« PreviousContinue »
that in the former part of the 13th verse, "All thy children shall be taught of the Lord," unto times beyond when he spoke; intimating, from this place,w that whereas the Jews then murmured against him, yet the time should come that they should be all taught of God. Its relation to future times is more evident from the next clause of verse 13: "And great shall be the peace of thy children;" which being unfulfilled unto John's time, he refers it also to the time of the glorious state of New Jerusalem on earth; " and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes, &c."x So that the time must come, when the Jews must not only have pure inward peace, being taught of God; but "great" outward peace also: which is further confirmed by verses 14-17, "That in righteousness they shall be established, " and they shall be far from oppression, and from fear, and from "terror, that all opposing them shall fall, and no weapon, shall "prosper against them, &c." which Peter and John also apply to the glorious state of the new earth, "wherein shall dwell righteousness," " and no uncleanness, or abomination, shall "enter, but all tears, sorrow, pain and crying shall be removed, "&c."y
Chapter lix, 19—21.
When the enemy (viz. of the Jews) shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of the Lord shall lift up a standard against "him; and the Redeemer shall come to Zion, and unto them "that turn from transgression in Jacob saith the Lord. As for me, this is my covenant with them, saith the Lord;-My Spirit that is upon thee, and my words which I have put into
thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the "mouth of thy seed, saith the Lord, from henceforth and for ever."
The Prophet having, in the preceding verses, shewn how God would "recompense the enemies of the Jews according to their deeds," adds that which I have now presented before you so that temporal and spiritual deliverances are here conjoined in one and the same prophecy; to which, in the first verse of the
w John vi. 44, 45. x Rev. xxi, 4.
y 2 Pet. iii, Rev. xxi, 27.
next chapter, he annexes the glory of the Church of Jews and Gentiles conjunctively. Now this present place, the Apostle refers to the great call of the Jews on the coming in of the fulness of the Gentiles, both making one glorious Church; and which the Apostle speaks of, as a thing to come to pass after his time. His words are: " Blindness in part is happened to Israel, "until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in; and so all Israel "shall be saved: as it is written, (quoting this of Isaiah) there I shall come out of Zion the deliverer and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob, for this is my covenant unto them, when "I shall take away their sins." *
Our late translators give us the sum of the chapter thus: The glory of the Church in the abundant access of the Gentiles." Arise, shine, for thy Light is come, and the glory of "the Lord is risen upon thee. Darkness shall cover the earth, " and gross darkness the people; but the Lord shall arise unto 'thee, and his glory shall be seen upon thee. And the Gentiles "shall come to thy light, and kings to the brightness of thy "rising.-Thy sons shall come from far, and thy daughters shall
be nursed at thy side.—And thine heart shall fear and be enlarged, because the abundance of the sea shall be converted "unto thee, and the forces of the Gentiles shall come unto thee. "They of Midian, &c. shall come; they shall bring gold, and incense, and they shall shew forth the praises of the Lord.
* Isaiah says "shall come to Zion;" the Apostle, "shall come out of Zion." The preposition has a variety of significations as-in, at, according to, for the sake of, &c. And if the Deliverer come out of Zion, he must first have come to Zion. Isaiah likewise says "and to them that turn from transgression in Jacob;" the Apostle, "and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob.", The Hebrew is which may be rendered, to the end to turn men from: for with the infinitive mood has the force of a future. And , the root, sometimes is used transively to turn a thing away, or to turn it from, viz. a termino a quo ad terminum, ad quem; (Schindl.) or to convert from. (Pagn.) And is often paragogical, and sometimes put for as the Masora gives instances. The Chaldee renders it nearly as the Apostle, as "To convert the transgressors of the house of Jacob." The Septuagint likewise (of the best edition in Bib. complut. and in Bib. Reg. and Gallicanis,) ýžεɩ año Ziwv ò þvoμevos, kai αποτρέψει ασεβειας απο Ιακωβ. The Arabic likewise, “ There shall come a Redmer for Zion, who shall turn away wickedness from Jacob."
All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered together unto thee, &c.-Surely the isles shall wait for thee.-The sons of strangers shall build up thy walls, and their kings shall minister unto thee.-Thy gates shall be open day and night, that men "may bring unto thee the forces of the Gentiles, and that their kings may be brought: for the nation and kingdom that will "not serve thee shall perish.-The sun shall be no more thy light
by day, neither for brightness shall the moon give light unto "thee, but the LORD shall be thy everlasting light, and thy God thy glory. Thy sun shall no more go down, neither shall thy moon withdraw itself; for THE LORD shall be thy everlasting light, and the days of thy mourning shall be ended. Thy people also shall be all righteous and they shall inherit the land for ever, (i. e. none after them.)-I the Lord will hasten it, in his "time."
