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3 with all long-suffering and teaching. For the time will come when men will not endure sound teaching; but will heap to themselves teachers according to their own evil de4 sires, having itching ears; and will turn away their ears 5 from the truth, and will be turned to fables. But watch thou in all things, suffer hardships, do the work of an evangelist, fulfil thy ministry.

6 For I am now ready to be poured out, and the time of my 7 departure is near. I have maintained' the good contest, I 8 have finished my course, I have kept the faith. As for what remaineth, a crown of righteousness is laid up for me, me, with which the Lord, the righteous Judge, will reward me2 at that day and not me only, but all those likewise who love his appearance.


Endeavour to come unto me speedily. For Demas hath 10 forsaken me, having loved this present world, and is departed to Thessalonica; Crescens to Galatia, Titus to Dal11 matia. Luke only is with me. Take Mark, and bring him 12 with thee: for he is profitable to me for the ministry. Now 13 Tychicus I have sent to Ephesus. The cloke which I left

at Troas with Carpus, when thou comest, bring with thee; 14 and the books; but especially the parchments. Alexander the coppersmith hath done me much evil: the Lord reward 15 him according to his works. Of whom beware thou also; 16 for he hath greatly withstood our words. At my first de

fence none was with me, but all forsook me : may it not be 17 laid to their charge. But the Lord stood with me, and strengthened me: that by me the preaching of his gospel may be fully known, and that all the gentiles may hear: and 18 I was delivered out of the mouth of the lion. And the Lord will deliver me from every evil work, and will preserve me to his heavenly kingdom: to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen.

So Newcome's margin. In the text "contended a good contest.” 2 which the Lord will give, N. 3. great day: N. 4 will reward, Mss. and N.


Salute Prisca and Aquila, and the household of Onesi20 phorus. Erastus remained at Corinth: and Trophimus I 21 left sick at Miletus. Endeavour to come before winter.

Eubulus, and Pudens, and Linus, and Claudia, and all the 22 brethren, salute thee. The Lord Jesus Christ be with thy spirit. The favour of God be with you.


* Amen. R. T. and N. The second epistle to Timothy, who was ordained the first bishop [or pastor] of the church of the Ephesians, when Paul had appeared a second time before the Cæsar (or emperor) Nero. R.T. Dr. Lardner conjectures that it was written from Rome soon after the commencement of his first imprisonment, when his friends were permitted to visit him in his own house. From the directions ver. 9, 11, 13, 21, it is plain that the apostle did not consider himself as in immediate danger.




1 PAUL, a servant of God, and an apostle of Jesus Christ,

(as to the faith of God's elect, and the acknowledgement of 2 the truth which is according to godliness; in hope of everlasting life, which God, who cannot lie, promised before the 3 ancient dispensations; and in due time hath manifested his word through that preaching which hath been committed unto me, according to the appointment of God our Saviour;) 4 to Titus, my own son as to the common faith': favour, mercy, and peace 2 from God the Father, and the Lord Je sus Christ our Saviour.

5 For this cause I left thee in Crete, that thou mightest set right the things which are wanted, and appoint elders in 6 every city, as I directed thee: if any one be irreproachable,

the husband of one wife, having believing children, who are 7 not under accusation of dissoluteness, or disobedient. For the bishop3 must be irreproachable, as the steward of God; not self-willed, not soon angry, not a continuer at the wine, 8 not a striker, not greedy of base gains*; but a lover of hos8 pitality, a lover of good men, self-governed, just, holy, 9 temperate; holding fast the true word as he hath been taught, that he may be able both to exhort by sound doctrine, and to confute the gainsayers.

Or, my true son according to our common faith.

2 favour and mercy,

R. T. peace be to him, N. 3 a bishop, N. Or, a superintendant, the same

as a presbyter or elder. See ver. 5, and Acts xx. 17, 28.

See ver. 11. 5 Or, discreet.

4 filthy lucre, N.


Or, by wholesome teaching.


For many are disobedient, vain-talkers, and deceivers, 11 especially those of the circumcision: whose mouths must be stopped, who subvert whole families, teaching things which 12 they ought not, for the sake of base gain. One of themselves,

a poet' of their own, hath said, "The Cretans are always 13 liars, evil beasts, idle gluttons"." This witness is true:

wherefore reprove them sharply, that they may be sound in 14 the faith; not giving heed to Jewish fables, and command15 ments of men who turn away from the truth. To the pure all things are pure: but to those that are defiled, and unbelieving, nothing is pure; but even their mind and con16 science are defiled. They profess to know God: but in their works they deny him, being abominable, and disobedient, and to every good work reprobate.

CH. 11. But speak thou the things which become sound doc2 trine; that the aged men be sober, grave, self-governed 3; 3 sound in faith, in love, in patience: that the aged women in like manner be in behaviour as becometh holy persons, not false accusers, not enslaved to much wine, teachers 4 of good things; that they may instruct the young women to 5 love their husbands, to love their children, to be self-go


verned3, chaste, keepers at home, good, submissive to their own husbands, that the word of God be not evil spoken of. 6 In like manner exhort the young men to be self-governed: 7 in all things showing thyself a pattern of good works; in 8 doctrine showing uncorruptness, gravity, sound speech which

cannot be condemned; that he who is of the contrary part 9 may be ashamed, having no evil thing to say of us'. Exhort servants to submit themselves to their own masters, and to 10 please them well in all things, not contradicting, not thieving, but showing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things.


For the favour of God hath appeared, which bringeth

1 Gr. prophet. 2 slow gluttons. N. 3 Or, discreet. 4 Gr. devils. s Or, addicted. 6 workers at home, Mss. 8 7 of you. R. T. Or, embezzling. 9 Or, gracious gospel, N. m.

12 salvation to all men, teaching us that we should deny un

godliness and worldly desires, and live soberly, and righte13 ously, and religiously, in this present world1; looking for

the happy end of our hope, and the glorious appearance of 14 the great God, and of our Saviour Jesus Christ; who gave himself for us, that he might redeem3 us from all iniquity, and purify to himself a peculiar people, zealous of good 15 works. These things speak, and exhort, and reprove with all authority. Let no man despise thee.

CH. III. Put men in mind to be subject to principalities and

powers, to obey magistrates, to be ready to every good work, 2 to speak evil of no man, not to be contentious, but gentle, 3 showing all meekness to all men. For we ourselves also were formerly unwise, disobedient, deceived, slaves to various desires and pleasures, living in maliciousness and envy, 4 odious, and hating one another. But when the kindness of 5 God our Saviour and his love toward man appeared; he

saved us*, not by works of justification + which we did, but according to his mercy, by the washing of regeneration, 6 and the renovation of the holy spirit §; which he shed on 7 us richly, through Jesus Christ our Saviour; that, having

been justified through his favour, we might become heirs as 8 to the hope of everlasting life. These are true words, and these things I will that thou strongly affirm; so that those who have believed in God may be careful to maintain good

'Or, this present age, or life.
4 many evil desires, N.

2 Or, our blessed hope, N. m.

3 Or, de

*he delivered us from our heathen state, and introduced us to the privileges of the gospel.

+ not by submission to the Mosaic ritual. The apostle treats this subject at large in the epistles to the Romans and the Galatians. See Rom. iii. 28; v. 1.

that is, by Christian baptism, by which the convert publicly professes faith in Christ, and becomes entitled to the privileges of the gospel covenant, and is, as it were, born into a new world.

that is, by the gifts of the holy spirit, which prove that the believer is really introduced into this new covenant, and admitted into the family of God. See Rom. viii. 16. "renewing of our minds through the holy spirit," N.

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