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19 rabbas:" (who for a certain insurrection raised in the city, 20 and for murther, had been cast into prison.) Pilate there21 fore, desiring to release Jesus, spake again unto them. But 22 they cried aloud, saying, “Crucify him, crucify him.” And
he said unto them a third time, "But what evil hath he done? 1 have found no cause of death in him: I will there23 fore chastise him, and release him." But they were urgent with loud voices, requesting that he might be crucified: and the voices of them and of the chief-priests prevailed. 24 So Pilate adjudged that their request should be granted: 25 and released' him who for insurrection and murther had been cast into prison, whom they had requested; but delivered Jesus to their will.
And as they led him away, they laid hold on one Simon, a Cyrenian, coming out of the country; and on him they 27 laid the cross, that he might carry it after Jesus. And
there followed him a great multitude of the people, and of 28 women, who lamented also and bewailed him. But Jesus turned unto them and said, "Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for me, but weep for yourselves, and for your 29 children. For, behold, the days are coming, in which it
will be said, 'Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that 30 never bare, and the breasts which never gave suck.' Then will men begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us;' and 31 to the hills, Cover us.' For if these things be done to 32 the green tree, what will be done to the dry?" And two others also, who were malefactors, were led with him to be put to death.
And when they were come to the place which is called the place of skulls, there they crucified him: and the malefactors, one on his right hand, and the other on his left. 34 Then said Jesus, "Father, forgive them: for they know
unto them, R. T. and N. "Or, who beat their breasts. Or, who bewailed themselves, and lamented him. Markland, Priestley, and Newcome's note. Gr, they will say,
not what they do." And they parted among them his gar35 ments, and cast lots. And the people stood beholding.
And the rulers also together with the people scoffed at him, saying, " He saved others; let him save himself, if 36 he be the Christ, the chosen of God." And the soldiers
also derided him, coming to him, and offering him vinegar, 37 and saying, "If thou be the king of the Jews, save thy38 self." And an inscription was written over him in Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew letters; THIS IS THE KING OF
Then one of the malefactors that were crucified reviled him, saying, " If thou be the Christ, save thyself and us." 40 But the other answered and rebuked him, saying, "Dost not thou fear God, since thou art in the same condemna41 tion? and we indeed justly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this man hath done nothing amiss." 42 Then he said to Jesus, "Lord, remember me when thou 43 comest into thy kingdom." And Jesus said to him, Verily I say unto thee, To-day thou shalt be with me in paradise*.” 44 And it was about the sixth hour, and there was darkness 45 over the whole land until the ninth hour: and the sun was darkened +; and the veil of the temple was rent in the
1 Gr. with them. 2 Gr. hanged.
* In the state of the virtuous dead, who, though in their graves, are alive to God. See Luke xx. 38, and the note there. Enusgov is used to denote not the exact time but the certainty that an event will take place. Deut. ix. 1; comp. Josh. i. 1, 2, 10, 11; iii. 1—5; 1 Sam. xv. 28; comp. 31; also, Ps. ii. 7; Acts xiii. 33; Heb. i. 5. v. 5. Sn.
This verse was wanting in the copies of Marcion and other reputed heretics; and in some of the older copies in the time of Origen: nor is it cited either by Justin, Irenæus, or Tertullian; though the two former have quoted almost every text in Luke which relates to the crucifixion; and Tertullian wrote concerning the intermediate state. See Evanson's Diss. p. 28.
+ Probably by thick and heavy clouds, which extended to a considerable distance round the city. That the darkness was not so great as to exclude all vision, is evident from the circumstances which occurred while Jesus was suspended on the cross. See John xix. 25-30. Dr. Priestley observes that the darkness is not said to have been miraculous. See notes on the Scriptures.
46 midst. And when Jesus had cried out with a loud voice, he said, "Father, into thy hands I commit myself1:" and having said thus, he expired.
Now when the centurion saw what had passed, he glori fied God, saying, "Certainly this was a righteous man." 48 And all the multitudes who came together to that sight, seeing the things which were done, smote [their] breasts, 49 and returned. And all his acquaintance, and the women that had followed him from Galilee, stood at a distance, beholding these things.
