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of, we exhort: we are made as the vilest of the world, as 14 the off-scouring of all things, until now. I write not these

things to shame you; but I admonish you as my beloved 15 sons. For if ye have ten thousand guides in Christ, yet ye

have not many fathers: for I am your father' in Christ Je16 sus, by preaching to you the gospel. Wherefore I exhort 17 you, be ye imitators of me. For this cause I have sent unto you Timothy, who is my beloved and faithful son in the Lord, who will remind you of my ways which are in Christ, as I teach every where in every church.


But some have been puffed up, as though I would not 19 come to you. But I will come to you shortly, if the Lord

be willing; and I will know, not the speech of those that 20 are puffed up, but their power. For the kingdom of God is not in speech, but in power.


WHAT will ye? that I come to you with a rod, or in love, CH. V. and in the spirit of meekness? Fornication is certainly heard of among you, and such fornication as is not committed even among the gentiles, that one should have his fa2 ther's wife. And are ye puffed up? and have ye not rather mourned? so that he who hath committed this deed might 3 be taken away from among you. For I truly [as] absent in body but present in spirit, have already judged, as though 4 I were present, him who hath so done this; that in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, (when ye are gathered together, and my spirit with the power of our Lord Jesus Christ,) 5 ye deliver such an one to Satan *, for the destruction of the


3 when ye and I, who am with you

I begat you, N. " is not named, R. T. in spirit, are gathered together, &c. W.

* q. d. Disown him as a christian brother. Expel him from the community of believers. Let him be regarded as a heathen: no longer a subject of Christ, but a vassal of Satan. The world is considered as divided into two great empires, one under the government of Christ, the other under the tyranny of Satan. When a heathen became a believer, he was translated from the kingdom of darkness into the kingdom of God's dear son. When a believer for misbehaviour was dismissed from the christian community, he was said to be delivered over to Satan. This was done " for the destruction of the flesh," that is, for the correction of his vices, that he might be made sensible of his fault, and brought to repentance. Col. i. 13; 1 Tim. i, 20.

flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord 6 Jesus. Your glorying is not good. Know ye not that a little 7 leaven leaveneth' the whole lump? Take away thoroughly

the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, inasmuch as ye are unleavened3: for our passover + hath been slain [for 8 us], even Christ. Let us therefore keep our feast, not with the old leaven, nor with the leaven of wickedness and maliciousness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.


I write unto you in this epistle, not to keep company 10 with fornicators: [yet] not wholly with the fornicators, or covetous, or oppressors, or idolaters, of this world: for then 11 indeed ye must go out of the world: but I now write unto


you, not to keep company with him, if any that is called a brother be a fornicator, or covetous, or an idolater, or a reviler, or a drunkard, or an oppressor; not even to eat with 12 such an one. For what have I to do to judge those [also] that are without? Should not ye judge those that are with13 in? and will not God judge those that are without?? Put away 10 from among yourselves that wicked person. CH. VI. DARETH any of you, having a matter against another,


to be judged before the unrighteous, and not before the 2 saints? Know ye not that the saints will judge the world *?

'corrupteth, Mss. 2 Take away" therefore," R. T. 3 Or, that as ye are now a new lump, ye may be unleavened. 4 Or, our paschal lamb. 5 Gr. have written: and so ver. 11.6 I wrote to you in that letter, W. 7Or, how doth it concern me to judge. N. m. 8 doth not, &c. R. T. 9 Or, "No: but judge ye those that are within: (and those that are without God will judge:) and put away," &c. See Mss. N. m. 10 Put away "therefore,” R. T. and N.

* The saints will judge the world; and, ver. 3, we shall judge angels. “This,” says Dr. Priestley, “is figurative language; as is the representation of Christ sitting and judging all nations. What it is that is really to be understood by this we cannot at present know. It will, no doubt, be sufficiently verified, though, perhaps, in a manner of which we cannot at this time have any proper conception. And whatever powers and prerogatives are given to Christ, will be shared by him with his disciples, according to his prayer before his death, in which he says, John xvii. 22, 'The glory which thou gavest me I have given them, that they may be one, as we are one."" See Dr. Priestley's Notes on

but if the world will be judged by you, are ye unworthy to 3 judge the smallest causes? Know ye not that we shall judge angels? how much more things which belong to this life? 4 If then ye have judgements of causes belonging to this life,

rather set those to judge who are of no account in the 5 church. I speak to your shame. Is it so, that there is not

even one wise man among you, who can decide between his 6 brethren? but is brother brought into judgement with bro7 ther, and that before unbelievers? Now therefore it is certainly a defect among you, that ye. have suits one with another. Why do ye not rather suffer wrong? why are ye 8 not rather defrauded? whereas ye wrong, and defraud; and that your brethren.


