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32 ruler' of this world will be cast out*. And although I shall


be lifted up from the earth, I will draw all men unto me." 33 (This he said, signifying what death he was about to die.) 34 The multitude answered him, "We have heard out of the law that Christ continueth for ever: and how sayest thou, [that] The Son of man must be lifted up?' Who is this Son 35 of man?" Then Jesus said unto them, "But a little time longer, the light will be among you. Walk while ye have the light, lest darkness come upon you: for he that walk36 eth in darkness knoweth not whither he goeth. While ye

have the light, believe in the light, that ye may be sons of light." These things Jesus spake and departed, and concealed himself from them.


But though he had done so many miracles before them, 38 yet they believed not in him: so that the words of the prophet Isaiah were fulfilled, which he spake, saying, “Lord, who hath believed our report? and to whom hath the arm 39 of the Lord been made manifest?" Therefore they could 40 not believe t, because Isaiah hath said again, "He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; so that they see not with their eyes, nor understand with their heart, and 41 turn, that I should heal them ‡." These things Isaiah said,


1 prince, N. Although.] See 1 Cor. iv. 15. Some render when: for which sense of iù sce ch. xiv. 3; 2 Cor. v. 1. N.

come produces to prove that xóous sometimes signifies the unbelieving Jews, or perhaps the Jewish polity, and dispensation, what we call the Jewish world, see Gal. iv. 3; vi. 14. Eph. ii. 2. Col. ii. 8. 20.

* The ruler of this world, i. e. the Jewish hierarchy and magistracy will be abolished: the political existence of the Jews as a nation will be destroyed. See the preceding note. Compare ch. xiv. 30; xvi. 11. See likewise 1 Cor. ii. 6,8. If the first clause of this sentence is to be understood of the Jewish nation, the last is in all reason to be interpreted of the rulers of that nation.

+ They could not believe.] It was very difficult for them to believe: they were very unwilling to believe. "Not that they had a will to believe, and could not: but they set themselves against having that will." See Dr. Wall. N. Or," This people have blinded their eyes, and darkened their hearts, so that they saw not with their eyes, nor understood with their heart, nor were converted that I might heal them." See Dodson's note upon Isaiah, vi. 9, 10; Randolph's N. Test. Citations, No. 42, and Wakefield in loc.

42 when he saw his glory, and spake of him*. Nevertheless many even among the rulers believed in him; but because of the Pharisees they did not confess him, lest they should 43 be put out of the synagogue: for they loved the praise of men more than the praise of God.

44 But Jesus cried out', and said, "He who believeth in 45 me, believeth not in me, but in him who sent me. And he 46 who seeth me, seeth him who sent me t. I am come a light

into the world, that whosoever believeth in me may not re47 main in darkness. And if any man hear my words and be

lieve not, I condemn him not: (for I came not to condemn 48 the world, but to save the world :) he who rejecteth me, and receiveth not my words, hath that which condemneth him: the doctrine which I have spoken, that will condemn him 49 in the last day. For I have not spoken of myself; but the Father who sent me, he hath given me commandment, what 50 I should enjoin, and what I should speak. And I know that his commandment is everlasting life: what therefore I speak, I so speak as the Father hath given me in charge3." CH. XIII. Now Jesus having known before the feast of the passover 4, that his hour was come that he should depart out of this world to the Father; and having loved his own 2 that were in the world, he loved them to the end: and supper being come, (the devil‡ having already put into the

1 had cried out, N. 2 Or, keep them not, Mss. 3 enjoined me, N. 4 Now before the feast of the passover, though Jesus knew.... yet, &c. N. See Bishop Pearce.

* These things Isaiah said, &c.] "The true meaning is: when Isaiah, c. vi. 1, saw the glory of God the Father, revealing to him the coming of Christ, he then saw the glory of him who was to come in the glory of his Father, Matt. xvi. 27. Isaiah, in beholding the glory of God, and in receiving from him a revelation of the coming of Christ, saw, that is, foresaw the glory of Christ, just as Abraham, John viii. 56, saw, that is, foresaw his day and was glad." Dr. Clarke on the Trinity, p. 93.

+ seeth him who sent me.] Seeth a display of his goodness, wisdom, and power. N.

The devil, that is, his own bad passions: q.d, being instigated by his avarice, &c.


heart of Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon, to deliver him 3 up;) though [Jesus] knew that the Father gave all things into his hands, and that he came from God, and was 4 going to God *; yet he riseth from supper, and layeth aside

his upper garments; and took a napkin, and girt himself. 5. Then he poureth water into a vessel, and began to wash the feet of the disciples, and to wipe them with the napkin 6 with which he was girded. So he cometh to Simon Peter: [and] that [disciple] saith unto him, "Master, dost thou 7 wash my feet?" Jesus answered and said unto him, "What