And, lo, there was a man named Joseph, a senator; 51 and he was a good and righteous man: (this man had not consented to their counsel and deed: he was of Arimathea, a city of the Jews, and himself also looked for the king52 dom of God:) this man went to Pilate, and asked the body 53 of Jesus. And he took it down and wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a tomb hewn in stone, in which no man had 54 ever yet been laid. And that day was the preparation-day; [and] the sabbath drew on.
And the women also, that had come with him from Galilee, followed after, and beheld the sepulchre, and how his 56 body was laid. And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested on the sabbath, according to the CH. XXIV. Commandment: but on the first day of the week,
very early in the morning they came to the tomb, bringing the spices which they had prepared, [and some other women 2 with them.] And they found the stone rolled away from 3 the sepulchre: and when they had entered in, they found 4 not the body of the Lord Jesus. And it came to pass as they were perplexed about this, that, behold, two men stood 5 by them in shining garments*. And as they were afraid,
spirit, N. i.e. my breath, or life. See Luke viii. 55. who looked, &c. Mss.
These were probably the same two men who appeared upon the mount of transfiguration, and conversed with Jesus concerning his approaching suffer
and bowed down their faces to the earth, the men said unto them, "Why seek ye him that is living among those that 6 are dead? He is not here, but is risen. Remember how he 7 spake unto you, when he was yet in Galilee, saying, 'The Son of man must be delivered up into the hands of sinners, 8 and be crucified, and the third day rise again.' "And they
9 remembered his words; and returned from the sepulchre, and reported all these things to the eleven, and to all the 10 rest. Now it was Mary Magdalene, and Joanna, and Mary the mother of James, and the other women that were with 11 them, who told these things to the apostles. And their words seemed to the apostles as idle tales; and they believed not the women.
But Peter arose and ran to the sepulchre; and when he had stooped down, he beholdeth the linen bands lying by themselves', and went home wondering at that which was come to pass.
And, behold, two of the disciples went on that day to a town called Emmaus; which is distant from Jerusalem 14 about sixty furlongs. And they conversed together of all 15 these things which had happened. And it came to pass
that, while they conversed and reasoned, Jesus himself 16 drew near, and went with them. But their eyes were 17 holden*, that they might not know him. And he said unto
them, "What words are these which ye use one to another 18 as ye walk, and are of a sad countenance?" And one of them, whose name was Cleopas, answered and said unto him, "Art thou the only sojourner in Jerusalem, that hast
1 Or, only the linen bands lying, N.m.
ings. Luke ix. 30. John calls them angels or messengers, John xx. 12. They afterwards appeared to the apostles on the mount of Olives, immediately after the ascension of Christ. Acts i. 12.
"They did not attentively view him; his dress was unusual; they thought his appearance an impossibility; and the divine power may have restrained them from so beholding him as to know him." See Kypke. N.
not known the things which are come to pass there in these 19 days?" And he said unto them, "What things?" And they said unto him, "Those concerning Jesus of Nazareth, that was a prophet mighty in deed and word before 20 God and all the people: and how the chief-priests and our rulers delivered him up to be condemned to death, and 21 crucified him. But we trusted that it was he who was1
about to redeem Israel. And besides all this, to-day is the 22 third day since these things were done. Moreover, some
women also of our company have amazed us; who were 23 early at the sepulchre, and, when they found not his body, came, saying that they had even seen a vision of angels, 24 who said that he is alive. And some of those who consort
with us went to the sepulchre, and found it so as the wo25 men had said: but him they saw not." Then he said unto
them, "O unwise, and slow of heart to believe all which 26 the prophets have spoken! Ought not the Christ to have 27 suffered these things, and to enter into his glory?" Then
he began and explained to them from Moses and all the prophets, in all the scriptures, the things concerning him28 self. And they drew near to the town whither they were 29 going, and he made a show that he was going further. But
they constrained him, saying, "Abide with us: for it is toward evening, and the day is far spent." And he went in 30 to abide with them. And it came to pass as he was at meat with them, that he took bread, and blessed, and brake it, and 31 gave it to them. And their eyes were opened, and they knew 32 him: and he ceased to be seen by them. Then they said one to another, "Did not our heart burn within us, while he talked with us on the way, and while he explained to us the scriptures?"
And they rose up that very hour, and returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven gathered together, and those
Or, that this man was, N. m. 2 Or, then he began from Moses, and went through all the prophets and explained to them, &c. N. m.