Know ye not that injurious men will not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor impure abusers of themselves', 10 nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor 11 oppressors, will inherit the kingdom of God. And such were

some of you: but ye have been washed, but ye have been sanctified, but ye have been justified, by the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the spirit of our God.


All things are lawful to me, but all things are not expedient all things are lawful to me, but I will not be brought 13 under the power of any thing. Meats are for the belly, and the belly is for meats: yet God will destroy both it and

1 So Wakefield. "Nor pathicks, nor abusers of themselves with mankind,” N.

Scripture. It is plain from this text, that, whatever is meant by the phrase “judging the world," it is an office to which human beings may be made competent. To say that this expression means one thing when applied to Christ, and another when used of the saints, is gratuitous and unfounded. Perhaps the expression" to judge the world," may not imply any personal act, either on the part of Christ, or of christians in general. It may possibly signify nothing more than that the final state of mankind shall be determined agreeably to the declarations of the gospel which was first promulgated by Christ; to which declarations all the professed disciples of Christ in succeeding ages, however they may have differed upon other points, have borne their unanimous testimony. In the same manner the ancient prophets are said to have done that which they were only commissioned to foretel. See Jer. i. 10.



them. But the body is not for fornication, but for the Lord; 14 and the Lord for the body: and God hath both raised up 15 the Lord, and will raise up us! also by his power. Know

ye not that your bodies are members of Christ? shall I then take the members of Christ, and make them the members of 16 an harlot? By no means. Know ye not that he who is joined to an harlot, is one body? (for "two,” saith the scripture, 17 shall be one flesh." But he that is joined to the Lord, is 18 one spirit. Flee fornication. Most sins which a man com


mitteth, are without the body; but he who committeth for19 nication, sinneth against his own body. Know ye not that

your body is the temple of the holy spirit which is in you, 20 which ye have from God? Nor are ye your own: for ye have been bought with a price: glorify therefore God with your body3.

CH. VII. Now concerning the things about which ye have writ2 ten to me: It is good for a man not to touch a woman. Nevertheless, because of avoiding fornications, let every man have his own wife, and let every woman have her own hus3 band. Let the husband render to the wife the debt of


marriage*; and in like manner the wife also to the husband, 4 The wife hath not power over her own body, but the husband: and in like manner the husband also hath not power 5 over his own body, but the wife. Defraud ye not one another; unless perhaps partly, with consent, for a time, that ye may have leisure for prayer, and may come together again; that Satan tempt you not because of your inconti 6 nence. But I speak this by way of permission; not by 7 way of commandment. For I would that all men were even as I myself am. But every man hath his proper gift from God; one according to this manner, and another according to that.

"you" also, R. T. 2 your bodies are, Mss. are God's." R. T. 4 due benevolence, R. T. 6 for "fasting" and prayer, R. T.

3" and with your spirit, which 5 Or, may be employed in, N. m.

8 Now I say to widowers and to widows, [It is] good for 9 them if they remain even as I. But, if they have not continence, let them marry: for it is better to marry than to 10 burn. And to the married I command, yet not I only but 11 the Lord, that the wife depart not from her husband: (but if she depart, let her remain unmarried, or be reconciled to her husband :) and that the husband do not put away his wife.


But to the rest I speak, not the Lord: If any brother have an unbelieving wife, and she choose to dwell with 13 him, let him not put her away. And if a woman have an unbelieving husband, and he choose to dwell with her, let 14 her not put him' away. For the unbelieving husband is sanctified by the wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctified by the husband. Otherwise, your children would be 15 unclean; but now they are holy. But if the unbelieving person depart, let such depart. The brother or the sister 3 is not enslaved in such cases. However, God hath called 16 us to peace. For how knowest thou, O wife, whether thou shalt save thy husband? or how knowest thou, O husband, whether thou shalt save thy wife?


However, according as the Lord hath distributed to every one, according as God hath called every one, so let 18 such walk. And thus I appoint in all the churches. Hath any man been called, being circumcised? let him not become uncircumcised. Hath any man been called in uncir19 cumcision? let him not become circumcised. Circumcision

is nothing, and uncircumcision is nothing; but the keeping 20 of the commandments of God is every thing. Let every 21 one remain in that calling wherein he was called. Wast thou called being a servant'? care not for it: but if thou

" her husband," Mss. 2 his-her, N. Some expositors would place the 16th verse after the 13th. Mr. Wakefield places it after the 14th. 3 A brother or a sister, N. 4 Or, by such persons, N. m. 5 God, R. T. and N. 6 the Lord, R. T. and N. 7 Or," slave?" so also ver, 22, 24.

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