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nerations; and from the carrying away into Babylon unto Christ are fourteen generations.

d Gen. xxi. 2, 3. e Gen. xxv. 26. f Gen. xxix. 35.g Gen. xxxviii. 27. h Ruth iv. 18, &c. 1 Chr. ii. 5, 9, &c.-i 1 Sam. xvi. 1, & xvii. 12. k2 Sam. xii. 24.1 Chr. iii. 10, &c.-m 2 Kin. xx. 21. 1 Chr. iii. 13.Some read-Josias begat Jakim, and Jakim begat Jechonias. n See 1 Chr. iii. 15, 16. 02 Kin. xxiv. 14, 15, 16, & xxv. 11. 2 Chr. xxxvi. 10, 20. Jer. xxvii. 20, & xxxix. 9, & lii. 11, 15, 28, 29, 30. Dan. i. 2.-p 1 Chr. iii. 17, 19. q Ezra iii. 2, & v. 2. Neh. xii. 1. Hag. i. 1.

Reader. In these verses I find little occasion for verbal explanation. Perhaps, however, your acquaintance with Old Testament history may suggest some inquiries respecting the individuals mentioned in this genealogy, and the order of their succession.

Theophilus. Is Ozias, in the eighth verse, the same as Uzziah, of whom we read in 2 Chron. xxvi. 2?

Reader. Yes; this is the same Uzziah, whose history stands upon record as a warning against a proud neglect, or violation, of divine institutions and appointments. He reigned well, for some time, and prospered; but afterwards, "when he was strong, his heart was lifted up to his destruction; for he transgressed against the Lord his God, and went into the temple of the Lord to burn incense upon the altar of incense." This was a bold and arrogant invasion of the priests' office; and Uzziah was smitten with leprosy as a punishment for his presumption.

Theophilus. But it is said that Joram begat Ozias; whereas the father of Ozias was Amaziah, and the father of Amaziah was Joash, and the father of Joash was Ahaziah, and it is he who was the son of Joram. Reader. True; the three more

immediate descendants of Joram, namely, Ahaziah, Joash, and Amaziah, are omitted; and the words "Joram begat Ozias," are equivalent to "Joram was the ancestor of Ozias," just as the phrase "son of David” is the same as "descendant of David."

This manner of speaking was common among the Jews. Perhaps the omission existed in the genealogical table from which St. Matthew took his account; and the Evangelist saw no occasion to supply the deficiency; especially as it did not affect his argument, the line of succession being unbroken. It must also be borne in mind that Joram married wicked Athaliah, the daughter of Ahab, from whom the succeeding sovereigns descended; and, perhaps, the omission of three names in the genealogy is designed as is designed as a mark of disgrace "to the third and fourth generation," in token of the Lord's displeasure against Joram on account of his connection with an impious and idolatrous house, and because "he wrought that which was evil in the eyes of the Lord."

Theophilus. I find also a little difficulty in the eleventh verse, where it is said that Josias begat Jechonias and his brethren. If I remember rightly, Josias was the father of Jehoiakim; and Jehoiakim was the father of Jechonias. Besides this, we do not read of the brethren of Jechonias, but we do read of those of Jehoiakim, in the Old Testament. So that I should have expected to find, "Josias begat Jehoiakim and his brethren, and Jehoiakim begat Jechonias."

and if you

Reader. Exactly so;

throne of David, and ruling any more refer to the margin of your Bible, in Judah.” Now some suppose that you will discover an allusion to a Salathiel, and others who are menreading found in many manuscripts, tioned in 1 Chron. iii. 17, 18, were which some critics adopt as genuine, really the sons of Jechonias ; and -"Josias begat Jakim (i.e. Jehoia

that the prophecy was fulfilled in kim), and Jakim begat Jechonias." the calamities which befel their house, Calmet accordingly would read the and in its loss of the throne. None eleventh and twelfth verses thus,- of the posterity of Jechonias sat “ Josias begat Jehoiakim and his upon the throne of David; but yet brethren; and Jehoiakim begat Je- the regal line was continued from chonias about the time of the first

that prince, through his son SalaBabylonish captivity; and Jechonias thiel. Interpreters who take this begat Salathiel, after they were view of the matter conjecture that brought to Babylon." Others, re- Salathiel was adopted by Neri.-On ceiving the reading adopted in our the other hand, some suppose that text, avoid the difficulty by suppos- Jechonias was the father of Salathiel ing Jechonias, in the eleventh verse, only by adoption, the latter being to be only another form of the name really the son of Neri, who was the Jehoiakim. Or again, allowing a heir of Zedekiah, brother of Jehoiacertain latitude of expression not kim, and uncle of Jechonias. uncommon in such cases in Jewish Theophilus. My recollection of the writings, some would understand the history of Jehoiakim and Jechonias, eleventh verse thus, Josias begat, and their lives, is rather indistinct. i.e. was the ancestor, namely, the Perhaps this is owing to the simigrandfather, of Jechonias and his larity of the two names, and the brethren, i.e. his relatives, namely, confusion of events at that period. his uncles.- In either way, the Reader. It occurred to me that agreement of the genealogy with the a little historical information on this history becomes easily apparent. point would be acceptable; and I

