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already clothed with wrath, and forms in his tormented breast the whole process of the last judgment. If he sleep, he dreams of judgment and condemnation; and when he wakes, he believes his dreams forebode his fate. Thus restless and uneasy, thus void of comfort and hope, without faith to receive pardon, or confidence to ask it, does the wretched sinner sometimes expire, and see his hope expire before him."

But whatever may be the sinner's apprehension on a death-bed, it is certain that when he is gone to the dead—when he finds himself in the world of punishment, he will be sensible, that sin was madness—that time was precious—that repentance was wisdom,

, and delay was presumption—that the world was vain, and his soul of infinite value. How anxious was the rich man in torments for the salvation of his brethren, though, while he lived, he had no concern for his own. How earnestly will some plead for admission into heaven, after the door is shut, though they took no thought for an entrance, while the door was open. Esau, for one morsel of meat, sold his birth-right, and alienated the blessing which accompanied it; but afterward, when the blessing was gone, he sought it with tears. This example the apostle improves as a warning to us, that we despise not our privileges and opportunies, but look diligently lest we fail of the grace of God.

We have illustrated the serious thoughts suggested in the text, and will now subjoin some reflections, and conclude.

1. It is very obvious, that the recovery of a sinner to a virtuous and holy temper and life cannot lie merely with himself, but must be a work of divine

grace. Madness does not, in its own nature, tend to reason, nor does vice tend to virtue. And if the hearts of the sons men are full of evil, and madness is in their hearts, they will not come to themselves without a divine motion, nor fill their own hearts with good, without a heavenly influence. As a man who is mad will not argue himself into a sound mind, so neither will a man whose heart is full of evil, originate in himself an effectual opposition to this evil. If he has in him a prevailing inclination to sin, he has not at the same time a prevailing inclination to holiness and virtue. So that the recovery of every habitual sinner must depend on some influence foreign to himself

He needs doctrinal instructions, providential warnings, and internal excitements, to put him on the use of any means for obtaining a better disposition of mind; and he needs the grace of God to give efficacy to the means and to form in him the good disposition. The apostle speaks of the new creature as God's workmanship, created in Christ Jesus to good works.

2. It is matter of great thankfulness, that God has placed sinners under a possibility and hope of being recovered from their dangerous malady. He has given them his holy word—has appointed the stated preaching of this word-sends them the private admonitions of friends-warns them by solemn events in his proyidence, and strives with them by the motions of his Spirit. And however incapable they are of themselves to effect their own recovery; yet under these advantages they may do something—they may apply the means in their hands; and in the diligent application of these means they may hope for those energies of divine grace, which will renew them to a sound mind.

3. As the madness of sinners is of the moral kind; as it consists not in the want, but in the perversion of reason, so they are subjects of reproofs, counsels and instructions. It is therefore our duty to address ourselves to them in these ways, that we may bring them to a right use of their reason. It is the direction of the apostle, 'Exhort one another daily, while it is called to day, lest any be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin. If we would be faithful to warn and rebuke the ungodly, we doubtless might reclaim some.

And he that converteth a sinner from the error of his ways,

shall save a soul from death, and shall hide a multitude of sins. If a neighbor should lose his reason, we should look upon him with pity, and should spare no means in power

which had a hopeful tendency to his recovery, even though the success might be doubtful.

But are there not some, who are under a more dangerous insanity? Let us not forget these. Of some have compassion, making a difference; and others save with fear, pulling them out of the fire.

4. What reason have many to be thankful for affliction—for sickness—for poverty—for worldly disappointment. How often are these the means of bringing mad siņners to their reason. The

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prodigal who went away from his father, and spent his substance in riotous living, was brought to himself by means of a mighty famine, which reduced him to want and distress. When sinners are holden in cords of affliction, God opens their ears to instruction. It is of great importance that they attend to the admonitions of Providence and the excitements of the Spirit. If hereby they are brought to any sober and rational sentiments, there is hope that they may recover themselves from their dangerous malady. Let them seek an acquaintance with themselves; know the plague of their hearts; reflect on the madness of their past life; contemplate the fatal consequence of continuing in it; cultivate the hopeful beginnings which appear; avoid whatever might plunge them again into their distracted state, and commend themselves to the grace of God which is able to heal their souls and give them perfect soundness. If after they have begun to emerge from a state of folly and madness, through the knowledge of the truth, they should relapse into it, the latter end will be worse with them than the beginning.

SERMON IV.

YNREASONABLE DEMANDS IN RELIGION EXPOSED AND CONDEMNED.

MATTHEW XXVII. 41, 42.

Likewise also the chief priests, mocking him with the scribes and

elders, said, he saved others ; himself he cannot save : If he be the king of Israel, let him now come down from the cross; and we will believe him.

The manner of our Saviour's death was the most painful that ean be imagined; and his sufferings, great in their nature, were heightened by some peculiar circumstances.

In the day of affliction it is no small consolation to have our friends around us, and to observe their tender sympathy with us. Of this consolation our Lord was deprived. When his enemies, had seized him, his disciples all forsook him. One had before betrayed him; another now denied him; and the rest stood at a distance. The heart of an enemy will sometimes melt at the sight of the misery which he inflicts; but the enemies of Jesus, far from being softened into compassion by his sufferings, took from thence occasion to inflict and mock him more. “ They who passed by railed on him, wagging their heads, and saying; ah, thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three days; save thyself, and come down from the cross.” And the chief priests with the scribes and elders, imagining that his pretensions to the mese

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siahship were fully confuted, ridiculed him on the subject, in the language of our text. “He saved others;" or pretended to do SO;

hiinself he cannot save. If he be the king of Israel, let him now come down from the cross, and we will believe him.”

My design from these words is, to shew the unreasonableness of this demand of the Jewish rulers, as the condition of their faith ; and then to improve this instance of perverseness for the conviction of those who demand better advantages, or higher evicences in order to their compliance with the gospel.

I. We will show the unreasonableness of the demand made by the Jewish rulers, as the condition of their faith in Christ. “Let him now come down from the cross, and we will believe him.”

Jesus declared, that he came to save those who were lost. To support this declaration, it was necessary, that he should give some proof his power to save. Of this he gave sufficient proof in the miraculous works which he performed. This proof, the prejudice of the Jews rejected. Sometimes they demanded greater works than they had seen him do; and when he did his greatest works, these they ascribed to the power of the devil. It was their constant study to evade the force of evidence, and defeat the means of conviction. But when they saw him on the cross, then they triumphed in their unbelief. “Surely,” said they,“ if he possessed a supernatural power, he would employ it in his own case : if he could save himself, he would not hang there a miserable spectacle. Let him now come down from the cross, and we will believe.”

However plausible this demand might appear to them, we see it to be perfectly absurd : for,

1. It was a demand which could not be complied with, and which, if they had understood their own scriptures, they must have known could not be complied with.

It had been abundantly foretold in prophecy, that the Messiah, when he

came, would be a man of sorrows and acquainted with grief-that he would be cut off out of the land of the livingthat he would make his soul an offering for sin : yea, that he wo suffer the same kind of death, which he was now suffer

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