I do, thou knowest not now; but thou wilt know present8 lys." Peter saith unto him, "Thou shalt never wash my feet." Jesus answered him, "If I wash thee not, thou hast 9 no part with me." Simon Peter saith unto him, “Master, 10 not my feet only, but mine hands and head also." Jesus

saith unto him, "He that hath bathed, needeth to wash his feet only; and he is altogether clean: and ye are clean, but 11 not all." For he knew who was to deliver him up: where12 fore he said, "Ye are not all clean." So after he had

washed their feet, and had taken his upper garments, and had again placed himself at table, he said unto them, "Know 13 ye what I have done to you? Ye call me, Teacher, and 14 Master: and ye say well: for so I am. If I then, your

Master and Teacher, have washed your feet; ye also ought 15 to wash one another's feet. For I have given you an ex16 ample, that ye also may do as I have done to you. Verily

verily I say unto you, The servant is not greater than his master; nor is the messenger+ greater than he who sent him. 17 If ye know these things, happy are ye when ye do them. "I speak not of you all: I know whom I have chosen:



1 he knew, N. 2 Peter, N. 3 Or, as soon as I have done. See W. 4 Gr. apostle. 5 Since, N. if, N.

* He came from God as his Messenger to the world. See ch. i. 6; he was going to God to give an account of his charge: his public mission and ministry being closed.

but so the scripture is fulfilled', 'He that eateth bread with 19 me, hath lifted up his heel against me.' Now I tell you before it come to pass, that, when it shall come to pass, ye 20 may believe that I am he2. Verily verily I say unto you,

He that receiveth whom I shall send, receiveth me; and he 21 that receiveth me, receiveth him that sent me." When Jesus had said thus, he was troubled in his spirit, and testified, and said, “Verily verily I say unto you, that one of you 22 will deliver me up." Then the disciples looked on one an23 other, doubting of whom he spake. Now there was placed3

on the bosom of Jesus one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved. 24 Simon Peter therefore beckoneth to him, that he should ask 25 who it might be of whom Jesus spake. He then who leaned

on the breast of Jesus saith unto him, "Master, who is it?" 26 Jesus answereth, "It is he to whom I shall give a piece of bread, when I have dipped it." And when he had dipped the piece of bread, he giveth it to Judas Iscariot, the 27 son of Simon. And, after the piece of bread, Satan entered

into him*. Then saith Jesus unto him, "What thou doest, 28 do quickly." Now no man at the table knew why Jesus 29 spake this unto him. For some thought, because Judas had

the purse, that Jesus had said unto him, "Buy those things which we have need of for the feast;" or, that he should 30 give something to the poor. He then who had received the piece of bread*, went out immediately: now it was night. 31 When he was gone out, Jesus saith, "Now is the Son of 32 man glorified, and God is glorified by him. Since God is


Gr. but that the scripture may be fulfilled. Or, the Christ.
4 sop, N. t.
5 When therefore, R. T.

3 Or, re

* Satan entered into him.] “Sce Luke xxii. 3, and ver. 2. From our Lord's action in such circumstances, Judas seems to have inferred that he was marked out as the traitor. This so enraged him as to confirm his resolution of betraying Jesus immediately." N. Wicked men instigated by their bad passions are spoken of as possessed by Satan, or the devil, as madmen are represented as possessed by demons, or human ghosts, and with as little foundation. But it was the current language of the times.

glorified by him, God also will glorify him in himself, and 33 will immediately glorify him. My children, but a little time longer I shall be with you. Ye will seek me: and, as I said to the Jews, Whither I go, ye cannot come,' so I now say 34 to you. A new commandment I give unto you, that ye love

one another; that, as I have loved you, ye also love one 35 another. By this all men will know that ye are my disciples, if ye have love to one another."

Simon Peter saith unto him, "Master, whither goest thou?" Jesus answered him, "Whither I go, thou canst not follow me now; but thou wilt follow [me] hereafter.” 37 Peter saith unto him, "Master, why cannot I follow thee 38 [now?] I will lay down my life for thy sake." Jesus an

swered [him,] "Wilt thou lay down thy life for my sake? Verily verily I say unto thee, The cock will not crow *, till thou have denied me thrice.


CH. XIV. "Let not your heart be troubled: believe in God; 2 believe in me also. In my Father's house are many man

sions; if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to pre3 pare a place for you. And after I shall have gone and prepared a place for you', I will come again, and receive you 4 to myself; that where I am, ye also may be. And whither I go, ye know; and the way ye know"."


Thomas saith unto him, "Master, we know not whither 6 thou goest; and how can we know the way?" Jesus saith

unto him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life: no 7 man cometh to the Father but by me. If ye knew me, you would know my Father also+: and henceforth ye know him, 8 and have seen him." Philip saith unto him, "Master,

And although I go and prepare.... yet, N. See Campbell. And whither I go, ye know the way, Mss. 3 see, N.

* That is, the trumpet of the third watch, or the cock-crowing, shall not sound. See Theol. Repository, vol. vi. p. 105.

+ "By knowing me, ye know and see the Father; because I clearly reveal his will, and display his power: ver. 10, 11." N.

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