Theophilus. We read, in the twelfth have brought out of my library a verse, that Jechonias begat Salathiel; volume of Doddridge's Expositor, in whereas it is said concerning Jecho- order to read to you the following nias, in Jeremiah xxii. 30, “write note in which you will find a clear this man childless ;” and St. Luke account of the succession of Jewish speaks of Salathiel as being the son princes, and other circumstances, of Neri.

about the time of the captivity. Reader. The whole prophecy to

« On the death of Josiah, the which you refer is as follows, “ Thus people took Jehoahaz, otherwise saith the Lord, write ye this man called Shallum, though a younger childless, a man that shall not pros-brother, and made him king in his per in his days; for no man of his father's stead (2 Kings xxiii. 30, 31); seed shall prosper, sitting upon the but Pharaoh Necho, in three months' time deposed him, and carried him and he was carried captive to Babycaptive to Egypt, according to the lon, Jerusalem and the temple being prediction of the prophet concerning destroyed (2 Kings xxiv. 17, 18; him (Jer. xxii. 10–12, compared xxv. 7).” The last-mentioned was with 2 Kings xxiii. 33, 34), and the third, and final, Babylonian caphaving thus deposed him, he made tivity. Jehoiakim, the elder brother, who

Theophilus. I hope I shall have a was formerly called Eliakim, king more distinct remembrance of these in his room. But this Jehoiakim

events, in future. I now understand was soon subdued by the king of the narrative

the narrative very clearly. Babylon," Nebuchadnezzar, "who, Reader. Some persons have imaafter his conquest, suffered him for gined a difficulty in verse 12, where a while to continue on the throne ; none exists; regarding Zorobabel, but, on his revolt to the king of who is there named, as the son of Egypt again, he was slain by the Pedaiah, mentioned in 1 Chron. iii. Chaldeans (2 Kings xxiv. 1, 2), and 19. But that Zorobabel was another thrown out unburied, as Josephus person. The celebrated Zerubbabel tells us, agreeably to what the pro- was the son of Shealtiel or Salathiel, phet had foretold (Jer. xxii. 18, 19; as here stated.— The whole pedigree xxxvi. 30)." I would here observe, here recorded is, doubtless, such as that, at the period of this conquest in was found in the Jewish genealogical the reign of Jehoiakim, many of the tables; and it does not appear that Jews were led away captive to Baby- the Jews, although violently opposed lon; and this may be regarded as to Christianity, ever charged the the first captivity. “After Jehoiakim's Evangelists with inaccuracy in this death, his son Jehoiachin, by some particular. called Jehoiakim the second, was put Many are the reflections which in his place; and this is he who is may arise when we consider the difelsewhere called Jeconiah (1 Chron. ferent characters and condition of the iii. 16), and Coniah (Jer. xxii. 24). various individuals who are numbered But, after a reign of three months, among our Saviour's earthly ancestors. he was taken captive and imprisoned Some of those persons were illustriby Nebuchadnezzar (2 Kings xxiv. ous saints, patterns of faith, obedi8-16), according to the prophecy, ence, and holy consistency of conJer. xxii. 24-26, and after thirty- duct; men whose lives demand our seven years released (2 Kings xxv. imitation, and whose example may 27)." This captivity under Jehoia- animate our courage.-Others were chin may be reckoned as the second. sinners, who died, we fear, in a state When Jeconiah was deposed and of impenitence and unbelief; and carried captive," his uncle Zedekiah, from these men's history we may the third son of Josiah, was raised to derive a solemn warning. While the throne ; but, after a reign of their names are included in the Saeleven years, his eyes were put out, viour's genealogy, their souls, we

