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INDEX TO VOLUME I.
specting general Sullivan, 140-Report of the com-
mittee appointed to confer with lord Howe, 140-As.
Cool Thoughts, a pamphlet by Franklin, 78.
in a series of letters, 233- Private and political, be-
1 letters, 303. 510.
Cushing, Thomas, letters to, 103.
85-Friendly to Franklin, 86–His good wishes to.
Clinton, 45-of Beatty, 60-of governor Denny, 63. Daschkoff's, the princess, letter to Franklin, 189.
trait in his character, 20.
Denny, governor, succeeds Morris, 62- Presents a me.
dal to Franklin, 63-Refuses assent to an appropri.
Conference with. 124–Further conference, 128. De Romas, invention of the electrical kite, falsely at.
D'Estaing arrives in America with six sail of frigates,
Dickenson, John, engaged in public affairs, 77.
ing the, 223
papers into French, 80.
tor of Franklin, 1.
pamphlet on, 47.
Electrical discoveries, general account of Franklin's, 62.
62--Applied to various purposes by Franklin, 63.
- on the Gulf Stream, 133.
Fayette, a letter to, 157.
Fire Companies, first established by Franklin, 42.
Fire-place invented, an iron one, 17.
Fothergill, doctor, character of, 51-Letters to Dr.
Another meeting, 131.
with the colonies, 123-Rejection of the same, 125. of teaching himself English composition, 6-Proposal
made him for establishing a new religious sect, 14-
London, 16-Writes a dissertation on Liberty and
Pemberton, sir Hans Sloane, &c, 17-His moral and
of Busy-body, 25-Writes on the necessity of paper
money, 26-His marriage to Miss Read, 28--Projects
Publishes Poor Richard's Almanac, 38--Begins the
assembly, 41-Made post-master at Philadelphia, 41-
blishing an academy and Philosophical Society at
their petition to the king, 103. 113–Send their pro fect, 45 Invents an open stove, 47-Renews his
Indians, 43—Plan for cleaning the streets of Phila. Hartley, David, esq., employed to negotiate with Prank-
-Quarrels with him and parts, 22.
printer, 12-Practises the grossest fraud on Frank.
Languages, began to study, 40.
Law of Nations, proposed improvement thereof, 170.
Legal tender of paper money, he orposes, 69.
58-Indians burn that place, 58-Constructs military | Lightning drawn from the clouds, 63— Theory of con-
Loudon, lord, arrives in Philadelphia, 64-His mode of
- Mrs., projects a marriage for Franklin, 27. 66-Cause of his removal, 66.
privy council, 87.
Lutwich, captain, account of his fast-sailing packet, 66.
Magnetism, animal, 169.
Marbois, Barbs, his secret letter on American affairs,
Massachusetts appoints Franklin agent in England, 80
-The colony of, a sketch of the importance of, 86- Priestly's, Dr., testimony of the merits of Franklin's
Pridy council discuss the Massachusetts petition. M
Proposcd vindication and offer from congress in 1775,
151-an account of the 50001. paid him for his trea. Proprietary, refuse to tax their estates for public de.
fence, 68-Remonstrance against, 69-The disputes
with, had great influence on forming the character
of Franklin, and on the revolution, 70—disputes
Protest, an eloquent one by Franklin, 132.
Prussian edict, 225.
ter confuted, iv. vi.
Public affairs, Franklin first turns attention to, 41.
Quakers' meeting, the first house Franklin entered at
Philadelphia after his arrival, 10- Anecdote of the,
45-Take an active part in opposing the rioters de.
nominated Paxton Boys, 76.
pointed governor of, 75--Appoints Franklin agent in
Ralph, the historian, curious anecdote of, 13-Becomes
a schoolmaster, 18-obtains a pension for politicai
Read, Mr., father of Franklin's wife. 11.
city, 62-Claims the discovery of the theory of light. Religious creed of Franklin, 29.
Remarks, on propositions for reconciliation, 127.
Richard's. poor, almanac, 38.
discoveries into Russia, 83.
Right of British parliament to tax America, 85.
tion of, by Great Britain, 202.
Roy, Mons. Le, refutes the abbe Nollet, 62.
Rum, Indian orator's apology for drinking, 49.
Rutledge, Franklin, and Adams, meet lord Howe, 137.
Salaries, Franklin's speech thereon, 177.
