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11 languages. But that one and the same spirit worketh all these things, dividing to every man severally as he pleaseth *. For as the body is one, and hath many members, and all the members of that [one] body, though many, are one bo13 dy; so is Christ also. For through one spirit we have been all baptized into one body, whether Jews or gentiles, whether slaves or free; and we have been all made to drink in14 to one spirit. For the body also is not one member, but 15 many. If the foot shall say, "Because I am not the hand, 16 I am not of the body;" is it therefore not of the body? And
if the ear shall say, "Because I am not the eye, I am not 17 of the body;" is it therefore not of the body? If the whole body were an eye, where would be the hearing? if the whole 18 were hearing, where would be the smelling? But now God
hath disposed every one of the members in the body, as it 19 hath pleased him. And if all the parts were one member, 20 where would be the body? But now there are many mem21 bers, yet only one body. The eye' cannot say to the hand, "I have no need of thee;" nor again the head to the feet, 22 "I have no need of you." Nay, much more, those members of the body, which seem to be the weaker, are necessa23 ry: and as to those members of the body which we think to be the more dishonourable, upon these we bestow more abundant honour; and our uncomely parts have more 24 abundant comeliness: whereas our comely parts have no need: but God hath tempered the body together, having 25 given more abundant honour to the meaner part: that there
should be no division in the body: but that the members 26 should have the same care for one another. And thus if one member suffer, all the members suffer with it; or if one
And the eye, R.T.
* Divine inspiration is here personified. So our Lord saith of the wind, John iii. 8: "The wind bloweth where it listeth." The apostle does not mean to teach that the spirit of God is a real person, a distinct intelligent agent, but that God distributeth spiritual gifts according to his pleasure. See also Gal. iii. 8,
27 member be honoured, all the members rejoice with it. But 28 ye are the body of Christ, and his members severally'. And
God hath set some in the church, first apostles, secondly prophets, thirdly teachers, after that miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, governments, different kinds of languages. 29 Are all apostles? are all prophets? are all teachers? are all 30 workers of miracles? Have all the gifts of healing? do all 31 speak in different languages? do all interpret? But zealously desire the best gifts. And yet I show unto you by far the most excellent way.
CH. XIII. If I speak in the languages of men and of angels, but have not love, I become like sounding brass, or like a 2 noisy cymbal. And if I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries and all knowledge, and if I have all faith so as to remove mountains, and have not love, I am nothing. 3 And if I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and if I give my body to be burned, and have not love, it profiteth me 4 nothing. Love is long-suffering, and is kind; love envieth 5 not; love is not vain, is not puffed up, doth not behave itself unbecomingly, seeketh not its own, is not easily pro6 voked, deviseth not evil, rejoiceth not in iniquity, but re7 joiceth together with the truth; covereth all things, believ8 eth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things. Love never faileth: but whether there be prophecies, they shall be done away3; whether there be languages, they shall cease; 9 whether there be knowledge, it shall be done away. For we 10 know in part, and we prophesy in part: but when that which is perfect cometh, then that which is in part will be done 11 away. When I was a child, I spake as a child, I thought as
a child, I reasoned as a child: but when I became a man, I 12 did away childish things. For now we see as through a dim glass, darkly; but then we shall see face to face: now I know in part; but then I shall clearly know, as I also am
in part, N. See N. m.
2" is not highly provoked," N. 3 Or, come to
13 clearly known. And now remaineth faith, hope, love', these three; but the greatest of these is love.
CH. XIV. Follow after love; and zealously desire spiritual 2 gifts; but rather that ye may prophesy. For he who speaketh in a different language, speaketh not to men, but to God: for none understandeth him; however, in his spirit he speak3 eth mysteries: but he who prophesieth, speaketh to men 4 edification, and exhortation, and consolation. He who speaketh in a different language, edifieth himself; but he who pro5 phesieth, edifieth the church. Now I would that ye all spake in different languages, but rather that ye prophesied: for greater is he who prophesieth, than he who speaketh with tongues: unless he interpret, that the church may receive edification.
