, .Glory to God,' &c. .

- 13.4

Rev. 5.
Shepherds propose to go to Bethlehem. .

- 15
The shepherds go to Bethlehem. ver. 16—20. p. 22.
Shepherds see and make known the saying. -

Ge. 12. 1.4; Ac. 16. 10;
The effect of their report .

(Ga. 1. 15, .6.
Mary kept all ... and pondered.' &c. . i = = = 19 = [Lu. 2. 51.) C4. "
The shepherds return, glorifying God.
Jesus circumcised. His name'

1. 25

-- See Lu. 1. 59-66.
The genealogy of Jesus Christ, according to Matthew, being that of his supposed father,
Joseph; the genealogy according to Luke, shewing his descent through Mary.

Matt. i. 1–17. Luke üi. 23–38. p. 23, .4.
Genealogy of Jesus, the Son of David' . 1. 1-17

3. 23-38
-- Mary traced to Adam . . - - - 23-38 - Ch. l-10.
Jesus is presented in the temple: Simeon & Anna bear witness. Luke ii. 22–38. p. 24—37.
Jesus is presented in the temple . .

2. 22.4

Ex. 13. 11-.3; Lev. 12. 8.
Simeon's song, Lord, now lettest thou,' &c.

-25-32

Is. 9. 2.
Joseph and Mary marvel at Simeon's words

-33

See ver, 19, p. 22
Simeon's proph., Beh... fall & rising again'

- 34,5 -- Is. 8.14-7; Rom. 11. 12,
Anna, & prophetess, speaks of him. .

- 36-8 -- Ps. 130. 5-8. (25, .6.
(Joseph & Mary, with Jesus, ret. to Nazareth)

- 39 - See Addenda, p. 39.

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HE THAT PLANTED THE EAR, SHALL HE NOT HEAR? HE THAT FORMED THE EYE, SHALL HE NOT SEE ?-Psalm xciv. 9.

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GIVE UNTO THE LORD THE GLORY DUE UNTO HIS NAME: BRING AN OFFERING, AND COME INTO HIS COURTS.-Psalm xcvi. 8.

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SECTION V.-WISE MEN FROM THE EAST. HEROD'S CRUELTY.

Matthew ii. 1-23. Luke ii. 39. p. 31–.9.
No.5. The Magi from the East inquire for the Messiah, and are sent to Bethlehem.
Matt. ii. 1-8. Jerusalem. p. 31, .2.

(27, 48; 9. 26.
Wise men from the East come to Jerusalem

Ex. 7.11; Da. 2. 18, 24,
Where is he that is born King of the Jews?'

(18. 33] Is. 44. 6; Zep. 3. 15.
Herod summonses the chief priests, &c.

3,
Micah's prophecy, 'And thou Bethlehem,' &c. - 5,6
Hypocrisy of Herod-see ver. 16-8. .

Comp.Ps.10.4-10; 55.21;

1 Co. 3. 19, 20.
The Magi worship Christ, and return home. Matt. ii. 9—12. Bethlehem. p. 33.
The wise men are guided by a star . 2. 9, 10

Ver. 2, p. 31.
They worship Jesus and offer gifts

See Ps. 72. 10, .1,.5
Are warned of God and return home. i : 2 = =

See ver. 16-.8, Nu. 12. 6.
Joseph is warned in a dream to flee with Mary and the infant Jesus into Egypt.

ver. 13—.5. p. 34.
Joseph warned of Herod's malice.

2. 13, .4 .

Ch. 1. 20; 2. 19, 20.
Joseph flees with Jesus and Mary into

Ge. 46. 3, 4; Is. 63. 9;

Ho. 11. 1; Ex. 12; 13.
The massacre of the children. ver. 16–.8. Bethlehem and Rama. p. 34.
Herod slays infants two years old and under. 2. 16, .7 -

Pr. 27. 4.
The fulfilment of prophecy . . . . - 18

-
-

Je. 31. 15..6.
After the death of Herod, Joseph is directed, in a dream, to return from Egypt: he settles

at Nazareth. Matt. ii. 15—23. Luké ii. 39. p. 35.
An angel warns Joseph to return. . . 2. 19, 20

See on ver. 13, .4.
Joseph, with Mary & Jesus, ret. from Egypt - 21

See on ver. 15.
Joseph, afraid of Archelaus, settles at Nazar. -
Fulfilm. of prophecy, 'be called a Nazarene' - 23

Is. 11. 1; 53. 2.
(On the return to Nazareth, see Addenda, p. 39.)

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SECTION VI.—THE CHILD JESUS IN THE MIDST OF THE DOCTORS.

Luke ii. 40–52. p. 40_.4.
No. 6. The residue of the history of Jesus, before his appearance in public, from the close

of the first year of his age to the middle of his thirtieth. Luke i. 40–52. Jerusalem

and Nazareth.
Character of Jesus when a child .

Is. 11. 2-5; Jno. 1. 16.
Jesus goes with his parents to the passover.

- 41, 2

Ex. 12.
Tarries behind when his parents leave the city

- 43..5
Found sitting in the midst of the doctors .

- 46,7

Pr. 13. 20; Ps. 119. 63.
• Must be about my Father's business'. .

Ps. 40. 8. (Co. 3. 20.
Returns to Nazareth, & subject to his parents

Ex. 20. 12; Ep. 6. 1, 2;
Increases in wisd., and in fav. with God, &c.

Pr. 3. 4; Mt. 3. 17; 17.5;

(Jno. 12. 28.
BE YE RECONCILED TO GOD.-2 Cor. v. 20.

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