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But a man cannot expect a good habit of preach, ing thus, without much study and experience. Young beginners should use themselves to a more exact and elaborate way; when a good style and expression is first learned by penning, it will afterwards be more easily retained in discoursing.

31. In the elocution, there are two extremes to be avoided; too much boldness, and too much fear.

1. Against too much rashness and boldness, confider the special presence of God and angels, the folemn dignity of those sacred mysteries with which we are intrusted, the weighty business of saving fouls; and " who can be sufficient for these things?" It was an usual saying of LUTHER, “ Etsi jam senex, et in concionando exercitus fum, tamen timeo quoties fuggeftum conscendo." And he found, by experience, that when he was most diftruftful of his own preparations, then were his la. bours accompanied with some special blessing and efficacy; and, on the other hand, when he was most confident, then he failed most.

2. Against too much fear. Consider, it does not become the business we are about; we should speak the word with boldness; God has promised his aslistance, that his strength shall appear in our weakness. It does not become the dignity or ex

cellency"

manner

cellency of our calling; we are the angels, the ambassadors of God, ouvepyou, his fellow-workers. And, besides, this timorousness in the speaker will much hinder the efficacy and power of the word on the hearers. In brief, the most

proper of elocution is with modesty and gravity, which will best suit with our calling and business. *

To conclude, the observation of these helps and dire&tions, together with frequent, diligent practice, will (as far as art can effe&t) quickly produce a good habit, and, by consequence, a facility.

* Dr BLAIR, in perfect harmony with what our author inculcates, obferves : “ The chief characteristics of the eloquence suited to the pulpit, as distinguished from the other kinds of public speaking, appear to me to be these two, gravity and warmth. The serious nature of the subjects, belonging to the pulpit, requires gravity; their importance to mankind, requires warmth.” See Lect. xxix. On, The Eloquence of the Pulpit, throughout ; which, perhaps, is one of the best of his admired performance, and certainly to a preacher the most interesting.

THE

THE

CHRISTIAN PREACHER, &c.

DISCOURSE II.

OF PREACHING CHRIST.

$ 1. Introduction. § 2. (I.) What regard a minister should have to Christ in his preaching. Ø 3. 1.

He should be the end of our preaching. \ 4. Our ultimate end, his personal glory. 9 5. The subordinate end, the advancement of his kingdom. § 6. To glorify the justice and long-suffering of Christ is also implied. 7. All which must be sincerely intended. $ 8. 2. Christ should be the MATTER of our preaching. $ 9. 3. A continual REGARD to Christ should distinguish our sermons from difcourses on mere natural religion. § 10. Particularly on the subject of duties. Ø 11. (1.) We should represent duty as the fruit of faith in, and love to Chrift. $ 12. (2.) Enforce duties with motives respecting Christ. § 13. (3.) To be performed býthis grace; and § 14. (4.) Acceptable through his merits. Ø 15. 4. We should express our

thoughts

thoughts in a STYLE becoming the gospel of Chrift. Ø 16. (II.) Some reasons and motives to enforce the friendly admonition. 1. It is the only way to acceptance and communion with Christ. § 17. 2. The only way to win souls to Christ. Which is, § 18. Confirmed by observation. V 19. 3. It is a direct imitation of the apostles of Christ. § 20. As appears from

some of their discourses on duties the most moral. Ø 21. And the nature of the motives used. Ø 22. The Remonstrants reproved. Ý 23. 4. So only shall we deserve the name of CHRISTIAN PREACHERS.

While some neglect the peculiarities of the gospel, and, Ø 24. Others do not promote holiness, $ 25. The true christian preacher preserves both, and avoids all extremes. 26. Yet, to arrive at any tolerable perfection is no easy task.

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$1. Professing ourselves christians, I hope we are fatisfied, upon careful and rational inquiry, that the religion of Jesus comes from God; * and that it

is

* Eminent writers on the evidences of Christianity are so numerous that it is not easy to make a selection; but there is one publication, which, on account of is a moft glorious dispensation, no less for the sub. lime wonders of its doctrine, than the divine purity of its precepts. Now, in all the peculiar glories of this religion, Christ is interwoven like Phidias's name in the thield, which could not be effaced without destroying the shield itself; so that preaching Christ, and preaching the gospel, are, in scripture style, synonimous terms.

2. (1.) To preach Christ, therefore, is our charge, our business, and our glory. But " who is sufficient for these things ?" Give me leave, then, my dear brethren and friends, to remind myself and you, What regard a minister should have to our REDEEMER in his preaching.

3. 1. Let us make Christ the End of our preaching. If we seek principally to please men, then are we not the servants of Christ. If we look no farther than our own reputation, or temporal

ad.

its moderate size, force of reasoning, excellency of composition, and urbanity of manner, I wish warmly to recommend to the christian student and preacher, as richly deserving repeated perufal; I mean the DISSERTATION

on MIRACLES, by the late Dr. GEORGE CAMPBELL, Principal of the Marishal col. lege, Aberdeen : where the most daring and subtle objections of infidels are analysed, detected, and exposed in an interesting and masterly manner. Third edit. one small vol. 12mo. Edinb. 1796. There is also a 4th edit. in 2 vol. 8vo. 1797, with additions, fermons, &c, price, 10s.

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