Now I put the question to all the learned in the world, When was ever any such estate of the Church since the Jews went into captivity in Babylon? If any dream, that all these passages concern not a visible glorious estate of the Church on earth, or that they are already spiritually fulfilled; let them try on this principle to expound this chapter congruously, telling us the time and manner, and making all hang well together. St. John, a surer commentator, having prophesied of the saints reigning with Christ on earth, and in the 21st chapter having given us his vision of a new earth, and of new Jerusalem, coming down from heaven, proceeds to apply many passages of this sixtieth of Isaiah to that glorious estate of the Church on earth after the fall of Antichrist; which as we see is not yet performed. For example, the third verse is so applied: "And the nations of "them that are saved, shall walk in the light of it (that is, the light of the glory of God, and the Lamb, named in the former kings of the earth do bring their glory and (Rev. xxi, 24.) So verses 11, 12, are like
verse) and the "honor into it."
wise so applied:
And the gates of it shall not be shut at all by day; for there shall be no night there. And they shall
(Rev. xxi, need of the
bring the glory, and honor of the nations into it." 25, 26.) So the 19th verse: And the city had no
z Compare Rev. v, 10, with xx, 4.
sun, neither of the moon to shine in it; (mark, to shine in it; intimating, that though those planets continue in being, yet there "shall be no need of their shining;) for the glory of God doth "lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof." (Rev. xxi, 23.) The same is to be seen in the application of verse 20: "Behold "the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with "them, &c. and God himself shall be with them, &c. And 'shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be
no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, &c." (Rev. xxi, 3, 4.) And lastly, we have the application of verse 21: "And there shall in no wise enter into it, any thing that defileth, neither whatsoever worketh abomination, or maketh a lie." Rev. xxi, 27.
Chapter lxiii, 1—6.
Christ is described in these verses as coming up from Edom, with died garments from Bozrah, red in his apparel, by treading the wine-press alone, treading down his enemies in fury, till their blood be sprinkled upon his garments.
John in the Revelation, (xiv, 18-20, and xix, 11-16,) applies these in the same phrase and figure to Christ's destroying Antichrist. "Another angel came out from the altar, which had power over fire; and cried with a loud cry to him that "had the sharp sickle, saying, Thrust in thy sharp sickle, and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth, for her grapes are fully ripe. And the angel thrust in his sickle into the earth, "and gathered the vine of the earth, and cast it into the great "wine-press of the wrath of God. And the wine-press was "trodden without the city, and blood came out of the winepress, even unto the horse bridles, &c." And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him "was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth "judge, and make war. His eyes were as a flame of fire, and
on his head were many crowns, &c. And he was clothed "with a vesture pped in blood, and his name is called THE WORD OF GOD. And the armies which were in heaven fol"lowed him upon white horses, &c. And out of his mouth
"goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations;
and he shall rule them with a rod of iron, and he treadeth the "the wine-press of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. And
he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING "OF KINGS and LORD OF Lords."
These are sufficiently obvious for every one to apply to the point in hand, according to our former method.
Chapter lxv, 17-25.
Behold I create new heavens, and a new earth, and the "former shall not be remembered, nor come into mind. But "be ye glad and rejoice for ever in that which I create; for be"hold I create Jerusalem a rejoicing, and her people, a joy. "And I will rejoice in Jerusalem, and joy in my people, and "the voice of weeping shall be no more heard in her, nor the voice ' of crying. There shall be no more thence an infant of days,
nor an old man that hath not filled his days, &c.—And they " shall build houses, and inhabit them, and they shall plant vine"yards, &c.—Before they call, I will answer, &c.—The wolf "and the lamb shall feed together, &c."
Every one who considers what he reads must say, that this signifies a state of the Church upon earth, before the ultimate judgement. And there is no man or monument can be produced, that ever this was so fulfilled since it was prophesied. St. Peter and St. John both apply the 17th verse; Peter in his 2d Epistle iii, 12, 13, and St. John in Revelation xxi. John also quotes verses 18, 19, of this place of Isaiah. But it has been so repeatedly shewn to refer to a glorious Church state on earth, that I need not prove it again.
v. 5. The Prophet, in this verse,* directs his speech to them that in a holy manner " trembled at God's word." The drift
* Justin Martyr, in his Dialog. cum Tryph. p. 312, testifies that this chapter, from the fifth verse, belongs to the kingdom of Christ, that is to be at his second