Shelburn, American business taken from lord, 84.
Shirley, general, anecdote of, 66.
Slare Trade, 187.
Smith, Dr., pronounces a funeral oration for Franklin,
-Character of, 74-Attaches himself to James the Species, the animosity of the English lords leads them
royal charter granted to the colony, 72-First cause Stall, the Baron de, letter on the peace with Sweden
at the Swedish court, 163.
by, 80-Disturbance in America, occasioned by pass.
Stanhope, lord, Franklin writes to, 121.
Swimming, great fault in the art of, 20.
Temperance, importance of, 36.
Temple, Mr. John, his duel with Mr. Whately 88.
Thomson, Charles, secretary to first congress, 1774, 104.
Treaty of alliance between France and America, 146.
tions thereon, 102.
Tumult at Boston, 86.
Tyron on vegetable diet. Influence of, 44.
Union of the colonies, plan of, proposed at Albany, 52
-fire company founded, 42.
University, of Cambridge, Massachusetts, confers the Watson, Dr., draws up an account of Franklin's djs.
degree of, M. A. 52--Yale, Connecticut, do., 52.-St. coveries, which is read before the Royal Society of
Wedderburn, (afterwards lord Loughborough) his abuse
of Franklin before the privy council, 87.
Whately's duel with Mr. Temple of Boston, 96—Their
dispute stated, 96.
parts for Georgia, builds an orphan house there, 43—
His character vindicated, 43—Traits of character, 44.
Wilson's, Mr., objections to Franklin's lightning con.
ductors, 149–His objections overthrown by Messrs.
Henley and Nairne, 149.
Woolaston's religion of nature, writes a dissertation
his protest, 132—Letter to Franklin, 132—Interview losophy to the Royal Society of London, 63.
Wyndham, sir William, is introduced to, 20.
Yale college, confers degree of M. A., 52.
A POSTLIMINIOUS PREFACE.
This edition of the Memoirs and Writings of Dr. Franklin appears under circumstances favourable to a more general distribution in society than any former edition. Its bulk is reduced to two volumes, the price to that of two volumes of the latest preceding edition of 1818; and the additional matter is augmented equal to the contents of a volume more than was contained in that edition.
In the arrangement of the subjects, this varies a little from any of the former editions, and it becomes requisite to explain the present distribution.
Something appears to be necessary, also, in elucidation of other circumstances which appertain to the writings to the history of the author—and to the matter now added, as well as to some part of the Memoirs, which it is now too evident have been withheld or suppressed. In proportion as those who were his contemporaries retire, the interests and the enmities signally which characterized his career, lose something of their freshness and their asperity. The world generally has assumed new aspects; but, above all, this new world, in whose political creation the author had so large, so early, so long, and so successful a share. He had :requently expressed a wish, that it were possible for him to revisit this life at the é, ad of a century; but were that possible, the world he so effectually aided in creating, would already far exceed in its success the most sanguine calculations of his proverbial sagacity. The editor of the edition published in London, in 1779, in his preface said—“ The times appear not ripe enough for the editor to give expression to the affection, gratitude, and veneration he bears to a writer whom he has so intimately studied : nor is it wanting, as history lies in wait for him, and the judgment of mankind already balances in his favour. Yet he may be exçused for stating one opinion; he conceives no man ever made larger or bolder guesses than Dr. Franklin, from the like materials, in politics and philosophy, which, after the scrutiny of events, and the zeal of open hostility, have been more completely verified.”
Though the period at which this edition appears approaches to nearly half a century since his demise, the sentiment of the London editor as to the ripeness of public affection, gratitude, and veneration, is not even yet entirely complete. The jealousies of rivals and competitors have ceased; the animosity of partisans of different descriptions has abated; the principles of policy and philosophy which he taught pervade the civilized world ; in the ininds of those who are interested in human subjection and ignorance, his views and efforts to promote human happiness, and in America particularly, as leading to that universality, was his sinand the enmities so founded survived him many years, and have descended along with prejudices engendered in political and unsocial causes, which the prosperity and success of free governments have not yet entirely neutralized.
History, in its strictest sense, has not yet done justice to Franklin. The editions of his writings which have been hitherto appeared, were not published for his own benefit; several appeared without his privity or consent; and this fact, though at the present time of light moment, has been the source of many misrepresentations and mistakes, and furnished, with other incentives, food for various manifesta :