The American Fund for Public Service: Charles Garland and Radical Philanthropy, 1922-1941

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 1996 - Business & Economics - 263 pages

This study examines one organization from the radical left of the 1920s and 1930s: the American Fund for Public Service. Little known today, but infamous in its time, the American Fund represented a united front of anticapitalists--anarchists, socialists, communists, and left-liberals--which attempted to revitalize the left in order to end capitalism and, therefore, war. Financed by Charles Garland, an eccentric, 21-year-old Harvard dropout, the Fund performed the difficult task of allocating relatively meager resources among the most promising radical ventures, typically militant labor organizations. The philanthropy's directors represented a who's who of the labor left of the period: Roger Baldwin, Norman Thomas, Scott Nearing, James Weldon Johnson, and more. The fund anticipated philanthropies later in the century which meant to challenge the status quo beyond reformism. This study will be of interest to scholars of labor relations, radical politics, American history, and philanthropy.

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Contents

An Inheritance Rejected
1
From Progressivism to Radicalism
5
The ACLU and a New Social Order
15
Free from the Bonds of Old Institutions
19
Workers Will Lay Down Their Tools
27
To Promote the WellBeing of Mankind
33
Pacifists as Radicals
41
It Takes Warm Hearts
49
Surveying the Left
117
Enemies on the Left
125
Education and Culture
133
Recipient Testimonials
141
Negro Work
149
Passaic
157
Vanguard Press
165
Friction Within and Without
171

Chosen to Box the Left Compass
59
A Sane Enough Radicalism
65
Spend It Here and Now
69
Scientific Pragmatic Efficient
75
Emancipation of Their Class in Every Sphere
83
Bolsheviks in Patriots Clothing
93
Tempers Flare
103
The Rebel Girl Comes Aboard
111
Little Left to Repress
179
The Manifold Discriminations That Beset Him
193
Shift to Low Gear
205
We Did Quite a Lot of Good
219
Bibliography
227
Index
253
Copyright

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Page 16 - It was eating its way into the homes of the American workman, its sharp tongues of revolutionary heat were licking the altars of the churches, leaping into the belfry of the school bell, crawling into the sacred corners of American homes, seeking to replace marriage vows with libertine laws, burning up the foundations of society.
Page 33 - It shall be within the purposes of said corporation to use any means to that end which from time to time shall seem expedient to its members or trustees, including research, publication, education, the establishment and maintenance of charitable or benevolent activities, agencies and institutions, and the aid of any such activities, agencies or institutions already established.
Page 78 - You want a system that will combine both things, the scientific loyalty to facts and willingness to take account of them, the spirit of adaptation and accommodation, in short, but also the old confidence in human values and the resultant spontaneity, whether of the religious or of the romantic type.
Page 228 - By organizing industrially we are forming the structure of a new society within the shell of the old.
Page 13 - William Preston, Jr., Aliens and Dissenters: Federal Suppression of Radicals, 19031933 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1963); and Robert K.
Page 16 - Legislature, back in 1928, reached the following conclusion in regard to the American Civil Liberties Union: " 'The American Civil Liberties Union, in the last analysis, is a supporter of all subversive movements ; its propaganda is detrimental to the interests of the State. It attempts not only to protect crime, but to encourage attacks upon our institutions in every form.

About the author (1996)

GLORIA GARRETT SAMSON has taught at the New York State School of Industrial and Labor Relations at Cornell University's Rochester extensions and other institutions. She holds degrees from the Universities of Colorado and Rochester.

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