It is pro

fear, are lost; and thus it is still very any one belonged, they did not ask possible to hear the Saviour's name, who was his mother, but who was and to profess an outward and his father. And hence it was quite formal relation to his church, with necessary for the satisfaction of the out being indeed partakers of the Jews, to prove that the reputed and blessings of his salvation.—Here we legal father of our Lord was of the find also that royal penitent, David, line of Abraham and David.-Besides the man after God's own heart, who this, you will remember that Mary fell into sin, but, having deeply re- was of the family of David, in another pented of his offence, was mercifully branch, as appears from the genealogy forgiven. His history, in this in- recorded by St. Luke. stance, forms a most instructive com- bable that Heli was really the father ment on his own words, at the be- of Mary, and became the father of ginning of the 32nd Psalm, "Blessed Joseph only by adoption, upon his is he whose transgression is forgiven, espousal to his daughter.-Can you whose sin is covered. Blessed is the refer me to a passage of this Gospel man unto whom the Lord imputeth which may suggest to us the way in not iniquity, and in whose spirit which we may possess a more hothere is no guile.”—All the males nourable and blessed relation to Jesus, who are mentioned in the genealogy, than such as belonged to those who were, of course, Jews; but, while were merely his kindred according we observe the names of some Gen- to the flesh?—Read the passage, if tile women inscribed in the list, we you remember to which I allude. cannot but be reminded of the de- May the blessedness therein described lightful truth that in Christ Jesus be our own! there is neither Jew nor Greek, and Theophilus. While yet he talked that nations who were once accounted to the people, behold, his mother strangers to the covenant of promise and his brethren stood without, dehave been mercifully admitted to the siring to speak with him. Then one citizenship of the saints.-Oh that said unto him, Behold, thy mother each of our names may hereafter be and thy brethren stand without, defound written in heaven, in the siring to speak with thee. But he Lamb's book of life!

answered and said unto him that told Theophilus. The pedigree before him, Who is my mother, and who are us is evidently that of Joseph, who my brethren ? And he stretched was betrothed to Mary. But, since forth his hand toward his disciples, Joseph was not the father of Jesus, and said, Behold my mother and my of what value is this genealogy in brethren! For whoever shall do the proving his descent from Abraham will of my Father which is in heaven, and David ?

the same is my brother, and sister, Reader. The Jews reckoned their and mother." Matt. xii. 46-50. genealogies only by the males; so Reader. What is the meaning of that, in order to know to what tribe the term Christ, or The Christ, which,

you tell

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as we are reminded in the sixteenth | the anointing of the Holy Spirit, verse, is emphatically appropriated according to our measure,—may we to our blessed Saviour ? And to what walk worthy of our high vocation, Hebrew word does it correspond ? and be finally made partakers of all Theophilus. Christ is a Greek

Christ is a Greek the blessings of redemption! word, meaning The Anointed One,

HYMN. and is the same as The Messiah in

Hark, the glad sound! the Saviour comes, Hebrew.

The Saviour promised long ! Reader. Can

me what

Let every heart prepare a throne, official persons were anointed among

And every voice a song. the Jews, at the time of their admis

He comes the prisoners to release sion to office, or consecration?

In Satan's bondage held; Theophilus. Prophets, priests, and

The gates of brass before him burst,

The iron fetters yield. kings.

lle comes from thickest filins of vice Reader. And what was the signi

To clear the mental ray, fication of this ceremony?

And on the eye-balls of the blind, Theophilus. It was an emblem of

To pour celestial day. the communication of authority, and He comes the broken heart to bind, of the gifts and graces of the Holy The bleeding soul to cure ; Spirit.

And with the treasures of his grace

To enrich the humble poor. Reader. True. And therefore when our Saviour is called the

Our glad Hosannahs, Prince of Peace,

Thy welcome shall proclaim ; Messiah or the Christ, we are re

And heaven's eternal arches ring minded that he has been appointed With thy beloved name. and qualified to act as the prophet, priest, and king of his church. no man was ever dignified by holding the three offices, so no person ever had the title of Messiah, the Anointed

CHAP. I. 18-25. One, but Jesus, the Christ. He alone

Christ was conceived by the Holy Ghost, is King of kings and Lord of lords:

and born of the Virgin Mary, when the king who governs the universe she was espoused to Joseph. The anand rules in the hearts of his fol- gel satisfieth the misdeeming thoughts lowers; the prophet, to instruct men of Joseph, and interpreteth the names in the way wherein they should go ;

of Christ, and the great high priest, to make 18 | Now the birth of Jesus atonement for their sins," and to

Christ was on this wise: When plead for them in heaven.

as his mother Mary was espoused Let us thankfully acknowledge

to offices, to our eternal welfare : and gether, she was found with child as Christians,—those who, through 'of the Holy Ghost. divine mercy, have ourselves received 19 Then Joseph her husband,


66 As

§ III.

and submit to him in these high to Joseph, before they came to


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