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12 of Him who calleth,) it was said unto her, "The elder 13 shall serve the younger." As it is written, "I loved Jacob, and Esau I hated." *


What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness1 with 15 God? By no means. For he saith to Moses, "I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy; and I will have com16 passion on whom I will have compassion." So then it is

not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God 17 that hath mercy. For the scripture saith to Pharaoh, "On this account I have preserved thee, that I might show my power in thee, and that my name might be proclaimed 18 throughout all the earth." So then he hath mercy on whom he will; and whom he will he hardeneth.


Thou wilt therefore say unto me; Why doth he still 20 blame us?? for who resisteth his will? Nay, but, O man, who art thou that answerest again to God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why hast thou made me 21 thus? Hath not the potter power over the clay, to make of

the same lump one vessel to honour, and another to disho22 nour? What now if God, willing to show his anger, and to

make his power known, have endured with much long-suf23 fering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction: and have received us, that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, whom he before designed for glory; 24 whom he hath called also, even us, not from among the Jews 25 only, but from among the gentiles also? As he saith also in

Hosea, "I will call those my people, that were not my peo26 ple; and her beloved, that was not beloved: and it shall come to pass that, in the place where it was said unto them,

2 Or,

66 accuse us?" N. m. 3 "for" is wanting

'Or, injustice, N.m.
in R. T.

"I loved Jacob," that is, I imparted to him peculiar privileges. "I hated Esau," that is, I denied him the privileges which were granted to Jacob. This distinction between two brothers God had determined before either of them were born. And in this there was no injustice. Such disparity in external privileges, whether natural or moral, occurs every day under the divipe govern、 ment.

'Ye are not my people,' there they shall be called the sons 27 of the living God." Isaiah also crieth out concerning Israel, "Though the number of the sons of Israel be as the 28 sand of the sea, a residue only shall be preserved. For he

will finish and cut short the account, with righteousness: because the Lord will make a short account in the land.". 29 And as Isaiah hath foretold, "Unless the Lord of hosts had left us a seed, we had been as Sodom, and had been made like Gomorrah."

What shall we say then? That the gentiles, who followed not after justification, have attained to justification; that 31 justification however which is by faith: but that Israel,


who followed after a law of justification, hath not attained 32 to the law of justification. Why? because they have not

sought it by faith, but as if it were by works [of the law: 33 for] they have struck against the stone of stumbling; as it

is written, "Behold, I lay in Sion a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence: and yet [whosoever] believeth in him3 shall not be ashamed."

CH. x. Brethren, the desire of mine heart, and my prayer to 2 God, are in behalf of them3, that they may be saved. For

I bear them witness that they have a zeal toward God, 3 but not according to knowledge. For being ignorant of God's method of justification, and seeking to establish their own [justification,] they have not submitted themselves 4 to the justification appointed of God. For Christ is the end of the law, for justification to every one who believ5 eth. For Moses describeth the justification which is by the law, "That the man who doeth those things, shall 6 live by them"." But the justification which is by faith speaketh thus: "Say not in thine heart, Who will ascend into heaven?" (that is, to bring Christ down from above :)

1 Or, "stumbled at," N. m. 2.Or, "therein," N. m. 3 "Israel," R.T. and N. 4 Ynλov Osy, zeal of God, i. e. great zeal. See Schoetgenius, and Macknight. 5" by it." Mss.

8 up

7 Or, "Who will descend into the abyss1?" (that is, to bring Christ again from the dead. But what saith it?" The word is nigh unto thee, even in thy mouth, and in thine 9 heart:" (that is, the word of faith which we preach.) For if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from 10 the dead, thou shalt be saved. * For with the heart man

believeth to justification; and with the mouth confession is 11 made to salvation. For the scripture saith, "Whosoever 12 believeth in him, shall not be ashamed." For there is no difference between the Jew and the gentile: for the same Lord of all is rich unto all who call themselves by his name3. 13 For whosoever taketh upon himself the name of the Lord, shall be saved."