6 And now, brethren, if I come to you speaking in different languages, what shall I profit you, unless I shall speak to you either by a revelation, or by knowledge, or by prophe7 sying, or by doctrine? In like manner if things without life, which give sound, whether pipe or harp, give no distinction in the sounds, how shall it be known what is piped or harped? 8 For if the trumpet give an uncertain sound, who shall pre9 pare himself to battle? So likewise unless ye utter by the tongue words which can be understood, how shall it be 10 known what is spoken? for ye will speak to the air. There are I know not how many kinds of languages in the world; 11 and none of them is without signification. If therefore I know not the meaning of the language, I shall be a barbarian to him who speaketh, and he who speaketh will be a 12 barbarian to me. So likewise, since ye are zealous of spiritual gifts, seek that ye may abound in them to the edifica13 tion of the church. Wherefore, let him who speaketh in an 14 unknown language pray that he may interpret. For if I pray
1 Or, faith, hope, love, will remain, N. m. Or, the congregation. N. m.
in an unknown language, my spirit prayeth, but my meaning 15 is unprofitable. What is it then? I will pray with the spi
rit, and I will pray with the understanding also ': I will sing with the spirit, and I will sing with the understanding 16 also. Otherwise, when thou shalt bless God with thy spirit, how shall the unlearned hearer say Amen at thy thanks17 giving, since he knoweth not what thou sayest? For thou in18 deed givest thanks well; but the other is not edified. I give thanks to God3, speaking in different languages more than 19 ye all yet I would rather speak in the church five words with meaning, that by my voice I might instruct others also, than ten thousand words in an unknown language.
Brethren, be not children in understanding: however, in wickedness be infants, but in understanding be perfect men. 21 It is written in the law, "With men of other languages and with other lips, I will speak to this people; yet neither then 5 22 will they hearken to me, saith the Lord." Wherefore differ
ent languages are for a sign, not to those who believe, but to unbelievers; but prophesying is for a sign, not to unbe23 lievers, but to those who believe. If therefore the whole
church come together into one place, and all speak in unknown languages, and those that are unlearned or unbe24 lievers come in, will they not say that ye are mad? But if all prophesy, and an unbeliever or one unlearned come in, 25 he is convicted by all, he is searched out by all: the secrets of his heart are made manifest; and then he will fall down on his face and worship God, declaring that God is in you of a truth.
How is it then, brethren? when ye come together, hath each of you a psalm, hath he a doctrine, hath he an unknown language, hath he a revelation, hath he an interpretation?
1 with my spirit, and with meaning also, N. 2 So Wakefield. "be that filleth the place of the unlearned," N. he who is in the condition of an unlearned person. Rosenmuller. Schleusner. 3 to "my" God, R. T. and N. 4 in a different language, Mss. 5 Or," nor even thus," N. m. 6" And so," the se crets, &c. R. T.
27 Let all things be done to edifying. Now if any man speak in
an unknown language, let it be by two, or at the most by three, 28 and that in succession; and let one interpret: but if there
be no interpreter, let such keep silence in the church; and 29 let him speak to himself, and to God. And let two or three 30 prophets speak; and let the others discern. But if any thing
be revealed to another who sitteth by, let the first keep si31 lence. For ye may all prophesy one by one; that all may 32 learn, and all may be exhorted. Now the spirits' of the pro33 phets are subject to the prophets; (for God is not the author of disorder, but of peace :) as in all churches of the saints. Let your women keep silence in the churches: for they are not permitted to speak; but are commanded to be under 35 obedience, as the law also saith. And if they desire to learn any thing, let them ask their husbands at home; for it is unbecoming that women should speak in the church.
What? did the word of God come forth from you? or 37 hath it reached to you only? If any man seem to be a prophet, or spiritual, let him acknowledge that the things which 38 I write to you are the commandments of the Lord. But if 39 any man be ignorant, let him be ignorant. Wherefore, bre
thren, zealously desire to prophesy; and yet forbid not to 40 speak in different languages. But let all things be done decently and in order.
CH. XV. Now I declare to you, brethren, the gospel which I preached to you, which ye have received also, and in which 2 ye stand; by which ye are saved also, if ye keep in memory what doctrine I preached to you: unless ye have believed 3 in vain. For I delivered to you among the chief things, what I received also, that Christ died for our sins, according to the 4 scriptures; and that he was buried, and that he rose the 5 third day, according to the scriptures; and that he was seen 6 by Peter", then by the twelve. After that, he was seen by
the spirit-is subject, Mss. 4 R. T. omits the word "But."
Or, shameful, N.m. 3 that a woman, Mss. 5 Gr. Cephas.