How therefore shall men take his name 5, in whom they have not believed? and how shall they believe in him, of whom they have not heard? and how shall they hear with15 out a preacher? and how shall men preach, unless they be sent? as it is written, "How beautiful are the feet of those who bring glad tidings of peace, who bring glad tidings of 16 good things!" But all have not obeyed the gospel for

Isaiah saith, "Lord, who hath believed on hearing our re17 port?" (Faith then cometh by hearing; but hearing, by the 18 word of God.) But I say, Have not all heard? Yes, truly;


"their sound hath gone forth into all the earth, and their 19 words to the ends of the world." But I say, Hath not Israel known this? First, Moses saith, "1 will provoke you to jealousy by those that are not a people, and by a nation void

1" deep pit?" N. "Gr. "Greek." 3 So Wakefield. him." N. 4 So Wakefield, "shall call on the name," N. "call on him," N.

"who call upon

5 So Wakefield.

* "An outward confession of Jesus's Messiahship is required, and inward belief that he was declared to be the son of God by his resurrection, ch. i. 4. And those who make this confession, and entertain this belief, are admitted into a state of salvation, or become members of the christian church." New



20 of understanding I will anger you." But Isaiah useth great boldness, and saith, "I was found by those that sought me not: I was made manifest to those that asked not after me.” 21 But to Israel he saith, "All the day I have stretched forth .my hands to a disobedient and gainsaying people."

CH. XI. I say then, Hath God cast off his people? By no means. For I also am an Israelite, of the race of Abra2 ham, of the tribe of Benjamin. God hath not cast off his people, whom he foreknew. Know ye not what the scripture saith by Elijah? how he addresseth God against1 Is3 rael,* "Lord, they have killed thy prophets, [and] digged

down thine altars; and I only am left, and they seek my 4 life." But what saith the answer of God to him? "I have

left to myself seven thousand men, that have not bowed the 5 knee to the image of Baal." In like manner then, at this present time also a part is left according to the election of 6 God's favour. And if by favour, then it is no more through works: otherwise favour is no more favour3.


What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for but the elect have obtained it, and the rest have 8 been blinded: as it is written, "God hath given them the

spirit of slumber, eyes that they should not see, and ears 9 that they should not hear," even to this day. And David saith, "Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, and a 10 stumbling block, and a recompense unto them. Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see; and bow down their back always."

I say then, Have they stumbled so as to fall? By no means: but rather, on occasion of their falling off salvation 12 is come to the gentiles, to provoke Israel to jealousy. Now if their falling off be the riches of the world, and their failure the riches of the gentiles; how much more their ful


"concerning." N. See Rosenmuller, Macknight. 2" saying," added in R. T. and N. 3 But if by works, then it is no more through favour: otherwise, work is no more work. R.T. 4 Gr. "the election."

18 ness? (For I speak to you gentiles: and indeed, as I am the 14 apostle of the gentiles, I honour my ministry; if by any

means I may provoke to jealousy those that are my flesh, and 15 may save some of them.) For if the rejecting of them be

the reconciling of the world, what will the receiving of them 16 be but life from the dead? Now if the first fruits be holy, so

likewise is the lump: and if the root be holy, so likewise 17 are the branches. And if some of the branches have been broken off, and thou, being a wild olive-tree, have been grafted in upon them, and with them have become partaker 18 of the root and fatness of the olive-tree; boast not against

the branches. But if thou boast, thou bearest not the root, 19 but the root thee. Thou wilt say then, "The branches 20 have been broken off, that I might be grafted in." Well: because of unbelief they have been broken off, and thou 21 standest by faith. Be not high-minded, but fear. For if

God spared not the natural branches, take heed lest he spare 22 not thee also. Behold therefore the kindness and severity

of God: toward those that have fallen, severity; but toward thee, kindness, if thou continue in deserving his kindness: otherwise, Thou also shalt be cut off.


And they also, if they continue not in unbelief, shall be 24 grafted in: for God is able to graft them in again. For if thou wert cut out of the olive-tree, which is wild by nature, and, contrary to nature, wert grafted into a good olive-tree; how much more shall these, that are branches by nature, be 25 grafted into their own olive-tree? For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery*, (lest ye be wise in your own conceits,) that blindness hath happened in part to Israel, until the fulness of the gentiles come in. 26 And then all Israel will be saved: as it is written, “A deliverer shall come out of Sion, and shall turn away ungod

"This hidden truth which I now reveal. See I Cor. xv. 51, on which place Dr. Wall defines a mystery to be, what God purposes to do, but that purpose of his has not till now been declared." Newcome,

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